Journal of American Culture (Malden, MA)

Articles from Vol. 18, No. 3, Fall

"Another Domestic Beast of Burden": New England Farm Women's Work and Well-Being in the 19th Century
In such 19th-century New England periodicals as the New England Farmer, the Boston Cultivator, the Massachusetts Ploughman, and the nationally circulated American Agriculturist, both males and females wrote about women's work in the farm family. Male...
Book Reviews -- All Roads Are Good: Native Voices on Life and Culture / Creation's Journey: Native American Identity and Belief
All Roads Are Good: Native Voices on Life and Culture. Washington: National Museum of the American Indian/Smithsonian, 1994.Creation's Journey: Native American Identity and Belief. Washington: National Museum of the American Indian/Smithsonian, 1994.Few...
Book Reviews -- A Permanent Etcetera: Cross-Cultural Perspectives on Post-War America Edited by A. Robert Lee
A Permanent Etcetera: Cross-Cultural Perspectives on Post-War America. A. Robert Lee, editor. London: Pluto Press, 1994.This lively collection of essays had its origins in a 1990 Symposium held by the Institute of United States Studies in London. The...
Book Reviews -- Art in the Age of Mass Media by John A. Walker
Art in the Age of Mass Media. John A. Walker. Boulder: Westview Press, 1994. $38.50 clothbound, $19.95 paperbound, 200 pp.In the last several decades, increasingly, the boundaries among the art categories of fine art, popular art, folk art, and almost...
Book Reviews -- by the Sweat of the Brow: Literature and Labor in Antebellum America by Nicholas K. Bromell
By the Sweat of the Brow: Literature and Labor in Antebellum America. Nicholas K. Bromell. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1993.Nicholas K. Bromell undertakes a subtle and important task in this book, but one that must be worked on for a long time...
Book Reviews -- Looking for God in the Suburbs by James Hudnut-Beumler
Looking for God in the Suburbs. James Hudnut-Beumler. New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press. 1994. 230 pp.Not so long ago God was said to be dead. Today he is back with a vengeance. We week God, and his blessing everywhere. James Hudnut-Beumler has...
Book Reviews -- M. I. A. or Mythmaking in America by H. Bruce Franklin
M.I.A. or Mythmaking in America. H. Bruce Franklin. Brooklyn: Lawrence Hill Books, 1992. 225 pp. 1 $17.95 clothbound.The history of the United States's obsession--no other term is strong enough--with the notion that its soldiers are still alive in Southeast...
Book Reviews -- the Ethnic Detective by Peter Freese
The Ethnic Detective. Peter Freese. Essen: Verlag Die Blaue Eule, 1992.Freese, one of Germany's leading scholars in American literature and American Studies, uses as his rationale for this study the realization that a leading drive in America these days...
Book Reviews -- the Fictional Republic: Horatio Alger and American Political Discourse by Carol Nackenoff
The Fictional Republic: Horatio Alger and American Political Discourse. Carol Nackenoff. New York: Oxford, 1995.Elitists and most trained readers of American fiction have been trained to see in Horatio Alger, Jr.'s fiction only a recounting of the stereotypes...
Book Reviews -- the Great American Outlaw: A Legacy of Fact and Fiction by Frank Richard Prassel
The Great American Outlaw: A Legacy of Fact and Fiction. Frank Richard Prassel. Norman: Univ. of Oklahoma Press, 1993.The dream of living life more fully and in a projection into another person has always been staple American life. It drove people to...
Book Reviews -- the Sixties: From Memory to History Edited by David Farber
The Sixties: From Memory to History. David Farber, editor. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1994.Studies of the 19670s keep on proliferating, with many of the best so far written by those who were participants or observers. David Farber's...
Book Reviews -- the Statue of Liberty REVISITED Edited by Wilton S. Dillon and Neil G. Kotler
Wilton S. Dillon and Neil G. Kotler, editors. The Statue of Liberty REVISITED. Washington: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1994. 170 pp.The Statue of Liberty is several things--an idea, an icon, an engineering feat, a national symbol. All these were discussed...
Communism, Peace Activism, and Civil Liberties: From the Waldorf Conference to the Peekskill Riot
In 1950 the Justice Department indicted W.E.B. Du Bois, then director of the Peace Information Center, on the grounds that he had failed to register as a foreign agent. In his account of these events a few years later, Du Bois wrote: "Blessed are the...
Cultural Perceptions of Differences between People and Animals: A Key to Understanding Human-Animal Relationships
My thoughts about the subject of human-animal differences and similarities began very early in my life. They first became crystallized through reading a church newsletter. This publication carried an article written by the associate minister, who stated:...
Deconstructing Horror: Commodities in the Fiction of Jonathan Carroll and Kathe Koja
In his study The Fantastic in Literature, Eric Rabkin points out that the fantastic often depends on what he calls "structural ambiguity," that is, on the coexistence of two or more textual elements, each of which "can legitimately be taken as having...
F. Scott Fitzgerald and the Popular Magazine Formula Story of the Twenties
F. Scott Fitzgerald earned most of his living in the 1920s and 1930s (up until 1937, when he went to Hollywood) by writing stories for the popular magazines. He published fiction in The Saturday Evening Post, Collier's, Liberty Magazine, The Smart Set,...
Politics and Mental Illness: The Campaigns of Thomas Eagleton and Lawton Chiles
INTRODUCTIONOn July 13, 1972, a 42-year-old U.S. Senator from Missouri stood before the Democratic National Convention in Miami Beach to accept the Party's vice presidential nomination. Thomas Eagleton characterized being chosen as the vice presidential...
The "Angelical Conjunction" Revisited: Another Look at the Preacher-Physician in Colonial America and the Throat Distemper Epidemic of 1735-1740
Much has been written on the development of the medical profession in America. By most accounts one significant event in that development, in its pitting colonial lay practitioners against preacher-physicians, was Boston's smallpox inoculation controversy...
The Developing "Middle-Position Consensus" about Contemporary American Morality and Religion
INTRODUCTIONIn the 1990s a new "Middle-Position Consensus" has been developing about the condition of morality and the place of religion in contemporary American society. It is being more formally expressed by various writers (and leaders). This paper...
Towards a Popular Culture: Andrew Lang's Anthropological and Literary Criticism
In the introduction to his immensely influential The American Novel and Its Tradition, Richard Chase contrasts the "freer, more daring, more brilliant fiction" of the American "romance-novel" with "the solid moral inclusiveness and massive equability...
War as Popular Culture: The Gulf Conflict and the Technology of Illusionary Entertainment
INTRODUCTIONBy many accounts, the Gulf War was the best-orchestrated war in recent American memory. The American government and military received tremendous ovations nationally and internationally for the execution of the war. Hence, much of the post-Gulf...