Human Factors

Articles from Vol. 39, No. 2, June

Automotive HUDs: The Overlooked Safety Issues
INTRODUCTION The transfer of technology from tactical aviation to surface transportation is taking place at an astonishing rate. The types of technology now being integrated into automobiles include proximity warning systems; vehicle monitor and control...
Crash Reduction with an Advance Brake Warning System: A Digital Simulation
INTRODUCTION Rear-end collisions account for approximately 25% of all traffic crashes. Although these are typically not the most severe crashes, an analysis reported by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration of police-reported crashes showed...
Driver Acceptance of Unreliable Traffic Information in Familiar and Unfamiliar Settings
INTRODUCTION How reliable must traffic information be for motorists to trust and accept such advice? People are slow to accept and use new technology, even when it works reliably (Kantowitz, Becker, & Barlow, 1993). Can an in-vehicle advanced traveler...
Effect of Selected In-Vehicle Route Guidance Systems on Driver Reaction Times
INTRODUCTION Recent advances in the field of microcomputers, information technology, and vehicle technology have led to the feasibility of computer-based, sophisticated automotive navigation systems that can help drivers in choosing and maintaining...
Effects of Age, System Experience, and Navigation Technique on Driving with an Advanced Traveler Information System
INTRODUCTION Significant advances during the past decade in sensor, electronic, and microcomputing technology have led to the feasibility of functionally powerful computer-based automotive and commercial vehicle information and control systems. A number...
Heeding the Legacy of Meister, Brunswick, & Gibson: Toward a Broader View of Human Factors Research
THE PROBLEM The fact that one has to justify a study of human behaviour in a natural setting, where humans ordinarily behave, as opposed to in a laboratory setting, is certainly extraordinary. Xiao (1994, p. 6) For years Meister has said that human...
Human Factors Field Evaluation of Automotive Headway Maintenance/collision Warning Devices
THE REAR-END CRASH PROBLEM Front-to-rear-end crashes involving two or more vehicles currently represent approximately one-fourth of all collisions. Several driver performance factors contribute to the cause of such collisions: driver inattention, perception/reaction...
Humans and Automation: Use, Misuse, Disuse, Abuse
INTRODUCTION The revolution ushered in by the digital computer in the latter half of this century has fundamentally changed many characteristics of work, leisure, travel, and other human activities. Even more radical changes are anticipated in the next...
Influence of Lift Moment in Determining MAWL
INTRODUCTION Manual material handling (MMH) tasks are prevalent in one- third of all industrial jobs (Garg, 1983). Many of the workplace factors that have been associated with low back pain can be found in the typical MMH task. Physically heavy work,...
Multiple Factors That Determine Performance with Tables and Graphs
INTRODUCTION Graphic and alphanumeric displays of quantitative data are a major component in software applications, such as statistical packages, spreadsheets, and decision support systems. Despite the abundance of these displays, no appropriate guidelines...
The Impact of Signal Bandwidth on Auditory Localization: Implications for the Design of Three-Dimensional Audio Displays
INTRODUCTION A new type of interface, the three-dimensional (3D) audio display, is being developed to enhance cockpit displays in military aircraft. Recent advances in digital processing technology now allow externalized 3D sound images to be presented...
The Reduction of Uncertainty and Troubleshooting Performance
INTRODUCTION As Rouse (1978a) reported, with increasing technological sophistication and automation of tasks and jobs in all work domains, human requirements have become less operation oriented and more supervisorial in nature. This job evolution has...
Toward a Valid View of Human Factors Research: Response to Vicente (1997)
INTRODUCTION Vicente (1997) presents several interesting ideas regarding human factors research and the relationship between basic and applied research. Many of the issues regarding basic and applied work have been discussed recently in textbooks (e.g.,...