Human Factors

Articles from Vol. 46, No. 1, Spring

"Conflicting" Motion Cues to the Visual and Vestibular Self-Motion Systems around 0.06 Hz Evoke Simulator Sickness
INTRODUCTION In order to act effectively, people require information regarding how they are oriented and whether they are stationary or moving with respect their environment. Self-motion information--information regarding how one is moving with...
Detection of Temporal Delays in Visual-Haptic Interfaces
INTRODUCTION Many systems that involve human-machine interaction provide users with information through a single sensory modality. In everyday life, however, most objects and events are concurrently perceived through different modalities. Multimodal...
Educational Interventions Successfully Reduce Pedestrians' Overestimates of Their Own Nighttime Visibility
INTRODUCTION Nighttime collisions between vehicles and pedestrians are both common and devastating. The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA, 2004) reported that in 2002, 4808 pedestrians were killed (11% of all traffic fatalities)...
Effect of Electronic ANR and Conventional Hearing Protectors on Vehicle Backup Alarm Detection in Noise
INTRODUCTION In many work environments, the audibility of human speech, warning signals, and other auditory cues by workers is of the utmost importance, but the presence of noise in such environments often results in masking and interference, thereby...
Effects of Organizational Scheme and Labeling on Task Performance in Product-Centered and User-Centered Retail Web Sites
INTRODUCTION Over the past decade, there has been a paradigm shift in which companies are transferring much of their customer contact to Internet media such as the World Wide Web. Even for traditional companies, a combination of physical store and...
Foveal Task Complexity and Visual Funneling
INTRODUCTION Factors such as driving speed and task complexity when using foveal vision are generally regarded as related to the narrowing of the visual field. Although the whole visual field has a width of about 180[degrees], the sensitive area...
Influence of Fatigue in Neuromuscular Control of Spinal Stability
INTRODUCTION The influence of fatigue on the biomechanical etiology of low-back disorders (LBDs) is poorly understood. Musculoskeletal fatigue and endurance contribute to LBD risk, indicating that fatigue may affect spinal load or injury tolerance...
Linguistic and Location Effects in Compliance with Pesticide Warning Labels for Amateur and Professional Users
INTRODUCTION A vast amount of research has been performed in the area of information presentation in warnings (for reviews see Edworthy & Adams, 1996; Rogers, Lamson, & Rousseau, 2000: Wegalter, Dejoy, & Laughery, 1999). This research...
Pilot Ability to Anticipate the Consequences of Flight Actions as a Function of Expertise
INTRODUCTION Situation awareness (SA) is a term that emerged from aviators' and air traffic controllers' characterization of incidents and accidents as being caused by a failure to develop and maintain awareness of the flight situation (Sarter &...
Temporal Separation and Self-Rating of Alertness as Indicators of Driver Fatigue in Commercial Motor Vehicle Operators
INTRODUCTION Driver fatigue is recognized as a major causal factor in accidents involving long-haul commercial drivers. The development of an on-board driver performance/fatigue monitoring system could potentially assist drivers in identifying the...
The Use of Flight Progress Strips While Working Live Traffic: Frequencies, Importance, and Perceived Benefits
INTRODUCTION The Air Traffic Control System Highly trained men and women using sophisticated technologies and intricate procedures accomplish the safe and expeditious movement of the nation's air traffic. Air traffic control (ATC) separation...
Trust in Automation: Designing for Appropriate Reliance
INTRODUCTION Sophisticated automation is becoming ubiquitous, appearing in work environments as diverse as aviation, maritime operations, process control, motor vehicle operation, and information retrieval. Automation is technology that actively...