The Canadian Journal of Native Studies

Articles

Vol. 27, No. 2, 2007

On 'Modest Proposals' to Further Reduce the Aboriginal Landbase by Privatizing Reserve Land©
Abstract / RésuméThis responds to Christopher Alcantara's "Individual Property Rights on Canadian Indian Reserves" that appeared in XXI11:2 (2003) of the CJNS. Some special interest groups-mainly but not exclusively of the political far Right-have suggested...
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Alienation and Nationalism: Is It Possible to Increase First Nations Voter Turnout in Ontario?
Abstract / RésuméThis article assesses whether Aboriginal voter turnout in Ontario can be increased under a different electoral system. The ways in which the firstpast-the-post electoral system affects voter turnout among Aboriginal peoples are assessed,...
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Terra - Terror - Terrorism?: Land, Colonization, and Protest in Canadian Aboriginal Literature
Abstract / RésuméThis paper takes the 25th anniversary of the Canadian Constitution of 1982 as a starting point to discuss its meaning and consequences for Aboriginal people in Canada. This discussion leads to a review of the land claim settlement process,...
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The Representation of Ainu Culture in the Japanese Museum System
Abstract / RésuméAinu culture was once considered to be useless or represented as the relic of the past. In the 1990s, however, there were some events regarding Ainu cultural promotion and they increased opportunities for the wider society to become...
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Understanding Aboriginal Intergeneration Trauma from a Social Work Perspective
Abstract / RésuméAboriginal people are overrepresented among the homeless in urban centres across Canada. Though very little information exists to explain this phenomenon, increasing evidence from the growing number of mental health studies conducted...
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Environmental Change - the Elders Speak
Abstract / RésuméThis article presents the words of First Nations Elders as they look back over their lifetimes at the changes that have taken place in the environment. These interviews were conducted by Brian Scribe for the SCAPE Project - a Study of...
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Alberta's Future Leaders Program: A Case Study of Aboriginal Youth and Community Development
Abstract / RésuméIn this paper, Alberta's Future Leaders Program is used as a case study to identify and evaluate the implementation, or lack thereof, of youth and community development in Aboriginal contexts. Promising practices and potential program...
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Accord or Discord: Returning to Oral Traditions?
Abstract / RésuméWhat are the functions and meanings of oral versus written texts for Indigenous peoples? In this document, I consider how oral and written texts have possibly contributed to the construction of society[ies] and to the foundational differences...
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Suicide among Indigenous Peoples: What Does the International Knowledge Tell Us?
Abstract / RésuméIndigenous people around the world have the highest suicide risk of any identifiable culture (or ethnic group). It is a youth epidemic. The World Health Organization (WHO) had called for action. The research by scholars, Indigenous and...
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"Gathering Dust Not Saving Lives": The Call for Texts Which Honestly and Straightforwardly Teach Aboriginal Children about Hiv/aids and Other Important Issues
Abstract / RésuméIn 2003, William Lindsay was contracted by the British Columbia Health Ministry, Disease Control Division to write two texts which were to teach Aboriginal children in the BC school system about HIV/AIDS. The fast spread of this illness...
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Research as Resistance: Critical, Indigenous, and Anti-Oppressive Approaches
Brown, Leslie and Susan Strega (Eds). Research as Resistance: Critical, Indigenous, and Anti-Oppressive Approaches. Toronto: Canadian Scholars' Press, 2005. 303 pages. ISBN -13-978-1551302751. Paper $39.95.With the publication of Research as Resistance:...
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Indigenous Peoples and the Modern State/Self Determination: The Other Path for Native Americans
Champagne, D., K. Torjesen & S. Steiner (Eds.). Indigenous Peoples and the Modem State, Toronto, Alta Mira Press, 2005. pp. 172. ISBN 978-0759-1079-91. $26.95.Anderson, T., B. Benson & T. Flanagan (Eds.) Self Determination: The Other Path for...
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Reading Native American Women: Critical/Creative Representations
Hernández-Avila, Inés (Ed.), Reading Native American Women: Critical/ Creative Representations. Lanham, MD: Altamira Press, 2005. 275 pages. ISBN 0-7591-0372-0. US$29.95.Reading Native American Women is a welcome contribution to Native American Women's...
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'Hang onto These Words': Johnny David's Delgamuukw Evidence
Mills, Antonia (Ed.), 'Hang Onto These Words': Johnny David's Delgamuukw Evidence. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2005. 464 pp., ISBN 0-8020-85342. Paper $45.00.As a legal case, Delgamuukw has been already extensively documented and analysed,...
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Vol. 27, No. 1, 2007

Building Healthy Mi'kmaq Communities in Prince Edward Island
Abstract / RésuméThis study is important as there has been little research undertaken with the Mi'kmaq communities of Prince Edward Island. The purpose was to focus on two determinants of health: childhood development and personal health practices and...
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Improving Community Health through Continuity of Treatment: A Case Study of Dental Services in the Mushkegowuk Territory and the Natural Progression towards Community-Based Dental Therapy
Abstract / RésuméThis paper illustrates how continuity of dental health care treatment has resulted in significant improvement of Native health, in the Mushkegowuk Territory of northern Ontario, Canada. It is argued that positive gains accrued in this...
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Aboriginal Women and Education: Overcoming a Legacy of Abuse
Abstract / RésuméThis paper is concerned with why there is such low representation of Aboriginal people in Universities? While there are many possible answers ranging from lower socio-economic opportunities to a deficiency in culturally appropriate curriculum,...
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Closing the Economic Gap in Northern Manitoba: Sustained Economic Development for Manitoba's First Nation Communities
Abstract / RésuméThis paper argues that the provincial government must relinquish absolute control over natural resources on unoccupied Crown land in Manitoba and share power with First Nations in order to support building a strong, sustainable, equitable...
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An Indian Chief, an English Tourist, a Doctor, a Reverend, and a Member of Parliament: The Journeys of Pasqua's Pictographs and the Meaning of Treaty Four
Abstract / RésuméIndian treaties of western Canada are contentious among historians, First Nations, governments, and courts. The contemporary written documentation about them has come from one side of the treaty process. Historians add information from...
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Using Traditional Environmental Knowledge and a Geographical Information System to Identify Sites of Potential Environmental Concern in the Traditional Territory of the Ouje-Bougoumou Cree
Abstract / ResumeThe Cree Nation of Oujé-Bougoumou had concerns about the impact of mining on the environment; thus, a traditional land use study was initiated to document potential sites of concern (SOC) in the Ouje-Bougoumou territory. SOC refers to...
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Gambling with the Future: The Evolution of Aboriginal Gambling in Canada
Belanger, Yale D., Gambling with the Future: The Evolution of Aboriginal Gambling in Canada. Saskatoon: Punch Publishing, 2006, 232 pp. ISBN 9781895830286 $31.00.Yale Belanger's Gambling with the Future: The Evolution of Aboriginal Gambling in Canada...
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Telling Our Stories: Omushkego Legends & Histories from Hudson Bay
Bird, Louis. Telling Our Stories: Omushkego Legends & Histories from Hudson Bay, J. S. H. brown, P. W. DePasquate, M. F. Ruml, (Editors). Peterborough: Broadview Press, 2005.Louis Bird will be talked about for seven generations to come, as the one...
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Now I Know Only So Far: Essays in Ethnopoetics
Hymes, Dell. Now I Know Only So Far: Essays in Ethnopoetics. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 2003, 512 pp. ISBN 0-8032-7335-5 Paper $29.95.Ethnopoetics has at least two lives. The first animates the creative response of artists to the art of non-literate...
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Ishi in Three Centuries
Kroeber, Karl and Clifton Kroeber (Eds.) Ishi in Three Centuries. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 2003, 415 pp. ISBN 0-8032-2757-4 $49.95.For those who were undergraduates in the 60s, lshi is one of those words that continues to elicit strong,...
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The Nisga'a Treaty: Polling Dynamics and Political Communication in Comparative Context
Ponting, Rick J. The Nisga'a Treaty: Polling Dynamics and Political Communication in Comparative Context. Peterborough, Ontario: Broadview Press, 2006,179 pp., References, index. ISBN 1-55111790-8. Paper CDN$29.95.The Nisga'a in Northern British Columbia...
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When a Flower Is Reborn: The Life and Times of a Mapuche Feminist
Reuque Paillalef, Rosa Isolde. When a Flower is Reborn: The Life and Times of a Mapuche Feminist. Edited and translated by Florencia E. Mallon. Durham, North Carolina: Duke University Press, 2002, 378 pp. ISBN 0-8223-2962-X. $22.95.This work provides...
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The New Buffalo: The Struggle for Aboriginal Post-Secondary Education in Canada
Stonechild, B. The New Buffalo: The Struggle for Aboriginal Post-Secondary Education in Canada. Winnipeg: University of Manitoba Press, 2006, 300 pp. ISBN 0-887-55-693-0 Paper $24.95.The New Buffalo: The Struggle for Aboriginal Post-secondary Education...
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Playing Dead: A Contemplation concerning the Arctic
Wiebe, Rudy. Playing Dead: A Contemplation Concerning the Arctic. Edmonton: NeWest Press, 2003.149 pp. ISBN 1 -896300-67-7. $18.95Books about the North constitute something of a genre in Canadian fiction and non-fiction. They provide an important source,...
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Vol. 26, No. 2, 2006

Integrating Aboriginal Perspectives into Curricula: A Literature Review
Abstract / RésuméMuch has been written about the theory that the poor performance of Aboriginal students is due to the lack of culturally relevant curriculum and to teaching strategies which do not reflect Aboriginal worldview. This paper reviews the...
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A First Nations' Perspective on Social Justice in Social Work Education: Are We There Yet? (a Post-Colonial Debate)
Abstract/RésuméA review of curriculum in social work education, of literature on social work education for First Nations, and of a survey of twenty-three articles on social work with First Nations, as well as analysis of the traditional orientations...
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Towards an Essential Native American Identity: A Theoretical Overview
Abstract / RésuméContrary to the postmodernist critique of essentialism, Native peoples of North America retain primordial Native essence. This essence is realized in the Natives' symbiotic relationship with land and nature. This, combined with a sense...
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TELLING 1922s STORY OF A NATIONAL CRIME: CANADA'S FIRST CHIEF MEDICAL OFFICER AND THE ABORTED FIGHT FOR ABORIGINAL HEALTH CARE
Abstract / RésuméOver a seventeen-year career as Canada's first Chief Medical Officer, Dr. Peter H. Bryce accumulated statistics which suggested that Canada's Aboriginals were being decimated by Tuberculosis, and that the Federal government possessed...
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Identifying the Learning Needs of Innu Students: Creating a Model of Culturally Appropriate Assessment
Abstract / RésuméThis article discusses the methodology and findings of a major assessment project of lnnu children in Labrador. The project was commissioned to identify the learning needs of these children so as to facilitate an enhanced school system,...
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The Aboriginal Intellectual in Jeannette Armstrong's Whispering in Shadows: Between Indigenous Localism and Globalization
Abstract / RésuméThe narrative arch of Jeannette Armstrong's latest novel Whispering in Shadows (2000) follows the life journey of Penny Jackson, an Okanagan painter, poet, activist and single mother of three. This paper considers the predicament that...
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Banking in Winnipeg's Aboriginal and Impoverished Neighbourhood
Abstract / RésuméFringe financial services, a term that qualifies non-mainstream financial institutions such as pawnshops are becoming more and more visible in lower socio-economic urban areas. Drawn from a study conducted in the North End of Winnipeg,...
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Aboriginal Identification in North American Cities
Abstract / RésuméAboriginal identification processes in cities framed through relatively recent identity theory on self-identification and discursive identification are the major concerns of this paper. The challenges involved in identification from...
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'Real' Indians and Others: Mixed-Blood Urban Native Peoples and Indigenous Nationhood
Lawrence, Bonita, 'Real' Indians and Others: Mixed-Blood Urban Native Peoples and Indigenous Nationhood. Vancouver: UBC Press, 2004. 328 pp. ISBN 0-7748-1103-X Paper, CDN$34.95.Bonita Lawrence begins 'Real' Indians and Others with an autobiographical...
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The White Man's Gonna Getcha: The Colonial Challenges to the Crees in Quebec
Morantz, Toby, The White Man's Gonna Getcha: The Colonial Challenges to the Crees in Quebec. McGill-Queen's Native and Northern Series #30. Montreal: McGill-Queen's University Press, 2002, 370 pp. Illustrations, maps. Paper $29.95, cloth $80.00.Toby...
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Power, Praxis and the Métis of Kelly Lake, Canada
Abstract/RésuméAlthough agency and power in Aboriginal communities is often not recognized, this paper develops a conceptual framework within which both the oppression and the agency of a Métis settlement is identified and assessed. It is based on ongoing...
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Papers of the Thirty-Sixth Algonquian Conference
Wolfart, H. C. (editor), Papers of the Thirty-sixth Algonquian Conference. Winnipeg: University of Manitoba, 2005. ix + 471 pp. ISBN 0831-5671 Paper $48.00.This volume is made up of a collection of papers delivered at the Thirty-Sixth Algonquian Conference,...
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Small Spirits: Native American Dolls
Lenz, Mary Jane, Small Spirits: Native American Dolls, 2004. Seattle, WA: University of Washington Press. ISBN 0-259-98363-9.Small Spirits is a wonderful book. Space here limits me to a few brief observations. Pretty Beads' expression, a Crow girl, pictured...
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Vol. 26, No. 1, 2006

Was New Spain Really First?: Rereading Juan Perez's 1774 Expedition to Haida Gwaii1
Abstract / RésuméIn 1774, New Spain set its sights on what lay north of San Francisco. Much was at stake since the British and the Russians were both pioneering exploration of western North America. A general assumption maintains the Spanish were the...
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Power over Discourse: Linguistic Choices in Aboriginal Media Representations
Abstract / RésuméIn recent years, it has become obvious that First Nations in Canada are growing stronger in their assertiveness as 'nations within,' as distinct peoples with a right to self-determination, land and resources, and treaty concessions....
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Calder V. Attorney General of British Columbia; Aboriginal Case Law in an Ethnobiased Court
Abstract / RésuméIn 1973 the Supreme Court of Canada rendered its judgment over Calder v. Attorney General of British Columbia, a case that ultimately was not decided in favor of the Nisga'a. This paper will examine the Calder case through anthropological...
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A Tutelo Heritage: An Ethnoliterary Assessment of Chief Samuel Johns' Correspondence with Dr. Frank G. Speck
Abstract / RésuméDuring the mid 1930s, Chief Samuel Johns entered into a brief correspondence with the noted anthropologist Dr. Frank G. Speck. Examining this correspondence, this essay gives interpretation to the ethno-literary considerations manifest...
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Other Than the Interpretation of Dreams: The Dane-Zaa Indians and the Vision Quest
Abstract / RésuméThe Dane-zaa vision quest, as viewed through the legend of Swan, who originally "set the world right," and vision quest narratives, demonstrates a uniquely Dane-zaa concept of dreams. Specifically, the Dane-zaa example suggests two important...
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Segregation of Women and Aboriginal People within Canada's Forest Sector by Industry and Occupation
Abstract / RésuméThis study examines employment segregation by gender and by Aboriginal ancestry within Canada's forest sector in 2001. Results show that while gender segregation was principally by occupation, segregation by Aboriginal ancestry was principally...
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Goose Hunt or Rap: Media Effects on a Group of Native-Canadian Preadolescents
Abstract / RésuméThe purpose of this study was to examine the influence of popular media on one group of Native-Canadian preadolescents in a remote Cree community, and the effects of media on self-concept and future aspirations. While family and community...
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Comparing Stories: Embracing the Circle of Life
Abstract / RésuméThis paper examines two oral traditions: the Anishnaabe and the Irish Celtic, and the roles that their languages and stories play in their respective spiritual traditions. In order to appreciate these spiritual traditions, one needs...
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Haida Gwaii: Human History and Environment from the Time of Loon to the Time of the Iron People
Fedje, Daryl W. and Rolf W. Mathewes (editors), Haida Gwaii: Human History and Environment from the Time of Loon to the Time of the Iron People. Vancouver: University of British Columbia Press, 2005, 448 pp. ISBN 0774809213 Cloth CDN. $99.00 ISBN 0774809221...
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Australian Indigenous Knowledge and Libraries
Nakata, M. and M. Langton (editors), Australian Indigenous Knowledge and Libraries, 2005. Canberra, Australian Academic and Research Libraries, pp. 216, colour and black and white plates.The papers included in this interdisciplinary collection of readings...
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The Heavens Are Changing: Nineteenth-Century Protestant Missions and Tsimshian Christianity
Neylan, Susan, The Heavens are Changing: Nineteenth-Century Protestant Missions and Tsimshian Christianity. Montreal: McGill-Queens' University Press, 2003. xvii, 401 pp., photographs, maps, appendices, notes, bibliography, index. ISBN 0-7735-2573-4...
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The Encyclopedia of Native Music
Wright-McLeod, Brian, The Encyclopedia of Native Music. Tucson: The University of Arizona Press, 2005. 451 pp. ISBN 0-8165-2447-5.Wright-McLeod (Dakota Anishnabe) has omitted few to no recorded North American Native artists in this comprehensive work...
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Vol. 25, No. 2, 2005

Social Cohesion? a Critical Review of the Urban Aboriginal Strategy and Its Application to Address Homelessness in Winnipeg
Abstract / RésuméAboriginal self-determination has been reasserted over the past few decades. The right of self-government is recognised in federal policy. Social welfare goals have been articulated in terms of developing greater social cohesion. Aboriginal...
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Sharing Complex Visions for Inclusive Schools
Abstract / RésuméWe will use underlying notions that complexity theory provides as a window into seeing, without assimilating, the ecological metaphors evident in Aboriginal cultures of North America. Weaving together our theoretical understanding of...
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Indigenous Peoples and the Right to Self-Determination: The Case of the Swedish Sami People
Abstract/RésuméThis article analyses Swedish Sami policy during more than a century. By this historical perspective the author shows how public policy constitutes a 'true' and 'authentic' Indigenous identity, which both delimits legitimate political...
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Angels of Light: A Mi'kmaq Myth in a New Archê
Abstract / Résumé2002 marked the fortieth anniversary of the publication of Charles H. Long's Alpha: The Myths of Creation, a book that has become a standard for historians of religion. This essay results from an initial research project that sought...
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Altering Perceptions through Indigenous Studies: The Effects of Immersion in Hawaiian Traditional Ecological Knowledge (Tek) on Non-Native and Part-Native Students
Abstract / RésuméThe Hawaiian People have a unique and detailed knowledge of their environment; one that is rarely experienced by most of the inhabitants of the islands. This paper presents a qualitative content analysis of how the students of an undergraduate...
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Utilization of Land Use Data to Identify Issues of Concern Related to Contamination at Site 050 of the Mid-Canada Radar Line
Abstract / RésuméAbandoned Mid-Canada Radar Line (MCRL) stations in northern Canada are remnants of the "Cold War." Since these stations were not properly decommissioned, contaminants (e.g., PCBs and lead) have entered the environment surrounding these...
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A Tribute to Mary John and to the Synergy of Bridget Moran and Mary John
Abstract/RésuméThis paper honours Mary John, an Elder from Stoney Creek, and the synergy of Mary John and Bridget Moran which produced two important books. The paper begins with the eulogy to Mary John in the Prince George Citizen of 2 October 2004,...
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Anthropology and Ethnicity's Interplay among First Nations in Canada: The Case of Quebec
Abstract / RésuméThis article presents Quebec as a multicultural province which is ethnically polarized in such a way to affect the formation processes of Indigenous ethnology styles. The data presented here are of three kinds: political chronology,...
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The Oldman River and the Sacred: A Meditation upon Aputosi Pii'kani Tradition and Environmental Ethics
Abstract / RésuméImpacted by a water storage dam during the late eighties, the Old Man River, in present-day Alberta, has from time immemorial been the sacred center of the Aputosi Pii'kani people's homelands. Using an organic approach to oral tradition,...
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What's in a Name? the Politics of Labelling and Native Identity Constructions
Abstract / RésuméThis paper analyzes how Native identities are (re-)constructed and (re-) affirmed through the use and circulation of (ethnic) labels. Labelling is a political act since labels include and exclude. Using the term 'First Nation' to describe...
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First Nations First Dogs
Cummins, Bryan D. First Nations First Dogs. Calgary: Detselig Enterprises Ltd., 2002. 351 pp., illustrations, photographs, maps, appendices, bibliography, index. ISBN 1-55059-227-0 Paperback CDN$29.95.First Nations First Dogs situates the importance...
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The Red Man's on the Warpath: The Image of the "Indian" and the Second World War
Sheffield, R. Scott. The Red Man's on the Warpath: The Image of the "Indian" and the Second World War. Vancouver: University of British Columbia Press, 2004.232 pp., illustrations, notes, bibliography, index. ISBN 0-7748-1095-5 Paperback CDN $24.95.The...
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Indian Country: Essays on Contemporary Native Culture
Valaskakis, Gail Guthrie. Indian Country: Essays on Contemporary Native Culture. Waterloo: Wilfred Laurier University Press, 2005. ix, 304 pp., references, index. ISBN 0-88920-479-9 Paper CDN $28.95.Indian Country is a collection of eight essays which...
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