Journal of Rehabilitation Research & Development

Articles from Vol. 49, No. 8, August

Absence of Verbal Recall or Memory for Symptom Acquisition in Fear and Trauma Exposure: A Conceptual Case for Fear Conditioning and Learned Nonuse in Assessment and Treatment
INTRODUCTION The absence of memory or verbal recall for symptom acquisition, as well as the absence of successful coping for life events, is associated with a number of diagnoses, including traumatic brain injury (TBI), posttraumatic stress disorder...
Activity Monitor Accuracy in Persons Using Canes
INTRODUCTION Physical activity is important for health and has been associated with a decrease in all-cause mortality [1-3]. Additionally, physical activity has been connected to health benefits including improved cardiorespiratory fitness, metabolic...
Advancement of Physical Process by Mental Activation: A Prospective Controlled Study
INTRODUCTION Objectives A variety of surgical interventions limit the physical functionality of patients in the postoperative setting. The idea of enhancing rehabilitation using mental activation may be an important addition to physical rehabilitation...
Age-Related Changes in Consonant and Sentence Processing
INTRODUCTION: EXPERIMENT 1 Although it is well established that aging impairs speech comprehension in noise in older subjects [1-4], the relative contribution of peripheral and central changes to presbycusic deterioration remains an area of active...
Can Vibratory Feedback Be Used to Improve Postural Stability in Persons with Transtibial Limb Loss?
INTRODUCTION Sensory feedback from the lower limbs is important for the maintenance of upright gait in humans. The feed back we receive from various receptors allows us to maintain balance, ambulate and, more importantly, adapt to the physical environment...
Case Report of Modified Box and Blocks Test with Motion Capture to Measure Prosthetic Function
INTRODUCTION Advances in prosthetic design and treatment interventions to improve outcome after upper-limb amputation are expanding faster than the ability to measure their effectiveness. There is a noticeable movement to improve and standardize...
Device to Monitor Sock Use in People Using Prosthetic Limbs: Technical Report
BACKGROUND AND AIM People with limb loss are commonly advised to add or remove socks to accommodate changes in the size of their residual limb over the day [1]. Part of the challenge for a practitioner helping a patient solve limb volume management...
Energy Consumption during Prosthetic Walking and Physical Fitness in Older Hip Disarticulation Amputees
INTRODUCTION The low success rate for prosthetic walking among older hip disarticulation (HD) amputees is usually considered to be a result of the weight of the prosthesis itself and the increased energy consumption required for walking [1-3]/ However,...
Gait Coordination Protocol for Recovery of Coordinated Gait, Function, and Quality of Life Following Stroke
INTRODUCTION The Gait Coordination Protocol (GCP) was successful in producing clinically and statistically significant gains in impairment, function, and life-role participation for those in the chronic phase after stroke who had exhibited persistent...
Pilot Study of Internet-Based Early Intervention for Combat-Related Mental Distress
INTRODUCTION Returning servicemembers experience a range of mental disorders and symptoms. Most prominent are posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD; 21.8% Department of Veterans Affairs [VA] sample, 4.8% returning servicemembers sample) and depression...
Postdeployment Symptom Changes and Traumatic Brain Injury And/or Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in Men
INTRODUCTION Hallmarks of the conflicts in support of Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF) and Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF) are blast-related physical and mental problems. While obvious physical symptoms of combat injury (such as amputation) occur...
Rehabilitation of Injured U.S. Servicemember with Traumatic Brain Injury, Stroke, Spinal Cord Injury, and Bilateral Amputations: A Case Report
INTRODUCTION On October 7, 2001, the United States began combat operations in Afghanistan, referred to as Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF), in response to the September 11 terrorist attacks. On March 2003, the United States became engaged in military...
Servicemembers and Veterans with Disabilities: Addressing Unique Needs through Professional Rehabilitation Counseling
REHABILITATION COUNSELING BACKGROUND Rehabilitation counseling is an invaluable profession whose counselors are uniquely qualified to work with veterans and servicemembers because they understand the medical and psychosocial aspects of various disabilities...
The Perils of Copy and Paste: Plagiarism in Scientific Publishing
INTRODUCTION Although research misconduct in all its forms can damage the integrity and prestige of the scientific community, it has often not been taken as seriously as it should be. However, leaders in science and publishing are beginning to regard...
The Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale as a Predictor of Peak Aerobic Capacity and Ambulatory Function
INTRODUCTION The Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS) is the most widely applied rating instrument for Parkinson disease (PD) [1-2]. The Total UPDRS score includes 31 items contributing to three subscales: (I) Mentation, Behavior, and...