International Journal of Whole Schooling

Articles

Vol. 10, No. 1, January

The "Inclusion" of Students with Vision Impairments: Generational Perspectives in Australia
"They may guess that we're different some way [beyond] ... visually impaired. Maybe they consider us to be just different I guess." (17-year-old "included" student) "I know I've got a problem, And that's why you have to be in the SEP [special education...
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Effective Professional Development of Teachers: A Guide to Actualizing Inclusive Schooling
Introduction Creating an inclusive education for students with and without disabilities poses a specific challenge to the existing faculty who earned their teaching credentials in the days of segregated educational environment of special education...
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Beneath the Veneer: Marginalization and Exclusion in an Inclusive Co-Teaching Context
Introduction Since the passage of PL 94-142, the Education of All Handicapped Children Act, in 1975, special and general educators have been urged to work together to improve the education of children with disabilities through increased access to...
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Vol. 9, No. 2, September

Building Inclusion from the Ground Up: A Review of Whole School Re-Culturing Programmes for Sustaining Inclusive Change
Introduction The Salamanca Statement and Framework for Action claimed that "regular schools with inclusive orientation are the most effective means of combating discriminatory attitudes ... building inclusive society and achieving education for...
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Setting Sail for That Country: The Utopian Urge Behind Inclusion
Introduction As a concept inclusion has moved from what was primarily a disability issue to one of social justice, taking into account any who faces exclusion or oppression. Through looking at the flip side of inclusion attention turned to exclusion....
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Secondary Pupils' Perceptions and Experiences towards Studying in an Inclusive Classroom
Introduction Inclusive education practice has taken many forms in different countries following the first World Conference on Education for All in Jomtein in 1990 (UNESCO, 1990), the adoption of the Salamanca Statement in 1994 (UNESCO, 1994) and...
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Social Interaction and Cooperative Activities: Drawing Plans as a Means of Increasing Engagement for Children with ASD
Children with ASD in Regular Schools The inclusion of children with special educational needs into regular schools has resulted in teaching becoming more complex (Florian, 2009). Humphrey (2008), and Jorgensen and Lambert (2012), stated that teachers...
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Vol. 9, No. 1, January

Whole and Inclusive Schooling: A Promising Symbiosis
Welcome to this themed issue of the International Journal of Whole Schooling. In this issue, teacher educators and researchers from Australia, Canada and the United States of America explore the reciprocal relationship between principles of whole schooling...
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Whole School Initiative: Has Inclusive Education Gone Astray?
Introduction This article explores and gains insights into the lived experiences of participating families of sub-Saharan African descent and early childhood educators as related to cultural and racial inclusion in early childhood settings in the...
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Understanding and Dismantling Barriers for Partnerships for Inclusive Education: A Cultural Historical Activity Theory Perspective
Understanding and Dismantling Barriers for Partnerships for Inclusive Education ... one of the things that the language coach was extremely upset about were some of the co-teaching strategies and assignments we would have them try. She told us,...
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Applying Universal Design for Learning to Instructional Lesson Planning
Introduction Walk into any Canadian elementary, middle, or secondary level classroom today and you will no doubt encounter a rich mosaic of students who exhibit a diverse range of capabilities, learning profiles, and interests. In Canadian schools...
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The Contribution of Facilitated Leadership to Systems Development for Greater Inclusive Practices
Introduction This article explores the contribution of a particular style of leadership, facilitative leadership, to the progress of whole school development that supports change for greater inclusive policies and practices. The authors use an ethnographic...
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Vol. 8, No. 2, September

Exploring Pre-Service Teachers' Perceived Teaching-Efficacy, Attitudes and Concerns about Inclusive Education in Bangladesh
Introduction "What people think, believe, and feel affects how they behave" (Bandura, 1986, p. 25). Inclusion of children from diverse backgrounds (i.e., children with disabilities and children from socially disadvantaged backgrounds) in the...
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Inclusion Means More Than Just Being "In:" Planning Full Participation of Students with Intellectual and Other Developmental Disabilities in the General Education Classroom
When Amanda (1) was in ninth grade, the science teacher was nervous about having her in his general education class. He read on her Individualized Education Program (IEP) that she had an I.Q. of 55 related to a rare chromosomal condition that made...
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Vol. 8, No. 1, January

Inclusive Education Reform in Primary Schools of Bangladesh: Leadership Challenges and Possible Strategies to Address the Challenges
Introduction The intent of Inclusive education (IE) policy is to address and to respond equitably and appropriately to the diverse needs of all children irrespective of disability, gender, ethnicity or other disadvantages (Ainscow, Booth, &...
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Integrazione Scolastica in Italy: A Compilation of English-Language Resources
Italy is among the most visited countries in world--renowned for its art and design, architecture and engineering, culture, food, and la dolce vita (the sweet life). A founding member of the European Union and member of the G8, G20, and NATO, as of...
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Vol. 7, No. 2, September

Agents of Change: Voices of Teachers on Response to Intervention
"I feel like I am an agent of change but I also feel like my students are agents of change. You know, I think kids are as invested as the teachers. Sharlene, second grade teacher Response to Intervention (RTI) models are one of the most common initiatives...
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A Mother's Perceptions of Her Ongoing Advocacy Efforts for Her Son with Significant Disabilities: Her Twelve-Year Journey
Students with significant disabilities represent less than one percent of the overall population of individuals with disabilities in the United States (Alper, 2003). Many of these students first enter the special education service delivery system by...
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Developing the Understanding and Practice of Inclusion in Higher Education for International Students with Disabilities/additional Needs: A Whole Schooling Approach
Introduction International and Australian inclusive policy contexts are promoting access to university level education for local and international students with disabilities in Australia, yet often in these arenas the voice of the student is not...
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Vol. 7, No. 1, March

Student Teachers' Attitudes and Concerns about Inclusive Education in Ghana and Botswana
Introduction The governments of Ghana and Botswana since the 1990s have made various attempts at meeting their commitment to the inclusive education goals as enshrined in the Salamanca Declaration of 1994. In Ghana, apart from the implementing...
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Pre-Service Teachers' Perceptions of Departmentalization of Elementary Schools
Preservice Teachers' Perceptions of Departmentalization of Elementary Schools U. S. students are consistently outperformed by students from other industrialized nations, and more noticeably by students from East Asian countries, in mathematics and...
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Vol. 6, No. 2, September

Early Childhood Inclusion: A Silver Lining in the Dark Clouds for African Immigrant Children?
Introduction Since the break-out of civil wars during the late 1990s and early 2000s in some sub-Saharan African countries such as Liberia, Sudan, and Sierra Leone, substantial numbers of African refugees have entered Australia (Vicker, 2007). The...
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Co-Teaching in Urban Secondary School Districts to Meet the Needs of All Teachers and Learners: Implications for Teacher Education Reform
Introduction United States legislative changes, such as those described by federal laws such as Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act (IDEIA) reauthorized in 2004 (Pub. L. No. 108-466) and the No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act of...
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Curriculum Recommendations for Inclusive Teacher Education
Introduction In 1989, the American Association of Colleges of Teacher Education (AACTE) published "The Knowledge Base for the Beginner Teacher" (Reynolds, 1989). In that volume, Henrietta Barnes (1989) stated that although "there is no unitary,...
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The ESL Family Science Night: A Model for Culturally Sensitive Science Education Pedagogy
Introduction This paper will describe a five year research project of a teaching strategy whereby pre-service credential students at a southern California university were taught to develop and apply science curriculum to parents of elementary-aged...
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Vol. 6, No. 1, January

Editorial
Recent ideas about inclusion have seen the promotion of a broader concept that aims to strengthen sustainable development of education by providing lifelong learning for all learners and by enabling equality of access (United Nations Educational Scientific...
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Developing Support for Inclusion: A Professional Learning Approach for Teachers in Hong Kong
Introduction Initially the movement towards inclusive education focused on the inclusion of students with disabilities who had previously been excluded from regular schools (Forlin, 2008). The focus on inclusion is now more strongly embedded within...
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Parent Involvement in Inclusive Primary Schools in New Zealand: Implications for Improving Practice and for Teacher Education
Introduction New Zealand has one of the most inclusive school systems in the world, with less than 1% of children in schools or units for pupils with SEN. A critical factor in the success of inclusive schools is effective parental involvement (PI)...
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The Context of Professional Learning for Inclusion: A 4-Ply Model
Introduction Inclusive education espouses educational values of diversity, equity and social justice; it is about the entitlement of all children to a quality education irrespective of their differences. (Booth, Ainscow, Black-Hawkins, Vaughan,...
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A Professional Learning Program for Enhancing the Competency of Students with Special Needs
Introduction The philosophy of inclusive education envisions the idea of providing opportunities for students with disabilities to study as equal partners with their classmates without disabilities (Forlin, 2008; Mitchell, 2008). It is believed...
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Using Early Career Special Educators Voice to Influence Initial Teacher Education
Introduction Students with disabilities and the adults who teach them have made many gains in the United States since 1975 when Congress passed PL 94-142 mandating that every child has a right to free and appropriate public education. Educators...
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Vol. 5, No. 2, September

The "SAME" Project: Achieving "One Curriculum for All" in Hong Kong
Introduction The notion that every single student has the right to access the same curriculum is a vital concern and has been discussed in the past few years in countries such as the United Kingdom and the United States. (Abell, Bauder, & Simmons,...
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The Inclusive Secondary School Teacher in Australia
Introduction Special schools have existed in Australia since the 1880s and special education classes were established in regular schools during the 1930s (Ashman & Elkins, 1998). State governments, however, only assumed responsibility for teaching...
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Innovations in Inclusive Education: Two Teacher Preparation Programs at the San Francisco State University
Introduction There is a national movement in the United States to educate children with disabilities in inclusive settings. The movement began in 1975 with the passage of Public Law 94-142 (reauthorized as the Individuals with Disabilities Education...
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Vol. 5, No. 1, March

On Improving School Climate: Reducing Reliance on Rewards and Punishment
Introduction Most educational systems use rewards and punishments as common methods for behavior control. An example of using techniques of positive behavior interventions and supports would be to acknowledge the good behavior of students with a...
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Student Perspectives on Inclusive Education: A Survey of Grade 3-6 Children in Rural Alberta, Canada
<AA> This paper, one of a series, reports the results of a survey of 413 children in Grades Three to Six on inclusive education in a school district in rural Alberta, Canada. The aims of the study were to examine the views of children regarding...
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A Cross Categorical Approach to Service Delivery; Promoting Successful Inclusion through Teacher Education
Introduction Schools in the United States and schools across majority of countries around the world that follow policy of inclusive schooling face two critical issues: 'Inclusion of students with disabilities in general education classrooms' and...
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Whole Schooling and Response to Intervention
Introduction Today, a central concern of United States educators is ensuring equitable access to general education for all students, including students with disabilities, students from diverse cultural backgrounds, and students who speak English...
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Vol. 4, No. 2, September

Developing the Understanding of the Influence of School Place on Students' Identity, Pedagogy and Learning, Visually
Introduction Educational disadvantage continues to increase despite international and local efforts to combat the driving factors. In many national education systems the 'school place,' where students inhabit plays a major role in teaching and...
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An Appreciative Inquiry into the Circle of Friends Program: The Benefits of Social Inclusion of Students with Disabilities
This study describes a research partnership among university, state legislature, and public schools to examine benefits of social inclusion of students with disabilities assisted by the Circle of Friends Program (COFP). School-university research...
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One Family's Perspective of Their Experiences with School and District Personnel over Time Related to Inclusive Educational Services for a Family Member with Significant Disabilities
Introduction Since the passage of special education legislation (i.e., P.L. 94-142 [U.S. Department of Education, 1975], Individuals with Disabilities Education Act [U.S. Department of Education, 2004]), many parents have advocated for their...
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Negotiating Speech and Language in the African Diaspora: Politics of Linguistic Diversity
NEGOTIATING SPEECH AND LANGUAGE IN THE AFRICAN DIASPORA: THE POLITICS OF LINGUISTIC DIVERSITY/ (BLACK ENGLISHES) "The men of Gilead said to him, Are you an Ephraiminite? If he said, No, They said to him, Then say Shibboleth; and he said Sibboleth:...
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Vol. 4, No. 1, March

Providing Instruction to Students with Special Needs in Inclusive Classrooms in Ghana: Issues and Challenges
Introduction Ghana's commitment towards inclusive education was heightened when it became a signatory to the Salamanca declaration in 1994. This commitment followed several previous piece-meal attempts at meeting the varied needs of persons with...
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Whole School Evaluation and Inclusion: How Elementary School Participants Perceive Their Learning Community
Introduction The field of special education has seen numerous promising developments in both theory and research over the past five decades (Andrews & Lupart, 2000; Skrtic, 1995). Many gains have been achieved in our schools and in the provisions...
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Shifting Attitudes of Related Service Providers: A Disability Studies & Critical Pedagogy Approach
New Goal to Maximize Capabilities The authors propose a new goal that focuses on ways to maximize all of our capabilities in ways that are ecologically and ethically coherent. The new goal requires that professionals focus on asking new questions...
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Making Dissatisfaction Divine: An Inspired Approach to Whole-School Reform
Challenges to Creating a Culture of Professional Learning Children benefit when the adults in a school building work together productively and joyfully. When the classroom teachers, instructional aides, administrators, and support staff all feel...
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Vol. 3, No. 2, September

Seven Pillars of Support for Inclusive Education: Moving from "Why?" to "How?"
Introduction The discourse around inclusive education is slowly moving from a justification of why the approach is one which should be adopted, to how it can be successfully implemented (Forlin, Sharma, & Loreman, 2006). The advantages of an...
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Welcome to the Land of the Ideas: The Goethe Institute Fellowship Tour of Germany
"Travel is fatal to prejudice, bigotry, and narrow-mindedness, and many of our people need it sorely on these accounts. Broad, wholesome, charitable views of men and things cannot be acquired by vegetating in one little corner of the earth all one's...
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Vol. 3, No. 1, March

Examining Teachers' Concerns and Attitudes to Inclusive Education in Ghana
Introduction The aim of this study was to compare two different teachers' concerns and attitude toward inclusive education of students with disabilities in Ghana. Inclusive Education is a global agenda (Pijl, Meijer, & Hegarty, 1997), however,...
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Champions of Inclusion: Making the Extraordinary Ordinary
Introduction All across the country, individuals are being recognized for successfully promoting inclusion in schools. These persons have helped make it more possible for students who have disabilities to participate in meaningful ways with their...
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Writing Truth in Classrooms: Personal Revelation and Pedagogy
In sharing these dark shards, I hope to encourage others to bite open the bullet of pretence in which we live. Telling the truth is powerful medicine. It is a fire that lights the way for others. (Chrystos, 1995, p. 130) Knowing what is true, what...
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Multiage Instruction and Inclusion: A Collaborative Approach
Introduction Today, a central concern of United States educators is ensuring equitable access to general education for all students, including students with disabilities, students from diverse cultural backgrounds, and students who speak English...
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From Policy to Practice: A South-African Perspective on Implementing Inclusive Education Policy
Introduction The advent of a democracy in South Africa ushered in refreshing changes within the South African context. Given South Africa's dark apartheid history, every policy intervention had to ensure a human rights ethos prevails. Inclusive...
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