Culture, Society and Masculinities

Articles

Vol. 5, No. 1, Spring

Masculinity, Violence and Socioeconomic Status in Indonesia
In qualitative interviews conducted during 2009/2010, 86 male interviewees frequently "explained" violence between men in Indonesia as resulting from low socioeconomic status. This paper is not about how violence actually happens, but about how it is...
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Visualising Men's Caregiving Practices: Instances in Three Contemporary Bengali Films
Feminists have sought to dismantle the feminization of care work within patriarchal cultures in a variety of ways. Responding to a growing interest in men and masculinities, a significant thrust within such initiatives has been to expand the role of...
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"Indenturing the Body": Traditional Masculine Role Norms, Body Image Discrepancy, and Muscularity in a Sample of South African Indian Boys
This paper investigates the relationship between traditional masculine role norms, body image discrepancy, body appearance schemas, and sociocultural attitudes toward appearance in a sample of 495 South African Indian school going boys aged 13 to 18...
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Narratives of "Marginal" Men: Selected Short Stories of South Asian Diaspora in Australia
Gender plays an important role in how we constitute ourselves and how writers create a subject in the domestic as well as the public life in their narratives. Despite similarities in basic immigrant experience and cultural environment, the socio-economic...
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"The Profession of Firefighting Is about Teamwork, It Is about Trusting Each Other": Masculine Enactments and Generational Discrepancies within the Swedish Fire Service
Dissecting the iconic image of the male firefighter this article offers an understanding of how housing preferences and instrumental use are componential to the professional identity of retired firefighters. Drawing on an ethnographic account at a fire...
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Herbivore Masculinity as an Oppositional Form of Masculinity
Various sociocultural changes have influenced the emergence of non-hegemonic, oppositional masculinities in Japan. Herbivore masculinity exemplifies a non-hegemonic masculinity that has emerged in the wake of a shifting social landscape and thus departs...
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Vol. 4, No. 2, Fall

(Challenges to) Hegemonic Masculinity in Greek Fictional Television
Drawing data from the Greek fictional TV series, ... (Almost Never, broadcast in the seasons 2003-4 and 2004), the Greek version of Sex and the City, this paper explores the ways the male characters both construct themselves and are construed by the...
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Oscar Wilde and the Plaistow Matricide: Competing Critiques of Influence in the Formation of Late-Victorian Masculinities
This paper examines the ways in which the concept of "pernicious influence" was mobilized in late-Victorian periodical publications to reinforce a normative conception of masculinity through powerful discourses on the relationship between textual consumption...
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"Driving Wyoming into My Blood and Marrow and Fixing It There": The Male Body at the Imperial Frontier in the Fiction of Owen Wister
This article examines how concerns about American interventions in Cuba and the Philippines in 1898 are figured through the White male body in Owen Wister's novels. Lin McLean and The Virginian are contextualized within a contemporary discourse employed...
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"Will You Sing along, Tina?": Zoo Format and Women's Place on Radio One
These days, female media professionals are highly visible and audible. Women newsreaders are now commonplace, even covering the male preserve of football. Yet despite this apparent equity, there is a range of current mainstream programming in which women's...
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Conference Report: Masculinities between the National and the Transnational, 1980 to the Present: An International Conference (Kent State University, August 5-7, 2011)
Phyllida Lloyd's recent award-winning film, The Iron Lady (2012), which depicts former British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher and her rise to power, features a montage in which Thatcher is seen dancing with U.S. president Ronald Reagan. The short sequence...
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Vol. 4, No. 1, Spring

Performing the Invisible
GUEST EDITORS' INTRODUCTIONThis special issue follows on from the international conference Performing the Invisible: Masculinities in the English-Speaking World, organized at the Université Sorbonne Nouvelle-Paris 3 on September 25-26, 2010 (http://www.men.univ-paris3.fr)...
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Gender at Stake: The Role of Eighteenth-Century London Clubs in Shaping a New Model of English Masculinity
The English club, as an arena of exclusive male sociability, contributed to the refashioning of a new model of politeness, which did not posit refinement and masculinity as opposites. Some of the main aims of clubs were to preserve their members' masculine...
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Masculinity and Confinement: German-Speaking Refugees in Canadian Internment Camps (1940-1943)
The forced migration of German-speaking refugees fleeing Nazism brought to Canada a group of "accidental" immigrants - the "Camp Boys." The group consisted of German and Austrian nationals, Jewish and non-Jewish, who had previously migrated to the United...
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"Thou Art My Warrior / I Holp to Frame Thee": The Construction of Masculine Identity in Shakespeare's Antony and Cleopatra and Coriolanus
In Shakespeare's Roman plays, Antony and Cleopatra (1608) and Coriolanus (1609), the hero is constructed as a kind of superhuman, supervirile warrior, sometimes verging on caricature. Yet, in both plays, Rome is criticized, and the constructed manliness...
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Too Much to Perform: Masculinity in Robert Montgomery Bird's the Gladiator and Robert Conrad's Jack Cade
This article explores the paradoxes of masculinity in two Forrest-Prize plays and aims at making visible socially constructed heteronormative gender relations in both works. Whereas they respectively dramatized a slave rebellion and a medieval revolt,...
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Complex Masculinities: The Superhero in Modern American Movies
The first decade of the twenty-first century has seen an exponential increase in the production of superhero movies made in Hollywood. One of the ways to explain the phenomenon has to do with reading these fictions as answers to contemporary issues following...
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"I Never Knew Him Other Than a Man": Masculinity as Ornament in Sir Philip Sidney's Arcadia
The present article aims at showing how Sir Philip Sidney's two versions of the Arcadia deal with the issue of masculinity. Patricia Fumerton's propositions about the parallels between Hilliard's rniniatures and Sidney's sonnets are here confronted to...
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Vol. 3, No. 2, Fall

Filipino Men's Roles and Their Correlates Development of the Filipino Adherence to Masculinity Expectations Scale
This investigation describes the construction and examination of psychometric properties of the Filipino Adherence to Masculinity Expectations (FAME) Scale using a sample of male university students (N = 834) in the Philippines. Exploratory Factor Analysis...
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Male Midwives in France: An Example of Masculinizing a "Feminine" Profession?
Of 19,208 midwives polled in France in 2010, 349 were men. Based on interviews from a selected group of male midwives and midwifery students, as well as data from a recent study of the midwife profession in France, this study shows that the masculinity...
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Masculinity as Prison in Samuel Selvon's a Brighter Sun: Journeying from Boy to Man
Samuel Selvon's A Brighter Sun has been largely approached in terms of Selvon's use of language and his social themes. In this paper, I start from the premise that approaching Selvon's text from a gendered, masculinity studies perspective produces alternative...
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Masculinity in Popular Sitcoms, 1955-1960 and 2000-2005
Common wisdom holds that men as represented in sitcoms have changed substantially from the wise, loving patriarchs of the 1950s, but we currently lack a broad understanding of these changes. Using a random sample of sitcoms from 1955-1960 and 2000-2005,...
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From Pathology to Choice: Regulatory Discourses and the Historic Conflation of Homosexuality and Male Sex Work
While scholarship indicates that male sex work is likely as historically entrenched as female sex work (West & DeVilliers, 1993), sex work has generally been conceived in the sociological imagination in relation to heterosexual norms, with women...
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Unraveling Warriors, Nerds, Race, Eroticism & Rape: Revisionist Readings of Masculinities in the Matrix
The Matrix (Wachowski & Wachowski, 1999) combines elements of traditional and evolving masculinities that merit scrutiny anew in an era of increased inquiry into men's studies, experiences, and identities, including popular cultural representations....
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Vol. 3, No. 1, Spring

Critical Masculinities
The five articles of this special issue, which originated in a conference on "Performing the Invisible: Masculinities in the English-Speaking World" (Université Sorbonne Nouvelle-Paris 3, September 25-26, 2010), all address matters critical to the field...
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Why Study "Masculinity," Anyway? Perspectives from the Old Days
This paper, written by a self-styled "old-timer," invites current scholars to consider what it means to study masculinity. It argues that "masculinity," as scholars use the term, is a heuristic category, and is most useful when recognized as such. To...
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The Crisis of Masculinity as Deleuzian Event
The author finds the philosophy of Gilles Deleuze to provide a means to account for the effects of the crisis of masculinity without recourse to moralism but rather to an affective and immanent ethics. By looking at a number of texts that discuss the...
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White Masculinity on the Verge in Rick Moody's the Ice Storm (1994)
This article explores the anxieties of White masculinity in Rick Moody's second novel The Ice Storm (1994). Set in a period of national and international unrest, the year 1973, the novel bears witness to the growing vulnerability of White males who live...
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Reading Manhattan, Reading American Masculinity: Reintroducing the Flâneur with E.B. White's Here Is New York and Joshua Ferris' the Unnamed
This article reintroduces the flâneur, traditionally a figure associated with 19th century Paris, as a methodological tool for investigating literary representations of 21st century American masculinity. Contemporary research on the flâneur has either...
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Performing the Curmudgeon: The Toothless Lion
Growing old is a process of reinvention. Performing the curmudgeon is one way to redefine dignity in a time of waning powers. The curmudgeon trades in earlier roles of authority and virility and, by repositioning himself above the fray, creates a new...
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Vol. 2, No. 2, Fall

Trends in African American and Caribbean Fathers' Nurturance and Involvement
ABSTRACTUsing Perceived Parental Acceptance-Rejection Theory (PARTheory), the relationship between perceived paternal nurturing and involvement and psychosocial developmental outcomes in 202 college-aged African American and Caribbean American young...
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Reconstructing Violent Rural Masculinities: Responding to Fractures in the Rural Gender Order in Australia
ABSTRACTMen's violence against women is higher in rural communities compared to urban areas and many writers have identified the increased vulnerability of women in rural areas when addressing men's violence. This article will explore the implications...
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Anxious Masculinity in Frank Wedekind's Spring Awakening
ABSTRACTLate-nineteenth-century Europe saw an unprecedented crisis in masculinity that resulted in an intensified fear of the feminine and of feminization. Triggered in part by the women's movement, sexologists' investigations into sexual pathologies,...
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Romanian Men's Masculinities in Online Personal Advertisements
ABSTRACTThe present paper analyses Romanian men's masculinities via a quantitative and qualitative analysis of 380 online personal advertisements posted by men. The case of Romania is particularly interesting for understanding gender relations, since...
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Gender, Culture, Retirement, and Older Men in Jamaica: Findings from a Survey
ABSTRACTRetirement issues in Jamaica are fast increasing in salience to policy given rapid ageing of the population. A quantitative survey was conducted involving 2,000 men aged 55 years and over in one parish of Jamaica using cluster sample methodology....
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"Let's Hug It out, Bitch!" the Negotiation of Hegemony and Homosociality through Speech in Hbo's Entourage
ABSTRACTSituating Raewyn Connell's theories of gender hegemony in Angela McRobbie's vista of "post-feminist society," this paper interprets HBO comedy-drama television series Entourage (2004-...) as a significant object of study in understandings and...
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International Workshop Report
"BETWEEN THE NATIONAL AND THE TRANSNATIONAL, 1945-1980: MASCULINITIES IN BRITISH AND AMERICAN LITERATURE BETWEEN WORLD WAR II AND THATCHER/REAGAN"(JUNE 9-11, 2010, DRESDEN UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY, GERMANY)If current trends in popular entertainment are...
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Vol. 2, No. 1, Spring

The Korean American Cowboy and the Fallacy of Regenerative Violence in Leonard Chang's the Fruit 'N Food
ABSTRACTThis essay examines the incompatibility between violence deployed by Asian American male subjects and their pursuit of masculinity in Leonard Chang's novel, The Fruit 'N Food. According to Richard Slotkin, American history has evidenced that...
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"Mirror Mirror": A Qualitative Analysis of Intergenerational Images of Masculinities in Uruguay
ABSTRACTWhile there have been many studies analyzing changes in gender roles for Latin American women, the impact of these changes on men, and on their gender identity, received relatively little analysis. This paper explores intergenerational changes...
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Exhuming the History of Feminist Masculinity: Condorcet, 18th Century Radical Male Feminist
ABSTRACTThis work addresses bell hooks's call for the development of an alternative to patriarchal masculinity which she calls feminist masculinity. Patriarchal masculinity has convinced most men and women that the development of different forms of masculinity...
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Masculinity of Men Communicating Abuse Victimization
ABSTRACTThis study explored, through in-depth interviews, the experiences of men sexually, psychologically, and/or physically victimized by female romantic partners. Men's narratives were analyzed to determine how masculinity and construction of victim-identities...
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The Obscenity of Gender Theory: Baudrillard's Masculinities
ABSTRACTJean Baudrillard's mid-oeuvre views on gender, especially his formulation of the Nietzschean-Derridean catachrestical notion of Woman, has evoked both angry rejections and nuanced appraisals. Commentary as yet provides little specific reference...
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Constructions of Masculinity in British Literature from the Middle Ages to the Present: International Interdisciplinary Conference (Technical University of Dresden, June 17-20, 2009)1
Recently, it took the individual actions of a Scottish-born, 48-year-old Australian to once again question the legitimacy of the traditional gender dichotomies generally subscribed to by state legislatures and the wider public they are elected to represent....
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Vol. 1, No. 2, Fall

Italian Forms of Masculinity between Familism and Social Change
ABSTRACTThis article summarizes historical and emergent factors in the contemporary pluralization of Italian gender identities, specifically the current penetration of alternative models of masculinity more adaptive to contemporary social change. Highlighted...
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Masculinity in Post-Soviet Ukraine: An Exploratory Factor Analysis
ABSTRACTThis study represents a collaboration between Western and Ukrainian researchers interested in generating a structural model of masculinity in Ukrainian culture. Using the Multicultural Masculinity Ideology Scale (Doss & Hopkins, 1998) and...
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Partner Violence, Technologies of the Self, and Masculinity in Mexico
ABSTRACTThis article discusses qualitative research conducted with a group of Mexican men working against their violence toward their female partners. Using a Foucauldian analysis based on concepts of subjectivation and ethics of self, I argue that in...
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All the Right Labels: Gay Male Athletes and Their Perceptions of Clothing
ABSTRACTThis qualitative study investigated the relationship between body image and clothing, as expressed by 16 elite level gay male athletes from the United States, Canada, and Australia. The athletes suggested that within gay social settings, clothes...
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Men of the World: Diasporic Masculinities in Transit(ion) in Maxim D. Shrayer's Waiting for America: A Story of Emigration
ABSTRACTMaxim D. Shrayer's memoir centers on his family's sojourn in an Italian town of Ladispoli, where emigrants awaited admission into the United States in the 1970s and 1980s. As I will demonstrate, using contemporary scholarship located at the intersection...
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Eminem's Lyrical Personae: The Everyman, the Needy Man, the Hegemon
ABSTRACTThis article examines the lyrical personae of the gangsta rapper Eminem. Eminem's White/Black persona can be seen as interchanged with two lyrical alters-Marshall Mathers the everyman character and Slim Shady, the psychiatrically unwell and needy...
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Vol. 1, No. 1, Spring

Culture, Society & Masculinities: Areas, Scales and Angles in Masculinity Research
I am most pleased to introduce The Men's Studies Press's fifth scholarly periodical, entitled Culture, Society & Masculinities. CS&M proposes a wide angle focus on men and masculinity, engaging with the full spectrum of social, cultural and international...
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Surviving Our Paradoxes? Masculinity, Modernity, and the Body
ABSTRACTThis article contends that, as a complex experience with definite implications for the body, modern civilization exercises a double logic that promotes and supports the interests of elite males while at the same time threatening to undermine...
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Research on Masculinities in German-Speaking Countries: Developments, Discussions and Research Themes
ABSTRACTThis paper focuses on the development and the "state of the art" of masculinity studies in the German-speaking countries (Austria, Germany, Switzerland). It concentrates on social sciences, with further attention to historical and pedagogical...
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Phallic Competence: Fatherhood and the Making of Men in Ghana
ABSTRACTPopular notions of womanhood among most Ghanaian societies highlight the role of motherhood, particularly biological motherhood. It has been generally acknowledged, however, that family planning programs have not worked as well as they might...
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THE "LOST DECADE" OF THE 1990s AND SHIFTING MASCULINITIES IN JAPAN
ABSTRACTThe "Lost Decade" of the 1990s, extending into the early 2000s, was a particularly crucial period in Japan's recent history. On the one hand, these years were characterized by significant economic and social upheaval. At the same time, these...
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Ghar Jawai (Househusband): A Note on Mis-Translation
ABSTRACTThe term househusband is used transnationally to represent misplaced masculinity. But when applied generically to local contexts it may restrict understanding of the depth of degradation to which the "inappropriately placed" husband is subject...
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Men in Europe: Contexts and Contradictions
ABSTRACTIt is clearly difficult to summarize the situation and state of research on men, masculinities and cultural formations in Europe. There are of course broad patterns, but it should be strongly emphasized that the social and cultural contexts of...
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