Contributions to Music Education

Articles

Vol. 38, No. 1, 2011

Colloquy
This issue of Contributions to Music Education serves up a series of articles that provide views into how we approach our work as music educators and music teacher educators. The first in the series, by authors Donald M. Taylor, Nathan B. Kruse, Bethany...
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Adult Musicians' Experiences in a Homogeneous Ensemble Setting
The purpose of this study was to describe the experiences of adult musicians in two longstanding flute choirs. Data were collected through observations, field notes, and in-depth interviews with 16 ensemble members. Salient statements were grouped into...
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Two Brothers, Two Cities: Music Education in Boston and Cincinnati from 1830-1844
The birth of American music education is often attributed solely to Lowell Mason in Boston. His younger brother Timothy, however, was also active at the same time in Cincinnati. This study traces the roots of music education in both cities, but highlights...
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The Effect of Varied Articulations on Listeners' Perceptions of Forcefulness of Attack and Length of Sustain
The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of varied accent/articulation marks on listeners' perceptions of forcefulness of attack and length of sustain in trombone articulations. Musicians (N = 68) were asked to listen to a series of seven...
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A Comparative Investigation of Mental Practice Strategies Used by Collegiate-Level Cello Students
The purpose of this study was to compare the relative effectiveness of three "mental" practice strategies: 1) silent, motionless mental practice, 2) singing/vocalizing, and 3) playing "air cello." Traditional physical practice was used as a control condition....
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Motivation to Work: How to Sustain a Research Career in Higher Education: A Summary of the 2011 Ohio Music Education Association Research Forum
Presented by Dr. James R. AustinDr. James R. Austin, Professor of Music Education and Associate Dean for Undergraduate Studies at the University of Colorado at Boulder, was the guest speaker for the 2011 Ohio Music Education Association (OMEA) Research...
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Vol. 37, No. 2, 2010

Colloquy
The guiding mission of Contributions to Music Education is to foster a direct connection between research in music education and educational practice in music rooms and rehearsal halls. One of the greatest challenges for in-service teachers is that of...
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Beginning Wind Instrument Instruction: A Comparison of Aural and Visual Approaches
The purpose of this study was to assess the effectiveness of teaching beginning wind instrumentalists using a sound-before-sight (aural) approach, designed to foster the connections between eyes, ears, and fingers; and capitalize on students' musical...
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Perceived Articulation Uniformity between Trumpet and Violin Performances
Directors strive for a unified sound throughout their wind and orchestra ensembles. Articulation affects sound uniformity among winds and strings. This baseline study examined whether a trumpet player could better match a violin player's articulation,...
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Programming Practices of Atlantic Coast Conference Wind Ensembles
This study examined the programming trends of the elite wind bands/ensembles of the Atlantic Coast Conference universities. Using survey techniques previously employed by Powell (2009) and Paul (2010; in press), we contacted the directors of the Atlantic...
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The Effect of Positive Mindset Trigger Words on the Performance Expression of Non-Expert Adult Singers
Most musicians strive to create performances that are both technically correct and musically expressive. They make specific changes to their performance to bring out the music's expressive potential. Researchers have attempted to identify these particular...
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The Effect of Instruction on Musicians' and Non-Musicians' Aesthetic Response to Brazilian and African Music
This study examined aesthetic response to Brazilian and African music experienced with and without instruction received prior to the listening session. In addition, there was an attempt to determine if there was a difference in response between musicians...
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Voyages of Research: A Conversation with Randall Allsup
The featured speaker for the 2010 OMEA Research Session was Randall Allsup, a young professional who has already impacted the field of music education research. Allsup currently serves on the music education faculty at Teachers College, Columbia University,...
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Vol. 37, No. 1, 2010

Music Education Faculty Research Publication Productivity Covering the Years 1989-2003
The purpose of this study was to determine author productivity by faculty rank (e.g., assistant, associate, full professor) and assess author output in terms of single or coauthorship. We examined author productivity from three prominent national journals...
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Intrinsic and Extrinsic Motivation among Collegiate Instrumentalists
The purpose of this study was to gather and compare information on measures of intrinsic and extrinsic motivation among instrumentalists enrolled in collegiate ensembles. A survey instrument was developed to gather information concerning demographic...
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Describing Illinois Music Programs Using the Whole School Effectiveness Guidelines Survey for Music Education: A Statewide Investigation
The purpose of this study was to describe Illinois music educators' self-perceptions regarding the demographics, logistics, function, and implementation of their classroom operations using the Whole School Effectiveness Guidelines Survey for Music Programs....
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Sight-Reading Requirements at Concert Band Festivals: A National Survey
This study, a replication and extension of work by Norris (2004), examined sight-reading requirements at middle and high school large-group band festivals across the United States. As in the earlier investigation, answers to the following questions were...
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A Comparative Case Study of Music Interactions between Mothers and Infants
The purpose of this study was to examine the music interactions between mothers and young infants. Research questions included: 1) What type of musical interactions took place in the mother/infant relationship? and 2) What importance did mothers place...
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Vol. 36, No. 2, 2009

Colloquy
This issue of Contributions to Music Education will be my final one as Editor. After more than six years and 11 issues, I will be "passing the baton" to Dr. Birch Browning, a current member of our Editorial Board. I have greatly enjoyed my time as Editor....
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Music and Community: Interdependence and Shared Learning in an Undergraduate Elementary Music Methods Course
In this study, the author investigated the creation of a community of learners in an undergraduate elementary music methods course. Participants included undergraduate students (n = 23) and a professor at a Midwestern liberal arts college. Data consisted...
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A Survey of Technology-Based Music Classes in New Jersey High Schools
As music technology has developed and advanced, music classes that use technology as the primary means for instruction have emerged. The purpose of this study was to determine the extent to which New Jersey public high schools offer music classes that...
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Effect of Voice-Part Training and Music Complexity on Focus of Attention to Melody or Harmony
The purpose of this study was to investigate the possible effects of choral voice-part training/experience and music complexity on focus of attention to melody or harmony. Participants (N = 150) were members of auditioned university choral ensembles...
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Gender and Attraction: Predicting Middle School Performance Ensemble Participation
This study was designed to predict middle school sixth graders' group membership in band (n = 81), chorus (n = 45), and as non-participants in music performance ensembles (n = 127), as determined by gender and factors on the Attraction Toward School...
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Effects of Learning Melodies by Ear on Performance Skills and Student Attitudes
This study examined the effects of playing by ear in selected keys on the abilities of musicians (N = 28) to play by ear and sight-read in those keys. Middle school band students in the experimental group learned melodies by ear in one familiar and two...
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Publishing Your Music Education Research: A Seminar for Future Authors A Summary of the 2009 Ohio Music Education Association Research Forum Presented by Dr. Wendy Sims
The Ohio Music Education Association (OMEA) Research Committee annually hosts a Graduate Research Forum in conjunction with the OMEA's Professional Development Conference. In 2009, the guest speaker was Dr. Wendy Sims, Director of Music Education at...
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Vol. 36, No. 1, 2009

Colloquy
This issue of Contributions to Music Education includes an interesting array of reports of research investigating diverse areas of music education. Phillip M. Hash examined undergraduate non-music major preferences for Western art music. His findings...
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The Evolution of Comprehensive Musicianship through Performance (CMP)-A Model for Teaching Performing with Understanding in the Ensemble Setting
Principles and practices of comprehensive musicianship have occupied a place in music education for many years. Many of these initiatives descended from educational reform efforts begun in the post-Sputnik era. In 1977, a group of music educators gathered...
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Undergraduate Non-Music Major Preferences for Western Art Music
The purpose of this study was to examine undergraduate non-music major (N = 95) preferences for Western art music. A survey of 15 musical examples was assembled consisting of five subtests, each with three excerpts from the Renaissance, Baroque, Classical,...
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The Effect of Changing Syllables to Facilitate Slurring by Middle School Trumpet Students
This study sought to determine if using changing syllables would facilitate a smoother slur for middle school trumpeters playing ascending perfect fifths, both natural and valved. Participants (N = 42) were randomly assigned to one of two groups, control...
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The Impact of a School Loaner-Instrument Program on the Attitudes and Achievement of Low-Income Music Students
The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of a public school loaner-instrument program on the attitudes and achievement of low-income students in an urban environment. Socioeconomic Status (SES) and Instrument Status served as independent...
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Effectiveness of Music on Vocabulary Acquisition, Language Usage, and Meaning for Mainland Chinese ESL Learners
Using an experimental approach, this study examined the relative effectiveness of varying the use of songs (lyrics and music) on vocabulary acquisition, language usage, and meaning for adult ESL students in the People's Republic of China. While the use...
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Vol. 35, 2008

Colloquy
At its most recent meeting, the Contributions to Music Education Editorial Board discussed future directions for the journal, including ways in which it might best serve the profession. One initiative proposed was to solicit and regularly publish special...
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Fifth-Grade Listeners' Music Style Preferences: A Ranking of Contemporary Popular Music Styles and Comparison to Leblanc, 1979
The purpose of this study was to examine participants' degree of preference for styles of popular, jazz, and classical music, comparing the results to Leblanc's (1979) findings. The participants, 156 fifth graders from a metropolitan area in the Midwest,...
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Technology in Ohio's School Music Programs: An Exploratory Study of Teacher Use and Integration
The purpose of this study was to examine the status of technology use and integration in music programs throughout the state of Ohio. Factors under investigation were: (a) the types of technology used in music teaching and learning; (b) levels of teacher...
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The Effect of Auditory, Visual or Kinesthetic Perceptual Strengths on Music Listening
The researcher examined whether perceptual strengths could be documented through performance of a musical listening task presented through three perceptual presentation modes: auditory musical stimuli only (A), auditory musical stimuli reinforced with...
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The Stamps-Baxter GI School of Music: The Singing School Funded by the GI Bill
The Stamps-Baxter Music and Printing Company sponsored singing schools as early as 1926. When World War II veterans began to return home, the company created a two-year school of music in 1947, specifically created for the veterans. Curriculum included...
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American History and Music Education: A Summary of the 2008 Ohio Music Education Association Research Forum Presented by Dr. Michael L. Mark
The Research Committee of the Ohio Music Education Association (OMEA) sponsored a lecture by Dr. Michael L. Mark during the 2008 OMEA Conference. Professor Mark presented an enlightening discussion of historical events and trends, and their relationship...
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Vol. 34, 2007

Colloquy
As I write this at the end of 2007, I look forward with anticipation to music education research-related events that will take place in 2008! Principal among these are the American Educational Research Association's (AERA) Music Education Special Interest...
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A Qualitative Study of Applied Music Lessons and Subsequent Student Practice Sessions
This qualitative study examined the relationship between student-teacher interactions in the college instrumental music lesson and individual student practice. Videotaped observations, questionnaires and practice narratives indicated that the three teachers...
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Motor Skill Consolidation: A Summary of the 2007 Ohio Music Education Association Research Forum Presented by Dr. Robert A. Duke
Each year at the Ohio Music Education Association (OMEA) Conference, the Research Committee chooses a renowned researcher in the field of music education to present at a graduate research forum. The 2007 speaker was Dr. Robert A. Duke, Professor of Music...
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A Special Needs Field Experience for Preservice Instrumental Music Educators
The purpose of this study was to examine the process of preservice music teachers providing assistance to a student with special needs. This process was examined from the perspective of two music education majors, a student with special needs, a music...
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Adjudicator Reliability: A Comparison of the Use of Authentic State Festival Choir and Global Score Audition Forms
The purpose of this study was to investigate adjudicator reliability by, comparing utilization of an authentic State Festival Choir audition form to utilization of a global score form. Participants (N = 30) included experienced adjudicators (n = 10),...
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The Relationship of Musical Pattern Discrimination Skill and Phonemic Awareness in Beginning Readers
In this study, the relationship of phoneme segmentation in language to pattern perception in music was investigated. The results showed that phoneme segmentation fluency scores were significantly correlated with tonal PMMA scores, r = 0.39, p < 0.05,...
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An Analysis of Taped Comments from a High School Jazz Band Festival
The purpose of this study was to examine comments taped by judges at a competitive festival for high school jazz bands. To accomplish this, comments from 48 tapes were categorized through a series of questions: Was the feedback positive or negative?...
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Vol. 33, No. 2, 2006

Strategies for the Recruitment and Retention of Band Students in Low Socioeconomic School Districts
The purpose of this study was to examine strategies for the recruitment and retention of band students in low socioeconomic status (SES) school districts. Participants included three middle school instrumental music teachers of high participation programs...
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Factors Influencing Outstanding Band Students' Choice of Music Education as a Career
The purpose of this study was to investigate factors influencing the career choice of outstanding band students. Chi-square analysis revealed significantly fewer females than expected selected music education as a career. Significant differences in high...
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An Exploratory Investigation of Self-Regulatory and Motivational Variables in the Music Practice of Junior High Band Students
This study examined dimensions of self-regulation and motivation in the music practice of junior high school band students. A volunteer sample of 7th- and 8th-grade students (N = 175) completed a 43-item, researcher-adapted questionnaire designed to...
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The Influence of Warm-Ups and Other Factors on the Perceived Physical Discomfort of Middle School String Students
The purpose of this study was to explore the influence of warm-up activities and fixed factors on the perceived health of public middle school string players. Participants in this study were 6th, 7th, and 8th grade string players (N = 158). Participants...
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Colloquy
The research community in music education continues to grow and develop. Recently the Music Education Special Interest Group (SIG) of the American Educational Research Association announced a new book series, Advances in Music Education Research (AMER)....
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One Ohio Music Educator's Contribution to World War II: Joan A. Lamb
This article documents the contributions of an Ohio music educator who served in the military during WWII, Joan A. Lamb. Primary and secondary sources revealed that she was born and educated in Ohio, and taught public school music there prior to enlisting....
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Vol. 33, No. 1, 2006

Colloquy
This issue of Contributions to Music Education (CME) contains four research studies and a report on the 2006 Ohio Music Education Association Research Forum. The professional development of music teachers throughout their careers is receiving increasing...
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Professional Development and the Beginning Music Teacher
The purpose of this study was to collaboratively examine the perceptions of a first-year middle school instrumental music teacher (Stephanie) regarding professional development activities that included: (a) in-service programs provided by the school...
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Beginning Music Education Students' and Student Teachers' Opinions of Skills and Behaviors Important to Successful Music Teaching
This study compared the beliefs of undergraduate music education majors in their first music education course (n = 55) with music student teachers (n = 25), regarding skills vital to initial success in teaching. Subjects completed a questionnaire rating...
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Musical Meaning in Childhood: A Summary of the 2006 Ohio Music Education Association Research Forum Presented by Dr. Patricia Shehan Campbell
During every conference of the Ohio Music Education Association (OMEA), the Research Committee invites a renowned music education researcher to present on a research-related topic during a pre-conference forum. In 2006, Dr. Patricia Shehan Campbell,...
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The Accuracy of K-12 Public School Supervising Music Teachers' Written Assessments of Student Teaching Performance Practices
This study investigated the (a) accuracy of assessment comments written by K-12 public school music teachers who supervise and mentor student teachers, and (b) extent to which the comments reflected criteria approved by the National Council for the Accreditation...
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The Effects of Syllabic Articulation Instruction on Woodwind Articulation Accuracy
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of a multi-syllabic articulation approach on high school woodwind students' individual articulation accuracy. Subjects were 66 high school woodwind players, matched, and then randomly assigned...
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Vol. 32, No. 2, 2005

Colloquy
For 32 years the Ohio Music Education Association (OMEA) has published Contributions to Music Education in recognition of the importance of research in guiding educational practice. It is a tribute to the members of OMEA that a commitment to research,...
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Middle School Instrumentalists' Perceptions of Expression in Music
This study examined middle school instrumentalists' (N = 69 seventh- and eighth- grade band students) ability to perceive expression in the unaltered performances of expert musicians. Ten expert musicians performed brief musical excerpts both expressively...
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Trends of College Bound High School Choral Singers
This study examined twelfth-grade high school singers and their decision to sing or not to sing as they began their college experience. Participants were volunteers (N = 39), who were planning to enroll in a four-year college/university and were four-year...
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The National String Project Consortium and Its Efforts to Alleviate the String Teacher Shortage: A Summary of the 2005 Ohio Music Education Association Research Forum Presented by Dr. James Byo
"'Experience isn't the best teacher. The best teacher is the best teacher.'"Dr. James Byo, a Louisiana State University music education professor, was the guest speaker at the 2005 Ohio Music Education Association (OMEA) Research Forum held during the...
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Assessment Practices in the Choral Music Classroom: A Survey of Ohio High School Choral Music Teachers and College Choral Methods Professors
The purpose of this study was to identify assessment strategies used by Ohio high school choral music teachers and taught by Ohio college choral methods professors. In addition, the rationale for the use of each assessment was also explored. The researcher...
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Teacher Perceptions regarding Attrition in Beginning Instrumental Music Classes during the First Year of Study
The purposes of this study were to explore the factors teachers believe influence students' decisions to drop out of instrumental music during the first year of study; to compare the beliefs of band and orchestra teachers, as well as teachers in different...
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Vol. 32, No. 1, 2005

A Case Study of Adult Beginning Instrumental Practice
The purpose of the current study was to describe the authentic practice behaviors of 3 adult beginning musicians. The 3 participants in this study were all male alto saxophonists in an adult beginning band. The saxophonists were provided with audiotape...
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Factors Related to Students' Decisions to Continue in Band
The purpose of this investigation was to determine whether gender, starting grade, private lessons, academic achievement, self-efficacy, interest in band, and home music background relate to students' intentions to continue participation in band after...
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The Influence of Timbre and Other Factors on the Instrument Choices of Beginning Band Students
The purpose of this study was to determine which factors most influence instrument choice. Secondary purposes were to determine the degree to which instrument choices corresponded to timbre preferences and to investigate the timbre preferences and subsequent...
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An Investigation of the Instrument Selection Processes Used by Directors of Beginning Band
The purpose of this study was to investigate the factors influencing student instrument choices, and the tests and procedures used by directors of beginning band. Also examined were differences in processes between groups determined by: (a) level of...
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The Effect of Mental Practice on the Performance Achievement of High School Trombonists
This study investigated the effectiveness of mental practice on the performance achievement of high school trombonists and the relationships among locus of control, audiation and performance achievement. A volunteer sample of high school trombonists...
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