Journal of Applied Research in the Community College

Articles

Vol. 19, No. 1, Fall

Measuring Sustainability of Outcomes Assessment
This qualitative study evaluates how well faculty at a two-year community college in the United States used assessment of student learning outcomes (SLOs) for pedagogical/curricular change; how well the "use of results" of 1,200 courses demonstrate,...
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Emerging Workforce Trends and Issues Impacting the Virginia Community College System
The mission of community college workforce development leaders is to provide skill training in emerging high growth occupational areas supporting economic growth and changing workforce needs. This article reports the findings from all Virginia Community...
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The Community College Faculty Development Matrix: A Conceptual Model for Inquiry and Understanding
Within the current economic crisis and in the midst of high levels of unemployment, the community college has been positioned as a major catalyst for economic stimulation by the Obama administration. To best prepare students for workforce entrance and...
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Student Satisfaction and Student Performance
The Noel-Levitz Student Satisfaction Inventory (SSI) measures student satisfaction in 12 different areas relevant for academic institutions (e.g., student services, admissions). The current study investigated whether student satisfaction in these service...
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Predicting a Student's Success at a Post-Secondary Institution
The primary objective of this study is to investigate the correlation between college math entry placement scores, required college math courses and the final program GPA of the students who have completed a diploma in a business or a technical program...
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The Timing of Pre-Enrollment Activities and Predicting Technical/Community College Student Success
Previous literature has shown that delayed completion of community college admission processes and late registration may be barriers to persistence. The purpose of this study is to measure the influence of time-based variables on community college student...
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First-Semester Academic Performance as a Predictor of Fall-to-Fall Persistence: An Application of Classification Tree Analysis
The value of persistence for degree completion has been widely recognized in the research on student outcomes. But institutions can only hope to positively affect student persistence through understanding what influences it. Some of the research devoted...
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Journal of Applied Research in the Community College
2010-2011 Annual Update* Published IssuesDuring this past year, the Spring 2010 (vol. 17, no. 2), FaU 2010 (vol. 18, no.l) and Spring 2011 (vol. 18, no. 2) issues were published. The Spring 2011 (vol. 18, no. 2) issue was a topical volume on transfer.*...
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Vol. 18, No. 1, Fall

From the Editors
We are pleased to present the fall 2010 JARCC issue. Included in this issue are articles by Alison R. Shelton and Richard S. Brown, "Measuring the Alignment of High School and Community College Math Assessments"; Alyssa Nguyen, Brianna Hays and Matthew...
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Measuring the Alignment of High School and Community College Math Assessments
More than 60% of all community college students are placed into remedial, noncredit bearing courses. Concerns over the lack of articulation across the K-12 and postsecondary educational systems have led to concerns over whether students have had the...
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Showing Incoming Students the Campus Ropes: Predicting Student Persistence Using a Logistic Regression Model
The present study examines the effect of taking a college orientation course on fall-to-fall persistence along with several other variables. Between 1976 and 2005 the National Center for Education Statistics reported a 50% increase in ethnic minority...
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Identifying the Career Development Needs of Community College Student with and without Learning Disabilities
Sixty-four community college students (35 women, 29 men), including 36 with learning disabilities, completed measures of career decision-making self-efficacy and career decision-making attributional style and participated in a semi-structured interview...
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A Comparison of Tuition Disparities among City, Suburban, Town, and Rural Public Community Colleges
This article explores differences in tuition rates between and among U.S. public community colleges formulated upon urbanization criteria extracted from the Integrated Postsecondary Educational Data System. The study compares full-time in-district tuition,...
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Disaggregating Ethnic Categories: An Analysis of Educational Attainment for California Adult Asian Americans
Research on the educational attainment of Asian Americans largely focuses on their high achievement, masking the low achievement of varying Asian subgroups. The current study was designed to 1) assess the variance of educational attainment among Asian...
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International Community College Students: Opportunities and Challenges
The following bibliography focuses on international community college students.IntroductionSince the 1990s, many two-year college mission statements have incorporated an awareness of globalization and begun to recruit foreign students. Increased diversity...
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Journal of Applied Research in the Community College
Published IssuesDuring this past year, the Spring 2009 (vol. 16, no. 2), Fall 2009 (vol. 17, no.1) and Spring 2010 (vol. 17, no. 2) issues were published.Issues in ProgressAll articles for the Fall 2010 (vol. 18, no. 1) issue have been identified and...
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NCCCRP President's Message
My second year of my two-year term as NCCCRP President has been a busy one. Again, the NCCCRP Board members have made my job easier with their initiative and patience. Special thanks go to our Treasurer (Qing Mack) and our Membership Chair (Ellen McGregor)...
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Vol. 17, No. 2, Spring

From the Editors
We are pleased to present the Spring 2010 issue. In eluded in this issue are articles by Maureen Pettitt and David Prince," Washington State's Student Achievement Initiative"; Nathan R. Durdella, "Evaluations that Respond: Prescription, Application,...
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Washington State's Student Achievement Initiative
This article describes Washington State's Student Achievement Initiative, an accountability system implemented in 2005-06 that measures students' gains in college readiness, college credits earned, and degree or certificate completion. The goal of the...
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Evaluations That Respond: Prescription, Application, and Implications of Responsive Evaluation Theory for Community College Instructional Support Programs
This study examines two community college instructional support programs to explore the effectiveness of an evaluation model - responsive evaluation theory - that may ease the tensions between a concern over programs' processes and reporting requirements...
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Serving Special Populations: A Study of Former Foster Youth at California Community Colleges
Community colleges nationwide are tasked with meeting the needs of a wide range of students, many of whom come to higher education with financial, educational, and social disadvantages. Developing strategies to effectively serve these students and promote...
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Implementation and Sustainability of Learning Assessment Efforts: Facilitators and Inhibitors
Over the past few decades, deterioration in student achievement has provoked a pervasive public sentiment that American institutions are failing to meet the needs and expectations of society. The growing public demand for transparency and accountability...
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The Cluster Sensitivity Index: A Basic Measure of Classification Robustness
Analysts of institutional performance have occasionally used a peer grouping approach in which they compared institutions only to other institutions with similar characteristics. Because analysts historically have used cluster analysis to define peer...
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College Accreditation: Accountability?
The following citations for research and resource materials focus on college accreditation.IntroductionAccreditation is a "voluntary" and periodic, peerbased review system of higher education institutions and programs designed to maintain academic quality,...
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Vol. 17, No. 1, Fall

From the Editors
We are pleased to present a new JARCC issue. Included in this issue are articles by Andrew LaManque, "Factors Associated with Delayed Submission of the Free Application for Federal Student Financial Assistance"; Frank K. Abou-Sayf, "Challenges Inherent...
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Factors Associated with Delayed Submission of the Free Application for Federal Financial Aid
This study presents the results of a survey of FAFSA applicants aimed at learning why some students delay their FAFSA application to the weeks and months just prior to college enrollment. The assumption is that an early FAFSA filer is more likely to...
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Challenges Inherent in the Assessment of the Impact of Prerequisite Courses
In this study, the different types of research designs used to assess the impact of prerequisite courses are presented. Supported by an indepth literature review, the challenges that are faced in the assessment of the impact of prerequisites, from statistical...
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A Trend Analysis of Manufacturing-Related Program Graduates of Community and Technical Colleges: Great Lakes and Plains Regions
Manufacturers in the United States are struggling to recruit and hire high-skilled workers needed to maintain productivity and to compete globally. While the total number employed in the manufacturing sector is shrinking, the demand for high-skilled...
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Fostering Student Success: An Exploratory Study in English Writing Classes
Current research indicates that students often have a difficult time getting started on reaching their course goals. This study examines the impact of an intervention exercise on the final grades and success rates of two groups of community college students...
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The Use of Measurement Tools in Institutional Research
This article describes four measurement tools that are of potential value for institutional researchers as greater demands are being placed upon their work. The author describes scale development, select methods for setting passing scores, validating...
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An Examination of the Use of Portfolios for Faculty Evaluation at Community Colleges
This study provides community college leaders with insights regarding how administrators and faculty members perceive faculty portfolios as an evaluation tool in two-year colleges. Utilizing a qualitative design, this study focused on perceptions of...
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The First Year Introduction Program as a Predictor of Student Academic Performance
This study hypothesized that student performance in a First Year Introduction program (FYI), representing an initial sampling of students' academic behaviors, would correlate with subsequent academic success. Subjects were 1,501 first-time, first-year...
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NCCCRP President's Message
My first year of my two-year term as the President of the National Community College Council for Research and Planning (NCCCRP) has been challenging and educational. I've practiced "learning-by-doing" this year. Luckily, the NCCCRP Board members have...
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2008-2009 Annual Update: Journal of Applied Research in the Community College
Published IssuesDuring this past year, the Spring 2008 (vol. 15, no. 2) and Fall 2008 (vol. 16, no.l) issues were published. The Spring 2008 issue was a special topical issue on institutional effectiveness and assessment of student learning outcomes....
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Use of Electronic Portfolios for Assessment
The following citations for research and resource materials focus on the use and effectiveness of electronic portfolios for assessment.IntroductionAn electronic portfolio is a collection of digital evidence that demonstrates an individual's intellectual...
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Vol. 16, No. 2, Spring

From the Editors
We are pleased to present the Spring 2009 issue. Included in this issue are articles by Andrew LaManque, "Evaluating A Non-Randomized Trial: A Case Study of a Pilot to Increase Pre-Collegiate Math Course Success Rates"; James Goho and David Rew, "Effects...
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Evaluating a Non-Randomized Trial: A Case Study of a Pilot to Increase Pre-Collegiate Math Course Success Rates
This article presents a case study of a two-year pilot to increase pre-collegiate math course success rates at a large community college. The EnableMath pilot involved the use of computerized software that allowed students to practice math problems in...
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Effects of Cooperative Education on Community College Employment Outcomes at the School to Work Transition
The major purpose of cooperative education is to prepare students for the workplace by combining academic education with practical experience to develop employment competencies. This research compared employment outcomes and employment earnings for graduates...
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Combination of Formative and Summative Assessment Instruments in Elementary Algebra Classes: A Prescription for Success
The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of the implementation of formative assessment on student achievement in elementary algebra classes at Richard J. Daley College in Chicago, IL. The formative assessment is defined in this case as frequent,...
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Formation of Community College Clusters Using the CCSSE Benchmarks for Extra-Large Community Colleges
This study used the five benchmarks from the Community College Survey of Student Engagement (CCSSE) to form clusters of colleges within the CCSSE classification of extra-large community colleges (= 15,000 students). Cluster analysis produced a five-cluster...
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Content Alignment of High School and Community College Assessments in California
This study explores the degree of alignment between high school mathematics and language arts assessments and community college placement examinations in widespread use in California. The study was conducted in two stages. The first stage analyzed the...
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The Effect on Economic Development of an Entrepreneurship Program at a North Carolina Community College
This article presents the findings from a review of a community college's entrepreneurship course designed to encourage business start-ups. The study utilized a survey to obtain information from 142 Haywood Community College students who completed the...
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Academic Pathways and Partnerships: Transition through Collaborative Programming
The following citations for research and resource materials focus on K-16 academic pathways and partnerships.IntroductionOver the years, the American education system has undergone constant transformation. Connections between secondary and post-secondary...
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Vol. 16, No. 1, Fall

From the Editors
We are pleased to present a new JARCC issue. Included in this issue are articles by James Kostecki and Trudy Bers, "The Effect of Tutoring on Student Success"; Christina T. Hart and Rita Dunn, "Effects of Learning-Style Responsive Versus Traditional...
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The Effect of Tutoring on Student Success
This research examined the effect of tutoring on student success at an open enrollment community college, controlling for gender, age, race/ethnicity, highest level of education, and reading, writing and mathematics competency. Student success was defined...
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Effects of Learning-Style Responsive versus Traditional Staff Development on Community College Professors' Attitudes toward Alternative Instructional Strategies
How does one know whether traditional or innovative staff development is working? This study compared the effects of professors' attitudes toward learning through traditional staff development versus alternative instructional strategies for teaching...
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Application of Survival Analysis to Study Timing and Probability of Outcome Attainment by a Community College Student Cohort
This study applies competing risks survival analysis to describe outcome attainment for an entire cohort of students who first attended a Midwestern community college in the Fall Semester 2001. Outcome attainment included transfer to a four-year institution,...
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Who Are Our Students? Cluster Analysis as a Tool for Understanding Community College Student Populations
This study showcases cluster analysis as a useful tool for those who seek to understand the types of students their community colleges serve. Although educational goal, academic program, and demographics are often used as descriptive variables, it is...
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Peer Grouping: The Refinement of Performance Indicators
Community colleges operate under much scrutiny these days, and these institutions have experienced a growing emphasis on performance indicators as paths to institutional accountability. California's system of 109 community colleges recently developed...
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A Methodology for Generating Placement Rules That Utilizes Logistic Regression
The purpose of this article is to provide the necessary tools for institutional researchers to conduct a logistic regression analysis and interpret the results. Aspects of the logistic regression procedure that are necessary to evaluate models are presented...
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The Influence of Financial Aid on Community College Students
The following citations for research and resource materials focus on the influence of financial aid on community college students.IntroductionFiscal resources are vital to many minority and lowincome students who attend two-year institutions. Federal,...
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2007-2008 Annual Update Journal of Applied Research in the Community College
Published IssuesDuring this past year, the Spring 2007 (vol. 14, no. 2) and Fall 2007 (vol. 15, no.l) issues were published. The Spring 2007 issue included the 2005-06 best papers of NCCCRP and of the Research and Planning Group of California Community...
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Achieving and Sustaining Institutional Excellence for the First Year of College
Achieving and Sustaining Institutional Excellence for the First Year of College. Betsy O. Barefoot, John N. Gardner, Marc Cutright, Libby V. Morris, Charles C. Schroeder, Stephen W. Schwartz, Michael 3. Siegel, Randy L. Swing. Jossey-Bass, San Francisco,...
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President's Message
The National Community College Council for Research and Planning (NCCCRP) has had a busy and challenging year in 2007-08. I would like to take this opportunity to thank all the members of the Executive Board, our Regional Directors and our e-Parameter...
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Vol. 15, No. 2, Spring

From the Editors
We are pleased to present a special topical issue on institutional effectiveness and assessment of student learning outcomes. The emphasis on accountability and tracking institutional performance as well as the interest on defining and measuring student...
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Improving Institutional Effectiveness: The Relationship between Assessing Student Learning Outcomes and Strategic Planning in California Community Colleges
Community colleges in California are grappling with developing and assessing student learning outcomes (SLOs), as the accrediting agency is holding them accountable for providing evidence of student learning as one measure of institutional effectiveness....
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Critical Factors Affecting the Assessment of Student Learning Outcomes: A Delphi Study of the Opinions of Community College Personnel
The purpose of this qualitative study was to identify critically important factors that affect the meaningful assessment of student learning outcomes and study why these factors were critically important. A three-round Delphi process was used to solicit...
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Similarities and Differences between the Key Elements Identified by Faculty and Administrators Leading to Successful Implementation of Student Learning Outcomes
The initiation of new accreditation standards for the Western Association of Schools and Colleges in 2002 mandated assessing student learning as a requirement for all community colleges. This study examined a non-Californian community college recognized...
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Using Cognitive, Motivational, and Emotional Constructs for Assessing Learning Outcomes in Student Services: An Exploratory Study
Several cognitive motivational scales were examined for their ability to predict short-range academic outcomes (grades, percentage of units earned over units attempted, units earned), and to measure cognitive gains as a consequence of services provided...
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Assessing Student Outcomes in Learning Communities: Two Decades of Studies at a Community College
The assessment of student learning outcomes in integrated courses is particularly challenging. This article reviews a range of assessment studies conducted over two decades by a community college that requires integrated Learning Communities for the...
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Strategic Reporting Tool: Balanced Scorecards in Higher Education
In this toolbox article, the authors describe the recommended steps for creating a community college balanced scorecard that measures and reports on key performance indicators based on targets and signal values to end-users, college constituents and...
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Degree Progress Measures for Community Colleges: Analyzing the Maryland Model
Over a two-year period beginning in March 2004, community colleges in Maryland developed a revised set of accountability indicators for a state-mandated Performance Accountability Report first required by a 1988 statute. A major innovation was a new...
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Assessing General Education Programs
Assessing General Education Programs. Mary J. Allen. Anker Publishing Company, Bolton, MA: 2006. 269 pages.Institutional researchers at community colleges across the country have become increasingly engaged with assessing student learning. Indeed, many...
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Vol. 15, No. 1, Fall

From the Editors . .
Included in this issue are articles by Lisa Petrides and Sara McClelland, "Decentralizing Data Through Decision Support Systems: The Impact of Increased Access to Data on Decision-Making"; Willard Horn and Ter rence Willet, "Student Flow Analysis for...
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Decentralizing Data through DecisionSupport Systems: The Impact of Increased Access to Data on Decision Making
This study examines the impact of a new Decision-Support System (DSS) on decision making in a community college in California. It looks at how attitudes and behaviors about data and their use were impacted by the implementation of a new DSS. The study...
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Student Flow Analysis for a Community College
The authors describe an innovative technique for using Classification and Regression Tree (CART) with student characteristics, including geographical data for analyzing student enrollment patterns between students who enroll within a community college...
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The Impact of an Attained English Competence on Subsequent Course Success
Educational institutions are value-added suppliers of academic capability Community colleges, while focused on access and diversity, operate within this framework. Unlike other institutions, however, remediation is a much greater part of their mission....
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Easing the Transition: Building Better Bridges between Developmental and College-Level Math
This article reports research involving collaboration between a developmental studies department and a mathematics department in an effort to increase the academic success of developmental students who transition into college-level math. Three separate...
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Dual Enrollment at the Community College and High School: Where Do Students Hear about It?
Dual enrollment programs allow high school students to enroll in community college courses for credit while they are still enrolled in high school. The present study explored how 350 11th and 12th grade high school students learned about the dual enrollment...
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Community Colleges in the West: The Expansion of This Critical Sector of Postsecondary Education
The history of community colleges nationwide has been well documented. We know that the primary focus for community colleges has been to serve as the first point of entrance for many students who, otherwise, would not have been able to gain access to...
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A Performance-Based Web Budget Tool
A web-based formula-driven tool has been developed for the purpose of performing two distinct academic department budgeting functions: allocation funding to the department, and budget management by the department. The tool's major features are discussed...
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Online Tutoring and Student Success in Developmental Writing Courses
This article examines the relationship between the use of online tutoring sessions and student success in developmental writing courses. The results suggest a statistically significant difference between the success rates, as measured by course grades,...
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Basic Skills as a Foundation for Student Success: A Review of Literature and Effective Practices
In this issue of JARCC we present a sum mary of the main findings of a national literature review completed as part of a larger study of basic skills effective practices. The complete study is available at http://css.rpgroup.org/In 2004, the California...
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Assessing Organizational Performance in Higher Education
Assessing Organizational Performance in Higher Education. Barbara A. Miller. Jossey-Bass, San Francisco, CA: 2007. 258 pages. (ISBN-13: 978-0-7879-8640-7)For the past three decades, the public higher education enterprise has experienced an increased...
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National Community College Council for Research and Planning President's Report 2007
The 2006-07 year has been a good year of moving forward for the National Community Council for Research and Planning. I would like to thank our Executive Board, Regional Directors and JARCC editorial staff - each and everyone - for their contributions...
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2007 Annual Update on the Journal of Applied Research in the Community College
New JARCC Executive EditorIn June 2006, I was pleased to take over the editorship of JARCC from Mary Kinnick. My first year in this role has been rewarding and productive. Together with our excellent editorial team and publisher, we have had the opportunity...
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