Jewish Bible Quarterly

Articles from Vol. 38, No. 1, January

A Note on Judges 13:20-21: Sorting out the Syntax
Judges 13:20 tells how an angel ascended in the flame of the sacrificial fire, prompting both Manoah and his wife to fall to the ground and hide their faces. Having seen the angel's remarkable exit, Manoah finally realized the messenger's identity...
Biblical Prayers and Rabbinic Responses: Balancing Truthfulness and Respect before God
In this study, we will consider the diversity of response to two of the most sharply formulated prayers in the Bible. According to what appears to be the smoothest readings of the passages to be considered, Habakkuk accuses God of poor educational...
Could Pre-Hebrew Be the Safa Ahat of Genesis 11:1?
Modern linguists assume one original mother tongue--monogenesis of language--on probabilistic grounds. (1) Indeed, recent research involving intrasyllabic consonant-vowel co-occurrence supports the theory that there was, in fact, one mother tongue....
Did the Wall of Jericho Collapse or Did the City Surrender?
When the people heard the sound of the horns, the people raised a mighty shout and the wall collapsed (Josh. 6:20). There are many and varied opinions as to when and how the wall of Jericho fell. I will not deal with the chronological issues, but only...
Ketovet Ka'aka (Leviticus 19:28): Tattooing or Branding?
You shall not make any cuttings in your flesh for the dead, nor imprint any marks on you; I am the Lord (JPS 1917). You shall not make gashes in your flesh for the dead, nor incise any marks on yourselves; I am the Lord (NJPS 1985). In the ancient...
Numerical Symbolism in the Dedication of the Altar
With the trials and tribulations of Egypt behind him, and having received the Ten Commandments, Moses faced a daunting challenge; how to forge the 12 tribes of the children of Israel into a nation. Despite the fact that they derived from common ancestors,...
Sacrificial Categories and Personality Types
OVERVIEW AND GOALS This paper explores symbolic interpretation of the sacrificial procedures. In the first section, I clarify the importance of such a symbolic interpretation. In the sections that follow, I review a psychological theory of personality...
The Hidden Mission of Biblical Angels
"Fools rush in where angels fear to tread" wrote Alexander Pope. It is also the opening line in a popular tune many seniors may remember from their youth. The impression one gets from its lyric is that angels are superior to humans in intelligence...
The Ten Commandments as Positive Affirmations
When we examine the Ten Commandments [aseret ha-dibrot] as we find them in Exodus 20 and in Deuteronomy 5, we are puzzled by the fact that instead of a list of ten positive principles, seven of them are prohibitions which begin with the words you shall...