Gender & Behaviour

Gender and Behaviour, a scholarly journal published twice a year by African Journals Online and based at Obafemi University in Ife-Ife, Nigeria is peer-reviewed papers about the psychological and behavioral aspects of gender aimed at psychologists, psychiatrists and those involved in social studies.

Articles from Vol. 9, No. 2, December

Articulating Cultures: Socio-Cultural Experiences of Black Female Immigrant Students in South African Schools1
AbstractContests of space and place in South African 'schoolscapes'2 are now not so much about 'race' as it is about nationalism and territoriality. While the politics of belonging unfolds and overtly manifests itself, a more covert, insidious and worrisome...
A Survey of Alcohol Vulnerability of Male Prison Inmates in Nigeria
AbstractAlcohol and substance abuse has been linked with criminal behavior particularly recidivism.. Criminal recidivism is the act of re-offending or persistent involvement in criminal activities. The study investigated the effect of alcohol abuse on...
Attitudes toward Rape among Nigerian Young Adults: The Role of Gender, Parental Family Structure and Religiosity
AbstractPrevious studies that examined the influence of demographic factors on attitudes towards rape yielded mixed results in various settings. This study built on these studies by investigating the influence of gender, parental family structure and...
Cross-Border Sex Trade, Transnational Remittances and Changing Family Structures among Benin People of Southern Nigeria
AbstractThe paper examined Benin women who migrate for the purpose of cross border sexual transactions. It also assessed the changes in the traditional Benin family structure, mediated by the prevalence of Benin women migrants and their financial contributions...
Determinants of Adolescent Fertility in Contemporary Yoruba Society: A Multivariate Analysis
AbstractAdolescent childbearing has received much attention in the past three decades, but the socio-cultural determinants of this phenomenon remain inexplicitly explained in Yoruba society. Therefore, this paper examined the determinants of adolescent...
Domestic Violence in a Semi-Urban Neighbourhood
AbstractThere are no published studies on impact of neighbourhood on domestic violence in Sango-Ota. This is the first study to examine formal and informal control method and the influence of family structure and socio-economic status on the occurrence...
Gender Bias and Citizenship Rights to Political Participation in Nigeria: Challenges for Democratic Consolidation and Economic Development
AbstractThe Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948) provides that "all human beings are born free and equal in dignity". The Nigerian Constitution (1999) affirms this. However, in Nigeria, women do not enjoy equal rights and priviledges as men (Sow,...
Gender Differentials in Health Status and Socioeconomic Wellbeing of Older Persons in Lagos State, Nigeria
AbstractAlthough the relationship between socioeconomic wellbeing and health status is well-established in Western industrialized countries, but, few studies have examined this association in developing countries particularly among older persons in Lagos...
Gender Issues in Urban Indigenous Communities in Nigeria: Evidence from Port Harcourt
AbstractUrban indigenous people's way of life and their socioeconomic conditions have not attracted much attention in urban community studies despite the fact that they constitute an important segment of the urban population. Similarly, the manners in...
Gender-Related Differences in Attitudinal Disposition of University Workers to Resolving Conflict through Mediation
AbstractHuman beings have innate tendencies to work in groups or relate with objects and people in their environment. The intra and inter relationships with people, at times, generate conflict which negatively affect psychosocial functioning. Conflicts...
Gender, Tenure and Organisational Factors as Predictors of Job Involvement among Nigerian Workers
AbstractThe paper examined gender, tenure and organisational factors as predictors of various aspects of job involvement. A total of 504 workers comprising 285(56.5%) males and 219 (43.5%) females sampled from seven departments of some selected public...
HIV Knowledge, Risk Perception and Risk Behaviour among Male Ex-Offenders in Mpumalanga, South Africa
AbstractThe aim of this study is to investigate HIV knowledge, beliefs and HIV risk behaviours among ex-offenders in Mpumalanga province, South Africa. A sample of 85 male ex-offenders conveniently selected from an ex-offenders organization were interviewed...
Influence of Type of School on Self Perception of Mathematical Ability and Achievement among Girls in Secondary School in Harare
AbstractThe study explored the influence of type of school on fourth-year secondary school girls' self-perception of ability and achievement in Mathematics. The study sample comprised of 90 girls from one girls-only school and one co-educational school...
Issues in Girl-Child Education in Nigeria: Implications for Library and Information Support
AbstractGirl-child education has become a matter of concern to stakeholders in Nigeria. This study examines the concept of and crucial issues in girl-child education. It identifies socio-cultural patterns, religious misconceptions, poverty, teenage pregnancy...
Loss of Learning Space within a Legally Inclusive Education System: Institutional Responsiveness to Mainstreaming of Pregnant Learners in Formal Education
AbstractThis study investigated how education stakeholders in South Africa and Zimbabwe responded to the policy of mainstreaming pregnant learners informal schools. The study sample consisted of pregnant and former pregnant learners, mainstream learners,...
Maternal Health Challenges and Prospects for National Development: A Case-Study of Badagry Local Government, Lagos State
AbstractThis study seeks to explore maternal health as a critical aspect of national development. It has long been recognized that the health status of pregnant women is an important indicator of the general state of health of any population. The health...
Oil, Gender and Agricultural Child Labour in the Niger Delta Region of Nigeria: Implications for Sustainable Development
AbstractThe Niger Delta region of Nigeria continues to face the problem of agitations, violent conflicts, crimes, rural-urban migration, environmental degradation, militant resistance engendering a frightening state, characterized by violence and criminality...
Parental Marital Status and Peer Influence as Corelates of Teenage Pregnancy among Female Teens in South-South Nigeria
AbstractThe study examined the effects of parental marital status and peer influence on the occurrence of teenage pregnancy among 324 female teens in south-south, Nigeria. The participants responded to a valid scale. The Pearson correlation and Multiple...
Parenting Styles, Gender, Religiosity and Examination Malpractices
AbstractThis study examined the influence of parenting styles, gender and religiousity on the attitude of students towards examination malpractices. One hundred and ninety -eight participants were used which comprises of 100 males and 98 females of Adekunle...
Perceived HIV Stigmatization, Hiv/aids Cognition and Personality as Correlates of HIV Self-Disclosure among People Living with HIV in Ibadan, Nigeria
AbstractThe relationship between perceived HIV stigmatization, HIV/AIDS cognition, personality and HIV self-disclosure (HSD) was investigated. The influence of age and gender on these was also examined. PLWHA (N421) in Ibadan, Nigeria participated in...
Psychosocial Factors Influencing Attitude towards Abortion among Undergraduates in Nigeria
AbstractThe study examines the psychosocial factors capable of influencing abortion among university undergraduates in Nigeria. Two hundred (200) students consisted of 63(31.5%) males and 137(68.5%) females participated in the survey. The study adopted...
Skill Acquisition, Capacity Building and Women Economic Empowerment: A Case Study of Women Education Center, Birnin Kebbi
ABSTRACTLack of vocational training has been considered as the bane of the economy of many African countries particularly Nigeria. The indispensable role of women in any development process calls for eradication of gender related barriers and women empowerment...
Therapeutic Value of Adjustment Practices and Copining with Grand Children for Menopausal Women in Nigeria
AbstractMenopause is one of the stages of human development and is full of encounters, tasks and challenges; it could be different from the encounter of the preceding stages of life. This study examined the therapeutic value of adjustment practices toward...
Validity and Reliability of Breastfeeding Attitude Scale in Indonesian Population
AbstractLower levels of maternal confidence have been found to be associated with perception of insufficient milk supply and risk for premature discontinuation of breastfeeding. Current WHO/UNICEF recommendations for optimal infant feeding are exclusive...
Women Traficking in Peshawar, Pakistan: Does Socio-Psychological Perception Matter?
AbstractThe present study was conducted in District Jail, Peshawar, Pakistan by selecting 84 offenders involved in Women Trafficking, through snow ball sampling techniques for measuring the respondent's knowledge on women trafficking with the psychological...
YOUTH CONTRACT OF SOME SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED INFECTIONS (STIs) IN EDO CENTRAL, NIGERIA
AbstractIn Nigeria, as noted in the 'National Policy on Population for Sustainable Development', sexually transmitted infections (STIs) had constituted a silent epidemic or the major health problem for the country. Consequently, from a total of 783 randomly...