The Economic and Labour Relations Review : ELRR

Articles from Vol. 5, No. 1, June

A Job Creation Tax
1. Introduction In a number of submissions to the Committee on Employment Opportunities, a 'jobs levy' [in the form of an income tax surcharge] was proposed as a means of raising revenue to fund various (usually unspecified) schemes to reduce long-term...
An Overview of Protection of Australian Manufacturing: Past, Present and Future
Part I of this paper provides a brief overview of manufacturing protection in Australia--from the first (revenue) duties imposed in the Colony of New South Wales, and the post-gold rush, protectionist tariffs of Victoria, to the assistance provided...
Defending Economic Rationalism ... and Boosting the Image of "Free Market Economists"?
In his 1962 Ely Memorial Lecture to the American Economic Association, Jacob Viner ventured to address the place of the economist in history. His lecture, he explained, was not designed to deal with the influence of economists for good or evil; its...
Enterprise Bargaining: The Truth Revealed at Last
1. Introduction Enterprise bargaining: is it an engine of productivity growth, or a threat to pay equity and macroeconomic wage stability? Since the late 1980s there has been a rising clamour of claims and counter-claims on these questions. Many...
Good While It Lasted: The Position and Prospects of Australian Unions in 1993
"Good While it Lasted" implies that the good times have now drawn to a close or are about to. This title suggests a story about how the labour movement has seen a significant fluctuation in its fortunes in Australia, including a significant decline...
Job Creation: From Public Works to a Job Compact
1. Introduction Labour market programs have come a long way since the days when relief work was the only option that governments could offer the unemployed. Like most other countries, Australia has tried, discarded, modified, extended and developed...
Long-Term Unemployment: The Role of Wage Adjustments
1. Introduction Persistent high unemployment is a relatively recent phenomenon, having its origins in the early 1970s. An even more recent, and perhaps more worrying, phenomenon is the increase in the proportion of the unemployed who are long-term...
"Restoring Full Employment": Further Research Needs
1. Introduction In the process of putting together the Western Australian Labour Market Research Centre's submission to the Committee on Employment Opportunities, (Norris et al. 1993) there was a certain body of research evidence upon which we could...
The Authority of the ACTU
1. introduction Human nature being what it is most of us like to think that we live in fairly momentous times or, at the very least, that changes and developments in our era are important and will have a significant impact on the future. Somewhat...
The Workforce of the Future: Implications for Industrial Relations, Education and Training
1. Introduction Australia is currently experiencing massive economic, social and technological changes which are altering its place in the world and the lives of its people. Predictions of the future, however, highlight quite divergent views of...
Unemployment and the Structure of Unemployment Benefits
1. Introduction In order to investigate the relationship between the level of unemployment benefit relative to some measure of average earnings and the level of unemployment it is useful to set out a simple relationship. This is that the level of...
Wage Differentials and Youth Unemployment
1. Introduction A major problem for economic policy in recent years has been the persistently high levels of youth unemployment. An indication of the high levels of unemployment for young would-be workers is given by recent unemployment figures....
Wage Subsidies
The Committee on Employment Opportunities has placed considerable faith in the ability of wage subsidies to deliver worthwhile jobs to the long-term unemployed within its Job Compact. It viewed the current JOBSTART programme as a key component of its...