Development and Society

Provides articles on development and society.

Articles

Vol. 42, No. 1, June

Regional Environmental Governance and Social Capital: A Case Study of Mangyeong River Communities*
With a growing concern over the quality of water running downward into the Saemangeum area, the public-private-academic partnership for water quality management called "Jeollabuk-do River Restoration Association" was inaugurated in 2011 at the municipal...
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Group Membership and Context of Participation in Electoral Politics among Korean, Chinese, and Filipino Americans*
Asian Americans have fallen behind other ethnic groups with regard to political participation, despite being one of the fastest growing populations and having achieved socioeconomic advantages over the last few decades. This paper examines this puzzle...
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Regional Community Building in Northeast Asia in a Global Context*
In the context of power shift from Europe to Asia, Asia is creating a new history as the most dynamic region in the world. Historically, Asian countries have long maintained cultural and institutional connections within the region through constant contact,...
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The Economic Value of Bilingualism among 1.5- and Second-Generation Korean Americans*
This study examines whether there is an earnings premium for fluent bilingualism among 1.5-generation and U.S.-born Korean Americans in the labor market. The data come from the 2009-2011 American Community Surveys, and the sample is restricted to wage...
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Ethnic Insularity among 1.5- and Second-Generation Korean-American Christians*
Building on insights from Min's (2010) comparisons between Korean Protestants and Indian Hindus, and my findings of elite freshmen Korean racial insularity (Park 2012), I use data from the Immigration and Intergenerational Mobility in Metropolitan Los...
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Type of Trust and Political Participation in Five Countries: Results of Social Quality Survey*
This article classifies types of trust by combining general trust, interpersonal trust, and institutional trust based on the hypothesis that individuals have different types of trust. The results of this article show different shapes of types of trust...
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Vol. 41, No. 1, June

The Korean Wave (Hallyu) in East Asia: A Comparison of Chinese, Japanese, and Taiwanese Audiences Who Watch Korean TV Dramas*
The major purpose of this study is to find out what factors are responsible for Hallyu, the flow and popularity of Korean popular cultural products in East Asia, and which direction Hallyu is heading for. To do this, recent structural and institutional...
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Breaking the Distance: Asian Films, U.S. Critics, and Comparison Strategies*
This study explores several factors affecting three different types of comparison strategies used by U.S. critics in their reviews of Asian films: U.S. comparison (comparing to U.S. counterparts), foreign comparison (comparing to counterparts from countries...
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The Struggle against Corruption during the Democratic Transition: Theorising the Emergent Role of CSOs*
This article argues that civil society organisations (CSOs) play an increasingly prominent role in combating corruption in countries that have recently democratised. Democracy cannot survive without accountability, but in transitional democracies the...
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Problematising the Resource Curse Thesis*
The natural resource curse thesis is that the blessing/windfall of "nature's gifts" tends to be a curse. The mention of "oil," especially in developing countries, evokes two types of feelings in the form of excitement and fear, further resulting in a...
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Is Social Quality Related to Subjective Well-Being in Shanghai? an Analysis of Economic and Social Structural Factors*
Based on an empirical survey in Shanghai, this study tests the effects of four domains of social quality (SQ) viz. economic security, social inclusion, social cohesion, and social empowerment on subjective well-being (SWB). The results show that home...
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News Objectivity and Political Conversation: An Experimental Study of Mad Cow Disease and Candlelight Protest
This study examines how journalistic objectivity in relation to interpersonal communication plays a role in democratic development driven by civic engagement. According to public journalists who candidly express their subjective opinions and contentious...
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Vol. 40, No. 2, December

Social Quality as a Measure for Social Progress*
There is a growing recognition that GDP might not properly measure the real progress of a society. Although it is still a very useful measure, it was not designed to capture the social aspect of development. Accordingly, multiple attempts are being made...
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Studying the Ethnocentric Bias in the Comparative Studies of Social Welfare*
This paper has two objectives. The first is to discuss three related views on the ethnocentric bias in the comparative studies of social welfare. The second objective is to demonstrate how these views can increase our understanding of the pluralistic...
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The Immigration of Koreans to the United States: A Review of 45 Year (1965-2009) Trends*
This paper reviews changes in patterns of Koreans' immigration to the United States between 1965 and 2009 based on annual statistical reports by the immigration office. This review captures changes in the annual number of Korean immigrants, their immigration...
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The Pursuit of Elite High Schools and Colleges among Second-Generation Korean Americans*
This study examines the educational achievements and attainments of 1.5 and second-generation Korean Americans. Drawing from the 1998 New York and the 2004 IIMMLA surveys as well as forty follow-up in-depth interviews (selected among the 1998 New York...
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Immigration, Cultural Adjustment, and Work Values: The Case of Korean Nail Care Workers in New York
This study addresses the significance of acculturation, known as cultural adjustment, in examining work values among Korean female nail care workers in New York. In this study, acculturation is measured by both English proficiency and personal comfort...
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A Comparative Study of Governance in State Management: Focusing on the Roh Moo-Hyun Government and the Lee Myung-Bak Government*
This study aims to explore development discourses of the Roh Moo-hyun and Lee Myung-bak governments and evaluate their governance in achieving their respective visions of development. The two governments advocate sustainable development and green growth,...
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Labor Solidarity in the Era of Neoliberal Globalization
Under the context of neoliberal globalization, governments have pursued marketdriven economic reform policies and large firms have adopted the business model of shortterm profit maximization. In this context, intensification of labor polarization has...
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Public Service Reforms and the Nigerian Telecommunications (NITEL) PLC
Due to fiscal maladministration in the public sector and consequent inefficiency of public corporations, the Nigerian government has opted for laissez faire reforms in the public sector. One of the public corporations the government has put up for sale...
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Vol. 40, No. 1, June

Human Rights: From the State System to Global Domestic Policy
In this essay human rights encounter Durkheim's social - that sui generis beyond the sum of individuals. "The social" will here be seen as structure and culture. Like "the social", the human rights were embedded in a structure with the state system up...
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Individual Freedom and Human Rights Community: A Sociological Intervention*
Regaining access to the social within human rights discourse requires a new sociological imagination. This paper formulates the concept of human rights community and, with this, attempts to grasp the social dimension of human rights which diminishes...
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Law Meets Sociology in Human Rights
This paper discusses the merits of a multidisciplinary approach to human rights. Since 1945, the building of a global legal architecture, including norms and institutions at various levels of regulation, constituted tremendous progress for human rights....
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Making Human Rights Ordinary in the Bio and Nanotech Era*
This paper addresses the issue of science related human rights. It begins by showing how science was central yet paradoxically peripheral to the Universal Declaration of Human rights; this is followed by a discussion of the negligible impact of the Nuremberg...
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The Sociological Discourse on Human Rights: Lessons from the Sociology of Law
Since when, how, and why have sociologists discussed human rights in their work? In which forms of theoretical and empirical inquiry have such investigations been conducted, and what are some of their consequences for the praxis of sociology as well...
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Making the Sociology of Human Rights More Sociological
This paper is an exercise in reflexive theoretical sociology which marks a shift in my approach to the sociology of human rights. It begins by critically examining my past practice in the light of the general criticisms of the sociology of law recently...
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Developmental State, Human Rights and Migrant Workers
Under the wave of globalization, the developmental state of Taiwan has been importing migrant workers from Southeast Asian countries for decades. This paper tries to examine the human rights issue of migrant workers under the developmental state. It...
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Introduction
Human rights are everywhere - in constitutions, in the courts, in the media, in international diplomacy and in the streets. Sadly, human rights abuses are also everywhere. Both sets of phenomena are intrinsically social. Human rights have their abusers...
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Vol. 39, No. 2, December

To Be or Not to Be: Statism and Paradoxical Evolution of Corporate Governance in Russia
This article explains the dynamics of the "path-breaking" evolution in the corporate governance of Russia's big private businesses since Putin rose to power in 2000, based on the discursive institutionalism. For the goal, it pays attention to several...
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'Human Rights' in the Discourse of Buraku Liberation: From the 1920s to the 1990s, an Initial Survey
The paper argues that ideas about human rights, rather than being a relatively new arrival within political and social discourse, have been present in both the mainstream and the dissenting streams of Japan's political system since the start of the twentieth...
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Two Concepts of Human Rights in Contemporary Korea
The paper looks at the emergence of two distinct concepts of human rights in contemporary Korea. The first, more time-tested concept draws upon the historical experience of pro-democracy movements dating back to the 1970s. The second concept is seen...
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Operationalising the Theory of Social Quality: Analysis of the Reliability of an Instrument to Measure Social Quality
The Theory of Social Quality (TSQ) has not yet had extensive empirical testing for due to the difficulty of developing a validated and reliable tool to 'measure' social quality. A survey investigating social quality was piloted (n = 33) and analysed...
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Colonialism, Revolution, Development: A Historical Perspective on Citizenship in Political Struggles in Eastern Asia*
Intensified blending of populations through migrations, and the problem of citizenship in different national contexts, in recent years have foregrounded questions of culture and cultural difference in citizenship studies. These questions have been compounded...
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Everyday Transnationalism and the Postcolony in West Africa
West Africa is a paradoxical region when it comes to the tension between the nationstate and the transnational. It stems from fundamental continuity of state power inherited from colonizers in postcolonial situations. The discursive grid of the postcolony...
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A Typology of Organizational Behavior: At the Crossroad of Risk and Uncertainty*
Four modes of organizational behavior are proposed by crossing two behavioral dimensions adopted from organizational ecology (inertia vs. change) and neoinstitutionalism (normative vs. deviant). Those four modes are innovative (deviant change), reformative...
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Vol. 39, No. 1, June

Neoliberalism, Democracy, and Development Policy in Brazil
This paper offers a political economy analysis of the two systems of accumulation in the postwar Brazilian economy: import-substituting industrialisation (ISI) and new liberalism, and the industrial policies associated with them. The transition between...
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Determinants of the Digital Divide in Rural Communities of a Developing Country: The Case of Malaysia*
The computer is regarded as an important tool for the socioeconomic development of communities, particularly in the developing world, and studies have shown that the digital divide has led to the increasing wealth gap between the rural and urban areas...
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From Dirgisme to Neoliberalism: Aspects of the Political Economy of the Transition in India
This paper argues that internal contradictions arising from the inability of the post- Independence Indian state to introduce the institutional changes and adopt the interventions needed for successful import-substituting industrialisation, had resulted...
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European Welfare States beyond Neoliberalism: Toward the Social Investment State
After the golden age of welfare state development in Europe, the glorious thirty years from 1945 to 1974, perceptions changed and the welfare state was interpreted to be in crisis. One solution to the crisis was a neo-liberal approach emphasizing privatization...
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Post-Socialist State, Transnational Corporations, and the Battle for Labor Rights in China at the Turn of the 21st Century
Human rights advocates often focus on the post-socialist party-state and note many of the human right violations committed in China. On the other hand, corporate sponsors often promote globalization as a way to improve rights and standards. However,...
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Toward Human Rights in the Local Community: Multiple Approaches for Implementation*
This paper attempts to show the significance of the implementation of human rights in the local community. Along with the international and national schemes for the collective guarantee of human rights, the local community should be a significant arena...
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Temporal Variation in the Strength of Educational Assortative Marriage in Korea: A Birth Cohort Analysis of the 2000 Korea Census*
This paper investigates the trend in assortative marriage with respect to education among a large Korean cohort born in the 1930s to the 1970s. The two-percent sample data from the 2000 Korea Census is used to investigate changes in the association between...
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Vol. 38, No. 2, December

Social Quality Theory in Perspective
The late 20th century was a period of high productivity in ideas and theories of social sciences, in particular around the themes of welfare regimes, human security, social capital, social exclusion, and globalization. Among a rich diversity of these...
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The Social Quality Approach: Bridging Asia and Europe*
This paper sets out to achieve three aims. First of all it provides a basic introduction to the concept of social quality. This includes an outline of its architecture- constitutional, conditional and normative factors - and of the four key impulses...
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Comparing Social Quality and Social Harmony from a Governance Perspective
This article compares the concept of social quality with the concept of social harmony from a governance perspective. It confines the comparative analysis on the concept of social quality to the one initiated by scholars associated with the European...
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Transparency, a Key Factor to Improve Social Cohesion: A Review of the Korean Experience in the Context of Social Quality Research*
This paper aims to present empirical evidence of change in terms of the social quality of Korea and provide theoretical explanations. The arguments begin by asking the question of why people are not satisfied although the society shows impressive improvement...
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Social Quality and the Social Harmony Campaign in Hong Kong
This paper is a response to the increasing internationalization of the concept of social quality. It is intended to examine whether research projects on social quality reduce or increase the ethnocentric bias in the study of social welfare. To fulfill...
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Asian Social Quality Indicators: What Is Unique?
This paper discusses the paradigm diffusion of social quality from Europe to Asia and our research findings in relation to the four conditional factors of social quality (socio-economic security, social inclusion, social cohesion, and empowerment). The...
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Trust, Social Quality and Wellbeing: A Sociological Exegesis
This papers provides an argument regarding the centrality of 'trust' for the development and maintenance of 'social quality,' and ultimately for the health and wellbeing of individuals, communities and societies. Within the Social Quality theory, trust...
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Vol. 38, No. 1, June

The Relationship between Social Policy and Economic Policy: Constructing the Public Burden of Welfare in China and the West*
The purpose of this paper is to explore the °8public burden °± characterization of welfare in two very different economic and cultural settings. Long familiar in the West, its causes, nonetheless, have not been examined. Moreover, as we demonstrate,...
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Foreign Entry Strategies: Strategic Adaptation to Various Facets of the Institutional Environments
A comprehensive model of foreign entry strategies by multinational enterprises (MNEs) is developed in this paper, and a theory is proposed on how the entry strategy is likely to be determined in the interface between internal and external pressures for...
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Reflexive Risk Governance in Newly Industrialized Countries
This article compares the risk policies of GMO and issues on genetic medicine in Taiwan and the Republic of Korea as the thesis of developmental state. Through an analysis of strategic investment, R&D construction and incentives for biotech and biomedicine,...
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Diversification and Status Signals in the Art World and the Art Markets: A Case of the Fine Art Photography Galleries of New York
Recent studies of the art markets and the art world show the importance of genres, status and identity of organizations such that these can be conceptualized in organizational studies as the issue of niches and status. Organizational studies, however,...
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Social Closure and Gender Gap in Earnings: Evidence from a Multi-Level Analysis of Census 2000*
Using data from the U.S. Census 2000 and other secondary sources, this paper elaborates on social closure mechanisms that restrict access to remunerative occupations and investigates how gender inequality in rewards is conditioned by those closure devices....
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Rural Development and Strategies for Sustainable Agrarian Livelihood: A Case Study of Ban Huaxieng, Xaithany District, Vientiane Capital, Lao PDR
This research aims to explore how rural development under the policy of market-oriented economy effects local people in terms of economic, social and cultural practices, and how they adapt themselves to those changes to sustain their livelihood strategies...
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Vol. 37, No. 2, December

Socioeconomic Determinants of Divorce/separation in South Korea: A Focus on Wife's Current and Desired Employment Characteristics*
The crude divorce rates increased substantially in Korea since the economic turmoil in 1997. How socioeconomic factors affect the probability of marital disruption is an important question but under-researched due to the lack of appropriate data. Using...
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Changes in Mothering of Korean Women: Based on Narrative Interview Data*
The study purposes to depict the transition of women's mothering over the last half century in Korea. The data of this article were collected through narrative interviews on Korean women's mothering experiences and the memories of their mother's lives....
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Status Inconsistency and Lifestyle among Status Groups: Focusing on Cultural Capital and Social Capital*
This paper examines the relationship between status inconsistency and lifestyle in terms of cultural capital and social capital. Each status group is divided according to combination of achieved factors such as education and income. Four groups, 'high...
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The Development of Immigrant Movement in Taiwan: The Case of Alliance of Human Rights Legislation for Immigrants and Migrants*
Based on the author's direct and long-term involvement, this paper analyzes how the immigrant movement in Taiwan is developed. By focusing on the Alliance for Human Rights Legislation for Immigrants and Migrants, which has been spearheading the immigrant...
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Why Is Marx Classical?: The 18th Brumaire of Louis Bonaparte and Marxist Legacy in Historical Sociology*
The purpose of this paper is to partially provide an answer for the critical question of "Why Is Classical Theory Classical," in the case of Karl Marx. This paper argues that Marx, as the canon of sociology is still relevant because of his contribution...
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Vol. 37, No. 1, June

The Missing Gap between Internet Use and Benefits: Seniors' Limited Internet Experiences and Social Marginalization*
Korea's IT development has been predominated by technology diffusion alone including technology infrastructure, online service access and number of Internet subscribers. There seems to be no doubt that Korea's continuous effort to promote technology...
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Quality Assurance and Mobility Prospects in Indian Higher Education*
Higher Education in India is facing two major challenges: one is quality and the other is access. The Gross Enrolment Ratio in Higher Education is around 9%, while in the 11th Five Year Plan (2007~2012) it is proposed to be 15%. This almost doubles the...
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Institutional Reforms and Spatial Evolution of the Banking System in Henan, China since 1978*
Recent rapid institutional reforms in the financial sector and fast economic growth make China a special case for studying the spatial evolution of banking system in the particular circumstances. Drawing on data from China's four big state-owned banks...
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Visible Success and Invisible Failure in Post-Crisis Economic Reform in Korea: Interplay of the Global Standards, Agents and Local Specificity*
Post-crisis reform was one of the most comprehensive and decisive reform that was implemented in Korea. This paper develops a model of reform dynamics. This paper subsequently uses this model to discuss the following arguments. First, while reform tends...
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World at Risk: The New Task of Critical Theory*
In the current phase of reflexive or second modernization, we are witnessing a dialectics of modernity: continuity of the principles and discontinuity of basic institutions of nation-state modernity. This process is leading us from the national industrial...
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