Central European Journal of Public Health

Provides articles on all aspects of public health.

Articles from Vol. 18, No. 2, June

Characterization of a Natural Focus of Puumala Hantavirus Infection in the Czech Republic
SUMMARYHantaviruses are RNA viruses of the Bunyaviridae family, represented in the Czech Republic by three genospecies: Dobrava-Belgrade, Puumala and Tula. They persist in natural foci of infection. In 2004 to 2009, a local outbreak with 18 reported...
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease in Iron-Steel and Ferrochrome Industry Workers
SUMMARYMetallurgical industry workers in developing countries are often exposed to high concentrations of dusts and fumes that affect pulmonary function. The aim of this cross-sectional study is to assess the prevalence and severity of chronic obstructive...
Discrepancies between Various Methods in Susceptibility Testing and Epidemiological Analysis of Stenotrophomonas Maltophilia Clinical Isolates
SUMMARYThe susceptibility of 25 Stenotrophomonas maltophilia (S. maltophilia) clinical isolates to four different antimicrobials (trimethoprim/sulfomethoxazole, piperacillin/tazobactam, ceftazidime, ciprofloxacin) were investigated by disk diffusion,...
Evaluation of Mandatory Case-Based Reporting System for Varicella in the Prevaccine Era
SUMMARYVaricella is a mandatory reportable disease in Slovenia but it is not notifiable in most European countries. The aim of the study was to explore the completeness of mandatory varicella reporting in Slovenia. Data were extracted from three electronic...
Health Promotion for Older People in the Czech Republic in a European Perspective
SUMMARYThis article describes health promotion for older people in the Czech Republic from the European perspective1. It is based on findings from the European project healthPROelderly. Implementation of health promotion in the Czech republic as a new...
Hiv/aids in the Countries of the Former Soviet Union: Societal and Attitudinal Challenges
SUMMARYFor several years, some of the countries of the former Soviet Union have experienced the fastest growing HIV epidemic in the world, with the vast majority of reported infections contracted through injecting drug use. However, most governments...
New HIV Recommendations to Improve Health, Reduce Infections and Save Lives
Geneva: On the eve of World AIDS Day, the World Health Organization (WHO) is releasing new recommendations on treatment, prevention and infant feeding in the context of HTV, based on the latest scientific evidence.WHO now recommends earlier initiation...
Oral Health-Related Quality of Life in Czech Population
SUMMARYObjective: The purpose of this study was to assess the oral health-related quality of life in Czech population.Methods: Data were collected from 1,380 subjects aged 30 to 69 years attending the Department of Dentistry, Medical Faculty of Charles...
Relation of Employment Status, Behavioral and Social Conditions on Individual Perception of Health in a Region of Slovakia: Pilot Study
SUMMARYBackground: The question of the health status of the unemployed in the Slovak Republic is a relatively unexplored area of study, in spite of the fact that the country has experienced one of the most consistently high unemployment rates among the...
Screening of Chronic Diseases and Chronic Disease Risk Factors in Two Rural Communities in Kosovo
SUMMARYBackground: A cross-sectional study was carried out in Velika Hoca and Orahovac, two rural communities in Kosovo and Metohia, with the aim of assessing the prevalence of chronic diseases and associated risk factors.Methods: The study involved...
Seroprevalence of Blood-Borne Infections and Population Sizes Estimates in a Population of Injecting Drug Users in Croatia
SUMMARYSimilar to some other Central European countries, Croatia has low HIV prevalence among injecting drug users (IDUs) but high hepatitis C (HCV) prevalence. This may indicate different patterns of risk behaviour in this region than in other parts...
The Exposure to Environmental Tobacco Smoke and Attitudes towards Tobacco Control Measures - a Comparison of 5 European Countries
SUMMARYObjectives: (a) to examine exposure to ETS in 5 European countries that differ in their tobacco control (TC) activity, (b) to examine attitudes towards TC measures and (c) to relate these results to sociodemographic and smoking related variables.Methods:...