Antichthon

Provides articles on ancient world studies. While it places its main emphasis on Greece and Rome, its scope has been broadly defined so as to embrace the Ancient Near East and the Mediterranean from the beginnings of civilisation to the Early Middle Ages.

Articles

Vol. 45, 2012

Riding on Homer's Chariot: The Search for a Historical 'Epic Society'*
ABSTRACTThis paper continues the author's long-standing quest to define the historicity of 'epic society' and to understand epic warfare and battle descriptions. It summarises the range of questions involved and a number of aspects on which some agreement...
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Response and Composition in Archaic Greek Poetry*
ABSTRACTThis paper discusses a series of archaic poems in which one poet responds directly to the work of another, identifying the other by name or by direct allusion (for example, Simonides frag. 542 PMG, Solon frag. 20 West, Sappho frag. 137 Voigt)....
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"It Would Be the Time to Discuss the Optatives." Understanding the Syntax of the Optative from Protagoras to Planudes
ABSTRACTThis paper uses the Greeks' understanding of the optative mood over many centuries to enlarge our knowledge of the origins of formal grammar, of the vernacular Greek language in post-classical times, and of the limitations which imitative Atticism...
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Codeswitches in Caesar and Catullus*
ABSTRACTThis article analyses two texts, Caesar's Bellum Civile and Catullus' Carmen 12, as a window onto linguistic politics in mid-first century Rome. Both writers use 'codeswitches' between Latin and Greek as a means of indirect characterisation of...
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Suggestions of Sentiment: The Epitaphs of Tomb 87 (Isola Sacra) *
ABSTRACTEpigraphic material has traditionally been used to explore a variety of topics ranging from demography to family relationships, but the subject of emotion is not often addressed. In this paper I examine three inscriptions which were discovered...
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Magic and Property: The Legal Context of Apuleius' Apologia *
ABSTRACTThis paper examines Apuleius' Apologia from the perspective of its legal context. The paper asks three questions: first, what was the legal situation in relation to the property issues central to the motivations of Apuleius' accusers? Second,...
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Vol. 44, 2010

Tragic Life-Journeys and Real-Life Journeys: The Place Where Three Ways Meet.*
I reckon myself to be a sufficiently competent map-reader to find routes that are interesting and scenic rather than merely obvious. Today I have mapped out a lecture with a track that is far from direct or main-road: I am going to wander and diverge...
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A Tale of Seven Nudes: The Capitoline and Medici Aphrodites, Four Nymphs at Elean Herakleia, and an Aphrodite at Megalopolis*
(ProQuest: ... denotes non-US-ASCII text omitted.)The Capitoline Aphrodite (fig. 1) counts among the most copied statues of antiquity. In 1951, Bianca Felletti Maj collected 101 replicas of the type compared with 33 for the Medici Aphrodite (fig. 2)...
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The Battle of Vercellae and the Alteration of the Heavy Javelin (Pilum) by Gaius Marius - 101 BC
(ProQuest: ... denotes non-US-ASCII text omitted.)Gaius Marius (157-86 BC) is widely known as one of the most innovative commanders of the Roman military. In 101 BC Marius implemented an alteration to the design of the heavy legionary javelin (pilum)....
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Bad Hair Day: Some Mementos of New Comedy Refurbished
(ProQuest: ... denotes non-US-ASCII text omitted.)Masks having a bad hair day? Two terracotta masks now in the Museum of Ancient Cultures, Macquarie University (figs 1-5), and the Classics Museum, Victoria University of Wellington (figs 9-12), seem to...
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Eulogy of the Lost Republic or Acceptance of the New Monarchy? Livy's Ab Urbe Condita
For Edwin Judge's 80th birthdayFor a century and a half, since at least the appearance of probably the first general monograph on Livy, Hippolyte Taine's Tite-Live , in 1856, scholars have argued over one of the most fundamental questions which can be...
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Aspects of Identity-Construction and Cultural Mimicry among Dalmatian Sailors in the Roman Navy*
C. Ravonius Celer was a sailor of the Misene fleet from Dalmatia.C. Ravonius Celer qui et Bato Scenobarbi (f.) from Naples (CIL 10.3618 = Dessau 2901):D(IS) M(ANIBUS) / C(AIUS) RAVONIUS CELER QUI ET BATO SCE / NOBARBI NATION(E) DAL[M(ATA)] / MANIP(U)L(ARIS)...
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Menander's Dyskolos at Sydney, 1959-2009*
(ProQuest: ... denotes non-US-ASCII text omitted.)Between 1955 and 1967 the undergraduate Classical Society of the University of Sydney1 staged a Greek or Latin play in the original language every year, an enterprise strongly supported by the academic...
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Vol. 43, 2009

Introduction
CHARLES TESORIERO (1973-2005)Charles Tesoriero, who was born on 2nd July 1973 and died on 21st August 2005, was one of the brightest young stars in the Australasian Classical firmament. A hugely engaging character, with a larger than life personality,...
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Vol. 42, 2008

Royal Scythians and the Slave-Trade in Herodotus' Scythia *
Herodotus has a lot to say about slavery and about particular slaves and groups of slaves. The broad theme was, of course, central to his historical conception and presentation of the Persian Wars and of warfare in general, as well as being key to the...
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The Dramatic Background of the Arguments with Callicles, Euripides' Antiope, and an Athenian Anti-Intellectual Argument
(ProQuest: ... denotes non-US-ASCII text omitted.)INTRODUCTIONThis paper does not aim to establish the 'dramatic date' of Plato's Gorgias, nor does it seek to establish with any precision the date at which Euripides' fragmentary Antiope was written....
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The Resurrection of Aristeides, Miltiades, Solon and Perikles in Eupolis' Demes *
(ProQuest: ... denotes non-US-ASCII text omitted.)The arrival of Aristeides, Miltiades, Solon and Perikles in Eupolis' Demes was arguably one of the most celebrated scenes of Attic Old Comedy.1 Platonios (diff. char. 13-4) praises Eupolis for 'being...
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Comic Metrical Signatures in Menander's Dyskolos
(ProQuest: ... denotes non-US-ASCII text omitted.)AIM AND METHODMany scholars have commented on Menander's facility in alternating between tragic and comic forms of the iambic trimeter, and the subtle effects he creates thereby in manipulating the mood...
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Le Roi Soleil : Demetrius Poliorcetes and the Dawn of the Sun-King *
(ProQuest: ... denotes non-US-ASCII text omitted.)Louis XIV may have made the image of the 'sun-king' his own, but the equation of monarch and sun has a long pedigree that stretches back into antiquity. For the Roman emperors, an association with Sol...
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Cicero's Retreat from Rome in Early 58 BC *
(ProQuest: ... denotes non-US-ASCII text omitted.)In early 58, the tribune Clodius proposed a lex de capite civis Romani reaffirming the essence of an earlier lex Sempronia, that no Roman citizen should be put to death without a trial.1 Since Cicero,...
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Cornford Mythistoricus *
(ProQuest: ... denotes non-US-ASCII text omitted.)For D.H. KellyUn homme d'esprit sent ce que les autres ne font que savoir(Montesquieu, Oeuvres complètes [Paris 1951] 1.57)Although F.M. Cornford's name was already known to me from his commentary on...
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Vol. 41, 2007

The Testament of Sempronius Tuditanus *
Sempronius Tuditanus, son of the consul of 129 BC and a nobilis of some wealth, achieved notoriety on account of his eccentric behaviour. The ancient authors who mention him attribute this to insanity. Cicero alludes to Tuditanus early in the first century...
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Genre and Fact in the Preface to Cicero's De Amicitia *
(ProQuest: ... denotes non-USASCII text omitted.)One can prove imposture; never authenticity.- Roland BarthesOver 250 years ago, the Cambridge clergyman Conyers Middleton, one of the first biographers of Cicero in the English language, said of the Laelius...
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The Ambitions of Quintus Labienus 'Parthicus' *
Late in 41 or early in 40 BC a force of Parthians embarked upon an unusually vigorous and penetrative irruption into the Roman province of Syria. Prominent among those commanding the Parthians was Q. Labienus who had earlier been sent to the court of...
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The Natural and Unnatural Silence of Women in the Elegies of Propertius
I begin with a quote from W.R. Johnson on Propertius 4.11: 'When we have finally gotten to Cornelia, whose central message is that the game of recusatio has ended, overwhelmed by her chilly sublimities and conquered by the powers of her Roman Truths...
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In Quest of Basil's Retreat: An Expedition to Ancient Pontus *
ABSTRACTBasil of Caesarea (AD 329-378) is called 'the Great' in the Christian tradition, for helping to steer to a conclusion the Arian controversy that had wracked the Christian churches through much of the 4th century AD. He is also known for his reforms...
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Euripides' Bacchae in New Zealand Dress *
Euripides' Bacchae is a play which has intrigued, disturbed and challenged many spectators, readers, theatre practitioners and interpreters. Its spectacular and gruesome aspects in particular have also given rise over the years to notable anecdotes,...
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Greek and Latin Teaching in Australian and New Zealand Universities: A 2005 Survey
I. BACKGROUND AND APPROACHThe study of Latin and Ancient Greek at tertiary level is crucial for the survival of Classics within the university sector. And it is not too much to say that the serious study of Greco-Roman antiquity in most, if not all,...
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Vol. 40, 2006

Introduction
The editorial process involved in this inaugural Thematic Volume of Antichthon has been an extremely enjoyable one; indeed I regularly recalled Catullus, poem 50, particularly the lines in which the poet describes the joys of intellectual and artistic...
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Catullus 17 and 67, and the Catullan Construct
In Love by the Numbers Helena Dettmer suggests that poem 17, which begins o Colonia, quae cupis ponte ludere longo, belongs to a disparate group of poems within the Catullan corpus, which contains poems with personified inanimate objects.1 Yet two of...
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Hidden Kisses in Catullus: Poems 5, 6, 7 and 8
Poems 5, 6, 7 and 8 of Catullus form an interconnected series.1 Catullus draws them together by referring to notions of display and concealment in a love affair. In particular, Catullus explores a paradox inherent in the competing needs to keep a relationship...
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Embracing the Young Man in Love: Catullus 75 and the Comic Adulescens
(ProQuest: ... denotes non-US-ASCII text omitted.)In the prologue of Terence's Eunuchus, written, according to the didascalia, in 161 BC, the author of the play defends himself against the charge of literary theft. He denies completely any knowledge...
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Catullus and the Poetics of Incest
(ProQuest: ... denotes non-US-ASCII text omitted.)Catullus is fascinated by the subject of incest.1 In the last third of his collection, no less than eight pieces are devoted to this particular topic.2 There are, in addition, thematically significant...
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Catullus, Caesar and Roman Masculine Identity
(ProQuest: ... denotes non-US-ASCII text omitted.)One of the hallmarks of Latin love poetry is its seemingly oppositional stance toward traditional Roman values.1 As I and others have recently argued, however, critical approaches that merely focus on...
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Catullus and Horace on Roman Women Poets
(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)We treasure both Gaius Valerius Catullus and Quintus Horatius Flaccus for their literary gifts and for their lyrics on the power of love and the pleasures of sophisticated urban living. We also, and often, treasure...
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Bridal Songs: Catullan Epithalamia and Prudentius Peristephanon 3
Prudentius' account of the martyrdom of the young Spanish girl Eulalia in Peristephanon 3 is particularly interesting because not only does it consist of her defiance of an order to pay homage to the pagan gods but also a rejection of pressures to get...
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Catullus in the Playground
Every authentic poem contributes to the labour of poetry . . . its continual labour of reassembling what has been scattered.John Berger.1In his manifesto Personism, Frank O'Hara celebrated his own work with the announcement: 'the poem is at last between...
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Vol. 39, 2005

Homeric Recitation, with Input from Phonology and Philology*
(ProQuest: ... denotes non-US-ASCII text omitted.)1. INTRODUCTIONIt is widely assumed that the aoidoi, the original performers of Homeric poetry or its antecedents, sang a chant restricted to three or four notes, to the accompaniment of a 4-stringed...
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'A Fanatical Yet Rational Devotion' Augustus and the Legions
(ProQuest: ... denotes non-US-ASCII text omitted.)There is surely no one any more who requires convincing that the basis of the Augustan principate was the control of the legions. Augustus may have paraded his tribunician power and played down his potestas...
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Vol. 38, 2004

Poliorcetes and Cratesipolis: A Note on Plutarch, Demetr. 9.5-7
(ProQuest: ... denotes non-US-ASCII text omitted.)In chapter nine of his Life of Demetrius, Plutarch records an amorous interlude between Demetrius the Besieger and Cratesipolis, the widow of Polyperchon's son, Alexander. Plutarch is our sole source...
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The Silence of the Virgins: Comparing Euripides' Hippolytus and Theonoe
(ProQuest: ... denotes non-US-ASCII text omitted.)One of the most pleasurable features of the plays of Euripides is his exploration of a wide range of character types, each of whom has the potential to be more exciting than the previous one. The fictional...
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The Historian Ephorus: His Selection of Sources*
(ProQuest: ... denotes non-US-ASCII text omitted.)An historian is only as good as his sources, and an assessment of any historian rests primarily on an assessment of his ability to find, to choose, and to utilise historical sources. In this regard we...
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Testing the Legend: Horace, Silius Italicus and the Case of Marcus Atilius Regulus
After Marcus Atilius Regulus1 made inroads into North Africa as consul in 256 B.C. during the first Punic War,2 the Carthaginians were apparently ready to negotiate a settlement, but Regulus offered terms so harsh that they were refused out of hand....
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Performance and Rhetoric in Cicero's Philippics*
In recent years, the idea of 'performance' has become a more and more important concept for the analysis of literary texts, even if the notion of 'performance' in literary criticism still does not denote a single agreed theory, but is a collective term...
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Vol. 37, 2003

Bassa's Borborysms: On Martial and Catullus
(ProQuest: ... denotes non-USASCII text omitted.)Martial on a number of occasions declares himself the literary inheritor of Catullus,1 and repeatedly evinces that indebtedness by unmistakable echoes and adaptations of his Republican predecessor. But...
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Images of Homage, Images of Power: King Herod and His Harbour, Sebastos
(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)As the tumultuous Triumviral decades of the Republic ended and the Augustan era began, the shadow of Rome's majesty continued to envelop the shores of Judaea some 2000km to the east.1 King Herod had survived the...
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Procne, Philomela, Tereus in Ovid's Metamorphoses: A Narratological Approach
A text is a device conceived in order to produce its Model Reader. I repeat that this reader is not the one who makes the 'only right' conjecture. A text can foresee a Model Reader entitled to try infinite conjectures. The empirical reader is only an...
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Aspect and Tense
(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)Iin 1998 at the age of 94, Giuliano Bonfante published a book that he had written in 1940. He was an Italian, educated in Italy, but he withdrew to Paris for his advanced studies and to Spain for his first academic...
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Rufinus Translation Techniques in the Regula Basili
(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)Rufinus of Aquileia1 (c. 345-411 A.D.)2 is one of the most important Latin translators of Greek texts in Late Antiquity. In the summer of 397 A.D. he returned to the west, after some 25 years spent in Alexandria...
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Iranian Evidence for Pindar's 'Spurious San'?
(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)1. INTRODUCTIONIn a much discussed passage Pindar uses the expression ... when speaking of early performances of the dithyramb. The passage was famous in antiquity and before the discovery of a papyrus fragment...
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Vol. 36, 2002

Thucydides and the Sandbar at Pylos
Since W.K. Pritchett's discussion in 1965 of a Hellenistic site on the sandbar at Pylos there has grown a considerable body of support among scholars for the existence of the sandbar in 425 B.C.1 Nowadays it links the southern tip of the promontory of...
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Matricide Revisited: Dramatic and Rhetorical Allusion in Tacitus, Suetonius and Cassius Dio
IntroductionA murder is always a dramatic event, and, since the dramatic nature of it depends to a large extent on it being witnessed and reported, one would hope that a good author would ensure his or her report of a murder reflected that. Agrippina's...
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Celestial Dynamics at the Crossroads: Proclus' Reassessment of Plato in the Light of Empirical Science
IntroductionThe imbuing of the visible world with Reason necessitated for Plato an intermediary realm in heaven where physical bodies are seen to move with uniform and circular motion. Such an expression of celestial order was in keeping with Greek physical...
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Vol. 35, 2001

Theatre Sports and Martial's Literary Programme in Epigrams, Book One
In spite of their amorphous appearance Martial's books of epigrams are carefully crafted, especially at the beginning of the volumes where the poet typically sets the scene and outlines ideas to be expanded in the body of the collection.1 Any analysis...
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Popilia and Laudationes Funebres for Women
ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.This paper falls into two parts. The first explores the nature of the honour (if not unprecedented, outstanding) paid to Popilia circa 100 B.C.; the second speculates about the content of the panegyric pronounced...
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On Declining an Invitation in Homer and in Everyday Talk: Context, Form, and Function
(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)Speech-act theory starts from the premise that the minimal unit of spoken communication is not the word or sentence but the production of words or sentences in the performance of certain kinds of acts, such as...
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Was the Athenian Gnome Dikaiotate a Principle of Equity?
ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omittedModem scholars have expressed divergent views on the role played in Athenian law courts by (....), 'the most just opinion, ' which the dikasts swore to observe in the heliastic oath. The most common view is that...
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Suetonius: The 'Change' in, and the 'Generosity' of Titus
ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omittedSuetonius and Cassius Dio give assessments of the emperor Titus which are, at first sight at least, contradictory: for Suetonius he was 'natura benivolentissimus', but for Dio (...).1 The most recent treatment of...
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Alexander, Combat Psychology, and Persepolis
ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.'What men will fight for seems to be worth looking into'H.L. MenckenHistorians have long studied warfare, albeit within a selective framework that includes dates, places, and the description of tactics. Moreover,...
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