Journalism Quarterly

Founded in 1924, the Journalism and Mass Communication Quarterly is a professional journal that covers research in journalism and mass communication. The journal has an audience of over 5,000 readers. The Association for Education in Journalism (and) Mass Communication publishes the journal quarterly. Dan Riffe is the journal's Editor. Ted Pease is the Book Review Editor.

Articles

Vol. 66, No. 2, Summer

Prime Time TV Portrayals of Sex, Contraception and Venereal Diseases
Study indicates increase in rate of sexual behavior and no portrayal of possible consequences.Public health statistics indicate that the rate of teen pregnancy in the United States is the highest of any country in the industrialized world, with more...
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Image and Issue Political Information: Message Content or Interpretation?
Whether voter sees message as issue or image material depends on predispositionThis study argues that, like meaning, political issue and image information does not rest solely in the content of a political advertisement, but rests also in the minds of...
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Real and Perceived Effects of 'Amerika'
Third-person effect found among those who perceive themselves as political experts.Concern about deleterious effects of mass messages on other members of society goes back at least as far as Plato.1 In 1987, "Amerika," a seven-part miniseries broadcast...
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Science Coverage in Three Newspapers and Three Supermarket Tabloids
Supermarket tabloids more likely to cover stories about medicine and health and devote a greater proportion of the news hole compared to mainstream papers.From developments in superconductivity to the latest in AIDS research, science makes local and...
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Segmenting Broadcast News Audiences in the New Media Environment
Benefit segmentation suggests target audiences for local newscasts.Prior to 1960, local television news was produced as a public service. News production was viewed principally as a way of complying with the public interest provisions contained in the...
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Concentration of Ownership in the Belgian Daily Press
Belgium is witnessing a growing tendency toward press ownership concentration especially among regional and provincial newspapers.Press concentration is a world-wide phenomenon. This does not mean, however, that it is the result of similar factors in...
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Choosing the Standard of Care in Private Individual Defamation Cases
Some states use 'reasonably prudent person' while others use 'reasonably prudent publisher' as standard for negligence.Judicial discussion of whether expert testimony from the media is necessary to establish negligence in private figure defamation cases...
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News Use on the Front Pages of the American Daily
Three news-use patterns identified in study of front pages of 101 papers.Although few authors agree on the definition of news, textbooks and some research suggest that news dimensions or attributes exist to guide the news professional. Terminology may...
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Vietnam War Photos and Public Opinion
As public opinion shifted so did the image of the war in news magazine photos.With only a few words of introduction, combat photojournalist David Douglas Duncan presented his images of eight days in February, 1968; eight days that a group of U.S. Marines...
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How Journalists at Two Newspapers View Good Writing and Writing Coaches
Coaches considered most effective in one-on-one work with reporters.As newspaper circulation lagged behind population growth in the mid-1970s, editors began focusing on good writing as a way to compete with television. Today newspapers across the country...
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Editors Expect Editorial Pages to Remain Vital in the Year 2000
Editorial page editors confident of future for their pages.Editorials and editorial pages have continued to perform vital roles at most daily newspapers in the United States during the 1980s.1 They may not thunder as they once did or have the influence...
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Gender, Pay and Job Satisfaction of Faculty in Journalism
Women faculty members receive less pay, but have same degree of job satisfaction as men.During the last two decades, education researchers have increasingly focused their attention on the phenomena of job satisfaction among college and university faculty...
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Covering Conflict and Controversy: Measuring Balance, Fairness, Defamation
Most stories lack balance and in 28% of instances other side of controversy was not contacted.The relationship between formal journalism codes of ethics and liability in libel and other legal actions has been a subject of growing-and usually alarmed-concern...
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The Freedom of Information Act and Accountability in University Research
In general, information on government research grants is covered by FOIA only if it is in possession of a government agency.Increasingly, citizens and policy-makers look to science to help solve pressing national and international problems relating to...
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Legal Confrontations between Press, Ex-CIA Agents and the Government
Journalists have better chance in secrecy disputes when one branch of government is on their side.During the past two decades the CIA and Defense Department have tried to discourage various authors from publishing "sensitive" information. In some cases...
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Changes in Presidential Press Conferences
Over the past few years, particularly since the Nixon administration, some notso-subtle changes between the press and the president are alleged to have occurred. The consensus seems to be that the press today is, or at least is perceived, as more arrogant,...
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'Mass Communication Scholars' Revisited and Revised
Schweitzer's article in the summer, 1988, issue of Journalism Quarterly provides two major pieces of information.1 First, he identifies mass communication research productivity at an institutional level, and second, he creates a listing of the 50 most...
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Ronbo and the Peanut Farmer in Canadian Editorial Cartoons
Carter treated more favorably than Reagan.The relationship of Canada to the United States, although traditionally amicable, has been one in which the Canadians, because of their comparative lack of military and economic strength, have displayed understandable...
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Headline Length as a Factor in Magazine Ad Readership
It is generally conceded that headlines carry much of the responsibility for communicating the strategic message in magazine advertisements. Whether there is an optimal headline in terms of form, length or composition is still a debatable subject.Perhaps...
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El Alcázar: Daily under Siege
Half a century has passed since the fratricidal Civil War which swept Spain from 1936 to 1939. Perhaps the most bloody and cruel war of the 20th Century, with some 600,000 killed in a nation of 21 million,1 the Spanish Civil War fired passions around...
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The New England Journal of Medicine as News Source
The New England Journal of Medicine is a primary global source of medical information published in English. Time, a frequent forum for the journal's research, considered the publication's articles so important and often controversial that "hardly a week...
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Seeing Is Believing
GRAPHICS BERGER. ARTHUR ASA. Seeing is Believing. Mountain View, Calif.: Mayfield Publishing Co., 1989. 189 pp. $12.95 paper.Seeing Is Believing presents itself as an entertaining encounter with visual communications for undergraduates. These two laudable...
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Factors Affecting Scholarly Research among Mass Communications Faculty
Personal motivation is strongest factor contributing to individual's productivity.Financial hard times among the nation's colleges and universities has, among other things, led to the stiffening of requirements for tenure and promotion in rank and salary...
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Edward R. Murrow: An American Original
HISTORY AND BIOGRAPHY PERSICO. JOSEPH E., Edward R. Murrow: An American Original. New York: McGrawHill, 1988. 562 pp. $24.95 cloth.Readers now have a choice of three Murrow biographies. The first, Prime Time: The Life of Edward R. Murrow, was written...
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P.B. Young Newspaperman. Race Politics and Journalism in the New South 1910-1962
SUGGS. HENRY LEWIS, P.B. Young Newspaperman. Race Politics and Journalism in the New South 1910-1962. Charlottsville: University of Virginia Press, 1988. 254 pp. S24.95 cloth.The story of the American South between the end of the Civil War and the time...
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Transnational Media and Third World Development: The Structure and Impact of Imperialism
MRYHR, WILLIAM H., Transnational Media and Third World Development: The Structure and Impact of Imperialism. New York: Greenwood Press, 1988. 132 pp. $37.85 cloth.William Meyer has set out on an important task-to test empirically the accuracy of the...
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Media and Politics in Latin America: The Struggle for Democracy
INTERNATIONAL COMMUNICATION Fox. ELIZABETH, ed. Media and Politics in Lai in America: The Struggle for Democracy. Beverly Hills, Calif.: Sage Publications, 1988, 193 pp. $16.50 paper.This collection of essays-each one focused on a specific nation-contributes...
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Bad Tidings: Communication and Catastrophe
MASS COMMUNICATION AND SOCIETY WALTERS. LYNNE MASEL. LEE WILKINS. and TIM WALTERS. Bad Tidings: Communication and Catastrophe. Hillsdale, N.J.: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 1989. 213 pp. $29.95 cloth.The field of disaster studies is roughly 35 years...
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Issues in New Information Technology
NEW TECHNOLOGY COMPAINE, BENJAMIN M., ed. Issues in New Informaiion Technology. Norwood, N.J.: Ablex, 1988. 309 pp. $39.50 cloth, $22.50 paper.If someone didn't have an earlier acquaintance with the Harvard Program on Information Resources Policy, this...
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News as Hegemonic Reality: American Political Culture and the Framing of News Accounts
RACHLIN. ALLAN, News as Hegemonic Reality: American Political Culture and the Framing of News Accounts. New York: Praeger, 1988. 168pp. $37.95 cloth.The basic question posed in this book by Rachlin, an assistant professor of sociology at Bradford College,...
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Januarius MacGahan, the Life and Campaigns of an American War Correspondent
WALKER, DALE L., Januarius MacGahan, The Life and Campaigns of an American War Correspondent. Athens: Ohio University Press, 1988. 367 pp. $29.95 cloth.Dale L. Walker's new book is a quite unusual occurrence, a journalism biography that reads like a...
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On Bended Knee: The Press and the Reagan Presidency
HERTSGAARD, MARK. On Bended Knee: The Press and the Reagan Presidency. New York: Farrar, Straus, Giroux. 408 pp., $22.50.In the steady debate over media bias, a few points can be granted: the big media are influential, staffed with journalists who don't...
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The Voice of America: From Detente to the Reagan Doctrine
RADIO, TELEVISION AND FILM ALEXANDRE. LAURIEN, The Voice of America: From Detente to the Reagan Doctrine. Norwood, NJ.: Ablex 1988. 199 pp. $35. cloth.Studies of the Voice of America, the United States Information Agency's international radio service,...
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Fair Play: CBS, General Westmoreland and How a Television Documentary Went Wrong
BENJAMIN. BURTON. Fair Play: CBS, General Westmoreland and How a Television Documentary Went Wrong. New York: Edward Burlingame/Harper & Row, 1988. 218 pp. $17.95 cloth.Labeled "the libel trial of the century," the Westmoreland case received widespread...
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Television & America's Children: A Crisis of Neglect
PALMER, EDWARD L., Television & America's Children: A Crisis of Neglect. New York: Oxford University Press, 1988. 194 pp. $18.95.This newest book by Edward L. Palmer was released at a particularly appropriate time in the lengthy debate over children's...
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News as Discourse
VAN DIJK, TEUN A., News as Discourse Hillsdale, N.J.: Lawrence Erlbaum, 1988. $29.95 cloth.This book attempts the development of a "new, interdisciplinary theory of news in the press" (p. vii). It represents a very ambitious and somewhat speculative...
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Communications Research: The Challenge of the Information Age
SHARP. NANCY WEATHERLY, ed. Communications Research: The Challenge of the Information Age. Syracuse, N.Y.: Syracuse University Press, 1988. 196 pp. $32.50 cloth, $14.95 paper.This is an edited version of the proceedings of a unique conference of academics...
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Predictions of Public Opinion from the Mass Media. Computer Content Analysis and Mathematical Modeling
THEORY AND METHODOLOGY FAN, DAVID P., Predictions of Public Opinion from the Mass Media. Computer Content Analysis and Mathematical Modeling. New York: Greenwood Press, 1988. 220 pp. $42.95.The author has developed an ambitious computer technique for...
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Manufacturing Consent: The Political Economy of the Mass Media
POLITICS AND JOURNALISM HERMAN. EDWARD S. and NOAM CHOMSKY, Manufacturing Consent: The Political Economy of the Mass Media. New York: Pantheon Books, 1988. 412 pp., $24.95 cloth, $14.95 paper.In an important work of scholarship, Herman and Chomsky offer...
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A Place in the News: From the Women's Pages to the Front Page
WOMEN AND MINORITIES MILLS, KAY A Place in the News: From the Women's Pages to the Front Page, New York: Dodd, Mead & Co., 1988. 378 pp. $19.95 cloth.Mills details the accomplishments of many women journalists some virtually ignored until now. Her...
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How Journalists Are Trained in Britain/The Author Replies
To the editor:Philip Gaunt's article "The Training of Journalists in France, Britain and the U.S." (Journalism Quarterly, Fall 1988), is 12 years behind the times when it comes to describing British newspaper journalists as moving "into the electronic...
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Articles on Mass Communication in U.S and Foreign Journals
Articles on Mass Communication In U.S and Foreign JournalsA Selected Annotated Bibliography * January, February, March, 1989Bibliographers: Mark J. Banks, Marquette; Stuart J. Bullion, Spring Hill; Dru Riley Evarts, Ohio; Alice Gagnard Kendrick, Southern...
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Local and Topical Pervasive Public Figures after Gertz
Determining who is a public figure under the actual malice rule of New York Times Co. v. Sullivan1 has troubled courts for more than 20 years, despite the guidance provided by the U.S. Supreme Court.In Curtis Publishing Co. v. Bulls,2 public figures...
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How Managerial Ownership Affects Profit Maximization in Newspaper Firms
Owner managers tend to place less emphasis on profits.A fundamental assumption of neoclassical microeconomic price theory is that managers in firms make decisions designed to maximize profits. This assumption allows economists to predict seller behavior...
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How Town Administrator's View Relates to Agenda Building in Community Press
Effort to set agenda in press related to extent of effort to influence press content.When McCombs and Shaw published their seminal agenda-setting article in 1972,1 they set off a host of replicating studies. Researchers, frustrated by the "limited effects"...
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Risk, Drama and Geography in Coverage of Environmental Risk by Network TV
Sudden, violent risks get much more coverage than chronic risks which are of equal consequence.Ecology became a matter of widespread public concern in 1969 with the dramatic Santa Barbara Channel-Union oil spill.1 Two decades later, even before the Exxon...
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Senators' Television Visibility and Political Legitimacy
Amount of coverage of senator on TV news is function of both power and stance.Legitimacy is necessary for the survival of a government, a regime, an idea, or a leadership. In ancient history, the "Godly origin" of the king provided legitimacy, and in...
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Women's Magazines' Coverage of Smoking Related Health Hazards
Six major women's magazines have virtually no coverage of smoking and cancer.Lung cancer became the number one cancer killer of women in 1985, surpassing breast cancer and accounting for almost 20% of all female cancer deaths.1 In one generation, lung...
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Differential Criteria for Evaluating Credibility of Newspapers and TV News
People use different criteria to judge credibility of TV news than they do to judge newspaper credibility.Television news credibility has relentlessly out-scored newspaper credibility for nearly three decades. By 1984, respondents asked by the Roper...
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Legislators' Advertising Messages in Seven State Campaigns in 1986
Ad messages reflect image more than action.During election season, campaign messages highlight personal qualities of legislative candidates-yet at the same time these political communications transmit perceptions of governing bodies to which the candidates...
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The Frequency and Context of Prosocial Acts on Primetime TV
Study finds 20.2 prosocial acts per hour. They occur in all types of programs.The purpose of this study is to content analyze primetime television to determine the frequency of certain contexts in which prosocial activity is portrayed. The contextual...
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Newspaper Subscribing: A Dynamic Analysis
Variables related to stopping different from those related to restarting.The post-war years have witnessed a decline in newspaper subscription per household in this country. The ratio of newspaper circulation to households dropped almost 50% from 1945...
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