East Asian Archives of Psychiatry

Articles

Vol. 23, No. 1, March

Public Mental Health - What Is to Be Done?
Mental health has been an integral part of an individual's well-being, although there have been difficulties in defining it and in whether mental illness should be seen as the opposite end of this spectrum. Sartorius1 defined mental health as a state...
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Metabolic Complications of Schizophrenia and Antipsychotic Medications - an Updated Review
AbstractMetabolic syndrome is a cluster of risk factors comprising obesity, dyslipidaemias, glucose intolerance, insulin resistance (or hyperinsulinaemia), and hypertension, and is highly predictive of type 2 diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular disease....
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Vol. 22, No. 3, September

Early Psychosis Declaration for Asia by the Asian Network of Early Psychosis
AbstractIn line with the Early Psychosis Declaration issued by the World Health Organization and the International Early Psychosis Association, as well as the International Clinical Practice Guidelines for early psychosis by the latter in 2005, increasing...
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Early Intervention for First-Episode Psychosis in India
AbstractObjective: There have been very few studies of first-episode psychoses or early intervention programmes in India. This paper describes a pilot intervention programme for first-episode psychosis at the Schizophrenia Research Foundation, India.Methods:...
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Developments in Early Intervention for Psychosis in Hong Kong
AbstractThe year 2011 marked the 10-year milestone of early intervention for psychosis in Hong Kong. Since 2001, the landscape of early psychosis services has changed markedly in Hong Kong. Substantial progress has been made in the areas of early intervention...
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Development of an Early Psychosis Intervention System in Korea: Focus on the Continuing Care System for First-Episode Psychosis Treatment in Seoul
AbstractProviding intensive psychosocial intervention within the 5-year critical period following the first psychotic episode is important for both symptomatic and functional recovery. Recently, community mental health centres in Korea have begun to...
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Clinical Practice at a Multi-Dimensional Treatment Centre for Individuals with Early Psychosis in Japan
AbstractEarly intervention for psychosis in Japan has lagged behind that in western countries, but has rapidly begun to attract attention in recent years. As part of a worldwide trend, a multi-dimensional treatment centre for early psychosis consisting...
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Evolution of Early Psychosis Intervention Services in Singapore
AbstractThe alarmingly long duration of untreated psychosis in Singapore and probable severe consequences were the impetus for establishing the Early Psychosis Intervention Programme in 2001. In 2007, the Early Psychosis Intervention Programme became...
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Identification of Vulnerability among First-Degree Relatives of Patients with Schizophrenia
AbstractObjectives: To evaluate the status of schizotypy, neurological softsigns, and cognitive functions as vulnerability markers for schizophrenia and to investigate the potential value of their combination for early identification of people at high...
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Schizophrenia and Suicide
AbstractObjective: Schizophrenia is characterised by distorted thinking and perception and tends to run a chronic course. The World Health Organization reported that suicide accounts for almost 2% of the world's deaths. There is a close relationship...
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Vol. 22, No. 2, June

Mental Health Recovery for Psychiatric Inpatient Services: Perceived Importance of the Elements of Recovery
AbstractObjectives: To develop a questionnaire for measuring the perceived importance of the elements of mental health recovery in psychiatric inpatients in Hong Kong and to test the psychometric properties of the questionnaire.Methods: Thematic content...
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Obesity in Multiracial Schizophrenia Patients Receiving Outpatient Treatment in a Regional Tertiary Hospital in Malaysia
AbstractObjectives: Obesity is an issue of concern among patients with schizophrenia as it is a co-morbid condition that is closely related to metabolic syndrome. The present study assessed the correlation of body mass index with antipsychotic use among...
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Factors Related to Choosing Psychiatry as a Future Medical Career among Medical Students at the Faculty of Medicine of the University of Indonesia
AbstractObjective: To identify factors related to choosing psychiatry as a future medical career and attitude towards psychiatry among medical students of the International Class Programme of the Faculty of Medicine, The University of Indonesia.Methods:...
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Scale for Positive Aspects of Caregiving Experience: Development, Reliability, and Factor Structure
AbstractObjective: To develop an instrument (Scale for Positive Aspects of Caregiving Experience [SPACE]) that evaluates positive caregiving experience and assess its psychometric properties.Methods: Available scales which assess some aspects of positive...
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Body Shape and Eating Attitudes among Female Nursing Students in India
AbstractObjectives: Eating disorders have been associated with body image disturbances, disordered eating attitudes, and other psychiatric difficulties. There is limited published literature on body shape and eating attitudes from non-western settings....
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The Gradation of Psychopathology: For Better or for Worse
AbstractLately, there has been a growing interest in the dimensional concept of psychiatric diagnosis, along with a tendency to replace the categorical concept by the dimensional one. Before favouring either of these concepts, more light should be shed...
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Vol. 22, No. 1, March

Serum Prolactin Levels and the Acute-Phase Efficacy in Drug-Naïve Schizophrenia Treated with Ziprasidone and Olanzapine (Translated Version)
AbstractObjectives: To study the efficacy and associated serum prolactin levels of ziprasidone and olanzapine treatment in drug-naïve schizophrenia patients.Methods: All 78 inpatients with drug-naïve schizophrenia were recruited from the Department of...
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Vol. 21, No. 4, December

Trauma Practice - Tools for Stabilization and Recovery (Second and Expanded Edition)
Trauma Practice - Tools for Stabilization and Recovery (Second and Expanded Edition) Authors: Anna B Baranowsky, J. Eric Gentry, D. Franklin Schultz Hogrefe Publishing USD49.00; pp188; 978-0-88937-380-8In our clinical practices, most of our patients...
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Vol. 21, No. 3, 2011

Attitudes to Mental Illness: The Effects of Labels and Symptoms
AbstractObjectives: To investigate the effects of different Chinese terms for mental illness and related symptoms on the attitudes of adolescents towards sufferers of a mental illness.Methods: A survey of 578 secondary school students attending 4 schools...
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Depression in Patients Receiving Peritoneal Dialysis
AbstractObjectives: To identify the prevalence and correlates of depression among Chinese peritoneal dialysis patients.Methods: In this cross-sectional study, from October 2007 to June 2008, 141 peritoneal dialysis patients were recruited from a local...
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Assessment of Depression and Anxiety in Haematological Cancer Patients and Their Relationship with Quality of Life
AbstractObjectives: To determine the relationship between major depressive disorder, anxiety disorders and the quality of life of haematological cancer patients.Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted at Ampang Hospital Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia,...
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Self-Reported Pleasure Experience and Motivation in Individuals with Schizotypal Personality Disorders Proneness
AbstractObjectives: In our current research, 2 studies were conducted to investigate self-reported pleasure and approach motivation in individuals with schizotypal personality disorders (SPD) proneness.Methods: In Study 1, 20 individuals with SPD proneness...
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Classification of Late-Life Leisure Activities among Elderly Chinese in Hong Kong
AbstractObjectives: To develop a classification to describe leisure activities of elderly Hong Kong Chinese based on the functions fulfilled, namely: intellectual, physical, social, and recreational.Methods: A focus group comprising care-for-the-elderly...
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Evidence-Based Practice in Suicidology. A Source Book
Evidence-based Practice in Suicidology. A Source Book Editors: Maurizio Pompili, Roberto Tatarelli Hogrefe Publishing USD98; pp384; ISBN 978-0-88937-383-9This condensed single-volume source book, contributed by world¡s leading researchers and practitioners,...
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Vol. 21, No. 2, 2011

Coping Styles in Patients with Haematological Cancer in a Malaysian Hospital
AbstractObjective: To assess coping styles of haematological cancer patients and investigate factors (major depressive disorders, socio-demographic profiles and clinical factors) that influence them.Methods: This was a cross-sectional study conducted...
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Borderline Personality Disorder Subscale (Chinese Version) of the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Axis II Personality Disorders: A Validation Study in Cantonese-Speaking Hong Kong Chinese
AbstractObjective: Borderline personality disorder is an important but under-recognised clinical entity, for which there are only a few available diagnostic instruments in the Chinese language. None has been tested for its psychometric properties in...
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The Validity of Proxy-Based NEO-Five Factor Inventory Data in Suicide Research: A Study of 18- to 64-Year-Old Hong Kong Chinese Who Attempted Suicide
AbstractObjective: To examine the validity of proxy-based NEO-Five Factor Inventory ratings for 18- to 64-yearold Chinese who attempted suicide.Methods: In all, 71 suicide attempters and their proxy-informants were recruited. Data based on structured...
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The Development of a Strength-Focused Mutual Support Group for Caretakers of Children with Cerebral Palsy
AbstractObjective: To examine the efficacy of a strength-focused mutual support group for reducing stress and enhancing psychological well-being of the caretakers of children with cerebral palsy.Methods: This pre- and post-intervention outcome study,...
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The Association between Perceived Social Support, Socio-Economic Status and Mental Health in Young Malaysian Adults
AbstractObjectives: To examine gender differences in mental health and perceived social support, relationship between parents' income and mental health, and differences in mental health across education levels.Methods: A total of 303 students aged 16...
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Two Polymorphisms of RCAN1 Gene Associated with Alzheimer's Disease in the Chinese Han Population
AbstractObjective: Regulator of calcineurin 1 (RCAN1) gene is a regulator on the activity of calcineurin and was reported to be overexpressed in Alzheimer's disease. The aim of this study was to evaluate several polymorphisms of RCAN1, located in the...
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Chaos and Its Influence on Children's Development: An Ecological Perspective
Chaos and Its Influence on Children's Development: an Ecological Perspective Editors: Gary W. Evans, Theodore D. Wachs American Psychological Association USD60; pp312; ISBN 978-1433805653During the last decade, developmental psychologists have focused...
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Vol. 21, No. 1, 2011

White Matter Integrity Deficit in Treatment-Naïve Adult Patients with Major Depressive Disorder
AbstractObjectives: The fronto-limbic system plays critical roles in cognitive functions, including emotion. This is supported by recent reports in the studies of major depressive disorder using diffusion tensor imaging of the brain. This study examined...
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A Six-to-Ten Weeks' Follow-Up Study on the Effects of Olanzapine on Abdominal Fat and Other Metabolic Parameters in Patients with Psychoses - an Imaging-Based Study with Controls
AbstractObjectives: To measure the changes in subcutaneous and intra-abdominal fat and other metabolic parameters in patients with psychotic disorders, who were newly started on olanzapine treatment and in drug-free controls. The correlation between...
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Patients Committing Suicide Whilst under the Care of the Elderly Suicide Prevention Programme of a Regional Hospital in Hong Kong
AbstractObjective: To examine the risk factors for suicide in elderly Hong Kong Chinese.Methods: Case notes, mortality reports and hospital records of all the patients, who committed suicide from 1 July 2002 to 31 March 2010 whilst under the active care...
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Referral Patterns and Clinical Characteristics of Subjects Referred to Substance Abuse Clinic of a Regional Hospital in Hong Kong
AbstractObjectives: To examine the clinical characteristics of subjects referred to the Substance Abuse Clinic of the Prince of Wales Hospital between 1 January 2007 and 31 December 2009 in Hong Kong.Methods: A chart review of 131 subjects referred to...
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Psychiatric Morbidity at a Female Residential Drug Treatment Centre in Hong Kong
AbstractObjective: To describe the psychiatric co-morbidity of female psychotropic substance abusers treated at a residential treatment centre.Methods: Subjects were recruited from a female residential substance abuse treatment centre in Hong Kong -...
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Presenile Dementia: A Case of Hashimoto's Encephalopathy
AbstractHashimoto's encephalopathy may present with a variety of neurological symptoms and signs, including myoclonus, epileptic seizures, disturbance of consciousness, psychosis, ataxia, and presenile dementia. This report is of a 57-year-old woman...
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Elimination Disorders in Children and Adolescents (Advances in Psychotherapy - Evidence-Based Practice)
Elimination Disorders in Children and Adolescents (Advances in Psychotherapy - Evidence-based Practice) Authors: Edward R. Christophersen, Patrick C. Friman Hogrefe Publishing USD30; pp85; ISBN 978-0-88937-334-1The Freud's theory of psychosexual meaning...
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Movies and Mental Illness 3: Using Films to Understand Psychopathology (3Rd Edition)
Movies and Mental Illness 3: Using Films to Understand Psychopathology (3rd edition) Authors: Danny Wedding, Mary Ann Boyd, Ryan M. Niemiec Hogrefe Publishing USD40; pp352; ISBN 978-0-88937-371-6Film is a popular form of art, telling us stories about...
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Vol. 20, No. 4, 2010

The Preparedness of Hong Kong Medical Students towards Advance Directives and End-of-Life Issues
AbstractObjectives: To explore the preparedness of medical students towards advance directives and related end-of-life issues, and to examine background factors such as knowledge, attitudes, and experience concerning advance directives and related end-of-life...
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Lived Experience of Caregivers of Persons with Dementia in Hong Kong: A Qualitative Study
AbstractObjectives: To report the lived experience of caregivers of persons with dementia in Hong Kong, and to explore their service needs.Methods: This was a qualitative study of caregivers of persons with dementia. Four focus group interviews, each...
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Body Weight Perception and Methods of Weight Reduction Used by Patients with First-Episode Psychotic Disorders in Hong Kong
AbstractObjectives: To examine subjective weight perception of patients with first-episode psychotic disorders, perceived reasons for believing they were overweight, and methods employed for weight reduction (about 1 year) whilst in receipt of antipsychotics.Methods:...
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A Three-Year Prospective Study of Spontaneous Eye-Blink Rate in First-Episode Schizophrenia: Relationship with Relapse and Neurocognitive Function
AbstractObjective: To examine the spontaneous blink rate over a 3-year period and its clinical and cognitive correlates among patients with first-episode schizophrenia.Methods: This study prospectively followed 93 patients with first-episode schizophrenia,...
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Psychosocial Condition of Family Caregivers of Patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease in Hong Kong
AbstractObjectives: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is associated with physical and psychological burdens. Although there is research about health-related quality of life (HRQOL) of such patients, less is known about the psychosocial condition...
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Psychosis Related to the Use of Sibutramine Disguised as Over-the-Counter Herbal Weight Loss Remedies: A Report of Two Patients
AbstractTwo women presented independently with a clinical picture of mania-like psychosis after taking overthe- counter herbal slimming pills. Subsequent toxicology investigation found sibutramine in the samples of both patients. Sibutramine is an effective...
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Darier's Disease and Schizophrenia
AbstractDarier's disease, also known as Darier-White disease or keratosis follicularis, is a rare autosomal dominant genodermatosis. Clinical experience has long suggested an association between neuropsychiatric abnormalities and Darier's disease. Although...
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Substance Use Problems
Substance Use Problems Author: Mitchell Earleywine Hogrefe & Huber Publishers USD29.80; pp88; ISBN: 978-0-88937-329-7Substance abuse is a major public health issue worldwide. The medical and psychiatric complications of substance abuse translate...
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Vol. 20, No. 3, 2010

Depressive Disorders and Family Functioning among the Caregivers of Patients with Schizophrenia
AbstractObjective: To determine the prevalence of depressive disorders among caregivers of patients with schizophrenia, its association with patient's and caregiver's socio-demographic characteristics and family functioning.Methods: This was a cross-sectional...
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Development of a Psychological Well-Being Scale for Family Caregivers in Palliative Care
AbstractObjective: A Psychological Well-being Scale for Caregivers (PWS-C) was developed to screen for psychological distress among family caregivers in a Palliative Care Unit for patients with advanced cancer.Methods: To study the psychometric properties...
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Neuropsychological Performance Predicts Decision-Making Abilities in Chinese Older Persons with Mild or Very Mild Dementia
AbstractObjective: To explore the relationship of the 4 decision-making abilities (Understanding, Appreciation, Reasoning, and Expressing a Choice) and neuropsychological performance in patients with very mild and mild dementia.Methods: Chinese subjects...
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Internet Addiction: Consensus, Controversies, and the Way Ahead
AbstractObjectives: To review the fast-growing literature on Internet addiction.Methods: Descriptive review, using electronic databases as well as hand-search of relevant publications or cross-references from 1970 to 2010.Results: There are no universally...
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Magnetic Resonance Imaging Study of Hippocampus Structural Alterations in Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder: A Brief Review (Translated Version)
AbstractPost-traumatic stress disorder is a disabling condition that may affect individuals who have been exposed to severe emotional or physically life-threatening traumatic events. The majority of neuroimaging studies of post-traumatic stress disorder...
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Systemic Lupus Erythematosus as a Cause of First-Episode Psychosis in the Second Trimester of Pregnancy
AbstractA Chinese woman had a first-episode of psychosis in the second trimester of pregnancy. The sudden onset of psychotic symptoms and fluctuating mental condition with visual hallucinations suggested an organic origin for the psychosis. Antipsychotic...
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Vol. 20, No. 2, 2010

Extent of Weight Gain in Patients with First-Episode Psychotic Disorders after One Year of Antipsychotic Treatment in Hong Kong
AbstractObjectives: This study aimed to examine the extent of weight gain in a group of patients with first-episode psychotic disorders after receiving antipsychotic treatment for 1 year, and to examine any relationship with the type of antipsychotics...
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A Study of Contingent Negative Variation and Post-Imperative Negative Variation: Search for State and Trait Electrophysiological Markers in Schizophrenia
AbstractObjective: To compare event-related potential measures, contingent negative variation and postimperative negative variation in drug-naïve or drug-free schizophrenic patients and normal healthy controls, and to study the effect of antipsychotic...
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A Prospective Observational Study of Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder in Asia: Baseline Characteristics of Symptom Severity and Treatment Options in a Paediatric Population
AbstractObjectives: To better understand the burden and management of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder in East Asia, this subanalysis of the baseline characteristics of a large prospective, observational, nonrandomised study investigating the...
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Childhood Adversity and Adult Depressive Disorder: A Case-Controlled Study in Malaysia
AbstractObjective: To describe the association between childhood adversity and depression in adult depressed patients in a Malaysian population.Methods: Fifty-two patients, who met the criteria for major depressive disorder or dysthymia according to...
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Schizophrenia, Sleep, and Acupuncture
Schizophrenia, Sleep, and Acupuncture Editors: Peggy M.P.C. Bosch, Maurits W.M.L. van den Noort Hogrefe & Huber Publishers USD54.00; pp348; ISBN: 978-0-88937-355-6From time to time we come across patients who say they have not taken the medicine...
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"Suicidal Behaviour" - Advances in Psychotherapy (Evidence-Based Practice)
"Suicidal Behaviour" - Advances in Psychotherapy (Evidence-based Practice) Von R. McKeon Hogrefe & Huber Publishers USD24.80; pp96; ISBN: 978-0-88937-327-3This book is one of the evidence-based treatments for common mental illnesses series produced...
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Contribution of Working Memory Components to the Performance of the Tower of Hanoi in Schizophrenia
AbstractObjectives: To examine the underlying structure of neuropsychological tests involving working memory components and those not involving working memory components that contribute to the performance of the Tower of Hanoi task in schizophrenic patients.Participants...
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