Shofar

Founded in 1925, Shofar is a quarterly Jewish youth newspaper published by B'nai B'rith Youth Organization in Washington, D.C. Its subject matter covers youth and Jewish interests.

Articles from Vol. 23, No. 1, Fall

Best Contemporary Jewish Writing Edited by Michael Larner
Since its publication in 2001, Best Contemporary Jewish Writing, edited by Michael Lerner, has increasingly appeared on library shelves and coffee tables throughout the land. The presence of this volume, whether carried on the hip, or displayed on one's...
Bracelet, Hand Towel, Pocket Watch: Objects of the Last Moment in Memory and Narration
ABSTRACT. One indicator of increased public awareness of the theme "Kindertransport" is the fact that this event gradually is making its way into literature. Aside from the few fictional accounts (Cynthia Ozick, The Messiah of Stockholm, 1987, and W....
Chaucer and the Jews: Sources, Contexts, Meanings Edited by Sheila Delany
Chaucer and the Jews is an outstanding collection that brings together important reprintings with exciting new work. The fourteen essays present both richly historicized and theoretically sophisticated analyses of the figure of the Jew, recognized in...
Child Exiles: A New Research Area?
ABSTRACT. The author explores the meaning of childhood and adolescence under exile conditions 1933-45 and examines coping mechanisms used to deal with terrifying experiences.Against the backdrop of exile research, the author asks why it is that it has...
Class as a Factor in the Social Adaptation of the Kindertransport Kinder
ABSTRACT. Personal interviews with and written accounts by eight former members of the Kindertransport enable a consideration of the issue of class and religious affiliation when matching Kindertransport children and host families. The authors also investigate...
Commentary on the Torah, with a New English Translation and the Hebrew Text
Other reviewers of Friedman's fresh translation and commentary on the Five Books of Moses have already mentioned Rashi in the same breath. It is not without reason. The Jews to whom Rashi explained the Torah were not intentionally so diverse as the Jews...
Current Perspectives on the Holocaust Review Essay
Holocaust: A History, by Deborah Dwork and Robert Jan van Pelt. New York: W. W. Norton and Company, 2002. 444 pp. $27.95.The Holocaust and History: The Known, the Unknown, the Disputed, and the Reexamined, edited by Michael Berenbaum and Abraham J. Peck....
Diaspora and Zionism in Jewish American Literature; Lazarus, Syrkin, Reznikoff, Roth by Ranen Omer Sherman
Occasionally, one comes upon a work of criticism that is so rich, so learned, so eloquent, and so astute in its analysis that one cannot help frantically underlining and filling the margins with orthographic outbursts of "yes!" Even more seldom are found...
Diaspora; Jews Amidst Greeks and Romans by Erich S. Gruen
Erich Gruen's published research demonstrates a seamless transition from his early scholarship in Hellenistic and early Roman historiography to his current well-established role as a leading specialist on Jews in antiquity. This breadth of study adds...
Emigration as Rescue and Trauma: The Historical Context of the Kindertransport
Why did the majority of German Jews not escape the impending catastrophe caused by Hitler and the National Socialists by fleeing from Hitler's sphere of influence? Those who ask this naive question neither think about the economical and administrative...
Foreword
For a long time, the story of the Kindertransports, which in 1938/39 enabled some 10,000 young Jews to escape the German sphere of influence and reach Great Britain, lay in the shadow of historical research on the Holocaust. Today, in addition to memoirs...
Holocaust Politics
The Shoah is the most documented genocidal event in Jewish and, arguably, world history. Three well-known survivors of the Shoah bear witness: "Auschwitz will remain as the darkest, the cruelest, the most incomprehensible event in history" (Elie Wiesel);...
Image and Remembrance
In a recent discussion with students about Adorno's repudiated dictum of "No poetry after Auschwitz," several respondents suggested that they thought such a pronouncement, no matter how horrible the event, smacked of an authoritarian impulse or worse....
In Die Haare, in Die Arme. 40 Jahre Arbeitsgemeinschaft "Juden Und Christen Beim Deutschen Evangelischen Kirchentag" by Gabriele Kammerer
Chronicling the first forty years of the Arbeitsgemeinschaft or working group, Ms. Kammerer chose an expression by Martin Buber to describe what most adequately characterizes the relationships within that group. In die Haare: to be at sixes and sevens,...
Integration and Formation of Identity; Exile Schools in Great Britain
ABSTRACT. Teachers and educators who were forced out of Germany after y933 on political grounds or as a result of their Jewish ancestry founded more than 20 schools in exile worldwide. These were largely boarding schools oriented towards the German progressive...
"Invisible" Children; the Selection and Integration Strategies of Relief Organizations
ABSTRACT. Through evaluating files maintained by Jewish emigration agencies and British relief organizations that coordinated the Kindertransports and accommodations for children in exile in Great Britain, the author demonstrates that, in striving to...
"It Is Usually She"; the Role of British Women in the Rescue and Care of the Kindertransport Kinder
ABSTRACT. This paper examines the invaluable contributions of women volunteers to the success of the emigration and resettling of the Kindertransport children. The author portrays the work of the politician Eleanor Rathbone, the Quaker interventionist...
Jewish Marriage in Antiquity by Michael L. Satlow
With this book, the title of which is succinct and to the point, Michael Satlow offers a comprehensive study of Jewish marriage in antiquity, ranging from biblical texts to rabbinic texts and intermittently even post-talmudic texts. At the same time...
Jews, Turks, Ottomans: A Shared History, Fifteenth through the Twentieth Century Edited by Avigdor Levy
This is a free addition to the literature on the Jews of the Ottoman Empire and modern Turkey. The literature has grown significantly in the last decade largely due to the interest stimulated by the 500(th) anniversary of the expulsion of Jews from the...
Judaism and Enlightenment, by Adam Sutcliffe
This volume deals with an important but neglected topic, namely (in the author's words), "the specific entanglements of Jewishness and Enlightenment rationalism" (p. 4). Addressing this topic is an enormous undertaking, and Adam Sutcliffe's book is an...
Juden in der Deutschen Literatur Des Mittelalters: Religiöse Konzepte -- Feindbilder -- Rechtfertigungen, Edited by Ursula Schulze
This volume grew out of a research colloquium held at the Free University of Berlin by the editor, her (presumably) younger colleagues, and her students, that is, all scholars of German Philology and Literature. The editor is right in her observation...
Kindertransport: History and Memory
ABSTRACT. The author presents an overview of the Kindertransport and examines how this experience is handled in childhood recollections of the Kindertransportees. One reason why the first Kindertransport reunions did not occur until the 1980s might be...
Opera, Liberalism, and Antisemitism in Nineteenth-Century France; the Politics of Halévy's la Juive, by Diana R. Hallman
When the opera La Juive (The Jewess) was premiered in Paris in 1835, it was immediately embraced by the public and became one of the most popular French operas of the nineteenth century. Its music was beautiful and its story highly dramatic. Yet, how...
Passover in the Works of Josephus by Federico M. Colautti
This book presents the doctoral thesis of the author from the Pontifical Gregorian University in Rome, under the direction of Joseph Sievers and Charles Conroy. Written originally in Spanish, it was translated into English by Fr. Anthony Trafford.Colautti's...
Poetry after Auschwitz: Remembering What One Never Knew
We inevitably begin with Theodor Adorno's famous 1949 injunction, "To write poetry after Auschwitz is barbaric." Susan Gubar disagrees, as do I. With the poetry of the Book of Lamentations in mind as precedent, and with the counter-injunction "therefore...
Representations of Family in Autobiographical Texts of Child Refugees
ABSTRACT. This study concentrates on the autobiographical texts of five less well-known refugees, all of whom came to Britain as children and four of whom came unaccompanied, with a focus on representations of the family in their texts.Using examples...
Seeing the Psalms, A Theology of Metaphor by William P. Brown
The rich poetry of the Psalter has been widely studied and its many metaphors, which constitute the topic of this book, identified and explored. However, they are usually treated as isolated vocabulary items. Instead, this book examines the metaphors...
The Acculturation of the Kindertransport Children: Intergenerational Dialogue on the Kindertransport Experience
ABSTRACT. Dialogue in the lives of the first, second, and third generation of the Kindertransport is the focus of this essay, in which the author first highlights background factors in understanding the "narrative history" as distinct from the "factual...
The God of Old; Inside the Lost World of the Bible
This book does not lend itself to convenient categorizations. In terms of genre, it lacks the academic rigor -- and the concomitant dryness -- that normally characterizes a monograph. Its auxiliary apparatus is rather rudimentary and, regrettably, does...
The Scroll and the Cross; 1,000 Years of Jewish-Hispanic Literature Edited by Ilan Stavans
Anyone faced with the daunting task of teaching an introductory course in Latin American or Jewish literatures produced within the ever-expanding Hispanic cultural sphere inevitably faces the task of either compiling a reader or finding the appropriate...
The World According to Itzik; Selected Poetry and Prose by Itzik Manger, Edited by David G. Roskies and Leonard Wolf
[Yiddish writers] were all haunted by an appalled awareness that they were facing the end of their language, their culture, and their world. To cite an illustration from my personal experience, I helped lift to his feet the incomparable Yiddish poet...
Traumatization through Separation: Loss of Family and Home as Childhood Catastrophes
ABSTRACT. The author examines insights into the psychological impact of separation from family and home, one of the most troubling catastrophes for children. The younger the children, the greater their suffering and the more prolonged the consequences....
What Shall I Do with This People? Jews and the Fractious Politics of Judaism by Milton Viorst
The assassination of Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin in November 1995 by Yigal Amir, an Orthodox law student, presented a kind of shattered mirror for Jews in Israel and around the world. Suddenly they saw in their reflection a frightening warp....
Women of the Wall; Claiming Sacred Ground at Judaism's Holy Site
Composed of the reflections of more than thirty women who have been involved with Women of the Wall, this volume serves both as a rich introduction to the political and halachic issues at stake in the on-going straggle of these women to pray as a group...
Women's Poetry and Religion in Victorian England by Cynthia Scheinberg
This is a very timely publication. There has been a huge revival of interest in Victorian women's poetry in the last ten years, and it has led to a major reconfiguration of the English poetic landscape of the nineteenth century. Many of those feminist...
You Have Not Spoken What Is Right about Me; Intertextuality and the Book of Job by Yohan Pyeon
Current interpreters' fascination with intertextuality has found yet another champion m this slightly revised doctoral thesis from Claremont Graduate University under the direction of James A. Sanders. Its appearance the same year as Carol Newsom's masterful...