Shofar

Founded in 1925, Shofar is a quarterly Jewish youth newspaper published by B'nai B'rith Youth Organization in Washington, D.C. Its subject matter covers youth and Jewish interests.

Articles from Vol. 18, No. 1, October 31

American Jewish Life
American Jewish LifeCatskill Culture: A Mountain Rat's Memories of the Great Jewish Resort Area, by Phil Brown. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1998. 312 pp. ISBN 1-56639-642-5.A century ago, New Yorkers, hungry for mountain air, good food, and...
American Pastoral, by Philip Roth
American Pastoral, by Philip RothPhilip Roth continues to astonish us. His originality and creativity seem boundless, as much of his recent work attests, including American Pastoral, his most powerful novel to date. If there was ever any question that...
Anusim Women in Mexico
Anusim Women in MexicoThe immigration of anusim or crypto-Jews to New Spain took place from 1492 to 1700. The first to arrive came from Spain with the conquerors and colonizers; Portuguese anusim started to arrive in 1580. Hostility and secrecy played...
Art, Music, and Film
Art, Music, and FilmThe Lost Museum: The Nazi Conspiracy to Steal the World's Greatest Works of Art, by Hector Feliciano. New York: Basic Books, 1997. 278 pp. ISBN 0-465-04194-9.Hector Feliciano paints a picture of a concealed international art trade...
Biblical and Rabbinic Literature
Biblical and Rabbinic LiteratureImages of God in the Old Testament, by Mary E. Mills. New York: Cassell, 1998. 224 pp.ISBN 0-304-70266-8.This book is about the many faces of the God of Israel who may be discovered by reading the different parts of the...
Biography, Autobiography, Memoirs, Diaries
Biography, Autobiography, Memoirs, DiariesAbraham Joshua Heschel: Prophetic Witness, by Edward K. Kaplan and Samuel H. Dresner. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1998. 416 pp. ISBN 0-300-07186-8.Abraham Joshua Heschel was one of the outstanding Jewish...
Breaking Crystal: Writing and Memory after Auschwitz, Edited by Efraim Sicher
Breaking Crystal: Writing and Memory after Auschwitz, edited by Efraim SicherEfraim Sicher's edited volume, Breaking Crystal: Writing and Memory after Auschwitz, effectively probes the particularities of second-generation witness to the Holocaust. Throughout,...
Conversa Heritage, Crypto-Jewish Practice and Women's Rituals
Conversa Heritage, Crypto-Jewish Practice and Women's Rituals(1)This paper examines the role of ritual purification in the lives of female descendants of the Spanish crypro-Jews. For some descendants, the discovery of crypto-Jewish heritage has led to...
Das Gesetz Im Alten Und Neuen Testament, by Meinrad Limbeck
Das Gesetz im Alten und Neuen Testament, by Meinrad LimbeckA negative assessment of the Torah was -- and is -- a central element of the traditionally anti-Jewish thrust of Christian theology. The Catholic Bible scholar Meinrad Limbeck made an important...
Das Problem der Ubersetzung - Dargestellt an Franz Rosenzweig: Die Methoden Und Prinzipien der Rosenzweigischen Un Buber-Rosenzweigischen Ubersetzungen, by Hans-Christoph Askani
Das Problem der Übersetzung -- dargestellt an Franz Rosenzweig: Die Methoden und Prinzipien der Rosenzweigischen und Buber-Rosenzweigischen Übersetzungen, by Hans-Christoph AskaniThis book returns to a dissertation produced under Eberhard Jüngel and...
Die Juden Im Mittelalterlichen Reich, by Michael Toch
Die Juden im Mittelalterlichen Reich, by Michael TochThis book is perhaps the most useful synthesis of the history and historiographical treatment of the Jews in medieval Germany that has ever been written. Michael Toch, one of the leading experts of...
From Immigrant to Ethnic Culture: American Yiddish in South Philadelphia, by Rakhmiel Peltz
From Immigrant to Ethnic Culture: American Yiddish in South philadelphia, by Rakhmiel PeltzThis ethnographic study of an elderly group, for many years residents in a neighborhood of immigrants, explores three issues centered on the vitality of Yiddish...
From Patriarch to Priest: The Levi-Priestly Tradition from Aramaic Levi to Testament of Levi, by Robert A. Kugler
From Patriarch to Priest: The Levi-Priestly Tradition from Aramaic Levi to Testament of Levi, by Robert A. KuglerThis monograph, a revision of the author's dissertation at the University of Notre Dame (directed by Professor James VanderKam), is an ambitious...
Heidegger's Silence, by Beryl Lang
Heidegger's Silence, by Beryl LangHow does one interpret silence? Can one attribute meaning not only to what one says, writes, and thinks, but also to that about which one indicates nothing? Such are the questions that underlie Beryl Lang's provocative...
History and Politics
History and PoliticsFascism's Return: Scandal, Revision, and Ideology since 1980, edited by Richard J. Golsan. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1998. 331 pp. $25.00 (p). ISBN 0-8032-2159-2 (c); 0-8032-7071-2 (p).The past fifteen years have witnessed...
Holocaust
HolocaustThe Banality of Evil: Hannah Arendt and "The Final Solution," by Bernard J. Bergen. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 1998. 208 pp. ISBN 0-8476-9209-4 (c); 0-8476-9209-4.This book explores the political and philosophical consequences...
Insider/Outsider: American Jews and Multiculturalism, Edited by David Biale, Michael Galchinsky, and Susannah Heschel
Insider/Outsider: American Jews and Multiculturalism, edited by David Biale, Michael Galchinsky, and Susannah HeschelNo matter how you slice it, the Jews are always asking, "Is it good for the Jews? Is it bad for the Jews?" Insider/Outsider: American...
Jewish-American Artists and the Holocaust, by Matthew Baigell
Jewish-American Artists and the Holocaust, by Matthew BaigellRelatively short (117 pages of text), small enough to be read comfortably on the subway, and modest in presentation (only 44 small black-and-white illustrations), this slim volume is the very...
Jewish Emancipation in a German City: Cologne, 1798-1871, by Shulamit S. Magnus
Jewish Emancipation in a German City: Cologne, 1798-1871, by Shulamit S. MagnusShulamit Magnus has written a good book on interesting and important issues, largely dealing with the rise of a Jewish community in Cologne in the farst half of the nineteenth...
Jewish Practices among Contemporary Anusim
Jewish Practices among Contemporary Anusim(*)Although occasional lists of contemporary crypto-Jewish practices specific to one region or another have appeared, the phenomenon continues to be treated as isolated to one or two locations. This paper surveys...
Jews and Non-Jews
Jews and Non-JewsThe Invisible Wall -- Germans and Jews: A Personal Exploration, by W. Michael Blumenthal. Washington, DC: Counterpoint, 1998. 384 pp. ISBN 1-887178-73-2.W. Michael Blumenthal explores the questions of how the Jews, a tiny repressed minority...
Jews in Germany after the Holocaust: Memory, Identity, and Jewish German Relations, by Lynn Rapaport
Jews in Germany after the Holocaust: Memory, Identity, and Jewish German Relations, by Lynn RapaportA few years back I received a DAAD grant to do research in Germany. I told an older colleague the news and his reaction surprised me. He said that I could...
J.M. Da Costa, M.D. - A Tinok She-Nishbah? an American Civil War Converso Physician
J.M. da Costa, M.D. -- A tinok she-nishbah? An American Civil War Converso PhysicianThis essay presents a Sephardi physician, J. M. da Costa, who described the Civil War equivalent of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder -- Irritable Heart. Da Costa's medical...
Judaism: Jewish Thought and Philosophy
Judaism: Jewish Thought and PhilosophyAn Arthur A. Cohen Reader: Selected Writings and Fiction on Judaism, Theology, Literature, and Culture, edited by David Stem and Paul Mendes-Flohr. Detroit: Wayne State University Press, 1998. 576 pp. ISBN 0-8143-2282-4.Theologian,...
Literature: Fiction, Drama, Poetry
Literature: Fiction, Drama, PoetryAmerican Jewish Fiction: A Century of Stories, edited by Gerald Shapiro. Lincoln: University, of Nebraska Press, 1998. 432 pp. ISBN 0-8032-4264-6 (c); 0-8032-9252-X (p).This anthology presents a cross-section of Jewish...
Memories of Migration: Gender, Ethnicity and Work in the Lives of Jewish and Italian Women in New York, 1870-1924, by Kathie Friedman-Kasaba
Memories of Migration: Gender, Ethnicity and Work in the Lives of Jewish and Italian Women in New York, 1870-1924, by kathie Friedman-KasabaKathie Friedman-Kasaba re-considers the migration of Jewish and Italian women to New York city, criticizing previous...
No Way Out: The Politics of Polish Jewry 1935-1939, by Emanuel Melzer
No Way Out: The Politics of Polish Jewry 1935-1939, by Emanuel MelzerThe history of Jews in Poland between the two World Wars is generally depressing, and the period 1935-1939 is particularly depressing. Emanuel Melzer's study documents this unenviable...
Paul and the Gentiles: Recapping the Apostle's Convictional World, by Terence L. Donaldson
Paul and the Gentiles: Recapping the Apostle's Convictional World, by Terence L. DonaldsonFollowing Thomas Kuhn, Donaldson seeks a new paradigm for Pauline studies which by solving a number of interpretive problems will set the pattern for work to follow....
Paul the Jewish Theologian: A Pharisee among Christians, Jews, and Gentiles, by Brad Young
Paul the Jewish Theologian: A Pharisee among Christians, Jews, and Gentiles, by Brad YoungYoung's essential argument is that the apostle Paul's religious thought is best interpreted within the context of the Phariseeism in which he was educated and nurtured....
Quakers and Nazis: Inner Light in Outer Darkness, by Hans A. Schmitt
Quakers and Nazis: Inner Light in Outer Darkness, by Hans A. SchmittAfter the widespread allegations of German "eliminationist antisemitism" in the first half of this century, it is a relief to turn to the story of persons who never can be accused of...
Reference
ReferenceAtlas of Archaeology, by Tim Taylor and Mick Aston. New York: DK Publishing, 1998. 208pp. $29.95 (c). ISBN0-7894-3189-0.Covering periods from the Paleolithic Age through the Industrial Revolution, this book explains and demonstrates techniques...
Return to Judaism: The Circumcisers of Curacao
Return to Judaism: The Circumcisers of CuraçaoThe notebooks of the circumcisers of Curaçao prove that the exodus of the Conversos from Spain and Portugal continued well into the nineteenth century and that Curaçao was a center of return to Judaism.It...
Reunion, by Sam Bluefarb
Reunion, by Sam BluefarbSam Bluefarb, in his novel Reunion, has rendered a specific era from the late 40s through the early 70s. His semi-autobiographical novel captures the feel of World War II, the academic humanities scene in southern California,...
Silent Heritage: The Sephardim and the Colonization of the Spanish North American Frontier
Silent Heritage: The Sephardim and the Colonization of the Spanish North American FrontierMany Hispanic families in Texas, Northern Mexico, and the U.S. Southwest are descendants of Sephardic crypro-Jews and Conversos. Their ancestors colonized the sixteenth...
Special Issue on Crypto-Judaism
Special Issue on Crypto-JudaismIt is impossible to comprehend the full Jewish experience in Iberia without a historical background that includes the antiquity of the community, the role it played throughout Spain's history, and its cultural contributions...
Stranger in Our Midst: Images of the Jew in Polish Literature, Edited by Harold B. Segel
Stranger in Our Midst: Images of the Jew in Polish Literature, edited by Harlod B. SegelThis is a curious book. Aiming to present a balanced picture of Polish attitudes towards the Jews, to draw on the "greatest European literature of Jewish experience"...
Studies in Hellenistic Judaism, by Louis H. Feldman
Studies in Hellenistic Judaism, by Louis H. FeldmanLouis H. Feldman is Professor of Classics at Yeshiva University in New York. These 23 essays, written over the span of over 40 years, represent the most important statements of Feldman on relations between...
The Contributions of Captain Barros Basto, "Apostle of the Marranos"
The Contributions of Captain Barros Basto, "Apostle of the Marranos"(1)Barros Basto (1887-1961) was a career officer in the Portuguese army, who at the age of nine was told by his dying grandfather the secret of his family's Jewish origin. After having...
The Curse of Cain: The Violent Legacy of Monotheism, by Regina M. Schwartz
The Curse of Cain: The Violent Legacy of Monotheism, by Regina M. SchwartzA recent issue of the Sunday New York Times featured a half-page color image of the Hindu god Shiva. A god who can appear in many guises, he is depicted in this particular image...
The Jews in Legal Sources of the Early Middle Ages, by Amnon Linder
The Jews in Legal Sources of the Early Middle Ages, by Amnon LinderThis finely-crafted and extremely valuable book is a worthy follow-up to Linder's earlier book The Jews in Roman Imperial Legislation (Detroit, 1987). In this book Linder presents a broad...
The New Testament and Hellenistic Judaism, Edited by Peder Borgen and Soren Giversen
The New Testament and Hellenistic Judaism, edited by Peder Borgen and Sfren GiversenThis volume of essays emerged from a 1992 conference by the same name held at the Faculty of Theology at the University of Aarhus in Denmark. The central themes of the...
Theology of the Old Testament: Testimony, Dispute, Advocacy, by Walter Brueggemann
Theology of the Old Testament: Testimony, Dispute, Advocacy, by Walter BrueggemannWalter Brueggemann's massive Theology of the Old Testament is an attempt to provide a new model for apprehending and articulating the Hebrew Bible's assertions concerning...
Unfinished Rabbi: Selected Writings of Arnold Jacob Wolf, Edited by Jonathan S. Wolf
Unfinished Rabbi: Selected Writings of Arnold Jacob Wolf, edited by Jonathan S. WolfIt would not be flippancy to describe Rabbi Arnold Jacob Wolf as an intellectual gadfly, an ofttimes lonely, prophetic voice calling out for social activism, or to characterize...
Writing as Resistance: Four Women Confronting the Holocaust; Edith Stein, Simone Weil, Anne Frank, Etty Hillesum, by Rachel Feldhay Brenner
Writing as Resistance: Four Women Confronting the Holocaust; Edith Stein, Simone Weil, Anne Frank, Etty Hillesum, by Rachel Feldhay BrennerEver since the Nazi era the humanist project, and especially art, has been put in question. The Shoah was specifically...