Shofar

Founded in 1925, Shofar is a quarterly Jewish youth newspaper published by B'nai B'rith Youth Organization in Washington, D.C. Its subject matter covers youth and Jewish interests.

Articles from Vol. 18, No. 2, January 31

A Biblical People in the Bible Belt: The Jewish Community of Memphis, Tennessee, 1840s-1960s, by Selma S. Lewis
A Biblical People in the Bible Belt: The Jewish Community of Memphis, Tennessee, 1840s-1960s. by Selma S. LewisYou know the story; the details are familiar; the names and places differ. This time the city is Memphis.Some Jewish peddlers came to Tennessee...
An Introduction to the History and Sources of Jewish Law, Edited by N.S. Hecht, B.S. Jackson, S.M. Passamaneck, D. Piatelli, A.M. Rabello
An Introduction to the History and Sources of Jewish Law, edited by N.S. Hecht, B. S. Jackson, S. M. Passamaneck, D. Piatelli, A. M. RabelloFor millennia, scholars have engaged, and continue to engage, in the practice and development of halakhah. The...
Armed Struggle and the Search for State: The Palestinian National Movement, 1949-1993, by Yezid Sayigh
Armed Struggle and the Search for State: The Palestinian National Movement, 1949-1993, by Yezid SayighYezid Sayigh's Armed Struggle and the Search for State: The Palestinian National Movement, 1949-1993 is perhaps the definitive account on the subject...
Assessing Israel
Assessing IsraelIsrael is often a subject of shrill criticism, with hyperbole more prominent than clear reasoning, systematic analysis of the Israeli record, or comparison of its performances with those of other countries. Inquiries into claims about...
Biblical and Rabbinic Literature
Biblical and Rabbinic LiteratureDavid: Biblical Portraits of Power, by Marti J. Steussy. Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 1998. 251 pp. ISBN 1-57003-250-5.This volume, written for the nonspecialist, explores the Hebrew Bible's three major...
Biography, Autobiography, Memoirs, Diaries
Biography, Autobiography, Memoirs, Diaries1185 Park Avenue: d Memoir, by Anne Roiphe. New York: Free Press, 1999. 256 pp. ISBN 0-684-85731-6.Roiphe's twelve books written over the last thirty years have revealed much about her marriages, her thoughts...
Century of Genocide: Eyewitness Accounts and Critical Reviews, Edited by Samuel Totten, William S. Parsons, and Israel W. Charny
Century of Genocide: Eyewitness Accounts and Critical Reviews, edited by Samuel Totten, William S. Parsons, and Israel W. CharnyThis edited volume comprises brief analyses and overviews including pertinent eyewitness accounts of fourteen cases of genocide...
Claper, by Alicia Freilich
Cláper, by Alicia FreilichTo most Americans the republics south of the Río Grande are the stuff of benign neglect. Only the occasional sweep of illegal aliens, the momentary drug bust, the quick vacation on some tropical beach may briefly lift our eyelids...
Deutsche-Judische Symbiose - Oder Die Mißgluckte Emanzipation, by Julius H. Schoeps
Deutsche-jüdische Symbiose -- oder Die mißglückte Emanzipation, by Julius H. SchoepsThis is not a monograph but a collection of Schoeps's essays about German-Jewish relations from 1750 to the present. While any such collection must inevitably lack the...
Fascism and Theatre: Comparative Studies on the Aesthetics and Politics of Performance in Europe, 1925-1945, Edited and with an Introduction by Gunter Berghaus
Fascism and Theatre: Comparative Studies on the Aesthetics and Politics of Performance in Europe, 1925-1945, edited, and with an introduction by Günter BerghausMuch important academic research appears not in the form of journal articles but as "chapters"...
From a Ruined Garden: The Memorial Books of Polish Jewry, Edited and Translated by Jack Kugelmass and Jonathan Boyarin
From a Ruined Garden: The Memorial Books of Polish Jewry, edited and translated by Jack Kugelmass and Jonathan BoyarinRarely is a book published that causes an entirely new genre of studies to open up. This, however, was the result of the remarkably...
Holocaust
HolocaustBreaking Crystal: Writing and Memory after Auschwitz, edited by Efraim Sicher. Champaign: University of Illinois Press, 1998. 376 pp. ISBN 0-252-02280-7 (c); 0-252-06656-1 (p).This book considers the following questions: Who are the second generation,...
Identity or History? Marcus Herz and the End of the Enlightenment, by Martin L. Davies
Identity or History? Marcus Herz and the End of the Enlightenment, by Martin L. DaviesMarcus Herz (1747-1803) was one of the most important students of Immanuel Kant. Bom in Berlin on January 17, 1747, he came to Königsberg in 1762, being apprenticed...
Irving Howe: Socialist, Critic, Jew, by Edward Alexander
Irving Howe: Socialist, Critic, Jew, by Edward AlexanderNear the end of Edward Alexander's study of Irving Howe, he comments on two works Howe published in the second half of the 1970s. "In World of Our Fathers [1976], Howe embraced what he had once...
Jewish Icons: Art and Society in Modern Europe, by Richard I. Cohen
Jewish Icons: Art and Society in Modern Europe, by Richard I. Cohen"Paganism sees its god, Judaism hears Him" (p. 6). As Richard I. Cohen stresses in the introduction to Jewish Icons: Art and Society in Modern Europe, the one hundred and fifty years...
Jewish Women in Greco-Roman Palestine
Jewish Women in Greco-Roman Palestine, by Tal IlanSeeking to document the social, political, and religious status of Jewish women in Palestine from Alexander the Great to ca. 200 C.E., Ilan has produced an engaging compendium of materials ranging from...
Jews and Non-Jews
Jews and Non-JewsAbraham's Heirs: Jews and Christians in Medieval Europe, by Leonard B. Glick. Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press, 1998. 272 pp. $49.95 (c); $24.95 (p). ISBN 0-8156-2778-5 (c); 0-8156-2779-3 (p).Leonard B. Glick recounts the history...
Jews and Other Differences: The New Jewish Cultural Studies, Edited by Jonathan Boyarin and Daniel Boyarin
Jews and Other Differences: The New Jewish Cultural Studies, edited by Jonathan Boyarin and Daniel BoyarinThe issue of "difference" is a popular, yet contentious, topic in a number of academic discussions. It can be particularly complicated for those...
Judaism: Jewish Thought and Philosophy
Judaism: Jewish Thought and PhilosophyAlchemy of the Word: Cabala of the Renaissance, by Philip Beitchman. Albany: State University of New York Press, 1998. 364 pp. ISBN 0-7914-3737-X (c); 0-7914-3738-8 (P).This book is a study of the literary, philosophical,...
Judea and Mediterranean Politics, 219 to 161 B.C.E., by Dov Gera
Judea and Mediterranean Politics, 219 to 161 B.C.E., by Dov Gera.This book has an interesting and convincing thesis. Dov Gera, a lecturer in Jewish History at Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, argues that seen within the context of wider politics in...
Judischer Nietzscheanismus, Edited by Werner Stegmaier and Daniel Krochmalnik
Jüdischer Nietzscheanismus, edited by Warner Stegamier and Daniel KrochmalnikScholars have treated many dimensions of Nietzsche's relationship to Jews and Judaism. Some have dealt with Nietzsche's own views on Jewish culture, on Jewish history, or on...
Judisches Burgertum in Frankfurt Am Main Im 19. Jahrhundert, by Andrea Hopp
Jüdisches Bürgertum in Frankfurt am Main im 19. Jahrhundert, by Andrea HoppThis sober and well-supported social history of the Jews of Frankfurt belongs to the expanding list of contributions made by a new generation of German scholars to the study of...
Judisches Recht Im Kulturellen Prozess: Die Wahrnehmung der Halacha Im Deutschland Des 19.jahrhunderts, by Andreas Gotzmann
Jüdisches Recht im kulturellen Prozess: Die Wahrnehmung der Halacha im Deutschland des 19. Jahrhunderts, by Andreas GotzmannOnce the primary language in which were written the major works of the Wissenschaft des Judentums, the German language is .-once...
Keepers of the Motherland: German Texts by Jewish Women Writers, by Dagmar C.G. Lorenz
Keepers of the Motherland: German Texts by Jewish Women Writers, by Dagmar C. G. LorenzProfessor Dagmar C. G. Lorenz's expertise in "issues of marginality" in Germanlanguage literature and Central European culture of the nineteen and twentieth centuries...
Literature: Fiction, Drama, Poetry
Literature: Fiction, Drama, PoetryArab Folktales from Palestine and Israel, introduction, translation, and annotation by Raphael Patai. Detroit: Wayne State University Press, 1998. 278 pp. ISBN 0-8143-2710-9.Raphael Patai studies tales from three separate...
Martin Buber's Conception of the Relative and the Absolute Life
Martin Buber's Conception of the Relative and the Absolute LifeMartin Buber's intense occupation with issues or causes during his younger years contributed to his spiritual enlightenment in specific areas in a particular time frame. So, for instance,...
Nathan Samuely: A Forgotten Writer in a Neglected Genre
Nathan Samuely: A Forgotten Writer in a Neglected Genre(1)The Nazi suppression of Jewish writers led to the near eradication of an entire genre of German literature -- that of the so-called "ghetto story." By tacitly accepting the Naziestablished canon...
Qabbalah and Academia: The Critical Study of Jewish Mysticism in France
Qabbalah and Academia: The Critical Study of Jewish Mysticism in FranceNo doubt because of the interest of French intellectuals in Qabbalah, it is significant that at the turn of the century it was upon French soil that the first translation of the Zohar...
Religious Studies
Religious StudiesAbout Religion: Economies of Faith in Virtual Culture, by Mark C. Taylor. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1999. 300 pp. ISBN 0-226-79162-9 (p).Mark C. Taylor, an authority on religion in the modern age, investigates the consequences...
Review Essay: Retheorizing the Holocaust; History and Memory after Auschwitz, by Dominick LaCapra
Review Essay: Retheorizing the Holocaust; History and Memory after Auschwitz, by Dominick LaCapraHolocaust studies is difficult to define. It has, of course, a unifying referent: the Holocaust. But its constitutive feature seems to lie elsewhere. After...
Scholars Contending with Delusional Ideology: Historians, Antisemitic Lore, and the Protocols
Scholars Contending with Delusional Ideology: Historians, Antisemitic Lore, and The ProtocolsAlthough the notorious antisemitic forgery The Protocols of the Elders of Zion had enormous impact on twentieth-century public opinion, with disastrous consequences,...
Society and Culture
Society and CultureThe Culture of Critique: An Evolutionary Analysis of Jewish Involvement in Twentieth-Century Intellectual and Political Movements, by Kevin MacDonald. Westport, CT: Praeger, 1998. 392 pp. ISBN 0-275-96113-3.Kevin MacDonald provides...
The Bible as It Was, by James L. Kugel
The Bible as It Was, by James L. KugelEvery once in a while a book comes along which has the possibility of truly modifying our understanding of a text which has more written about it than any other text in existence. The book, The Bible as It Was, by...
The Book of the Giants from Qumran, by Loren T. Stuckenbruck
The Book of the Giants from Qumran, by Loren T. StuckenbruckLoren Stuckenbruck has written a journeyman work of philology. In it, he reconstructs a lost book, known from Manichaean sources as "The Book of the Giants." In doing so, he inadvertently illustrates...
The Decline of the Arab-Israeli Conflict: Middle East Politics and the Quest for Regional Order, by Avraham Sela
The Decline of the Arab-Israeli Conflict: Middle East Politics and the Quest for Regional Order, by Avraham SelaThe back cover blurb of Avraham Sela's new work is an unusual case of under- rather than over-selling the book it describes. This book is...
The History of an Obsession: German Judeophobia and the Holocaust, by Klaus P. Fischer
The History of an Obsession: German Judeophobia and the Holocaust, by Klaus P. FischerThe books, articles, conferences, and museums devoted to Nazism and the Holocaust have been rapidly growing in number, with no end in sight; the testimonies, reflections,...
The Jewish Ethic and the Spirit of Socialism
The Jewish Ethic and the Spirit of Socialism, by Adam M. WeisbergerThe question raised by Professor Weisberger is a perennial one: How are we to explain the fact that significant numbers of German Jews played prominent roles in the German socialist movement?...
The Nations That Knew Thee Not: Ancient Jewish Attitudes toward Other Religions, by Robert Goldenberg
The Nations That Knew Thee Not: Ancient Jewish Attitudes Toward Other Religions, by Robert GoldenbergThis book addresses the question, "What did ancient Jews think of other religions?" One would assume that ancient religions were uniformly seen by classical...
The Political Consequences of Thinking: Gender and Judaism in the Work of Hannah Arendt, by Jennifer Ring
The Political Consequences of Thinking: Gender and Judaism in the Work of Hannah Arendt, by Jennifer RingThis is an interesting and learned book about the political philosopher Hannah Arendt. But it is also a difficult book to review, because it attempts...
The Transformation of the Haggadah's Preface as Influenced by the Development of Public Education in Europe and the United States
The Transformation of the Haggadah's Preface as Influenced by the Development of Public Education in Europe and the United StatesThe seder (Passover ritual meal) and haggadah (text used during the meal) were codified in early medieval times. With the...
Zu Wenig Gerechte: Osterreicher Und Judenverfolgung 1938-1945, by Erika Weinzierl
Zu wenig Gerechte: Österreicher und Judenverfolgung 1938-1945, by Erika WeinzierlThe volume at hand is the fourth revised and expanded edition of Weinzierl's study on Austrian antisemitism, the persecution of the Jews after the Nazi invasion, and actions...