Shofar

Founded in 1925, Shofar is a quarterly Jewish youth newspaper published by B'nai B'rith Youth Organization in Washington, D.C. Its subject matter covers youth and Jewish interests.

Articles from Vol. 21, No. 4, Summer

By the Sweat of Your Brow: Reflections on Work and the Workplace in Classic Jewish Thought, by David J. Schnall
New York: Yeshiva University Press, 2001. 236 pp. $29.50.The Jewish people have been defining their relationship to work for thousands of years, ever since Avraham was accumulating "flocks and herds and donkeys" (Bereshit 12:16), and Yaakov was setting...
Character and Ideology in the Book of Esther, by Michael V. Fox 2nd Ed
Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmanns, 2001. 333 pp. $26.00.At the 2001 meeting of the Association for Jewish Studies, Michael Fox described this book as his only "Jewish" commentary. Now reprinted by a Christian publisher, in 1991 it was the only commentary on...
Contemporary Jewish Writing in South Africa: An Anthology
edited by Claudia Bathsheba Braude. Lincoln and London: University of Nebraska Press, 2001. 168 pp. $60.00.Literature plays a significant role in shaping the collective memory of a social, ethnic, or religious group. In respect of minority groups, the...
Deception in Genesis: An Investigation into the Morality of a Unique Biblical Phenomenon, by Michael James Williams
Studies in Biblical Literature 32. New York: Peter Lang, 2001. 252 pp. $57.95.Both the contents and the concerns addressed by this study go well beyond those mentioned in the title. Its focus is on fifteen incidents of deception that the author has identified...
Hebrew Key-Letters
IntroductionThis article(1) will suggest an analysis of Hebrew vocabulary, with theoretical and practical implications. According to this analysis, the first consonant of a Hebrew root (its key-letter) contains a general indication of the meaning of...
Holocaust Studies without the Holocaust; Review Essay
Words and Witness: Narrative and Aesthetic Strategies in the Representation of the Holocaust, by Lea Wernick Fridman. Albany: State University of New York Press, 2000. 177 pp. $49.50 (c); $16.95 (p).Writing History, Writing Trauma, by Dominick LaCapra....
Ideology and Jewish Identity in Israeli and American Literature
edited by Emily Miller Budick. Albany: State University of New York Press, 2001. 288 pp. $71.50.This important addition to SUNY Press's Modern Jewish Literature and Culture series is a collection of thirteen essays by such notable scholars as Gershon...
Ignaz Maybaum: A Reader
edited by Nicholas de Lange. New York: Berghahn Books, 2001. 224 pp. $25.00."The innocent who died in Auschwitz, not for the sake of their own sins but because of the sins of others, atone for evil; they are the sacrifice which is brought to the altar...
Jewish Genetic Disorders: A Layman's Guide, by Ernest L. Abel
Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Co., 2001. 242 pp. $45.00.This book provides precisely what it promises. Every genetic disorder that is present at a high rate in any subgroup of Jews (for example, those from Libya) is described in a clear and concise...
Jewish Marriage and Divorce in Imperial Russia, by ChaeRan Y. Freeze
Hanover, NH: Brandeis University Press, 2002. 399 pp. $65.00 (c); $29.95 (p).If today conservatives lament the high divorce rate of Americans in 2002, what would they have thought of Jews living in tsarist Russia, who divorced at rates higher than today's...
Learning from History: A Black Christian's Perspective on the Holocaust, by Hubert Locke
Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 2000. 128 pp. $62.50.Hubert Locke's examination of the Jewish Holocaust from the perspective of a Black Christian immediately conjures varied responses, depending on the perspective of the reader. Were it not for his stellar...
Neighbors: The Destruction of the Jewish Community in Jedwabne, Poland, by Jan T. Gross
Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2001. 261 pp. $14.00.Every few years a Holocaust text appears that captivates scholars and the general public. Lucy Dawidowicz's War against the Jews (1975), Deborah Lipstadt's Beyond Belief (1982), and Daniel...
One Step Ahead: A Jewish Fugitive in Hitler's Europe, by Alfred Feldman
Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press, 2001. 322 pp. $24.95.Holocaust survivor memoirs generally fall into one of four categories; survivors of the death camps, Jewish partisans who fought against the Germans, Jews who survived the war by posing...
Pedagogy Section; the Wroclaw Project
I. IntroductionFor the last decade U.S. colleges and universities have striven to improve and diversify every sector of academic life. Many liberal arts colleges, in keeping with their commitment to educate their students in both mind and spirit, are...
Rejection by God: The History and Significance of the Rejection Motif in the Hebrew Bible, by Monica J. Melanchthon
New York: Peter Lang, 2001. 287 pp. $61.95."All of human history as seen by the Bible is the history of God in search of [humanity]," wrote Abraham Heschel almost half a century ago in his influential study, The Prophets. In the face of humanity's failures,...
Senator Jacob K. Javits and Soviet Jewish Emigration
Senator Jacob K. Javits (R-New York), whose interest in and sympathy for matters affecting Jews was well-known, rendered a critical service in the writing of and negotiations over the Jackson-Vanik Amendment of 1974, which brought together elements of...
Teaching the Hebrew Bible in a Small Religious Studies Department: Problems and Resolutions
With the exception of a few "choice" passages sometimes included in anthologies used in World Literature courses and the wider range of readings treated in "The Bible as Literature" courses, students educated in public institutions, particularly those...
The Bus Driver Who Wanted to Be God, by Etgar Keret
New York: St. Martin's Press, 2001. 102 pp. $19.95.Doesn't Want stood next to Can't. Or maybe it was the other way around; it's not really essential. Let's say that both of them stood next to each other so no one's insulted. His commanders took pains...
The History of Kibbutz Education: Practice into Theory, by Yuval Dror
Bern: Peter Lang, 2001. 349 pp. $52.95.This is a long-awaited book. Kibbutz education has always been one of the most daring aspects of this exceptional social structure which the kibbutz has illustrated with vigor, until recently. Though, while this...
The History of the Jews in the Netherlands
edited by J. C. H. Blom, R. G. Fuks-Mansfeld, and I. Schöffer, translated from Dutch by Arnold J. Pomerans and Erica Pomerans. Oxford: The Littman Library of Jewish Civilization, 2002. 508 pp. $69.50.The History of the Jews in the Netherlands is a very...
The Letters of Jonathan Netanyahu
translated by Mikhteve Yoni. Introduction by Herman Wouk, with a foreword and afterword by his brothers Benjamin and Iddo Netanyahu. New York and Jerusalem: Gefen, 2001. 306 pp. $21.95.This generous fascicle of letters traces the life of a contemporary...
The Politics of Ancient Israel, by Norman K. Gottwald
Louisville, KY: Westminster John Knox Press, 2001. 366 pp. $46.95.This book is part of a series that surveys for scholars and the general public important aspects of ancient Israel's social history, using the sophisticated methods of many disciplines....
The Religions of Ancient Israel: A Synthesis of Parallactic Approaches, by Ziony Zevit
London and New York: Continuum, 2001. 821 pp. $150.00.The Religions of Ancient Israel is an attempt to use a philosophical paradigm to understand the nature of the religions practiced in Israel in antiquity. In delineating the religions of Ancient Israel,...
"The Road to Stalin": Mandelstam's Ode to Stalin and "The Lines on the Unknown Soldier"
1. Introduction: "All of life will name me""What Is Important" -- In early 1937, near the end of his exile in Voronezh, Osip Mandelstam wrote two long poems, both intended for publication, each stretching the limits of public expression to a point where...
The Search for Roots: A Personal Anthology, by Primo Levi
Chicago: Ivan R. Dee, 2002. 233 pp. $24.95.More than two decades ago several Italian writers were asked to compile a personal anthology of works they judged to be essential readings, to provide a sketch of "a literary landscape and a cultural ideal"...
The Status of the Israeli Constitution at the Present Time
Until recently, there was general agreement that Israel was one of the few nations in the contemporary world without a formal written, integrated constitution. That was the situation despite the fact that the Knesset (parliament) had enacted 11 Basic...
Through the Lens of Israel: Explorations in State and Society, by Joel S. Migdal
Albany: State University of New York Press, 2001. 194 pp. $19.95.Notwithstanding its intensely contested legitimacy, Israel has never failed to impress social scientists, most of whom tend to analyze its political development as exceptional. Since its...
Unlikely History: The Changing German-Jewish Symbiosis, 1945-2000
edited by Leslie Morris and Jack Zipes. New York: Palgrave. 2002. 335 pp. $69.96.After 1945, it seemed unlikely that a Jewish community would be able to find a new place within German society. The devastation that European Jews suffered at the hands...
Yiddish Fiction and the Crisis of Modernity, 1905-1914, by Mikhail Krutikov
Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 2001. 247 pp. $55.00.To write a literary history, even one that covers only nine years, is a project inherently full of sacrifices and tradeoffs. Consider the immense task that lay before Mikhail Krutikov as he...