Harvard International Review

This journal provides commentary, news and analysis of global developments in politics, economics, public policy, science and culture.

Articles from Vol. 23, No. 3, Fall

A Clearly Present Danger
DONALD A. HENDERSON Confronting the Threat of Bioterrorism Serious concerns about the possible use of microbes as weapons of terror have heightened markedly over the past five years. This threat, mysterious and little understood, has spawned...
A Graying World
The Dangers of Global Aging The ills of old age have always interested poets and philosophers, but until quite recently they did not interest governments. For most of human history, the elderly have comprised only a tiny share of the population....
Arming India
A New Plan for a Nuclear Power On February 22, 2001, Indian Defense Minister George Fernandes made an announcement that went largely unnoticed outside India: within a year, the country would be ready to conduct a test of its long-range missile,...
A Ruckus among Us
Protest in a New Age The protests that shut down the Seattle meeting of the World Trade Organization (WTO) in November 1999 have so far been the high-water mark of the movement against global free trade. At the helm of the protest was a group...
Balkans in NATO
Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Yugoslavia The next round of North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) expansion is due in Fall 2002 at the Prague Summit of the NATO members' heads of state. Not surprisingly, the debate over candidates is already...
Broken Promises
North Korea's Waiting Game In 1994, North Korea shocked the world by agreeing to freeze its nuclear-weapons program and dismantle its existing nuclear facilities. This occurred less than a year after North Korea threatened to withdraw from the...
Bytes, Bombs, and Bombshells
India's Search for Identity In many respects, the India that emerged in the 1990s stands in stark contrast to its former self. Sustained economic growth, multiparty coalition governments, and a greater openness to the West reveal an India in metamorphosis....
Central Asia's Dead Sea
The Aral Sea's Slow Demise In a vast region of Central Asia, abandoned fishing boats lie rusting in the desert. These sand dunes used to constitute the seabed of the world's fourth largest lake, but since the water level of the Aral Sea dropped...
Chaotic Congo
Stabilizing the DRC When it comes to scaring off foreign investors, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) rivals revolutionary Cuba. The history of the last decade reads as a litany of troubles. The rule of dictator Mobutu Sese Seko saw...
China's Divisive Development
Growing Urban-Rural Inequality Bodes Trouble In an August 1999 incident reminiscent of the Cultural Revolution, Chinese farmers rampaged through government offices and pillaged the homes of the rich in Fiangxi province. Two thousand People's Armed...
Corruption and the State
India, Technology, and Transparency Political corruption, the misuse of public office for private gain, is a global phenomenon capable of paralyzing a country's development and diverting its precious resources from the public needs of the entire...
Crouching Tiger
Falun Gong Rising Every morning in public parks around the world, members of the Falun Gong devotional sect perform a series of five exercises in order to channel their qi, or vital energy. And every few days in China, about a dozen members publicly...
Democracy or Bust?
The Development Dilemma For Amartya Sen, winner of the 1998 Nobel Prize for economics, it was clear: "The most important thing that has happened in the 20th century is democracy." Yet today, for many developing countries in Africa, Eastern Europe,...
Disease
What Plagues the World New phenomena are so oblivious to race, nationality, and socioeconomic status as disease. From the bubonic plague, which ravaged Europe in the 14th century, to the current scourge of the HIV/AIDS epidemic, the chronology of...
Fighting for Survival
Access to Essential Medicines in Poor Countries Essential medicines, a limited subset of existing medicines that satisfy the health-care needs of the majority of a population, are the foundation for nearly every public-health program aimed at reducing...
Global Priorities
The United States and International Aid J. Brian Atwood is a prominent figure in the US Foreign Service, where he has served since 1966. He joined the State Department in 1972, first as legislative assistant for foreign policy and defense and later...
Infectious Concerns
Modern Factors in the Spread of Disease On March 30, 2001, the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in Atlanta was notified of an outbreak of acute respiratory infections among college students who had visited Acapulco, Mexico, for...
Joint Epidemics
Poverty and AIDS in Sub-Saharan Africa Former US Ambassador to the United Nations Richard Holbrooke made a striking statement in a speech for World AIDS day at the United Nations last year. "I have come to the conclusion over the last few years...that...
Second Thoughts
New Zealand's Economic Reforms For over a decade, New Zealand followed a textbook approach to economic liberalization. However, at the end of the experiment, the results are disappointing. As a result, Prime Minister Helen Clark, who was elected...
Silicon Island
Cuba's Digital Revolution A new revolution is happening unnoticed in one of the world's last communist strongholds. In the land of salsa, rum, and Fidel Castro, a significant shift in economic ideology is transforming the future of the island: Cuba...
The Antitrust of Nations
Introducing Standards for International Antitrust In recent years, the global ramifications of domestic antitrust enforcement have steadily crept up the international economic-policy agenda. The dispute over whether Boeing and McDonnell-Douglas...
The End of the Cold War
Rethinking the Origin and Conclusion of the US-Soviet Conflict It is hard to decide when the Cold War ended unless we can determine when it began. Did it begin after World War II, when the two most powerful countries to emerge from that conflict...
The Zero-Sum Goal
The Challenge of Disease Eradication Though we live in an age of conservation, the deliberate extinction of an ancient life form is being relentlessly pursued worldwide with increasing zeal. Encouraged by political leaders, financed by a coalition...