Harvard International Review

This journal provides commentary, news and analysis of global developments in politics, economics, public policy, science and culture.

Articles from Vol. 25, No. 2, Summer

AIDS in India: Denial and Disaster. (Global Notebook)
With 3.97 million reported cases, India has the second largest HIV-positive population in the world, with an expected 20 to 25 million cases by 2010. These numbers are thought to be underestimates, as the stigma attached to harboring the HIV virus...
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An Epidemic of Denial: Stalled Responses to HIV/AIDS. (China)
China's HIV/AIDS outbreak among blood donors is arguably the worst medically-caused HIV/AIDS epidemic in the world. The outbreak started among the rural poor who sold their blood in an unregulated industry in the 1990s. Today, at least four provinces...
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Beyond the Headlines: Changing Perceptions of Islamic Movements. (Perspectives)
Despite the failures political Islam has confronted when governing Afghanistan, Sudan, Pakistan, and Iran, Islamic movements in the 21st century continue to be a significant force in mainstream Muslim politics, from Morocco to Indonesia. The September...
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Breaking the Bank: Japan's Bad Loans. (Global Notebook)
Although Japanese banks closed L their account books at the end of the fiscal year in March 2003, they can never close their eyes on the ever-present problem posed by bad loans at home. Non-performing loans began to plague financial institutions...
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Chavez's Charade: Democracy in Venezuela. (Global Notebook)
In December 1998, Hugo Chavez, a former lieutenant colonel and paratrooper in the Venezuelan Armed Forces, became president of the world's fourth-largest oil producer and third-largest exporter of crude oil to the United States. Defying the hegemony...
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Conflict Diamonds: Not So Clear-Cut
In 1998, the world was surprised by the discovery of a link between the rebel movements in Angola, Sierra Leone, and the Democratic Republic of Congo. Global Witness, a non-governmental organization (NGO), announced that the rebel group in Angola,...
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Crossing the River: Legalism, Reform, and Political Change. (China)
Despite doomsday predictions from all sides, Communist China has successfully transformed its command economy into a market system after two decades of reforms. While China observers may point to some economic areas that require decisive changes, the...
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Currently Indisposed: Managing Radioactive Waste. (Global Notebook)
For nearly 50 years, the world has steadily increased its production of nuclear energy without a permanent strategy for disposing of radioactive waste products. Radioactive waste has long been the Achilles' heel of nuclear power. As concerns over...
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Cyber Speech: Catalyzing Free Expression and Civil Society. (China)
In November 1992, an oceanographer in Seattle called my office after finding a bottle that had been drifting across the Pacific Ocean for 11 years. A leaflet inside contained information about Wei Fingsheng, then China's most prominent political prisoner,...
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Dying for Independence: World Separatist Movements and Terrorism. (World in Review)
"I swear by God we are more keen on dying than you are keen on living," the black-clad Chechen separatist informed the Russian government on videotape. The communication came in October 2002, just days after 40 armed Chechen militants swarmed into...
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Going Bust: Overcoming a Dysfunctional Credit System. (China)
Lenders all over the world have the same problem: how to get debtors to pay them back. Basic game theory dictates that in interactions between a lender and a debtor, the debtor's best strategy is to default. Of course, lenders know this, so often their...
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Heaven Is High: Demystifying the People's Republic of China. (Editor's Note)
In the mouth of an old man fishing on the Oujiang River, it carries the authority of ancient wisdom: "Heaven is high; the Emperor is far away." This Chinese aphorism, used since time immemorial to emphasize the distance between China's government and...
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Love Thine Enemy: Interdenominational Violence in Christian Communities. (World in Review)
From Pope John Paul II to US President George Bush, from liberal political theorists to conservative journalists, many have warned of a world divided along religious lines in a "clash of civilizations." Following the argument of political scientist...
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Old English Sheepdog Economists. (Letters to the Editor)
Reading David Dollar's article ("Eyes Wide Open," Spring 2003) made me feel as if I were in the company of an alert old English sheepdog. Like so many establishment economists, Dollar was trying to see and indeed thought he was seeing everything in...
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Pillars of Public Diplomacy: Grappling with International Public Opinion. (Perspectives)
Modern diplomacy, once a largely one-dimensional, nation-to-nation process, is now a multi-dimensional enterprise in which so-called "non-state" actors and foreign publics play an increasingly prominent role. The latest Iraq war is the most dramatic,...
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Rebel Assault: Maoist Insurgence in Nepal. (Global Notebook)
Nepal is in danger of a humanitarian crisis. Over 40 percent of the Nepalese population lives in poverty, and 45 of its 75 districts suffer from food shortages. A series of famines, floods, and epidemics over the past four years have affected over...
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The Buck Stops Here: The Bush Administration at War. (Interview)
Bob Woodward is Associate Managing Editor for The Washington Post. As an investigative journalist for The Washington Post, Mr. Woodward earned a Pulitzer Prize for his work on the Watergate presidential scandal, and his coverage of the aftermath of...
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The Defense of Xinjiang: Politics, Economics, and Security in Central Asia. (China)
As a state long noted for its potentially destabilizing ethnic heterogeneity, China has been extremely mindful of the northwestern region of Xinjiang, which is often viewed as one beset by what the Chinese have termed the "three evils" of separatism,...
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The Emperor Is Far Away: Understanding Challenges Faced by the New Leadership. (China)
HARVARD INTERNATIONAL REVIEW: China enjoyed remarkable growth rates in the last 20 years. What accounts for this accelerated rate of development, and how has China's economic liberalization affected its attitude toward the West? China's opening...
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The Quiet Revolution: The Emergence of Capitalism. (China)
When Deng Xiaoping unveiled his vision of economic reform to the Third Plenum of the 11th Central Committee of the Chinese Communist Party in December 1978, the Chinese economy was faltering. Reeling from a decade of stagnation during the Cultural...
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The Real Crisis: North Korea's Nuclear Gambit. (End Paper)
While the world's attention was fixated on Iraq, a more urgent crisis was brewing in Northeast Asia. In the midst of the protracted confrontation and war with Iraq, the deeply isolated, erratic, and unpredictable government of North Korea openly resurrected...
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Where's the Beef? (Letters to the Editor)
Joseph Stiglitz's ("Dealing with Debt," Spring 2003) discontent apparently continues to be more with the International Monetary Fund (IMF) than with globalization per se. In this piece, he elaborates on some of the themes previously developed in his...
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