Harvard International Review

This journal provides commentary, news and analysis of global developments in politics, economics, public policy, science and culture.

Articles from Vol. 24, No. 3, Fall

Africa's Contradiction: Nigeria on the Path to Democracy. (World in Review)
Since Nigeria gained independence from Great Britain in 1960, democracy has had a difficult time taking root. The country's first post-colonial government was overthrown in January 1966 in a coup led by Major General Johnson Agiuyi Ironsi, who was...
A Wale of a Problem: The Welsh National Assembly. (Global Notebook)
When the British Parliament created a Welsh Assembly in 1999, the goal seemed simple enough: to allow some self-rule in Wales in hopes of stopping the violence associated with the Welsh independence movement of the 1970s and 1980s. The move was...
Building Barrios: Community Development in Latin America. (Perspectives)
Over the last two decades, Latin American countries have undergone profound transformations, including transitions from military to civilian rule, radical liberal economic restructuring, and accelerated urbanization and urban sprawl. Yet the impact...
Dangerous Liaisons: Post-September 11 Intelligence Alliances. (Intelligence)
Intelligence alliances are often highly secretive and consequently poorly understood. Some argue that no secret services are friends with one another and point to the large amount of recent economic espionage by supposed allies. Others claim that...
Deja Vu? Comparing Pearl Harbor and September 11. (Intelligence)
During my first trip to Hawaii, I made my way to a place considered sacred by most US citizens the USS Arizona memorial at Pearl Harbor. Survivors often greet visitors to the memorial, answering questions and retelling their memories of the day...
Development Dilemmas: The Monterrey Conference. (Global Notebook)
Situated just south of the US border, the glass and steel metropolis of Monterrey, Mexico, was the stage for the UN International Conference on Financing for Development, held on March 18-22, 2002. The first-ever summit of its kind, the conference...
Grand Delusions: The Psychology of Aircraft Carriers. (Global Notebook)
Like the most recent crisis in the Taiwan Straits and the Gulf War in 1991, the bombing assault carried out by the United States against Taliban forces in October 2001 is likely to spark agitation among the elite nations of the developing world--agitation...
Ideas of Intelligence: Divergent National Concepts and Institutions. (Intelligence)
Since World War II, much effort has gone into defining "intelligence." This effort has even given rise to what is sometimes called intelligence theory, which can be traced to Sherman Kent's desire to see intelligence programmatically examined, ...
Information Overload: Managing Intelligence Technologies. (Intelligence)
Advances in scientific knowledge, translated into new technology, have made previously unmanageable intelligence tasks feasible and greatly increased the speed at which intelligence professionals perform traditional activities. Improved sensors,...
In Pursuit of Paradise: Tourism and Development. (Review Essays)
The typical images of paradise shown in travel brochures and on television are of lush green foliage, wild animals, smiling natives, and exotic food. These promises of unforgettable experiences lure people to the developing world. Pristine natural...
Mercenaries Are Not the Answer. (Letters to the Editor)
I am writing in response to Sean Creehan's article "Soldiers of Fortune 500" (HIR, Winter 2002), in which mercenaries are portrayed as an acceptable means of establishing security in nations facing insurgencies. Mr. Creehan points to Sierra Leone as...
Misplaced Priorities: Human Rights and the Campaign against Terrorism. (Perspectives)
The US government's overriding goal since September 11 has been to defeat terrorism. Determined as this campaign has been, it remains to be seen whether it is merely a fight against a particularly ruthless set of criminals or an effort to defeat...
Morrocan Maladies: Outside Aid Needed. (Global Notebook)
In July 1999, King Mohamed VI succeeded to the throne of Morocco following the death of his father, King Hassan II. Hopes were high that the young king would be able to achieve his stated development objectives, such as modernizing the country and...
Neutrality No More? Switzerland Joins the United Nations. (World in Review)
In a national referendum on March 3, 2002, Switzerland voted to join the United Nations. This move is in significant contrast to a similar 1986 referendum in which the proposal was defeated by a three-to-one majority. The country's main concern...
Of Novels and Nations: A Diverse Life in a Diverse World. (Interview)
Shashi Tharoor was appointed UN Undersecretary-General for Communications and Public Information as of June 2002. In this capacity, he manages the external communications and media relations of the United Nations. Mr. Tharoor joined the United Nations...
Out of the Ashes: Intelligence Moves Forward. (Editor's Note)
Intelligence is often called the most thankless profession because it garners attention only through its failures. The aftermath of September 11 certainly supports this view. In the months that followed the attacks, extensive public debate took...
Outside Looking In: Global Views of the United States. (Review Essays)
Not long after the September 11 terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon, I attended a panel titled "Why Do They Hate Us?" The panelists--academics, policymakers, and business leaders--concluded that there was little reason for...
Risky Business: Private Sector Intelligence in the United States. (Intelligence)
When people think about intelligence, they usually focus on such organizations as the US Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), the British Secret Intelligence Service (SIS), or perhaps the Chinese Ministry of State Security--all government-run agencies...
Searching for Answers: US Intelligence after September 11. (Intelligence)
Bob Graham is a United States senator and chairman of the US Senate Select Committee on Intelligence, a body that provides legislative oversight for the intelligence agencies of the US government. A Democrat from the state of Florida, he was a primary...
The Blind Men and the Earth: An Environmental Parable. (End Paper)
In the parable about the blind men and the elephant, each man, concentrating on the single feature of the animal he touched first, confidently maintains his opinion on the nature of the huge beast. The blind man who touches the elephant's leg is...
The New Review: US Nuclear Policy. (Global Notebook)
On March 9, 2OO2,the administration of US President George Bush confirmed its decision to place Libya, Syria, China, Russia, Iran, Iraq, and North Korea on a list of possible targets of nuclear attack. US Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld submitted...
The Restrained Hegemon: Political Limits to US Military Power. (World in Review)
In the international jungle, the United States remains the 800-pound gorilla--a creature of commanding and unparalleled strength, able to quash anything underfoot. But the United States' military and economic might does not always translate into...
Uneasy Expansion: NATO and Russia. (Global Notebook)
Since the end of the Cold War, relations between NATO and Russia have vacillated between reluctant cooperation and outright antagonism. While Russia has raised many objections to the enlargement of NATO in the past, its opposition has recently abated....
Window of Opportunity: Russia's Role in the Coalition against Terror. (Intelligence)
Since the dramatic events of September 11 and Russian President Vladimir Putin's declaration of support for the United States in its efforts to defeat international terrorism, the meaning and implications of Putin's bold move as well as its impact...