Harvard International Review

This journal provides commentary, news and analysis of global developments in politics, economics, public policy, science and culture.

Articles from Vol. 22, No. 2, Summer

Adrift at Sea
US Interests and the Law of the Sea While more than 130 countries have become party to the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS), the United States, beholden to the short-term interests of its mining lobby, has yet to hold Senate...
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An Anachronistic Policy
The Strategic Obsolescence of the "Rogue Doctrine" It has been ten years since General Colin Powell, then Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff manufactured the "Rogue Doctrine" as the basic template for US military strategy in the post-Cold War...
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Another Vote
Electoral Reform in Italy On the morning of April 19, 1999, the early editions of many Italian national newspapers ran headlines declaring the passage of a referendum on electoral reform that was intended to create a more unified and workable government....
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Asia's Dirty Secret
Prostitution and Sex Trafficking in Southeast Asia While prostitution has an ancient history, the globalization of the sex trade is an unprecedented phenomenon. Despite recent exposure of the brutalities of prostitution and sex trafficking and the...
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Avatar of Stability
Sai Baba's Teachings For spiritual seekers in the West, the key to understanding the religions of the East has often been through its gurus. Sathya Sai Baba, a dimunitive orange-robed religious leader from India, is one such widely renowned holy...
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China's Rural Challenge
Prospects for the Spread of Village Democracy The Chinese government points to village elections as proof of its support for grassroots democracy and political reform. Yet despite a decade of village democracy, questions abound as to just how democratic...
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Deficient Democracy
The EU Body Politic On February 7, 1992, ministers of 12 European states signed a treaty ratifying the formation of the European Union (EU). The document, which came to be known as the Maastricht Treaty, stated in its first article: "This Treaty...
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Democracy in Hong Kong?
A Bumpy Road Toward Political Reform Had there been no 1997 Question, the first step toward democratization in Hong Kong in the early 1980s would never have been taken. As the return of the capitalist enclave to communist rule on July 1, 1997, became...
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Dimensions of Disease
International cooperation and the AIDS epidemic Peter Piot, a native Belgian, was appointed executive director of the Joint United Nations Program on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) and assistant secretary general of the United Nations in 1994. He was formerly...
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In a League of Its Own
Assessing US Rogue Behavior Like many other terms of political discourse, the term "rogue state" has two uses: a propagandistic use, applied to assorted enemies, and a literal use that applies to states that do not regard themselves bounded by international...
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Islamism Reconsidered
A Running Dialogue with Modernity The last quarter of the twentieth century saw the rise of an unexpected phenomenon: Islamism. Emerging in the Middle East in the early 1970s, it quickly propagated across the Muslim world and became the object of...
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Kosovo's Mark
Nationalism, Democracy, and Power in the Balkans The war in Kosovo marked a potential turning point for the Balkans. NATO's military defeat of Serbia, the International Criminal Tribunal's indictment of Serbian dictator Slobodan Milosevic for war...
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LETTERS to the Editor
The Politics of Single Motherhood In "Demand Driven Leadership" (Harvard International Review, Fall 1999) Lionel Tiger argues that various developments in contemporary Western society make single motherhood a reasonable choice for women; that single...
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McDomination
Trade and the Golden Arches Through the successful global marketing of the McDonald's franchise, the "Golden Arches" have come to symbolize consistent, routine American fast food. Yet in recent months the calm facade of McDonald's has been marred...
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Paths for Ukraine
Economic and Political Choices for the Next Century The fall of the Soviet empire and the post-Soviet economic transition are undoubtedly the most crucial events of the last decade of the twentieth century. Ukraine, the largest East European country,...
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Progress by Integration
Helping Russian Science Though all Russian institutions have suffered tremendously during the transition to democracy and capitalism, few organizations have endured as much hardship as the scientific establishment. Ten years ago Russia's 1.5...
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Reform for Russia
Forging a New Domestic Policy How has Russian arrived where it is today? In what direction is it headed? To answer the first question, we must return to where change began. Mikhail Gorbachev half-hearted reforms of the 1980s opened the way for further...
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Rogue Concepts
Misperceptions of North Korea The term "rogue state" is a euphemism, another name for enemy. Rogue states with an aggressive intent in nuclear arming are alleged to be the main proliferation menace in the world. But name-calling blinds the United...
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Sanctioning "Rogue States"
A Strategy in Decline? One of the major dilemmas faced by American policy-makers today is how to treat the countries that the United States now refers to as 'rogues.' America's European and Asian allies have traditionally dealt with these countries...
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Tribunal Tribulations
The ICTY today The trial of two dozen Nazi war criminals at Nuremberg in the fall and winter of 1945 set a crucial historical precedent. Their conviction and punishment were meant not only to condemn the Nazis for mass murder and unrestrained...
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Untangling US Foreign Policy
Woodrow Wilson versus Henry Cabot Lodge; Franklin Roosevelt versus the America Firsters; Bill Clinton versus Pat Buchanan--ask observers of international relations what foreign-policy views divided these pairs, and most will turn to the familiar dichotomy...
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Weapons of Mass Reaction
Rogue States and Weapons of Mass Destruction The idea of "rogue states" was briefly in vogue at the beginning of the Clinton administration. By the end of the administration, however, the term had ceased to be either stylish or fitting. Like so...
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