Harvard International Review

This journal provides commentary, news and analysis of global developments in politics, economics, public policy, science and culture.

Articles from Vol. 23, No. 1, Spring

A Forgotten Enemy
The Threat of Smallpox A little over two decades ago, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared the official eradication of smallpox, the deadliest disease in recorded history, responsible for an estimated 300 to 500 million deaths in the past...
Asia's Informal Diplomacy
Track Two Discussion and Regionalism In a world of nation-states it is natural to think of diplomacy as a formal and exclusive activity. Official speeches, defense white papers, and elaborate diplomatic etiquette further reinforce this impression....
Cambodian Inroads
Reflections on Diplomacy in Southeast Asia Kenneth Quinn has had a long and distinguished diplomatic career, spending nearly 32 years in the US Foreign Service and becoming one of the most decorated officers of his generation. He is one of the foremost...
Confronting Biological Terrorism
Global Epidemiological Monitoring It is difficult for policymakers to assess the likelihood of a mass-casualty terrorist attack on their nations, but the consequences of such a possibility demand that governments pay serious attention to this issue....
Exuberant Reporting
Media and Misinformation in the Markets Although the news media--newspapers, magazines, broadcast media, and now the Internet--present themselves as detached observers of market events, they are themselves an integral part of these events. Significant...
Fit to Print?
Comparing Standards of News One of the hardest things about living in a foreign country is understanding the news--even when it is in English. Some politician you have never heard of has given a news conference. Welfare benefits of bewildering complexity...
Free Media in Unfree Societies
Eastern Europe in Transition Government attacks on independent media in the post-communist world are becoming commonplace. Some of these attacks have attracted widespread press coverage from around the world; others have passed by with little notice....
From Playstation to Detonation
The Potential Threat of Dual-Use Technology While video-game lovers around the world rejoiced at the opportunity to play W "Duke Nukem: Total Meltdown" on the newly released Sony Playstation 2, the Japanese government was preparing its case to impose...
Island of Intolerance?
The Fijian Debacle During Fiji's May 2000 coup, George Speight and his fellow conspirators moved the nation away from the democratic ideals that had been so carefully cultivated in the late 1990s. The events that led to Speight's capture, however,...
Knowledge Is Power
Media, Information, and Politics With fervent idealism, the media have long embraced their role as the fourth estate, casting themselves as objective protectors of political accountability and the truth. Yet this characterization seems increasingly...
LETTERS to the Editor
A More Revitalized Trade Agenda Ambassador Charlene Barshefsky's article is entitled "A Revitalized Trade Agenda" (HIR, Fall 2000). Although the subtitle--"Complications and Directions in World Trade Policy"--appears to limit the article's scope,...
Reluctant Entrant
Poland and the EU Poland applied for EU membership in April 1994 and since then has followed a program designed to adjust its legal and economic structures to EU standards. Agriculture is the area that Poland most needs to reform in order to...
Right Tilt
India and the BJP On January 23, 1999, an Australian missionary, Graham Staines, and his two young sons were burned to death by Hindu extremists as they slept in their car in a rural Indian village. This incident, which shocked Indians throughout...
Standing By
ASEAN in Crisis Before the 1999 Meeting of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) in Bangkok, Shanmugam Jayakumar, foreign minister of Singapore, cautioned that ASEAN had to counter "the perception of ASEAN as ineffective and a sunset...
The Clumsy Cartel
OPEC's Uncertain Future Since 1970 the world price of crude oil has been both high and unstable. The price-setter, the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), whose members include the United Arab Emirates, Algeria, Indonesia, Iran,...
The Digital Revolution and the New Reformation
Doctrine and Gender in Islam Any major university in the United States may have more computer literate individuals than several states of the Nigerian Federation. This disparity between computer-skilled and computer-challenged highlights the depth...
The New Face of Mexico
Vicente Fox's Mexican Revolution Relaxing in a big leather chair on the family ranch where he was raised, Vicente Fox Quesada sees a new Mexico. When he was born here 58 years ago in this central Mexican farming village that surrounds a little peach-colored...
The People's War?
The Resurgence of Maoism in Nepal February 13, 1996, marked the symbolic beginning of the People's War of the Communist Party of Nepal-Maoist (CPN-M). On that day, activists and sympathizers gathered outside a government office that made loans to...
The Uncertainty of Digital Politics
Democracy's Uneasy Relationship with Information Technology Telecommunications technology has from the start been regarded as an engine of democracy. Recently, this same technology has also driven globalization, helping to make frontiers porous...
Trading China
PNTR and Democracy On September 2000, the US Senate voted 83-15 for a controversial to extend permanent normal trading relations (PNTR) status to China. The bill effectively guaranteed China equal trading status with the United States; PNTR meant...
Truth on the Battlefield
Between News and the Notional Interest Reflecting on the evolving interplay between those who wage war and those who report on it, I'm reminded of the speculation, indulged in by more than one historian, on what effect television cameras and correspondents...
Yugoslavia in Retrospect
Lessons from the War By now, it is almost a truism to say that, during the 1990s, developments in Europe and the world were significantly influenced by the Balkans--more precisely, by the Yugoslav wars. These corrosive crises not only tested but...