Harvard International Review

This journal provides commentary, news and analysis of global developments in politics, economics, public policy, science and culture.

Articles from Vol. 33, No. 1, Spring

American Foreign Policy Council Presents ... Sino-Indian Relations: A Troubled History, an Uncertain Future
Few now dispute that the magnificent rise of China and India has fundamentally transformed the geopolitical landscape of the 21st century. In the United States, their emergence has prompted interest in the two Asian giants, home to more than a third...
Amnesty International Presents ... Homegrown Terrorism: Is There an Islamic Wave?
US Representative Peter King's congressional hearings--on Muslim radicalization, the war on terror, and the role of America's Muslims--proceed, provide an opportune time to take stock of a homegrown terrorist phenomenon that has gripped headlines across...
A Pioneering Perspective: The Global Social Movement against Extreme Poverty
The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) pose a profound challenge for the world. Is it possible for the global community to set ambitious goals and then work together to achieve them? The MDGs address the scourges of extreme poverty, hunger, and disease,...
A Pipe Dream? Reforming the United Nations
The year 2011 marks the beginning of retirement for many baby-boomers. The Beatles once asked: "Will you still need me/Will you still feed me/When I'm sixty-four?" This year the United Nations turns 66 and many think it should have taken early retirement....
Center for Systemic Peace Presents ... the New Democratic Order: Complex Societal-Systems and the "Invisible Hand"
The history of humankind can be viewed as a narrative flow with myriad tributaries and estuaries that meander and converge into rivers and streams, and whose courses are punctuated periodically by monumental events. Monumental events occur as the result...
Change in the Middle East: Its Implications for US Policy
To say that the Middle East has reached a turning point would be missing the point. The Middle East is hurtling in a new direction, and the United States must catch up or be left behind. The remarkable events in Tunisia, Egypt, Libya, Bahrain, and...
Corporate Connections: The Value of Private Sector Partnerships
Companies have a responsibility towards all stakeholders, including shareholders and the societies that make their very existence possible. Giving back, whether through charitable contributions or socially beneficial partnerships, is essential to the...
Deep Security: Building a European Community of Values
At the end of the 1980s, I was Chairman of the Board of the Socialist International while Willy Brandt was its President. Willy always liked to make our formal meetings in Bonn, where the Federal Republic of Germany had its capital, as short as possible...
Double or Nothing: Can Ahmadinejad Anger Allies and Survive?
As his reign drew to a close in the late 1970s, Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi had few allies. He had persecuted the Communists, thwarted the advocates of liberal democracy, antagonized conservative landholders, and provoked the religious conservatives....
Favelas in the Spotlight: Transforming the Slums of Rio De Janeiro
In October 2009, the International Olympic Committee (IOC) announced to the world that Rio de Janeiro would host the 2016 Olympic Games. Cariocas, as Rio's residents are called, were euphoric. Nearly 30,000 gathered on Copacabana Beach to celebrate,...
From Lambs to Lions: Self-Liberation and Social Media in Egypt
Globalization has increasingly wired the world for the rapid transfer of information. In Egypt, the Mubarak regime recognized that information is power and created repressive institutions to control these flows. Torture, censorship, and murder kept...
Himalayan Hydropower: Alternative Energy in Nepal
Nepal is one of the poorest countries in the world--a quarter of its population lives on less than US$1 per day, and unemployment rates are over 40 percent. With a population of over 29 million, Nepal is facing an upward trajectory in energy demand,...
Il Cavaliere's Last Ride: The Many Scandals of Berlusconi
Writing in the first and second centuries AD, the Roman senator and historian Tacitus warned that in the corruption and decadence of the ever-expanding Roman Empire already lay the foundation for its eventual demise. It would not be powerful enemy...
India's Youth Challenge
Facing a declining working-age population in advanced countries and China, India's growing youth population need not be a blessing. What Arvind Panagariya fails to consider In "The Global Professional" (Review, Winter 2011) is that India's youth bulge...
Is It Time for Brazil? Preparing for the Next World Cup
At the 2010 FIFA World Cup in South Africa, the musician Shakira's catchy lyrics, "This time for Africa," rang true with the success of the Cup. Now, as the football-enthused nation of Brazil prepares to host the next World Cup in 2014, a similar question...
"It's the Economy, Stupid." Trials and Tribulations of the Iranian Economy
The possible implosion of Iran's theocratic regime due to economic pressure reminds one of the quote: "It's the economy, stupid." These famous four words from Bill Clinton's successful US presidential campaign against George Bush in 1992 have an eerie...
Ki-Moon as Key Player: The Secretary-General's Role in Peace and Security
To evaluate the performance of Ban Ki-moon in his current five-year term as Secretary-General of the United Nations, it is necessary to take a historical perspective in the context of two significant considerations. Firstly, the reluctance of sovereign...
Letter from the Editors
Perhaps no organization better understands the call to global responsibility than the United Nations. In the wake of political revolutions in the Middle East and a wave of natural disasters culminating most recently in Japan's catastrophic earthquake,...
Power in Collaboration: Advancing the Millenium Development Goals
In 2000, world leaders representing the then 189 member states of the United Nations signed the Millennium Declaration to reduce poverty worldwide, creating eight ambitious Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and 21 concrete targets to measure progress...
Pressing Concerns: Questions for the Euro Area
The big question for today's international monetary system is: will the Euro survive? I believe that it will, and that Euro-land will muddle through its current serious difficulties. The common currency in Europe has run into two problems. One was...
Prospects for Progress: Moving Forward on Climate Policy
There has been some modest progress over the past 12 months in the international negotiations over climate change, but there is still an insufficient understanding of the urgency with which the science indicates we should be dealing with this challenge....
Struggles in South Sudan: Five Months to Resolve 55 Years of Structural Violence
Operative clause three of the first chapter of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) asserts the rights of South Sudanese to self-determination by referendum to define their political future. Years after the CPA's writing, the people of South Sudan...
The National Malaise
Stanley Wolpert writes of the "mixed legacy" of India's history (Review, Winter 2011), but his account suffers from triumphalism. His attribution of India's survival to an essentially permanent civilization is reminiscent of Mark Twain's hyperbolic...
The Politics of Pride: The LGBT Movement and Post-Soviet Democracy
Hoping to avoid violent conflict or confrontation after being denied an official permit to march through the streets of Moscow, a small group of gay and lesbian activists gathered peacefully at the entrance to the public park Aleksandrskii Sad on May...
The US-UN Partnership: Greater Engagement Will Bring a Greater Institution
Over the last 65 years of its existence, the United Nations has served as an indispensable platform for international cooperation in addressing the greatest global challenges of our time--from helping to prevent wars and keep the peace, to curbing...
UN Efforts for Global Health: Instituting Innovations for Improvement
The global community has long understood the importance of public health to world prosperity, security, and cooperation. The World Health Organization (WHO) was established in 1948 as the first specialized agency of the United Nations. Its constitution...
UN Innovation: A Business Model for Solving Global Problems
The founders of the United Nations established the organization to stop wars and facilitate international cooperation by promoting security, economic development, social progress, human rights, and rule of law. These continue to be at the core of the...