Harvard International Review

This journal provides commentary, news and analysis of global developments in politics, economics, public policy, science and culture.

Articles from Vol. 20, No. 2, Spring

Applied Idealism: A Buddhist Perspective on the Necessity of Government
The Venerable SHENG-YEN, Ph.D., is President and Founder of the International Cultural And Educational Foundation of Dharma Drum Mountain. While Western views on the relationship between church and state have been studied and debated profusely,...
Bi-National Palestine? (the Creation of a Palestinian State within Israel Would Jeopardize Jews' Security)
Israel is rife with contradictions, and Nadim Rouhana (page 74) correctly calls attention to one of the most pressing: that Israel cannot claim democracy if it treats its Arab citizens as second-class. Indeed, Israel must go further in demonstrating...
Creating a New Society: Immigration, Nation-Building, and Ethnicity in Israel
CALVIN GOLDSCHEIDER is Professor of Sociology and Dorot Professor of Judaic Studies at Brown University. More than most countries, Israel has been shaped by immigration. The large number of immigrants to Israel relative to the native-born population,...
Expanding Alliance: The Impact of the NATO Madrid Summit
SEBESTYEN L. v. GORKA is an International Research Fellow at the NATO Defense College. With a decisiveness uncommon in international politics, the Clinton administration publicly committed NATO to expand by "one or more" countries in the year of...
Globalizing Justice: NGOs and the Need for an International Criminal Court
WILLIAM R. PACE is Executive Director of the World Federalist Movement-Institute for Global Policy and is the Convenor of the NGO Coalition for an International Criminal Court. Behind the daily headlines of world crises and UN failures, negotiations...
Good Neighbours: ASEAN and Burma's Human Rights Record
By opening its doors to Burma on July 29, 1997, the Association of South-East Asian Nations (ASEAN) granted unmerited political legitimacy to a rogue state with an egregious human rights record. ASEAN justified its policy as an attempt at "constructive...
Handle with Care: China and the Hong Kong Stock Market Crash
The return of Hong Kong to the People's Republic of China as a Special Administrative Region on July 1, 1997, marked the first time since the 1945 Yalta Conference that a territory was reverted to a communist regime whose economic might and political...
In Search of Security: Defending Israel into the Next Century
ITZCHAK MORDECHAI is Defense Minister of the State of Israel. A look back at Israel's 50 years of independence and sovereignty reveals both extraordinary accomplishments and still-daunting challenges. History knows no instance comparable to the...
Israel at 50: Achievements and Challenges
As Israel's fiftieth anniversary of independence approaches, the mood there is less than euphoric. The Likud government is losing the support of its coalition partners, the Arab-Israeli peace process is stagnant, and Israeli civilians live in fear...
Just Settlement: The Return of Eastern Slavonia to Croatia
MIOMIR ZUZUL is Croatian Ambassador to the United States. In January of 1998, the area known as Eastern Slavonia was restored to full Croatian authority after an arduous two-year process. The successful conclusion to the peaceful reintegration of...
Limits of Pressure: US Policy Failures in the International War on Drugs
HAL JONES, Editor-in-Chief, Harvard International Review Many policymakers in Washington believe that the United States can use its role as the hegemonic power in the hemisphere to induce its neighbors to launch extensive campaigns against the production...
On the Right Track: Reflections on the Achievements of the Past Half-Century
EZER WEIZMAN is President of the State of Israel. The day on which Israel's independence was proclaimed found me at an air force base in Ceske Budjovice, Czechoslovakia. On that day, May 15, 1948, I was dressed in a German Air Force flight suit,...
Overcoming Adversity: Fifty Years of Israeli Independence
Author's Note: This material has been reviewed by the CIA. That review neither constitutes CIA authentication of information nor implies CIA endorsement of the author's views. BERNARD REICH is Professor of Political Science and International...
Politics of Denial: Israel, the United Nations, and the Anniversary That Should Have Been
BY RUTH WISSE Professor of Yiddish and Comparative Literature, Harvard University November 29, 1997, should have been celebrated as an international milestone. On that date a half century ago, the General Assembly of the newly-founded United...
Private Space: A Free-Market Approach to Space Exploration
JEFF ZINSMEISTER, Global Notebook Editor, Harvard International Review Since Sputnik was first placed into Earth orbit in 1957, space exploration has remained almost exclusively under the auspices of government. The tremendous costs and national...
Russian Roulette: Ukraine and NATO Membership
In the summer of 1997, a Russian official warned that the West was playing a game of "Russian roulette" by considering the expansion of NATO into the Commonwealth of Independent States. He was especially concerned about the possibility that NATO would...
Special Partnership: US-Israeli Relations and the Peace Process
Martin Indyk is US Assistant Secretary of State for Near Eastern Affairs. As US Assistant Secretary of State for Near Eastern Affairs since October 1997, Martin Indyk assists Secretary of State Madeline Albright in providing overall direction, coordination,...
Still Waiting: Land Reform in Zimbabwe
Since independence in 1980, the 600,000 black Zimbabwean peasant families confined to marginal and overcrowded land have been eagerly awaiting President Mugabe's long-standing promise of land redistribution. In November 1997, Mugabe finally pressed...
Synagogue and State: Religion and Politics in Modern Israel
CHARLES S. LIEBMAN is Avner Professor of Religion and Politics, and ASHER COHEN lectures in the Department of Political Studies at Bar-Ilan University. Jews constitute about 80 percent of the Israeli population. Roughly one-fifth define themselves...
System in Flux: The Future of Japanese Main Bank Relationships
GOPAL GARUDA, Staff Writer, Harvard International Review Skeptics who question whether East Asia's rapid growth will continue indefinitely often cite Japan's banking crisis and prolonged recession as proof that the "Asian miracle" was inherently...
Test of Equal Citizenship: Israel between Jewish Ethnocracy and Bi-National Democracy
NADIM N. ROUHANA is Associate Professor in the Graduate Program in Dispute Resolution at the University of Massachusetts-Boston and an Associate at the Weatherhead Center for International Affairs at Harvard University. The view that Israel is a...
Unsinkable: Economic Development in Subic Bay
Subic Bay was once the site of one of the largest US naval bases in foreign territory. Today, as a significant economic center, the Subic Bay Metropolitan Authority (SBMA) promises genuine development for the Filipino economy. Long dubbed "the sick...
Vision for the Future: Realizing the Promise of the Promised Land
EHUD BARAK is Chairman of the Israel Labor Party. This article is adapted from a speech given by Mr. Barak to the General Assembly of the Council of Jewish Federations in Indianapolis, Indiana, on November 17, 1997. Israel is not just a country;...
Walking the Line: Turkey's Struggle with Islamism
On December 10, 1997, Turkish President Suleyman Demirel withdrew from the Organization of Islamic Conference summit in Tehran. Many suspect that he did so to avoid facing criticism for Turkey's increasingly close ties to Israel. Turkey's cooperation...