Harvard International Review

This journal provides commentary, news and analysis of global developments in politics, economics, public policy, science and culture.

Articles from Vol. 25, No. 4, Winter

A Cross to Bear: The Plight of the Dega in Vietnam
Vietnam is not easily categorized as a communist state. The country maintains a state-run economy with ever-increasing property and business privatization. It also imprisons dissenters while holding national democratic elections. Vietnam claims to...
A Fuzzy Picture
Jakub Grygiel reviews Soft News goes to War. Writing on the freedom of the press in the United States in the 1830s, Alexis de Tocqueville commented that "people enjoying that freedom become attached to their opinions as much from pride as from conviction....
A Matter of Faith
Rarely in modern times has religion's role in international affairs been discussed with the sense of urgency that it is today. In previous eras, religious passions fueled the fires that built nations, forged cultural identities, and raised up whole...
A Nuclear Fission: The North Korea Debate in Washington
It has been widely speculated that there is a debate within the administration of US President George Bush regarding policy toward North Korea. At one end are the Pentagon hawks who prefer some form of regime change as the most ideal, effective, and...
A Rocky Road: The Political Fate of Gibraltar
Gibraltar, commonly nicknamed "The Rock," is an unusual political anachronism, a bastion of British colonial imperialism and 18th century European power politics caught in a 21st century geopolitical context. Gibraltar is one of the world's most contested...
A (Social) Capital Idea: Making Development Work
Somewhere, right now, social capital is improving someone's life. In Argentina, individuals are relying on family and community members to provide a social safety net that the government is unable to provide. In parts of Latin America, grassroots organizers...
A Soviet Reunion: Toward a Single Economic Space
When the Soviet Union dissolved 12 years ago, the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) formed as a loose coalition in its place. A significant step toward tightening the coalition was made at a summit at Yalta on September 19, 2003, aimed at establishing...
Between War and Peace: How to Manage Threats to Global Security
What aspects of the conflict in Bosnia made it possible for the United States to intervene? I think you need to look at any potential action both internationally and within the conflict itself. The primary obstacle to our intervention was not within...
Blurry Borders: Violent Conflict Threatens Zambia
The Great Lakes region of central Africa, one of the worlds most war-torn areas, faces ongoing violence incited by a turbulent political history of nearly 50 years. The worst episode of this conflict was the Rwandan genocide of 1994, when Hutu tribal...
Church and State: Social and Religious Identity in Southeast Europe
Religious extremism seems to be the latest in a succession of catch phrases like "red scare" and "ethnic cleansing" that have permeated political discussions. However, the term seems contradictory because no religious person would undertake violent...
Correlated Conflicts: The Independent Nature of Ethnic Strife
There is little agreement on the role of religion in ethnic conflict, or, for that matter, its role in politics and society in general. While some argue that it is a central factor, others claim that religion has little or no influence. The belief...
Divine Intervention: Regional Reconciliation through Faith
Religion historically has been a major source of international conflict, and its role as such has been reinforced in recent years. Hans Kung has asserted that the "most fanatical and cruelest political struggles are those that have been colored, inspired,...
Going Major: Reforming the League of Arab States
It is a difficult time to be an Arab state. Saddam Hussein fell more quickly than expected, and the Israeli-Palestinian conflict has continued to fester. A growing population and a stagnant economy makes the future appear ominous for the region. Sadly,...
Holy Orders: Opposition to Modern States
No one who watched in horror as the towers of the World Trade Center crumbled into dust on September 11,2001, could doubt that the real target of the terrorist assault was US global power. Those involved in similar attacks and in similar groups have...
Lifting the Veil: Understanding the Roots of Islamic Militancy
In the wake of the attacks of September 11,2001, many intellectuals have argued that Muslim extremists like Osama bin Laden despise the United States primarily because of its foreign policy. Conversely, US President George Bush's administration and...
Making the Grade: Achieving Universal Education
The passage of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in 1950 spurred efforts around the world to ensure that everyone has a right to education." More than 50 years later, as states still struggle to achieve universal education, Nigeria's Universal...
Mending Fences: Warmer US-Canadian Relations
Not since US President James Polk threatened to invade British Columbia in 1845 have tempers flared so hotly along the US-Canadian border. In March 2003, Carolyn Parish, a member of Parliament from Canada's ruling Liberal Party, publicly exclaimed:...
Moral Democracy?
Adel Safty's article ("Moral Leadership," Fall 2003) is a timely "call to arms" for those amongst us keen to establish, or perhaps reestablish, a moral thread to contemporary leadership in all its forms, but most critically within politics. Safty argues...
OPEC and US Energy
On the 30th anniversary of the Arab oil embargo, the Secretary-General of Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), Alvaro Silva Calderon, writes ("Changing the Mix: Renewable Energy and the Continuing Need for Fossil Fuels," Fall 2003)...
Resisting Modernity: The Backlash against Secularism
By the middle of the 20th century, pundits and intellectuals in the West generally took it for granted that secularism was the coming ideology and that religion would never again play a major role in public life. However, within a few years, it became...
Spirit of Capitalism: Religion and Economic Development
Research across a broad group of countries has identified many determinants of economic growth, leading to the conclusion that successful explanations of economic performance have to go beyond economic variables to encompass political and social forces....
State for Sale: The Privatization of Iraq
Millions of protestors excoriated Operation Iraqi Freedom as a war only for oil. Now some are wondering if these complaints went far enough. As the US-backed Iraqi Governing Council proposes opening the country to unfettered foreign investment, critics...
The Chairman and the Coronavirus: Globalization and China's Healthcare System
A well-known Chinese proverb relates the story of a thief who accidentally set off the doorbells as he attempted a break-in. Clasping his hands over his ears, the thief lulled himself into a false sense of security. Of course, he was caught, providing...
The Pitfalls of Pluralism: Talibanization and Saffronization in India
Gujarat is India's westernmost state, and the home of the subcontinent's two great leaders in the movement for independence from British imperialism: India's Mohandas Gandhi and Pakistan's Muhammad Ali Jinnah. But the last two years have been anything...