Harvard International Review

This journal provides commentary, news and analysis of global developments in politics, economics, public policy, science and culture.

Articles from Vol. 33, No. 2, Summer

A Global New Deal: Making Globalization Work for Labor
We live, breathe, work, eat, sleep, shop, and raise our children in a global economy - for better or for worse - and it influences our lives in profound and complex ways. Globalization is about the extraordinarily cheap costs of moving data around...
A Nation Building Process
In Nigeria, piles of garbage are stacked so high that they resemble small Egyptian pyramids from a distance. These incubators for parasites, insects, and rodents cause countless cases of dysentery, diarrhea, and malaria. Imagine, for pregnant women...
An Emerging Global Market: Trends, Consequences, and Challenges
The early 1990s saw the beginnings of a global labor market. Today, in 2011, the elements are all in place. Yet as a labor market, it is not very open and not very global. It is a mix of markets, government programs that allow firms to hire foreign...
Arab Spring ... American Fall? Learning the Right Lessons from Iraq and Afghanistan
The year 2011 began with momentous changes across the Middle East as people took to the streets and demanded an end to their regimes. The year will end with a significant reduction of US military forces in the Muslim world. And at the very time that...
Democratic Dishonesty: Manipulating Economic Data in Argentina
President Cristina Fernandez Kirchner has reason to be optimistic. The first female president of Argentina is very likely to be competing for re-election in October and die latest opinion polls show that she is significantly more popular than her political...
Desolation Called Peace
In their article "Summer of Discontent: Considering Conditions in Kashmir" (Review, Winter 2011), Professor Amitabh Mattoo and Souresh Roy survey the events of summer 2010 in Kashmir when Indian security forces meted out frequently fatal retaliation...
Gallup Presents ... Inside Turkmenistan: A Glimpse at the Central Asian Country
Since the demise of the Soviet Union in 1991, Turkmenistan has been one of the most isolated countries in the world. Selling natural gas from the country's abundant supply to Russia allowed former dictator Sapamurat Niyazov to supply the Turkmen populace...
Global Liberalization: Trade-Offs across Borders
I: To start off, we would like to discuss the Doha Round trade talks and their failure to date to produce consensus on major issues, including tariff and agricultural policies. Do you think that this failure indicates a significant shift in momentum...
How Civil Society Can Help: Sweatshop Workers as Globalization's Consequence
Italy's idyllic region of Tuscany is known as a top-tier tourist destination. Less well known is that it is also one of Europe's frontiers of human trafficking and a case-study in the effects of globalization. The garment and textile factories of Prato...
Left, Right, Left, Right; Populism and Foreign Policy
Foreign policy elites have been shaken by the unexpected rise of powerful social movements in the Arab world, coupled with the Tea Party "insurgency" in the United States. Assumptions of stable foreign and domestic equilibria seem to be in shambles....
Letter from the Editors
Whether they work in Shenzhen factories, New York skyscrapers, or Dhaka streets, laborers feel the effects of an increasingly integrated world in their daily lives. Although a seemingly intangible, amorphous concept, "globalization" has in fact manifested...
Licensed to Kill: Sanctified Sexism in Syria
The image of hundreds of Syrian women, carrying white cloths and olive branches in a protest against the government's mass arrests of the men of their village in April, was indeed powerful. There, in die town of Baida, the women had seemed to be political...
No Revolution Here: Beyond Kim Jong Il's Cult of Personality
In late February, dozens of helium-filled balloons drifted on southerly winds into North Korea. The seemingly innocuous incident drew a fierce response from Pyongyang, as North Korean officials threatened to target and kill those responsible for releasing...
Post-Conflict Security: The Goals and Dilemmas of Police-Building
This year, the World Bank's World Development Report (WDR 2011) focused on criminal violence as a factor that creates or sustains state fragility, drains resources, and undermines legitimate governance. No low-income fragile or conflict-affected state,...
Real Diplomacy: Strategies for the Middle East and North Africa
I: We would like to begin by discussing the current turmoil throughout the Middle East and North Africa. In general, what do you believe is the appropriate diplomatic role for the United States and the United Nations in responding to such regional...
Saving Spain's Economy: The Political Cost of Reform
After the Portuguese government requested a bailout from the European Union, many argued that Spain would he next in line. Although recent reforms led by Prime Minister Jose Luis Rodriguez Zapatero provide reason to be optimistic about Spain's economy,...
Shifting Loyalties; Libya's Dynamic Tribalism
The recent uprising in Libya has highlighted Muammar Qaddafi's expert ability to manipulate tribal rivalries to maintain his grip on power. In Qaddafi's early days as leader, he tried his best to build a unified national identity that trumped tribal...
Sports Fans across Borders: America from Mars, Europe from Venus
There is ample evidence that sports have performed an enlightening function in human history--that precisely by dint of their inherently competitive and agonistic nature, they foster a profound meritocracy and cosmopolitanism that few other venues...
Supply and Demand: Human Trafficking in the Global Economy
On New Year's Day 2011, I flew to Lagos to research human trafficking in Nigeria. Towards the end of my trip, I visited a small town called Badagry, about a two-hour drive west of Lagos. In 1502, Portuguese colonists built one of the first slave-trading...
The Inter-American Development Bank Presents ... Pushing for Progress. Women, Work, and Gender Roles in Latin America
The world, and particularly Latin America, has experienced important changes regarding the role of women and men during the last three to four decades. Women's visibility at home, at school, in the labor markets, and in society in general, has evolved...
The Roma in Europe: Paving a Brighter Future
The Roma population constitutes the largest ethnic minority in the European Union, totalling 10 to 12 million citizens. Signifying "man" or "husband" in the Romani language, "Roma" was adopted as the official international appellation for the numerous...
The Vietnam Case: Workers versus the Global Supply Chain
Vietnam--a socialist country integrating into the global capitalist system--can serve as a useful case study on labor and globalization because it reflects larger global trends. These include domestic and international labor migration with the increased...
Trouble in Palestine; the Implications of the Arab Spring
NOTE: In light of recent developments in the Middle East, the following article has been revised. Please review the most updated version at the Harvard International Review website, www.hir.harvard.edu The revolutions that have swept across the...