Harvard International Review

This journal provides commentary, news and analysis of global developments in politics, economics, public policy, science and culture.

Articles from Vol. 30, No. 4, Winter

A Crisis of Belonging: Rwanda's Ethnic Nationalism and the Kivu Conflict
The recent outbreak of conflict in the eastern regions of the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) has elicited numerous calls for reconciliation both within Africa and in the West. The consensus seems to be that peace must be reestablished urgently....
An Illusory Transition: Resilient Authoritarianism in the Former Soviet Union
When President George H.W. Bush gave his "A Europe Whole and Free" speech in Mainz, (West) Germany in May 1989, the assumptions of the time suggested a clear path in establishing open and democratic countries in Europe and Eurasia, what he termed a...
A War without Limits: Somalia's Humanitarian Catastrophe
For years, Somalia has been a byword for anarchic violence, famine, and drought. It is depicted as an inhospitable, ungovernable country ripped apart by long-standing internal feuds and, more recently, as a harbor for terrorism and piracy. Yet not...
Building Cooperation: Bulgaria's Essential Role in Regional Integration
After years of social and political transformation, Bulgaria has uniquely positioned itself among the countries of the Balkans and Black Sea region. Not only does it currently enjoy unprecedented economic growth and the full trust of foreign investors,...
Europe's Obama: Please Stand Up
With an uncanny similarity to President Barack Obama across the Atlantic, Cem Ozdemir won the German Green Party's election in November 2008, becoming his country's first ethnic Turk to be elected the leader of a major political party. At age 43 he...
Extreme Madrasahs
Alexander Evans ("Madrasah Education: Necessity or Rational Choice," Fall 2008) is correct in focusing on the state's failure in South Asia to provide quality education. He, however, is wrong on two counts. He believes that some parents in urban centers...
Global Competency: Educating the World
The recent terrorist attacks in Mumbai raise four questions for an educator. First, how did the education of these perpetrators shape such hatred that they could take the lives of hundreds of unarmed civilians? Second, how were the individuals who...
Keeping Promises: Post-Coup Mauritania
On August 6, 2008, Mauritanian troops staged a coup d'etat to remove from power and imprison President Sidi Ould Cheikh Abdallahi, their country's first democratically-elected leader. The coup came shortly after Abdallahi's call for the dismissal of...
Legality and Localism
The international community would be wise to support Mr. Carter's call ("Reconstructing the Rule of Law: Post-Conflict Liberia," Fall 2008) for an international endorsement of community-based structures that promote access to justice. Having witnessed...
Mirage in the Desert Oasis: Forced Labor in Dubai and the United Arab Emirates
One hundred forty-three of the 192 countries in the world are involved in human trafficking. Though our civilization is currently flirting for the second time with globalization, enhanced technologically and scientifically from its first experiment...
Monetary Integration: Prospects for a Changing World Economy
Only a short time ago, economists were predicting that the number of currencies in the global monetary system would fall from more than 150 to perhaps three or four. In 2001, Harvard's Kenneth Rogoff wrote in the American Economic Review, "It appears...
Necessary Reform? the IMF and International Financial Architecture
The most salient issue of those concerned with the international financial architecture back in mid-2007 was "governance," in particular governance of the International Monetary Fund (IMF). This involved, among other things, the selection of future...
Obstacles in International Justice: The Establishment and Efficacy of International Courts
How did the precedents set by the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY) and the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR) change the concept of accountability systems in conflict situations? The establishment of...
On Prudential Regulation: To Regulate Foreign or Domestic Intermediation?
In traditional Chinese medicine, the doctor is paid as long as the patient is healthy. The patient comes in four times a year for a checkup, with adjusted lifestyle recommendations. Payment is stopped once the patient is ill. In the US, as long as...
Path to Recovery: A Libertarian Perspective on Economic Crisis
In your statements, you have advocated tax cuts over government spending as a policy instrument for economic stimulus. Could you explain why tax cuts would be more efficient? I would not use the words "more efficient," but I will come back to that....
Petrol Power: Oil's Hold on Latin America
Oil, former Venezuelan oil minister Juan Pablo Perez Alfonzo famously noted, is "the devil's excrement." Ironically, his own country has ignored this prophetic warning most of all. In Venezuela and many other Latin American countries, huge nationalized...
Positive Aspects of US Image: Issues for the New Administration to Consider
There is no doubt that the global image of the United States is not what it once was. Over the past eight years, the Bush Administration's foreign policies--Iraq, the war on terror, perceived US unilateralism--have been widely opposed, and the United...
Remodeling Dubai: The Emirate's Housing Market
Often considered an oasis of limitless growth in the United Arab Emirates (UAE), the emirate of Dubai is widely known for its rapid expansion and lavish extravagance, which is nowhere as evident as in its market for housing and hotel development projects....
Taking a Chance: Nepal Looks to Maoists for Change
After a decade-long struggle against the ruling monarchy, the Communist Party of Nepal-Marxist (CPN-M) finally won the approval of the Nepalese people in their nation's April 2008 elections. The Maoists' victory brought an overwhelming sense of hope...
The Future of the Dollar: Currency Challenges in a Globalized World
"They get our oil and give us a worthless piece of paper," exclaimed Mahmoud Ahmadinejad at an OPEC summit in November 2007. Unkind words about the American currency from an Iranian president could normally be dismissed as political bluster, but in...
World in Crisis; Japan's Experiences
Economic growth has been the basis of stability in many quarters of the world in the last decade. Emerging economies have grown rapidly in recent years due mainly to their exports, and other developing countries have begun to follow their trail. Developed...