The Western Journal of Black Studies

Journal focusing on issues regarding the African American experience in the United States.

Articles from Vol. 36, No. 1, Spring

African-Centered Womanism: Recovery, Reconstruction and Renewal
This special issue of WJBS emerges out of ongoing conversations and continuing questions about the expansive meaning, rich history, emancipatory character, and transformative thrust of African-centered womanism and its current place and role in our...
Defining Africana Womanhood: Developing an Africana Womanism Methodology
Introduction Contemporary media provide a venue to promote an anti-Africana woman agenda which in tuna places constant assaults on African humanity. Stereotypical portrayals of Africana women dominate current popular representations and perceptions...
Frances Ellen Watkins Harper: A Proto-Africana Womanist
Introduction It is generally conceded that Frances Ellen Watkins Harper is one of the most important figures in African American intellectual history (Logan, 1999; Boyd, 1994; Loewenberg and Bogin, 1976). Login (1999, p. 44) describes her as "perhaps...
Grounding Kawaida Womanism: A Sankofa Reading of Ancient Sources
I. Introduction The governing interest of this paper is to offer a careful and considered sankofa reading of two ancient sacred texts, the Husia of the Maatian tradition and the Odu Ifa of the Ifa tradition which provide essential cultural and ethical...
Hagar the Egyptian: A Womanist Dialogue
Theological womanist are committed to reflecting on the religious, cultural and intellectual experiences of black women yet they have systematically ignored the contributions of their sister theorists--Africana womanist. Both traditions are relatively...
Hiphop within a Womanist Lens
Introduction How can womanism be applied to understand gender in Hiphop? Why is womanism an essential part of the analytical toolbox for those concerned with this research? This article deploys autoethnographic methods to explain the relevance of...
Kawaida Womanism: African Ways of Being Woman in the World
1. Introduction The African-centered womanist tradition is a long, diverse and rich one with origins in Africa and concerns itself with the rights and dignity of women, their agency, their rightful relationship with men, and the vital roles they...
The Cosmology of Afrocentric Womanism
Introduction Africana autobiography is a privileged epistemological source in Afrocentric analysis (Myers, 2003, pp. 127-28) because it reveals intimate and culturally organic perspectives accounting for survival, passion, resistance, soul, motive,...
The Womanish Roots of Womanism: A Culturally-Derived and African-Centered Ideal (Concept)
One of womanism's greatest challenges is resisting attempts to define or redefine it and use it and its root ideal, womanish, in ways that disassociate it from its cultural context and social reality. This paper posits that the term womanish, is culturally...
Womanist Mothering: Loving and Raising the Revolution
I honestly believe I am the only woman in the United States who ever traveled throughout the country with a nursing baby to make political speeches. --Ida B. Wells-Barnett (Giddings 2009, p. 369) Womanist Mothering, Identity, Oppression and Empowerment--...