The World and I

World and I is an encyclopedic journal that includes world news; developments in science, the arts and philosophy; book reviews; and photo essays. Since it was founded in 1986, it is printed monthly. The journal is published by Washington Times Corp.Subjects for World and I include science; literature and literary reviews; food and cooking; art; travel and tourism; politics; philosophy; music and musical instruments; drama and theatre. The editor is Steve Osmond.

Articles from Vol. 15, No. 12, December

A Clash over Wetlands
Cities and counties across the country are desperately seeking sites to dispose of growing mountains of garbage. For 23 municipalities in northern Illinois, the situation became critical in the late 1980s. In response, they joined together to form...
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Aids and Africa - the End of Denial?
Charles R. Larson is professor of literature at American University and president of the African Skies Library Foundation. Finally, it appears, the AIDS epidemic in Africa can no longer remain unacknowledged--either by Africans themselves or by...
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An Open Letter to the New President
Dear Mr. President-elect: As you prepare for your inauguration, I thought that it might be useful if I sent you this analysis of possible responses to the tremendous array of challenges that you will be facing. (I draw on experience in transition...
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A Trip of the Heart - the Culture and Art of Tuscany's Siena Are Better Appreciated with the Help of a Well-Versed Local Guide
This time, I've done it. I have suppressed my guilt feelings and left my sweet, old mother at home, to nurture her real and imaginary ailments amid the Po valley's brume. I am traveling south to Siena, to the heart of Tuscany, alone. As the train...
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California Boomin'
The nation's hot economy continues to be front-page news, and nowhere is the economy booming bigger than in California. It makes sense that with the advent of the Internet-based "information age" California's Silicon Valley would be at the center...
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California Boomin' - What Could Make the Boom Go Bust?
A number of torpedoes already in the water could sink California's economy--the world's eighth largest. * The Golden State's population is expected to grow by 18 million over the next 25 years, bringing the number of citizens to 50 million, nearly...
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From Pagans to Presidents - the Christmas Tree Tradition
The pungent smell of conifer in the wintry air, snow and twinkling lights, merry carolers and romping children all bring to mind an American Christmas. The Christmas tree is an inseparable part of this contemporary scene, but broad acceptance of the...
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Historian Laureate
As America enters the twenty-first century, race relations is still the "great question"--and the solution is intermarriage, according to Pulitzer Prize--winning historian Arthur Schlesinger Jr. The tensions and conflicts between ethnic groups,...
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Holding Hands in Public - Feet First
During the twenty years since the Islamic Revolution, Westerners have viewed Iran's women as symbols of repression. Many in Iran and other Islamic nations are proud that Iranian women have been required, since the overthrow of the pro-American Shah...
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Holding Hands in Public - Music in the Mountains
North of Tehran, on the rocky trails that lead into the arid mountains towering above the city of twelve million, I discovered a fresh face of Iran. Earlier in the week, we drove through the poor, strict, Muslim neighborhoods of South Tehran, where...
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Holding Hands in Public - the Emergence of Dating in Iran
I recently spoke with one of my female cousins, Narges, who lives in Iran. She told me that she was engaged. Overjoyed to hear the good news, I pushed for more. She proceeded to fill me in. She and her fiance, Khosroh, her second cousin, have been...
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India's Sci-Tech Powerhouse
Applying and advancing modern science in a rich and complex cultural, intellectual, and physical environment, the Indian Institute of Science in Bangalore has emerged as one of the world's great centers of research, application, and instruction. ...
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In the Arms of Morpheus
While regular sleep is important for brain repair and memory consolidation, frequent spells of uncontrolled sleep constitute a disorder that could put one's life in danger. "Come, cuddle your head on my shoulder, dear, Your head like the golden-rod,...
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Laudate Pueri - Selected Recordings
1. Voices of Angels--J.S. Bach's Most Beautiful Arias and Choruses for Boys Voices, TELDEC 4509-93705-2 An excellent disc showcasing VCB soloists from the 1970s and '80s, led by the supernal boy soprano Peter Jelosits. This midpriced disc contains...
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Laudate Pueri - the World of the Vienna Choir Boys
The Vienna Choir Boys is among the oldest and most majestic music ensembles in the world. A cultural anachronism and an artistic miracle, the chorus still draws worldwide audiences in the millions--especially the United States. You take a tired...
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Lenin's Century
Alan W. Dowd is a freelance writer in Indianapolis. As we begin a new century, it's altogether appropriate to consider the person who had the most profound impact on the last hundred years. Too often, similar deliberations for "Man of the Year"...
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Middle East Crisis - the U.S. Didn't Want to See
ISRAEL--How did it happen that the U.S. government, with all its formidable intelligence capabilities and its close contacts in the region, failed to discover the Palestinians' hatred for Israel? Perhaps Washington simply didn't want to hear. It hoped...
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Not Just a Hole in the Ground
Carved out of limestone, gypsum, lava, or ice, cave systems are amazking places, decorated with mineral deposits intriguingly shaped as pendants, columns, draperies, lily pads, and pearls. Caves have fascinated me for much of my life. I still remember...
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Painting on Light - Drawings and Stained Glass in the Age of Darer and Holbein
During the late Gothic and early Renaissance periods--when oil painting was just establishing itself as an important medium--stained glass was everywhere, adorning churches, city halls, castles, hospitals, universities, private homes and chapels, and...
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People of Wood - Houses, Canoes, and Latrines in Maori Tradition
People in all cultures use material artifacts to represent values important in their heritage. They are also a means to transmit those values to later generations. Wooden artifacts from the village of Waitangi in New Zealand show this universal impulse...
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Reinventing Nashville
Seeking to return to its versatile origins as the "Athens of the South," Nashville is pulling out all the stops to get away from its image as being just a one-horse, country-music town. For many years, the city of Nashville has been synonymous with...
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Road Tripping in Bolivia - an Adventurous Holiday Expedition off the Beaten Path Requires a Reliable Four-Wheel Drive, a Flexible Itinerary, and a Good Sense of Humor
According to Lao Tzu, a good traveler has no fixed plans and is not intent on arriving. The Chinese sage could easily have been writing about road tripping in Bolivia. In a country full of amazing destinations, the journey itself is the adventure....
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The Accidental Masterpiece - Richard Henry Dana's Voyage of Discovery
J.B. Cheaney is a freelance writer living in the Ozarks of Missouri. Her first novel, The Playmaster, was recently published by Random House. When Richard Henry Dana Jr. posed for a daguerreotype in 1840, this scion of a distinguished family had...
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The Believer in Asia - Whether Christian, Muslim, or Buddhist, People of Faith Are Being Targeted in Asia
While Christians around the world are thinking about peace on earth and goodwill toward men during the holiday season, anti-Christian persecution in Asia is rising and reducing the Christian population to a meager 2 percent. Islamic holy wars, or jihads,...
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The Cairo Experiment - International Theater on the Nile
Egypt boldly turns the clock ahead with an experimental theater festival that brings together East and West, Christian and Muslim, and a wide range of innovative works. For the last twelve years, Egypt has invited a surprisingly broad range of theatrical...
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The Cairo Experiment - It Takes a Village
"Countryside Performance" was the enticing title of a front-page brief in the Experimental, the comprehensive and surprisingly controversial daily newsletter of the Cairo Experimental Theatre Festival. "Those interested in getting a taste of the Egyptian...
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The Curious Attitude toward Religion in America
The Special Report in Current Issues this month deals with religious persecution. I should like to discuss briefly the schizophrenia in contemporary America on the subject of religion. Superficially, this is one of the most religious nations on earth....
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The Globalization of Family Planning
Laura L. Garcia is professor of philosophy at Boston College, Chestnut Hill, Massachusetts. This paper was first presented at the Eighth International Congress of the Professors World Peace Academy in Seoul, Korea, February 10--14, 2000. We are...
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The Global Persecution of the Faithful
Here is a shocking fact you are unlikely to hear in your church, synagogue, or mosque this holiday season: In 100 countries around the world, millions of people are being discriminated against or persecuted for their faith. The U.S. State Department,...
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The Rise of Religious Nationalism - Conversion, Proselytism, and the UN
The UN Declaration on the Elimination of All Forms of Intolerance and of Discrimination Based on Religion or Belief, 1981 doesn't assert a right to change a religion but only to adopt a religion. However, as Natan Lerner, perhaps the leading authority...
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The Rise of Religious Nationalism - in the Most Populous Countries, Such as China, India, Nigeria, Pakistan, and Indonesia, Religious Persecution Is Increasing
In India, a 52-year-old Christian preacher was kidnapped, beheaded, and dismembered by unknown assailants--one of hundreds of recent religiously motivated attacks on Christians in India. Priests have been murdered, nuns raped, and leprosy workers burned...
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The Shortcut Path - Thai Monks Launch into Cyberspace
At a desk inside Wat Buaniwet, one of Thailand's most prestigious Buddhist temples, Abhinito, a monk, rubs his shaved head as he stares intently at his work for the afternoon. His morning duties--begging for food, consuming basic meals, chanting--are...
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The Wizard of Oz - Movie Secretly Provides for Dorothy's Past and Future
Richard Mullen has written for many consumer and business publications. He resides in Charlotte, North Carolina. The Wizard of Oz is no mere movie: It is a vital American institution, a common cultural point of reference. Whether through its original...
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The World as History
The postmodern relations between science and religion hinge on such notions as the historical development of life, the cosmos, and even scientific models themselves; the loss of certainty about the "real" quantum world; and the recognition of contingency...
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The World as History - the Features of Postmodernism
By surveying scientific and philosophical developments, we have set the stage for an attempt to identify the general features that are coming to characterize a postmodern and postcritical perspective. * First, rationality is broader than logicality....
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TV Sex in the 1990s
Most people probably believe that prime-time television's sexual liberalization occurred decades ago, just after America's sexual revolution reached critical mass. That's not quite true. The liberalization didn't simply start, grow to maturity, then...
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TV Sex in the 1990s - Bedroom Scenes in the 1950s
Today's TV land of steamy embraces and lewd language was a long time coming. Back in the 1950s, the bedroom was not only off limits to male-female entwinements but was often shunned entirely. And when it actually was shown, the husband and wife...
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When Art Was Golden - Dutch Arts of the Seventeenth Century
The Rijksmuseum in Amsterdam celebrates its two hundredth anniversary with a grand survey of the pioneering art of the Dutch Golden Age. The vanguard of sixteenth-century art may have been the Italians, but in the seventeenth century it was the...
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Within the Walls - Ethiopia's Islamic City of Harar
Hackles raised, eyes glittering in the dark, the hyenas cautiously circle about us. I crouch and lean forward, trying not to topple or make an untoward sudden move as I try to tempt one of the skittish wild things with a scrap of meat. There is a moment...
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Within the Walls - the Rimbaud House
Jean-Nicholas-Arthur Rimbaud is considered the father of symbolist poetry and a precursor to surrealism. He was born in 1854 in France, near the Belgian border. During the Franco-Prussian War (1870) he ran away from home, living on the streets of chaotic...
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Y2K: A Manufactured Crisis?
To the Editor: I should like to comment on Paul Eisenberg's "The Y2K Reporting Crash" [August 2000, p. 66]. In the September 1997 issue, The World & I was kind enough to print a letter of mine, debunking the Y2K "crisis." Events have proved...
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