The World and I

World and I is an encyclopedic journal that includes world news; developments in science, the arts and philosophy; book reviews; and photo essays. Since it was founded in 1986, it is printed monthly. The journal is published by Washington Times Corp.Subjects for World and I include science; literature and literary reviews; food and cooking; art; travel and tourism; politics; philosophy; music and musical instruments; drama and theatre. The editor is Steve Osmond.

Articles from Vol. 16, No. 4, April

Addiction Nemesis
Three things intersected to form the outlook of Joseph Califano Jr.: a deeply Catholic mom and dad, a rigorous Jesuit education, and the exciting training at Harvard Law School in the Constitution's individual rights protections. These three combined...
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Alternative Nuclear Power
Advances in South Africa and the Netherlands suggest that small-scale fission machines could become safe, reliable, and inexpensive sources of electricity and heat for ships, factories, and perhaps single-family homes. Crews on nuclear submarines...
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A Miraculous Enlargement of Experience - A Profile of Henry James
Linda Simon is professor of English at Skidmore College. The author of Genuine Reality: A Life of William James (Harcourt Brace, 1998), Of Virtue Rare (1982), Thornton Wilder, His World (1979), and The Biography of Alice B. Toklas (1977), she edited...
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An Old Guard Appraisal of Putin
Vladimir Shlapentokh is professor of sociology at Michigan State University. He wishes to thank Joshua Woods for his editorial contribution to this article. Regardless of his future mistakes, Vladimir Putin will remain president of Russia for the...
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Celebrating Asparagus - Asparagus
The asparagus spear has long been known as a sexual symbol and, in Greek and Roman times, an aphrodisiac. Because it grows wild in so many areas, opinions vary as to its origin. Some scholars place their bets on the eastern Mediterranean; others feel...
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Celebrating Asparagus - Can You Digest This?
In California (and across the nation), culinary celebrations have become amazingly popular in the past decade or so. The most famous of these California celebrations is the Gilroy Garlic Festival, begun in 1979 and known as the granddaddy of them all....
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Celebrating Asparagus - Creating Community and Culture
Invented festivals have become increasingly common in American culture. The images of community they create can become accepted as authentic over time both by outsiders and community members. In this way, ironically, "real" tradition may arise from...
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Celebrating Asparagus - Fake Festivals Unite American Communities
Gary Plummer, a former linebacker with the San Francisco 49ers, tenses. His brow furrows in concentration as he carefully selects a jade green spear from the slatted wooden box and rolls it thoughtfully between his massive fingers. Buoyed by cheers...
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Celebrating Asparagus - the Thanksgiving Myth
In American culture, the social meaning of the food festival as celebration of community, sharing, and social unity can be traced to the myth of the "first Thanksgiving." This myth reaffirms notions of the Pilgrim community and its fictive celebration...
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Competitor, Ally, or ... ? It's Time to Ask Hard Questions about the EU's Intentions and Capabilities
Whether the European Union will emerge as America's ally or competitor is a favorite debate question for pundits and foreign-policy experts alike. It is a misleading question, however, because it seeks a one- dimensional answer to what is really a...
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Discovering Spring Green Teas - as in the Time of the Emperors, Ancient Hand-Processing Techniques Create China's Rarest and Costliest Teas
Staring at the flat tire on our minivan, we joked about the hair- raising drive we had just completed. Our young Chinese driver, Hangten, nicknamed for the brand name printed across his sweater, signaled "no problem." This morning we were visiting...
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Entrepreneurs and the Environment
Despite much ecological pessimism in recent years, the gains in environmental quality around the world in the last few decades have been astounding. People are living longer, the air is getting cleaner, and agriculture is becoming more productive,...
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Entrepreneurs and the Environment (2)
Reducing air pollution has gotten easier, more successful, and less expensive over the past seven years through the use of a market-based system called tradable pollution permits that harnesses private- property incentives. The program was proposed...
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Equal before Allah? Muslim Feminism in Malaysia
Formed in 1987 as an ad hoc study and discussion group by two women lawyers, Sisters in Islam (SIS) is a research, policy, and advocacy organization based in Kuala Lumpur. Registered as an NGO in 1992, the group is a prime example of the way Muslim...
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Form, Fire, and Food - Handmade Cookware and Classic Alsatian Cuisine Come Together in the Village of Soufflenheim
I bought my first piece of Soufflenheim pottery at a small hardware store on a backstreet in Paris thirty years ago. At the time, I had no idea where the earthenware casserole had been made. But I couldn't resist its rustic, yellow-beige color, decorated...
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Frozen Fire - the Visionary World of William Blake
Though derided as a madman in his own time--and even in ours--William Blake developed a singular vision of the world, truth, and eternity that fascinates viewers the world over. Now the most extensive exhibition ever of his work has come to the Metropolitan....
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How Daily News Dumbs Us Down
Unhappiness with the news has become proverbial in recent years. But the many reasons given for Americans' disappointment have missed the real point. Some have thought that the problem is bias--the liberal bias of editors, maybe, or the conservative...
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How Free Is Free Speech?
More than 6,000 New Yorkers gathered at New York City's Foley Square in November 1999 to exercise their free-speech right to protest the presence of 18 members of the Ku Klux Klan, who were there because of their right to express their views. The Klan...
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In the Footsteps of Lincoln: The Indiana Years - Character Education: The Making of a President
To educate a person in mind and not in morals is to educate a menace to society. ----Theodore Roosevelt It is instructive, in light of recent history, to examine the actual texts of Lincoln's principal schoolbooks, both for the insight they provide...
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In the Footsteps of Lincoln: The Indiana Years - Family Tragedy, Daily Toil on a Primitive Homestead, the Fascination of the Great Ohio River, and the Awakening Elixir of Learning Combined to Forge the Character of Abraham Lincoln as He Grew to Manhood on the Indiana Frontier
In December 1816, Abraham Lincoln began a hundred-mile journey with his family by horse and wagon through central Kentucky, across the Ohio River, and into the Indiana territory to begin a new life. Discouraged by recurrent disputes over land titles...
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John Kuhn - Striving for Perfection
Jon Kuhn's remarkable art glass stands out, even in galleries showing other great works in this incredibly demanding genre. His finely cut, fused, and polished pieces not only reflect light uniquely but send an undeniable message. Beneath the highly...
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Living without Salt?
Salt in the diet is a two-edged sword--we can't live without it, but too much can threaten our lives. For most of us, the shiny white crystalline substance we know as "common salt" is a usual food flavoring. But over the course of thousands of years,...
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LOOSE MOVES - the Practical Bicycle Culture of Amsterdam
Nearly all Amsterdammers--from children to grandparents; messengers to executives; and preppies to punks--ride bicycles. Out of about 730,000 inhabitants, nearly 600,000 own bicycles. About 40 percent of all traffic is from bikes. The city even has...
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Nordic Dance on the Move
Celebrating the opening of a new bridge between Sweden and Denmark, the diverse and innovative field of Nordic dance joins forces to improve its own infrastructure. "Wildly happy, I am so incredibly, wildly happy!" This joyful outburst appears in...
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'Only the Light Remains' - Soon Hee Oh's Fiber Art
Soon Hee Oh left her native Korea in the early 1970s to study fiber arts in America, where the genre was just taking off. Back in Seoul, she became the seminal figure in a now-vital field. Experiencing Soon Hee Oh's fiber work for the first time...
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On the Move? Berber Women Seek a Place in Modern Moroccan Society
Mademoiselle Fademha did all the right things to scale the social ladder in Morocco's rigidly stratified society. She left her Berber origins and moved away from her parents' rural home to the big city. Understanding that her native Tamazight (Berber)...
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Science and Dharma
From a Hindu physicist's perspective, scientific methods and discoveries can find a comfortable place within Hinduism's diverse, evolving metaphysics, but profound differences remain to be reconciled. I consider myself a religious person whose spiritual...
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Season of the Witch - Ridden by a Witch
The Brocken appears in a number of fairytales. The following is the nutshell version of a story from August Ey's Harzmerchenbuch, published in 1862. A Harz miner pours scorn on claims that witches ride to Brocken Mountain on Walpurgisnacht. "Nonsense,"...
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Season of the Witch - Walpurgisnacht in Germany's Harz Mountains
Wandering through Germany's Harz Mountains, it's impossible not to realize that you have entered a domain of enchantment, a place where landscape conspires with legend to create a sense of lurking mystery. A terrain of craggy peaks, gloomy forests,...
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Sharon Wins in Israel - Some Pleasant Surprises
ISRAEL--Though Ariel Sharon's victory speech only touched on the direction Israel's new leader plans to take, a number of elements should be pleasant surprises to those expecting the worst from Sharon. Rather than saying that Oslo is "dead" as he did...
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The Core of the Global Economy - the Combined U.S.--EU Gross Domestic Product Is $18 Trillion, Dwarfing All Other Economic Relationships in the World
The European Union and the United States form the core of the global economy. America has the world's largest single GDP, about $9.5 trillion. The 15 states of the European Union jointly have the next largest, $8.5 trillion, and will have a larger...
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The European Union and National Identity
The Special Report in Current Issues this month is on the European Union. I have been a supporter of the concept since the days of Jean Monnet and Robert Schuman. Even the largest European nations are too small individually to play a major role in...
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The Presidents on the Presidency
Martin D. Tullai teaches history at St.Paul's School in Brooklandville, Maryland, and is the author of The Presidency--Once Over Lightly and Speaking of Abraham Lincoln. Ambrose Bierce described the presidency as "the greased pig in the field of...
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The Promise and the Reality - Peddling Violent Entertainment to Children
Ray Surette is professor of criminal justice and legal studies at the University of Central Florida in Orlando. He has written numerous articles on the media's relationship to crime and justice in America and is the author of Media, Crime and Criminal...
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The Real Casualty of the 2000 U.S. Presidential Election
To the Editor: In "The Closest Presidential Election Ever" [February 2001, p. 20], Lee Edwards failed to realize that the real issue in this flawed presidential election was not the close race but the way the race was won. In Florida, the real issues...
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The Seat of Power
Every spring, thousands of young people visit the capital to learn how their government works. Washington, D.C., is considered by most to be the hub of the federal government and the seat of power. But to visit the real seat of power and influence,...
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The World's Leading Economic Relationship
For more than 40 years since the 1957 Treaty of Rome, the United States has supported European integration. America welcomed the formation of the European Union and the decision to establish a single common currency, the euro. But tension between...
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Toward Individualism - China's Culture at a Crossroads
Along busy Huaihai Road in central Shanghai last summer, the rush of the modern age was sweeping away the last external vestiges of the old order. Almost. Pretty girls in short skirts strode confidently past aged grandmothers peering into the McDonald's,...
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Up against the Wall - the Murals of East Los Angeles
In sunny Los Angeles, mural painting has become an art that is simultaneously fine and populist, vibrantly in touch with the community. Regional art is alive and well in Southern California, and much of it can be seen every day as one drives the...
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'Virtual' Child Porn
Does child pornography require a real child? What if the images are merely high-tech computer imagery, with no child involved? Is it still child pornography? Congress answered yes in 1996 when it passed legislation criminalizing computer-image...
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Where Is the EU Going? A Rigid, One-Size-Fits-All Europe Has Simply Not Worked, as the Travails of the Euro and the Dismal Growth of the Union Show
For those who believe in Europe's inexorable progress toward a federal state, the Nice Intergovernmental Conference (IGC) in December 2000 came as a severe shock. As Romano Prodi, head of the European Commission, stated in its wake, "At Nice, 15 member...
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