Adolescence

A quarterly international journal covering all aspects of adolescence, including issues and topics in psychology, physiology, sociology, and education. For the academic audience.

Articles from Vol. 29, No. 113, Spring

A Research Agenda for Mexican-American Adolescent Mental Health
Mental health research on Mexican-American adults has increased in the last two decades, but as yet, very little is known of the psychological needs, problems, and development of adolescents. These young people will be the fastest growing youth population,...
Attitudes, Knowledge, and Behavior regarding Condom Use in Urban Black Adolescent Males
INTRODUCTION In 1988, 79% of males (Sonenstein, Pleck, & Ku, 1991) and 53.2% of females (Forrest & Singh, 1990) in the U.S. aged 15 to 19 had experienced sexual intercourse. Sexual activity may have serious negative health impact on adolescents....
Depressive Mood in Black and White Female Adolescents
The past two decades have seen a large increase in epidemiological and community surveys of children's and adolescents' general health and mental health (Cockerham, 1990; Garrison, Schuluchter, Schoenback & Kaplan, 1989; Stavrakaki & Gaudet,...
Effects on Conformity and Nonconformity to Gender-Role Expectations for Dress: Teachers versus Students
Many schools have regulations that prohibit students from wearing certain articles of dress. Dress is defined by Roach and Musa (1980) as the total arrangement of all outwardly detectible modifications of the body itself and all material objects added...
Family Correlates of Social Skill Deficits in Incarcerated and Nonincarcerated Adolescents
The alarming increase in the incarceration of adolescents for delinquent and criminal behaviors propounds one of society's most complex and intractable social problems. With this inimical trend comes an increasing disintegration in human relations and...
Family Dynamics and the Teenage Immigrant: Creating the Self through the Parents' Image
Much recent research on adolescence in the United States indicates that teenagers do not so much rebel at and break away from their social world as test out, try on, modify, and ultimately consolidate a variety of roles they play (Erikson, 1963; 1968)....
Intraindividual Variation among Pregnant Adolescents: A Pilot Study and Conceptual Discussion
Background After many years of working with, researching, and reading survey research about pregnant adolescents, the conclusion was reached that samples of pregnant adolescents provide self-report data of questionable psychometric value. First, they...
Measuring Trait-Depressive Mood in Adolescents with the Depression Adjective Check Lists
Self-report instruments for the measurement of affect that have a "today" focus are useful in the measurement of transient mood, as well as the immediate effects of a large number of environmental (internal and external) influences, and the daily monitoring...
Psychological Characteristics of Adolescent Steroid Users
While anabolic-androgenic steroids have been used since the early 1950s to enhance athletic performance, the incidence of use appears to have increased considerably in recent years (Buckley et al., 1988; Duda, 1988; Johnson, Jay, Shoup, & Rickert,...
Psychosocial Discomfort and Exercise Frequency: An Epidemiological Study of Adolescents
A growing body of research has related exercise to indicators of psychological health and well-being (Doan & Scherman, 1987; Folkins & Sime, 1981; McTeer & Curtis, 1990; Tucker, 1987a; Tucker, in press). Exercise appears to reduce depression...
Sexual Behaviors and Condom Use: A Study of Suburban Male Adolescents
The sexual revolution of the 1960s, characterized by more permissive attitudes toward sexual relations (Hamburg, 1986), resulted in a substantial increase in sexual activity in adolescents (Chilman, 1986). The percentage of sexually active adolescents...
Social Support, Life Events, and Behavioral Characteristics of Psychologically Distressed Adolescents at High Risk for Attempting Suicide
INTRODUCTION A problematic issue in various studies comparing groups of adolescent suicide attempters with others groups (e.g., Cohen-Sandler, Berman, & King, 1982; Taylor & Stansfeld, 1984; Friedman et al., 1984; Brent et al., 1988; Spirito,...
Teenage Motherhood: Its Relationship to Undetected Learning Problems
The problem of teenage parenthood, acknowledged to be a significant social problem in the United States since the late 1960s, has been the subject of much study (Alan Guttmacher Institute, 1985; Chilman, 1980; Furstenberg, Lincoln, & Menken, 1981;...
The Effect of Life Domains on Girls' Possible Selves
One concern that seems to be resistant to satisfactory explanation concerns girls and careers; specifically, that females are under-represented in higher status, higher earning occupations, especially in the scientific and technology fields. Researchers...
The Impact of Ethgender on Self-Esteem among Adolescents
Inferior social status of "racial" minorities can result in negative self-concepts (Clark & Clark, 1939, 1940; Gordon, 1969; Horowitz, 1936), but most studies of global self-esteem have not found a significant difference between members of ethnic...
The Relation between Self-Esteem, Sexual Activity, and Pregnancy
INTRODUCTION The high incidence of teenage pregnancy is a problem that continues to face our society. The United States leads all other developed nations in the incidence of pregnancy among adolescents aged 15-19 (Wallis, 1985). Further, studies indicate...
The Role of Smoking in the Lives of Low-Income Pregnant Adolescents: A Field Study
INTRODUCTION Over the past decade, cigarette smoking among female adolescents has emerged as a major social issue. Between 1975 and 1985, initiation of smoking declined among young men while it increased among young women (Pierce, Fiore, Novotny, Hatziandreu,...
Why Some Children of Alcoholics Become Alcoholics: Emulation of the Drinker
The evidence from twin studies, adoption studies, and other research is that in at least in some cases, there is a genetic basis for alcoholism (for reviews, see Cloninger, 1987; Wilson & Crowe, 1991). However, no researcher claims that genetics...