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Adolescence

A quarterly international journal covering all aspects of adolescence, including issues and topics in psychology, physiology, sociology, and education. For the academic audience.

Articles from Vol. 32, No. 125, Spring

Achievement Motivation and Level of Aspiration: Adolescent Ethiopian Immigrants in the Israeli Education System
INTRODUCTION Immigration from Ethiopia to Israel in the mid-1980s included about three thousand children. Many of them, particularly the younger ones, had not attended school in their country of origin, while others left school following the decision...
Adolescent Self-Esteem and Locus of Control: A Longitudinal Study of Gender and Age Differences
The period of adolescence in the U.S. today has been viewed in different ways. Some theorists have supported the idea that adolescence is a difficult and stressful period (Bios, 1962; Erikson, 1950). However, recent research has led to a renewed debate...
Adolescent Stealers' and Nonstealers' Social Problem-Solving Skills
Deficient social problem-solving (SPS) skills have been linked to such problems among minors as aggression (e.g., Dodge & Feldman, 1990), conduct-disorder (Joffe et al., 1990), and substance abuse (Platt, Scura, & Hannon, 1973). However, a relationship...
Control Theory, Labeling Theory, and the Delivery of Services for Drug Abuse to Adolescents
Control theory implies that social services will decrease levels of deviant behavior by strengthening the bond between the adolescent and society. Labeling theory implies the reverse, that the process of formal adjudication through the juvenile court...
Curricular Track, Career Choice, and Androgyny among Adolescent Females
There has been a dramatic increase in the amount of literature on how career decisions are made and implemented over the past few years. Many researchers have acknowledged that this process differs for women and men and have articulated theories and...
Delinquency during the Transition to Early Adulthood: Family and Parenting Predictors from Early Adolescence
The FBI reports that between 1980 and 1990, violent crime arrest rates for 10-17-year-olds increased by 27%, reaching the nation's all-time high (Uniform Crime Reports for the United States, 1991). Strikingly, the overall arrest rate for the 18-24 year...
Evaluation of a Knowledge- and Cognitive-Behavioral Skills-Building Intervention to Prevent STDs and HIV Infection in High School Students
The Centers for Disease Control estimates that approximately 12 million cases of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) occur annually in the United States. Of these cases, two-thirds are estimated to occur in individuals under the age of 25 (Centers for...
Family Communication and Delinquency
Family researchers have examined a number of characteristics of the relationship between family functioning and delinquent activity, such as broken homes, family cohesiveness, parental attitudes, and parental discipline. Increasingly, attention has focused...
Family Structure versus Parental Attachment in Controlling Adolescent Deviant Behavior: A Social Control Model
This research examined the relationship between family characteristics and adolescent deviant behavior in order to determine the effect of social control through family structure and parental attachment. In addition, differences in the effects on male...
Food Shopping and Label Use Behavior among High School-Aged Adolescents
INTRODUCTION Congress passed the Nutrition Labeling and Education Act (NLEA) in 1990, a law requiring that virtually all foods regulated by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) carry a food label. Although not mandated by the new law, the United States...
Gender Role Influences on Turkish Adolescents' Self-Identity
INTRODUCTION This is one of a series of cross-cultural studies comprising the International Self-Identity Research Project (ISIRT) designed to investigate adolescents' self-identity process in a variety of cultures. Specifically, the purpose of this...
Homicide Rates among Native American Children: The Status Integration Hypothesis
According to the status integration hypothesis, the potential for violent behavior increases with role confusion. As a society develops from a simple gemeinschaft based on shared, traditional, and unquestioned norms to a complex gesellschaft marked by...
Psychosocial Stressors of Drug-Abusing Disadvantaged Adolescent Mothers
Adolescence is a time of physical, psychological, and social change and generally is considered a stressful period during normal development. Additional psychosocial stressors such as pregnancy may predispose some adolescents to poorer functioning (Ensminger,...
Temperament-Based Learning Styles as Moderators of Academic Achievement
Considerable research in education and psychology has been directed toward identifying the effects of individual differences in learning styles. Learning theorists generally agree that curriculum and instructional strategies should be adapted to these...
Testing the Hypothesis of the Multidimensional Model of Anorexia Nervosa in Adolescents
While there is general agreement that anorexia nervosa is multidetermined, few studies (Nygaard, 1990; Martin, 1990; Nagel & Jones, 1992) have examined anorexia nervosa in a multidimensional way. Three sets of factors - biogenetic predisposition,...
The Acquisition of Life Skills through Adventure-Based Activities and Programs: A Review of the Literature
INTRODUCTION Today, students must make choices about involvement with gangs and violence, alcohol and drugs, sex and pregnancy, and other potentially damaging risk-taking behaviors. In addition, students routinely face difficult environmental...
The Role of Parental Involvement in Youth Sport Participation and Performance
Parents often assume the role of motivator, facilitator, even coach in the life of the young athlete. In these roles parents can provide financial, emotional, and physical support. They can also apply pressure to the young athlete in the interest of...