Adolescence

A quarterly international journal covering all aspects of adolescence, including issues and topics in psychology, physiology, sociology, and education. For the academic audience.

Articles from Vol. 29, No. 116, Winter

Adolescent Depression: Children's Depression Inventory Norms, Suicidal Ideation, and (Weak) Gender Effects
Although the presence of depressive symptomatology in children and adolescents has been amply demonstrated, much less is known about the phenomenon in these age groups than in adults. Further, the inconsistency of findings of the empirical research is...
Alcohol Use, Self-Esteem, Depression, and Suicidality in High School Students
A number of studies have indicated that adolescents who refrain from drinking alcohol have higher self-esteem than do adolescents who drink (Butler, 1980; Young, Werch, & Bakema 1989). Other studies report that adolescents who refrain from drinking...
An Atypical Eating Disorder with Crohn's Disease in a Fifteen-Year-Old Male: A Case Study
Typically, counseling or school psychology training programs include required courses in psychological theories, research design, statistical methods, therapeutic interventions, developmental issues, assessment procedures, and abnormal psychology. Electives...
Attitudes toward Marriage and Premarital Sexual Activity of College Freshmen
In a review of the most recent research on adolescent sexual activity, White and DeBlassie (1992) noted that a number of factors were associated with sexual attitudes and behavior of unmarried youths. These included age, gender, religion, coming from...
Black and White Adolescent Females' Pre-Pregnancy Nutrition Status
Adolescent pregnancy, which occurs in over one million U.S. teenagers each year, remains a major public health and nutrition concern. Nutritional requirements for the adolescent female increase during the time that growth is at its maxium. Although the...
Gender Socialization of Adolescents in the Home: Research and Discussion
There has been considerable gender research on inequality in employment, sports participation, television programs, and literature content over the past two decades. However, there is limited research on adolescent gender socialization within the family....
Governmental and Nongovernmental Youth Welfare in the New German Lander
Youth welfare aims to improve the opportunities for children and young people and to support their families. German youth welfare is in the hands of state-run youth welfare departments and nongovernmental, charitable organizations (NGOs). The duties...
Inner-City Youths and Condom Use: Health Beliefs, Clinic Care, Welfare, and the HIV Epidemic
The Secretary of Health of the United States recently announced that the rate of AIDS among heterosexual young women is growing faster than in any other group. HIV/AIDS is now the fifth leading killer of young women, who are most likely to be young,...
Intervening with High Risk Youth: A Program Model
CASPAR, Inc. is a not-for-profit alcoholism and drug abuse treatment agency that runs an array Of programs for adults in Cambridge and Somerville, Massachusetts. For almost two decades, CASPAR has also sponsored an alcohol and drug education program...
Modernization Theory Revisited: A Cross-Cultural Study of Adolescent Conformity to Significant Others in Mainland China, Taiwan, and the USA
Modernization theory can be traced to the writings of Emile Durkheim (1987) and Max Weber (1992). Modernization is a broad concept that refers to major social changes which occur when a preindustrial society develops economically and the workplace shifts...
Parental Relations, Mental Health, and Delinquency in Adolescents
It is commonly maintained that a poor relationship with parents is significantly associated with the development of psychosocial problems in children and adolescents. In particular, thorough studies have been carried out on the relationship between an...
Parents' Actions: Are They Related to Children's Self-Concepts, Evaluations of Parents, and to Each Other?
The importance of the family in promoting the psychosocial development of children has been well documented in the literature (e.g., Kagan, 1980; Parish, 1987). According to Byrne (1977), the family represents a basic human support system within which...
Personality Characteristics of Adolescents with Alcoholic Parents
INTRODUCTION Investigations of various factors known to increase the risk of alcohol addiction in adolescents have invariably stressed the association between the personality traits of prospective alcoholics and their dysfunctional family. The unsatisfactory...
Private Speech in Adolescents
A Brief History In 1926 Jean Piaget found what he called egocentric speech to occur often in the speech of three- to five-year-old children. This was talk that seemed to be said out loud to the self. He also discovered that the amount of egocentric...
Sex Roles and Values of School Children Using Self-Esteem as a Moderating Factor
Coleman (1961a, 1961b) started a wide range of research when he found that interscholastic athletics was a determining factor in the values of male high school students. When asked how they wanted to be remembered most, the majority of male students...
The Effects of a Prenatal Course Including Prep for Effective Family Living of Self-Esteem and Parenting Attitudes of Adolescents: A Brief Report
PREP for Effective Family Living (PREP) (Dinkmeyer, McKay, Dinkmeyer, Dinkmeyer, & Carlson, 1985) is an Adlerian-based guidance program that has received little attention in the research literature (Dinkmeyer, 1993). Lineberger (1987) did examine...
The Profile and Treatment of Male Adolescent Sex Offenders
The rising incidence of sexual crimes by children against children is no longer America's best kept family secret. Treatment centers for youthful sex offenders mushroomed from 20 nationally in 1982 to about 650 now (inpatient and outpatient), according...
The Relationship of Gender and Family Environment to Eating Disorder Risk in Adolescents
INTRODUCTION The success rate for treating anorexia nervosa is abysmal. Only one-half of all persons diagnosed with anorexia nervosa fully recover, and one out of every thirty die as a result (Patton, 1989). Although eating disorders were once considered...
The Teaching of Empathy for High School and College Students: Testing Rogerian Methods with the Interpersonal Reactivity Index
Whether empathy can be "taught" has long been debated. Can we teach an individual to feel for another person, to "walk in someone else's shoes?" (Myrick & Erney, 1985). Such a question is often one of the first posed by students who are learning...
Vitamin/mineral Supplement Use among High School Athletes
INTRODUCTION Vitamin and mineral supplements are commonly consumed in the United States with about 35-40% of the general population using them (McDonald 1986; Stewart, McDonald, Levy, Schuker, & Henderson, 1985). Fewer adolescents consume supplements...