Adolescence

A quarterly international journal covering all aspects of adolescence, including issues and topics in psychology, physiology, sociology, and education. For the academic audience.

Articles from Vol. 30, No. 117, Spring

A Case of Family Dysfunction and Teenage Suicide Attempt: Applicability of a Family Systems Paradigm
Family systems models have often been invoked in order to understand a variety of adjustment problems (Bowen, 1960; Minuchin, 1974), such as anorexia (Minuchin, Rosman, & Baker, 1978), and adolescent substance abuse (e.g., Pardeck, 1991). A significant...
Adolescents' Intimacy with Parents and Friends
Separate literatures support the importance of intimate relationships of adolescents with parents and peers. In studies on adolescents' relationships with parents, the majority of adolescents have been noted to feel close to and get along with their...
Assessing Adolescents' Prosocial Behavior: The Family Helping Inventory
In the literature on helping behavior, there has been little emphasis on systematic investigation of helping within the family. Nevertheless, a great deal of helping and support does apparently occur within the family context. Generalizing about children's...
A Study of Underlying Variables Affecting Aspirations of Rural Adolescents
INTRODUCTION Student aspirations cannot be simply defined as individual dreams or ambitions (Quaglia, 1989). They are derived from a combination of personal and familial educational goals, vocational endeavors, and self-concept as it relates to what...
A Teen Hot Line
The Teen Hot Line in Campbell River was developed in response to the large apparent need for teens to talk with their peers about important issues (Tindall & Gray, 1989). In order to reach out to as many youths as possible, a regularly scheduled...
Change in Maternal Depressive Mood: Unique Contributions to Adolescent Functioning over Time
There is substantial literature on the relationship between maternal depression and child adjustment (e.g., Downey & Coyne, 1990). Mothers diagnosed with major depressive disorder have been found to have children with higher rates of psychiatric...
Differences in Adolescent Self-Concept as a Function of Race, Geographic Location, and Pregnancy
Extent of the Problem Adolescent pregnancy is widely recognized in our society as one of the most complex and serious health problems. Each year over 600,000 adolescent girls become parents (National Research Council, 1987). Part of the reason for the...
Eating Behavior in Junior High School Females
Prevalence studies of bulimia strongly suggest that a significant number of adolescents binge eat and use radical means, such as vomiting and strict dieting, to control their weight (Herzog, 1982; Maceyko & Nagleberg, 1985). Several investigators...
Effects of Economic Hardship on Adolescent Self-Esteem: A Family Mediation Model
A Family Mediation Model In the past decade, many farm and nonfarm families in the midwestern United States experienced economic hardship due to the agricultural crisis in the farm belt (Jolly, 1986). The crisis started in the early 1980s and peaked...
Epidemiology and Criminology
INTRODUCTION The motion picture industry began depicting delinquent youth in the 1930s, and the practice continues to the present day. Since the 1950s, youth between the ages of 12 and 20 have comprised about 40% of all admissions to American movie...
Family Environments of Adolescent Sex Offenders and Other Juvenile Delinquents
Prior to the 1980s, adolescent sex offenses were not taken seriously; typically they were explained as normal experimentation or developmental curiosity. The problem was either minimized or denied. Although research has mushroomed in the last decade,...
New Directions for Research in Prevention and Treatment of Delinquency: A Review and Proposal
INTRODUCTION The literature describing various approaches to the prevention, control, and treatment of delinquency can be differentiated according to the theories of causation which shaped them; that is, the focus of intervention differs according to...
Relationships of Parents' Perceived Actions toward Their Children
Research in the area of parent-child relationships has generally supported the notion that parents' actions affect children in various ways (Amaro, 1986; Baumrind, 1968). This view is in accordance with the parenting model proposed by Becker (1964) who...
Reproductive and Contraceptive Knowledge, Contraceptive Self-Efficacy, and Contraceptive Behavior among Teenage Women
The relationship between reproductive and contraceptive knowledge (RCK) and contraceptive behavior has been studied extensively in an effort to address coitally active teenagers' ineffective patterns of contraceptive use. Educators have explored the...
Risk Factors Leading to Adolescent Substance Abuse
INTRODUCTION Adolescence is a time of change on biological, cognitive, and social levels. Adolescents are faced with new situations, one of which is the abuse of alcohol and other drugs. They may turn to alcohol and illicit drugs to alleviate the stress...
Talking with Juvenile Offenders about Gay Males and Lesbians: Implications for Combating Homophobia
Homophobia(1) or anti-homosexual prejudice, has received much publicity in popular media as well as academic literature. This follows an increase in violence against gays and lesbians that, in the Australian context alone but not uniquely (Berrill, 1990),...
The Changing Paradigm of Community Health: The Role of School-Based Health Centers
INTRODUCTION Providing health services in public schools is not a recent occurrence. In the 1890s health programs were launched in response to the large number of immigrant children who arrived in the United States and its "gateway" cities suffering...
The Relative Effectiveness of a Peer-Led and Adult-Led Smoking Intervention Program
Most individuals who choose to smoke begin this behavior during adolescence, and peer influence is a known factor in the initiation of smoking behavior (Chassin, Presson, Sherman, & Edwards, 1990; Dusenbury, Botvin, & James-Ortiz, 1990; Flay,...
There's a First Time for Everything: Understanding Adolescence
Much has been written about the phenomenon of adolescence. Erikson developed the idea of the "identify crisis" (1963); Kohlberg (1971) discussed moral development, and Sullivan (1953) examined the place of the "chum" and peer relations in adolescence....
The Role of Socioeconomic Status in Adolescent Literature
An important theme in adolescent literature is how the socioeconomic status (SES) of a character or characters acts to reinforce the author's moral purpose in writing the novel. Central to this idea is the presumption that SES plays an important role...
Violent Behaviors among African-American Adolescents
OVERVIEW Violent behaviors among African-American adolescents, has been an ongoing phenomenon for the past three decades. For example, a newspaper article entitled "Neighborhood Mourns Feud's Mistaken Victim," portrayed a fourteen-year-old African-American...
Young Adult Reactions to Death in Literature and in Life
Adolescence is characterized by contradictions. Although teenagers want to be heard and understood, they are often reluctant to express themselves. Although they have questions about acceptable ways to show grief, they may not want to be told how to...