Adolescence

A quarterly international journal covering all aspects of adolescence, including issues and topics in psychology, physiology, sociology, and education. For the academic audience.

Articles from Vol. 28, No. 111, Fall

Adolescents and AIDS: Knowledge and Attitude
Primary prevention of AIDS remains uncoordinated, underfunded, and limited in scope because of public perception that there is no generalized threat of AIDS in the mainstream population (Bowser, 1991). However, as a result of the Magic Johnson tragedy,...
An Ecological Approach to Evaluating a Special Education Program
About fifteen percent of all children show mild behavioral problems, and about seven percent show moderate to severe disorders (Cotler, 1986). However, not enough has been done to treat or prevent these problems (Levine & Perkins, 1987). Even less...
Attitudes of Mississippi College Students toward David Duke before and after Seeing the Film 'Who Is David Duke?'
David Duke is one of the most interesting social and political phenomenons of recent times. A former head of the Ku Klux Klan and a former Nazi sympathizer, he has denied his racist past, saying it was youthful indiscretion. He is a member of the Louisiana...
Characteristics of Adolescent Felons in a Prison Treatment Program
For close to two years I worked as Senior Clinical Psychologist in a California state prison treatment program for youthful male offenders. Duties included individual and group therapy and writing parole board reports. The inmates were all felony offenders,...
Cognitive Correlates of Depressive Symptoms in Hospitalized Adolescents
The literature on depression in adolescence is very limited. While adult depression has been extensively studied, evidence for childhood depression as a distinct syndrome, with similar symptoms as the adult disorder, emerged only slightly over a decade...
Cognitive, Psychosocial, and Reported Sexual Behavior Differences between Pregnant and Nonpregnant Adolescents
INTRODUCTION The one million annual adolescent pregnancies in the United States pose a variety of potential problems for both the mother and child. The more serious include health risks, dropping-out of school and losing employment opportunities, experiencing...
Correlates of Bulimia Nervosa: Early Family Mealtime Experiences
Bulimia nervosa, only formally recognized by the American Psychiatric Association in 1980, is a disorder in which an individual rapidly consumes an unusually large amount of food. This "binge" is terminated by vomiting, laxative abuse, abdominal pain,...
Correlates of Loneliness among Midwestern Adolescents
Loneliness is one of the most pervasive of human experiences, yet it is very difficult to define. Medora and Woodward (1986) defined it as a response to the absence of an adequate positive relationship to persons, places, or things. Peplau and Perlman...
Level of Cultural Mistrust as a Function of Educational and Occupational Expectations among Black Students
An area of ongoing concern among minority educators and other professionals is the seeming lack of motivation among black students, especially males, to excel academically and pursue prestigious occupations. In general, black adolescents have higher...
Lifestyle Values of Adolescents: Results from Minnesota Heart Health Youth Program
INTRODUCTION A great deal of attention is being paid to primary prevention of noncommunicable disease among children and adolescents. Such programs have a number of advantages over those implemented with adults. The most important may be the initiation...
Metacognitive Aspects of Moral Reasoning and Behavior
A central task of moral development theory is to explain the relation between moral judgment and moral behavior. For both Piaget and Kohlberg, judgment is essential to the determination of actions as moral (Colby, Kohlberg, Gibbs, & Lieberman, 1983;...
Perceived Parental Actions and Evaluations of the Family and Its Members
Interpersonal familial problems (e.g., negative attitudes toward family members) have often been associated with traumatic events, such as parental divorce or death of a parent (Ambert & Saucier, 1983; Parish & Dostal, 1980; Parish & Kappes,...
Reflective Monitoring in Lonely Adolescents
INTRODUCTION Loneliness is prevalent among adolescents (Brennan & Anslander, 1979), and is related to a number of affective and cognition problems (Jones, Freeman, & Goswich, 1981). Loneliness is often a product of situational change (such as...
Risk Assessment for Human Immunodeficiency Virus among Pregnant Hispanic Adolescents
INTRODUCTION The number of persons reported with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) in the United States exceeded 200,000 by the end of 1991 (Centers for Disease Control, 1992). Adolescents and young adults 13-24 years of age accounted for 4-5%...
Suicidal Thoughts among Adolescents: An Intercultural Approach
Most studies concerning the "suicide phenomenon" of young people aged 15-19 have analyzed mortality and to a lesser extent morbidity. In France, the suicide rate in 1987 was 14.7 for boys and 4.7 for girls (per 100,000). Concerning attempted suicide,...
The Relationship of Psychological Adjustment to Perceived Family Functioning among African-American Adolescents
INTRODUCTION The family of origin is defined as "the family in which a person has his or her beginnings--psychologically, psychically, and emotionally (Hovestadt, Anderson, Piercy, Cochran, & Fine, 1985). The role of family of origin in the inception,...
The Role of Activity in Adolescent Development: A Study of Employment
A considerable number of studies have concerned themselves with the issue of adolescent work values. Within the Australian context, O'Brien & Kabanoff (1979) found a significant difference between employed and unemployed groups, including youth groups,...
The Value of the Chest X-Ray in Making the Diagnosis of Bronchial Asthma
INTRODUCTION Although bronchial asthma is one of the most common chronic illnesses of children and young adults (Kaliner, Eggleston, & Mathews, 1987; Proceedings of the Asthma Mortality Task Force, 1987), with a prevalence of 3-5% (Proceedings of...
Transition-Marking Behaviors of Adolescent Males at First Intercourse
INTRODUCTION Two "transition-marking" (Jessor & Jessor, 1975) behaviors, that is, behaviors that represent milestones in the transition from adolescence to adulthood, have been given considerable attention in the research literature. The onset of...