Adolescence

A quarterly international journal covering all aspects of adolescence, including issues and topics in psychology, physiology, sociology, and education. For the academic audience.

Articles from Vol. 31, No. 121, Spring

Abuse of Dextromethorphan-Based Cough Syrup as a Substitute for Licit and Illicit Drugs: A Theoretical Framework
INTRODUCTION Drug abuse, both illicit and licit, is an ongoing serious national problem. To date, neither prevailing social policies, law enforcement apparatus (national and local) nor community efforts have been able to contain the problem...
Adolescent Attitudes about Rape
INTRODUCTION Study after study have demonstrated the vulnerability of young women to rape. Not only are they at risk for stranger rape, but rape within the context of dating (Ageton, 1983; Krasner, Meyer, & Carroll, 1976; Muehlenhard, & Linton,...
Adolescent Depressed Mood and Parental Unhappiness
It has been found that depression negatively affects adolescent development and functioning (McConville & Bruce, 1985; Petersen et al., 1992). The adolescent's own depression, however, is not the only variable that affects functioning. Parental unhappiness...
Adolescents Becoming Adults: Attributes for Adulthood
Adolescent cognitive task completion (identity vs. role confusion), event timing (on or off-time), and sequencing (normative or nonnormative order) are important for later life adjustment (Elder, 1987; Erikson, 1960). These are important pathways in...
Adolescents in Therapeutic Communities
The literature examining success rates for milieu treatments of antisocial and conduct-disordered adolescents has been dominated by pessimism (Macallair, 1993). The "nothing works" position has provided little useful information for clinical practice...
Adolescents' Perceptions of the Role of Part-Time Work
In the U.S., the study of child employment has attained academic legitimacy. In part this must be attributable to the work of Greenberger and Steinberg (1986), which acted as a focus and catalyst for such research. The extent to which consideration...
Dating-Partner Preferences among a Group of Inner-City African-American High School Students
A substantial amount of research has examined the criteria that influence interpersonal attraction, and the findings are mixed. For instance, Buss and Barnes (1986) studied a group of married people ranging in age from 18 to 40 years and found that the...
Education of Hispanic Youth: A Cultural Lag
INTRODUCTION A great deal of attention has been paid recently to the issue of ethnic minorities, especially in relation to the ever-increasing populations and most especially in relation to their sociodemographic characteristics and educational...
Family Characteristics and Adolescent Substance Use
As families progress through the life cycle, they face a variety of predicted and unpredicted stressors (Boss, 1987; McCubbin & Boss, 1980; McCubbin & McCubbin, 1987; Olson et al., 1983). The adolescent phase of the family life cycle is particularly...
Family Processes as Predictors of Adolescents' Preferences for Ascribed Sources of Moral Authority: A Proposed Model
The family unit is endemic to society's functioning. The adolescent, in particular, is a product of familial environment, the primary source of socialization (White, 1993a). Some family systems can foster the development of new attitudes concerning social...
Knowledge and Attitudes toward Sexuality in Adolescents and Their Association with the Family and Other Factors
INTRODUCTION Complications of pregnancy and delivery are the main causes of death among adolescents in Mesoamerica (Suarez, Roberts, Korin, & Cuminsky, 1985). Surveys from such diverse countries as the United States, Mexico, and Germany...
Mother and Adolescent Knowledge of Sexual Development: The Effects of Gender, Age, and Sexual Experience
According to recent statistics from the Guttmacher Institute, over one million teenage girls become pregnant each year (Henshaw, 1994). Of equal concern is the fact that 25-30% of all gonorrhea cases are among adolescents 15-19 years of age and 10-12%...
Recommended Books for Helping Children Deal with Separation and Divorce
The incidence of divorce has become quite common in the United States with the number of children affected each year numbered in the millions. Approximately one out of five school-age children are living in single-parent homes (Goldman & King,...
Rural Adolescent Drinking Behavior: Three Year Follow-Up in the New Hampshire Substance Abuse Prevention Study
The New Hampshire Substance Abuse Prevention Study is a cohort study of 4,406 public school children, who were in elementary school, junior high school or in the tenth grade in 1987. The subjects consisted of 2,227 females (50.5%) and 2,179 males (49.5%);...
Student Assessment of School-Based Support Groups
INTRODUCTION Perceived emotional distress and behavioral problems are quite prevalent among high school students, the reasons for which were discussed in Part I of this series. The difficulties encountered in assessing the efficacy of several programs...
The Friendships of Delinquents
INTRODUCTION This article is directed at distinguishing the qualities of delinquents' friendships as contrasted with those of nondelinquents. Normal friendships will serve as a backdrop to facilitate understanding of the distinctions between the two....
The Relationship of Dieting to Weight in Adolescents
INTRODUCTION By the time adolescents become high school seniors they have weathered the dramatic changes that come with puberty, have had years of experience comparing their body size and shape to that of peers and cultural ideals and, in many...
Time Perceptions and Time Allocation Preferences among Adolescent Boys and Girls
INTRODUCTION The opposable thumb has long been suggested as being a fundamental characteristic that has served as a catalyst in the evolution of humans. The ability to manipulate objects, along with the development of the brain, distinguished human...
Treatment Outcomes in an Adolescent Chemical Dependency Program
INTRODUCTION Problem behavior with alcohol and drugs first occurs in adolescence (Johnston, Bachman, & O'Malley, 1981), and may be the most prevalent health problem in that period. It is a contributing factor in adolescent mortality from such causes...
Understanding Gender Differences in Adolescent Sexuality
Social biologists have long noted the existence of gender differences in human sexual behavior. The differences include not only physiological functions, but behavioral, social, and cognitive elements. These include behaviors ranging from copulation...