Adolescence

A quarterly international journal covering all aspects of adolescence, including issues and topics in psychology, physiology, sociology, and education. For the academic audience.

Articles from Vol. 31, No. 124, Winter

4-H Night at the Movies: A Program for Adolescents and Their Families
Primary prevention has emerged as increasingly important in the field of mental health (Buckner, Trickett, & Corse, 1985), especially when dealing with adolescents and children (Long, 1986). This trend has also emphasized the mission of family life...
Read preview Overview
Adolescent Aggression and Imagery: Contributions from Object Relations and Social Cognitive Theory
Yates (1983), among others, is highly critical of theorists such as Lazarus (1967) who have attempted to synthesize theoretically opposed approaches, although in defense of Lazarus, his approach has been not to synthesize theory but rather techniques....
Read preview Overview
A Measurement of Delinquency Differences between a Delinquent and Nondelinquent Sample: What Are the Implications?
Several years ago juvenile misbehavior was generally perpetrated by youths who were not enrolled in school (Fagan, Forst, & Vivon, 1987; Poulos & Orschowsky, 1994; Strasburg, 1984). The acts were usually performed away from the vicinity of the...
Read preview Overview
Big Brothers: Impact on Little Brothers' Self-Concepts and Behaviors
When a couple with children divorces, the structure of the family is altered, and the process of disorganization and reorganization can continue for several years. However, as with other crises, divorce has the potential for creating growth and new integrations,...
Read preview Overview
Counseling Issues with Gay and Lesbian Adolescents
In a culture already uncomfortable about adult sex and worried about adolescent sexual behavior, the idea of homosexual sex generates hostile and almost reflexive contempt. Society's abhorrence, and hence avoidance, of homosexuality is reflected in the...
Read preview Overview
Homosexual Parents
How do children fare when raised by a homosexual? Sharply different views are held by traditional and pre-1973 psychiatric opinion as compared to recent professional literature. Common opinion holds that, like drug use, homosexuality is a learned pathology...
Read preview Overview
Irrational Beliefs and Depression in Adolescence
Depression in adolescents has long been conceptualized as a normal or transient phenomenon necessitating no therapeutic intervention (Lefkowitz & Burton, 1978; Lapouse, 1966; Werry & Quay, 1971). This has had the effect of limiting research in...
Read preview Overview
Massage and Relaxation Therapies' Effects on Depressed Adolescent Mothers
Depression is one of the most prevalent medical disorders and has been recognized as a distinct pathologic entity from early Egyptian times. Anxiety is one of the primary features of depression in adolescents (Goldman, 1988), and relaxation therapy (RT)...
Read preview Overview
Mediators of Adolescents' Stress in a College Preparatory Environment
Adolescence has often been called a time of "storm and stress," and many factors contribute to this view, including developmental and environmental pressures. Compas, Phares, & Ledoux (1989) identify five sources of individual differences in vulnerability...
Read preview Overview
Parent-Child Interactions Predict Anxiety in Mexican Adolescents
Anxiety during adolescence has been strongly associated with mal-adaptive problems such as school failure (Benjamin, Costello, & Warren, 1990; Comunian, 1993; Goodyear & Altham, 1991; Kochgaway, 1993); substance abuse (Eisen, Youngman, Grob,...
Read preview Overview
Polysubstance Abuse - a Case Study
Over the last twenty years we have seen an increased effort to understand and solve the adolescent drug abuse problem. Researchers have developed a number of models to explain why adolescents have become involved in drug use. Studies have shown that...
Read preview Overview
Psychotropic Medication in Adolescence: Psychodynamic and Clinical Considerations
Administering medication to adolescents frequently produces negative reactions, especially when treatment is prolonged; the problem of compliance is particularly marked during treatment with psychotropic drugs. This study discusses the psychological...
Read preview Overview
Relationships of the WISC-R and K-BIT for an Adolescent Clinical Sample
Students with disabilities, recognized under Public Law 94-142, who are enrolled in special education are required to have a psychological reevaluation within a three-year or less time period (USDHEW, 1977). Thus, students who have been diagnosed as...
Read preview Overview
Substance Use among Adolescents: Fulfilling a Need State
Recent data indicate that the use of drugs and alcohol by adolescents is substantial, and that heavy use adversely affects healthy development (Newcomb & Bentler, 1988). Substance-abusing teens smoke at higher rates than do those of the general adolescent...
Read preview Overview
The Relationship between Type A Parenting and Adolescent Perceptions of Family Environment
The Type A Behavior Pattern (TABP) has been characterized as a composite of behaviors, including time-urgency, hostility, competitiveness, control, and achievement orientation. Both retrospective and prospective studies have found an association between...
Read preview Overview
The Worldwide Phenomenon of Street Children: Conceptual Analysis
INTRODUCTION The scene is common and painfully familiar; a busy street lined with shops displaying the latest in fashion and electronic equipment, well-dressed people going in and out, the sound of vehicles whizzing by, expensive cars, the flash of...
Read preview Overview
Urban-Rural Differences in Adolescent Self-Esteem, Leisure Boredom, and Sensation-Seeking as Predictors of Leisure-Time Usage and Satisfaction
Australia is perceived internationally as a "sporting nation" inhabitated by "athletic outdoor types," yet a nationwide survey of leisure-time pursuits (Department of the Arts, Sport, the Environment, Tourism & Territories, 1989) revealed that the...
Read preview Overview
Using Live Theatre Combined with Role Playing and Discussion to Examine What At-Risk, Adolescents Think about Substance Abuse, Its Consequences, and Prevention
INTRODUCTION The Chicago-based Music Theatre Workshop's (MTW) Under Pressure Program is an innovative communication-centered approach for involving Chicago elementary and high school students in considering the problems and prevention of substance abuse....
Read preview Overview