Adolescence

A quarterly international journal covering all aspects of adolescence, including issues and topics in psychology, physiology, sociology, and education. For the academic audience.

Articles from Vol. 31, No. 122, Summer

Acculturative Stress among Amerasian Refugees: Gender and Racial Differences
Definition of Terms Acculturative Stress: Stress due to the acculturation process between two cultures. Psychocultural stress due to cultural differences found between a host culture and an incoming culture marked by reduction in the physical and mental...
A Critique of Social Bonding and Control Theory of Delinquency Using the Principles of Psychology of Mind
Psychology of Mind (POM) is a new psychological theory derived from the work of Banks (1983, 1989); Mills (1990a,b, 1993); Mills & Pransky (1993); Suarez (1985); Suarez & Mills (1982); and Suarez, Mills, & Stewart (1987). In a recent article...
Adolescent Homicide and Family Pathology: Implications for Research and Treatment with Adolescents
Concern about adolescent homicide is not new. As early as 1642 and continuing to the present, adolescents have been committed to death in the United States for extreme acts of violence (Ewing, 1990; Lewis, Pincus, Bard, Richardson, Prichep, Feldman,...
Adolescents' Perceptions of Family Functioning in the United Arab Emirates
INTRODUCTION This study aimed at understanding family functioning in the UAE in view of the importance of this kind of research in such a newly investigated society. Further, the fact that recent research trends depict family health from a systemic...
An Empirical Investigation of the Construct of Personality Authority in Late Adolescent Women and Their Level of College Adjustment
Few studies to date have explored the theoretical concepts of inter-generational family influences on the adjustment of late adolescents in the college setting. The process of leaving home and beginning life on one's own is thought to be potentially...
Biopsychopathologic Risk Profile of Adolescents with Eating Disorder Symptoms
INTRODUCTION In recent years, sociocultural norms have promoted an aesthetic ideal which has produced an increase in anorexic and bulimic disorders, as well as considerable increase in pathological behavior in relation to eating habits. Several epidemiological...
Cognitive-Affective Sources of Sport Enjoyment in Adolescent Sport Participants
Enjoyment is beginning to receive a resurgence of interest in the sport psychology literature. It has been described as a "positive affective response to the sport experience that reflects generalized feelings such as pleasure, liking, and fun" (Scanlan...
Determinants of Suicide Ideation: A Comparison of Chinese and American College Students
The suicide rate among American youth, especially those 15 to 24 years of age, has increased dramatically during the past three decades. According to data published by the National Center for Health Statistics (1991), suicide is the third leading cause...
Effects of Family Structure on the Adolescent Separation-Individuation Process
Studies of the effects of parental divorce on children have focused primarily on younger children, resulting in a paucity of research data on the effects of divorce on adolescents and young adults (Jennings, Salts, & Smith, 1991). It is possible...
Exposure to Violence and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder in Urban Adolescents
Adolescence is commonly recognized as a stressful period. Vulnerability to stress is attributed to developmental changes including puberty, social role redefinition, cognitive development, school transitions, the emergence of sexuality (Eccles et al.,...
Hospital-Based Behavior Modification Program for Adolescents: Evaluation and Predictors of Outcome
INTRODUCTION Conduct problems, aggressiveness, and antisocial behavior constitute between one third to one half of all child and adolescent referrals to psychiatric clinics (Kazdin, 1987). Conduct-disordered youth are likely to drop out of school, be...
Lifestyle and Risk of Premature Sexual Activity in a High School Population of Seventh-Day Adventists: Valuegenesis 1989
In the past twenty years, sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), including human immunodeficiency virus infection and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS), as well as the physical, psychological, and economic difficulties associated with unwanted...
Measurement of Ethical Behavior in Leisure among High- and Low-Risk Adolescents
Particular recreation and leisure choices made by adolescents may place them at increased risk and predispose them to a variety of delinquent behaviors (e.g., substance abuse, violence, truancy). This is especially the case with youth designated as "high...
Patterns of Parenting during Adolescence: Perceptions of Adolescents and Parents
Many studies of parenting during adolescence have examined the relations between parenting characteristics (e.g., parenting style and parental involvement) and adolescent outcomes (e.g., school achievement), but few studies have described the actual...
Predictors of Adolescent A.A. Affiliation
Thousands of teenagers are treated each year in in-patient or residential settings for drug and alcohol dependency. The majority of these programs use the traditional treatment model, also known as the Minnesota Model (Littrell, 1991). This model emphasizes...
Searching for the Magic Johnson Effect: AIDS, Adolescents, and Celebrity Disclosure
Efforts at AIDS prevention have included adolescents as a particularly vulnerable group. Since as many as 20% of HIV-positive adults (Hein, 1989a) are estimated to have contracted the virus in adolescence, this effort seems to be appropriately focused....
Street Children in South Africa: Findings from Interviews on the Background of Street Children in Pretoria, South Africa
INTRODUCTION During September 1993 an investigation was launched on the lifestyle, activities, experiences, and background of street children in Pretoria, South Africa. Qualitative rather than quantitative interviews were conducted to gather as much...
The Influence of Peer Affiliation and Student Activities on Adolescent Drug Involvement
For nearly two decades, drug use among our nation's youth has become the focus of intense concern. In response, numerous studies have been conducted to unravel the etiological complexities of illegal substance use. It is now evident from published studies...
The Long-Term Impact of AIDS-Preventive Interventions for Delinquent and Abused Adolescents
In recent years, the rapid increase in AIDS cases among teens and young adults has been noted. There were 8,441 cases of AIDS among persons 13 to 24 years of age through August 1991, and the number increased to 14,127 by September 1993 (Centers for Disease...
The Source, Accuracy, and Impact of Initial Sexuality Information on Lifetime Wellness
Since its inception in the late 1940s, sexuality education in schools often has been the subject of heated debate (Finkel & Finkel, 1985). What should be taught by whom, and when, are questions central to the controversy (Reis & Seidl, 1989;...