Adolescence

A quarterly international journal covering all aspects of adolescence, including issues and topics in psychology, physiology, sociology, and education. For the academic audience.

Articles from Vol. 32, No. 127, Fall

Adolescent Male Athletes: Body Image, Diet, and Exercise
INTRODUCTION Body image is a complex phenomenon that includes physiological, psychological, and sociological components. Research has indicated that the degree of satisfaction with one's body image is related to one's self-esteem (Becker, 1981; Grodner,...
Adolescent Mothers' Self-Esteem and Role Identity and Their Relationship to Parenting Skills Knowledge
Adolescence is a period of struggle to gain a positive role identity (Erikson, 1963; Gross, 1987; Rasmussen, 1964), stabilize self-concept, and enhance self-esteem (O'Malley & Bachman, 1983; McCarthy & Hoge, 1982). Even though adolescents experience...
Adolescent Same-Sex and Opposite-Sex Best Friend Interactions
Several studies have highlighted the critical importance of friendship in human development (Goldstein, Field, & Healy, 1989; Greenberg, Siegel, & Leitch, 1983). A recent review of the literature on friendship revealed that children with close...
Body Image in Adolescence: Cross-Cultural Research-Results of the Preliminary Phase of a Quantitative Survey
INTRODUCTION Just as the cognitive perception of the body, which is closely linked to muscular and kinesthetic sensations, secures the integrity of the body inside space, the psychological image of the body seals the bond of individuals with time (Bruchon-Schweitzer,...
Co-Victimization among African-American Adolescents
CONCEPT OF CO-VICTIMIZATION Shakoor and Chalmers (1991) described co-victimization as the experience of witnessing violent assault on another person. African-American adolescents often are exposed to forms of violence ranging from rape, murder, sexual...
Domain-Specific Gender Comparisons in Identity Development among College Youth: Ideology and Relationships
Research on identity formation typically focuses on identity as a developmental process. However, it also is important as an "environmental process" that includes influences on personal choices and decision-making from the social contexts provided by...
Instruments to Measure Social Support and Related Constructs in Pregnant Adolescents: A Review
Social Support and Adolescent Pregnancy Social support is comprised of a multidimensional collection of resources available to an individual through social ties to other individuals and groups (Lin, Simeone, Ensel, & Kuo, 1979; Norbeck, Lindsey,...
Nuances before Dinner: Exploring the Relationship between Peer Counselors and Delinquent Adolescents
Peer counseling is an umbrella term for all kinds of peer-oriented programs including peer-education/facilitation, peer-academic advising, and various types of peer-intervention, for example, peer counseling and peer crisis intervention and peer advocacy....
Project Support: Engaging Children and Families in the Educational Process
At both ends of the socioeconomic spectrum, children, families, and schools are often found to be at odds. Many children live in high-risk communities - where jobs are scarce and drugs are readily accessible, where three families live in a house meant...
Psychological Determinants of Idolatry in Adolescents
Idolatry, the excessive admiration of, and devotion to, something or someone, is commonly found among adolescents. In Hong Kong, as in many countries, popular singers and movie stars are the choice of idols for many. To the adolescent who is searching...
Street Youth, Their Peer Group Affiliation and Differences According to Residential Status, Subsistence Patterns, and Use of Services
One of the most significant milestones of adolescence is the development of complex social and problem-solving skills, moral judgment, and social values which are acquired, in part, through interpersonal relationships with peers (Hartup, 1983). Adolescence...
The Contribution of Self-Concept in the Etiology of Adolescent Delinquent
In the 1950s and 1960s, self-concept started being viewed as an important factor in the etiology of delinquency, with major theories being developed by Lemert (1951), Cohen (1955), and Reckless (1961). More recent theories with a "self" perspective have...
The Effect of a Physical Activity Intervention Package on the Self-Esteem of Pre-Adolescent and Adolescent Females
It has been reported in the sport and exercise literature that physical activity has potential benefit psychologically and physically (Barnett, Smoll, & Smith, 1992; Leith & Taylor, 1991). Similarly, it has been postulated that the perception...
The Influence of Fashion Magazines on the Body Image Satisfaction of College Women: An Exploratory Analysis
Many contemporary American women covet an unrealistically thin body build for themselves (Lamb, Jackson, Cassidy, & Priest, 1993; Mallick, Whipple, & Huerta, 1987; Silberstein, Striegel-Moore, Timko, & Rodin, 1988; Spillman & Everington,...
Treating Powerless Minorities through an Ecosystem Approach
Americans' overwhelming perception of Asian-Americans in general is that they constitute a model minority, are professionally successful, and according to their own cultural notions of health, are well-adjusted both emotionally and mentally (Butterfield,...
Victim Awareness Programs for Delinquent Youths: Effects on Moral Reasoning Maturity
During the last decade a number of programs for offenders have incorporated educational components aimed at enhancing participants' understanding of the experiences of victims of crime. For example, some sex-offender programs have victims give accounts...
Weapon-Carrying and Youth Violence
PREVALENCE OF WEAPON-CARRYING BY YOUTH A higher incidence of weapon-carrying, and guns in particular, among youths has been identified as a key factor in the recent increase in youth violence. Weapon-carrying increases risk of death and serious injury...
Weight, Weight-Related Aspects of Body Image, and Depression in Early Adolescent Girls
Body image - the individual, subjective sense of the body - is theorized to be a core component of personality (Freud, 1927). Assumed to be a matter of conscious as well as unconscious apprehension, body image is thought to reflect the combined impact...
Women's Perceptions of the Adolescent Experience
What can women's perceptions about their own adolescence tell us about female adolescence? The answer to this question offers insight into the pressures and strategies of the adolescent years which comprise a pivotal transition period. This subject is...