Adolescence

A quarterly international journal covering all aspects of adolescence, including issues and topics in psychology, physiology, sociology, and education. For the academic audience.

Articles from Vol. 32, No. 126, Summer

Adolescent Females' "Voice" Changes Can Signal Difficulties for Teachers and Administrators
Male and Female Learning Preferences Recent research in the area of adolescent moral development by Kohlberg and Gilligan, has noted different preferences in learning styles of adolescent females and males. Using Piaget's (1932/1965) genetic studies,...
Adolescent Gender Differences in Time Alone and Time Devoted to Conversation
One of the most important gender differences in western civilization involves the amount of emphasis placed on interpersonal relationships. Such relationships, especially those that are more intimate, are more salient in the lives of women and adolescent...
Adolescents and Adults at the Mall: Dyadic Interactions
The interpersonal involvements of adolescents have always been of interest to developmentalists. Generally, adolescents have been observed to associate less frequently with adults than with peers (Berndt, 1982; Santrock, 1993). Often absent from previous...
Adolescents' Attitudes toward the Death Penalty
Lester (1987) gave a list of twenty criminal acts to college students and police officers and found that the police officers checked an average of 10.7 acts as meriting the death penalty while the college students checked 8.6. The present Study was designed...
Agency, Communion, and Achievement Motivation
Current models of achievement motivation suggest links among students' beliefs about the nature of intelligence, their perceptions of themselves, their perceptions of elements within the learning context, and the sorts of achievement-related attitudes...
A Literature-Based Approach to Teaching Values to Adolescents: Does It Work?
The intentional teaching of morals and values was common in American public education for almost three hundred years and had widespread public support until the 1930s. In recent years there has been a call by some educators for a return to a curriculum...
A Preliminary Investigation of High-School Counseling Resources on the Cape Peninsula
Educators and mental health care professionals have for several years advocated the idea that schools have an important role to play in the intellectual and emotional development of the child. Traditionally academic education has held prominence, but...
Attachment to Parents and Peers in Late Adolescence and Their Relationship with Self-Image
INTRODUCTION Interpersonal relationships have been viewed by investigators as a primary means through which people develop identity and positive self-image throughout the life-span (Youniss, 1980; O'Donnell, 1976). Some researchers have discussed the...
Children of Alcoholics and Adolescence: Individuation, Development, and Family Systems
One of the most fascinating achievements of adolescence involves an individual's balance between separation-individuation and connectedness within the family. This praxis, individuation, is a developmental process involving the melding of such qualities...
Drug Use and Violent Crime among Adolescents
INTRODUCTION The relationship between crime and the use of alcohol and other drugs has received a great deal of attention in previous research (Banay, 1942; O'Donnell, 1966; Harper, 1976; Shanok, Pincus, & Glaser, 1979; McCord, 1981; Gary, 1980;...
Economic Hardship, Family Relationships, and Adolescent Distress: An Evaluation of a Stress-Distress Mediation Model in Mother-Daughter and Mother-Son Dyads
Much research has shown that economic hardship is associated with distress in men, women, and children (McLoyd & Flanagan, 1990). Recent studies have gone beyond merely documenting the existence of associations between economic hardship and negative...
Explorations in a Proposed National Policy for Children and Families
Significant social, economic, and demographic changes have occurred in families over the last three decades. These changes have had a pronounced impact on children; many now live with only one parent, typically mothers, and often lack consistent involvement...
Family Stress, Perception of Pregnancy, and Age of Menarche among Pregnant Adolescents
INTRODUCTION The number of adolescents who become pregnant in the United States each year has generated widespread public concern and has positioned adolescent pregnancy as a major social problem. Empirical data suggest that family stress, strain, and...
Language Arts Achievement Level, Attitude Survey Format, and Adolescents' Attitudes toward Reading
Numerous studies have focused on attitudes toward reading and how to measure such attitudes (e.g., Heathington & Alexander, 1978; Noland & Craft, 1976; Reeves & Thames, 1994; Roettger, 1980). In these studies, little attention focused on...
Late Adolescents' Perceptions of Their Caregiver's Feeding Styles and Practices and Those They Will Use with Their Own Children
This study examined associations between late adolescents' perceptions of their childhood caregivers' feeding styles and practices and their perceptions of those they will use with their children. Feeding style refers to the distribution of control in...
Learning Disabilities, Crime, Delinquency, and Special Education Placement
Crime statistics indicate that levels of academic achievement, school attendance and graduation rates play an important role in the involvement of youth in the criminal justice system. Research indicates that the level of education attained can affect...
Male and Female Adolescents' Perceived Interpersonal Communication Skills According to History of Sexual Coercion
Sexual coercion (the act of forcing, pressuring, or tricking persons into a sexual act against their will) is now known to be a common occurrence. An estimated 40% of girls are sexually coerced during childhood, almost half of women in college and in...
Nutrition Knowledge among Adolescent High School Female Athletes
INTRODUCTION North Americans have become more physically active and are participating in exercise and diet programs for health, recreation, and well-being purposes. It has become important to clarify and quantify the specific elements which lead to...
Parental Bonding and Mental Health in Adolescence
INTRODUCTION Bowlby (1969) and Ainsworth, Bell, and Stayton (1975) emphasized the central role of the relationship between parent and child in normal development. Bowlby postulated that the attachment behavior that we observe from six months onward...
Parental Influence on Children's Socialization to Gender Roles
INTRODUCTION Children learn at a very early age what it means to be a boy or a girl in our society. Through myriad activities, opportunities, encouragements, discouragements, overt behaviors, covert suggestions, and various forms of guidance, children...
Parricide and Violent Crimes: A Canadian Study
Recently, Young (1993) demonstrated a negative correlation (r = -.59, p = .02) between parricide rates and the rates for criminal violence in the United States from 1977 to 1988. He also observed that the rates for patricide (r = -.62, p = .02) and for...
Reliability and Validity of Palestinian Student Alienation Scale
As in most of European countries, concern about stress and post-traumatic syndrome in the life of Palestinian youth has increased. In addition, there are the usual sources of stress in this age group, such as pressures of physical and emotional development...
Sexual Assault in School, Mental Health and Suicidal Behaviors in Adolescent Women in Canada
There is a considerable literature on sexual harassment and assault in the workplace, colleges, and universities, but the literature in high schools in North America is slight. Since a U.S. Supreme Court decision in 1992 established that sexually harassed...
The Nature and Amount of Support College-Age Adolescents Request and Receive from Parents
Many researchers have suggested that children are able to increase their capacity to deal with aversive stressors through the use of social support (Cauce, Reed, Landesman, & Gonzales, 1990; Cutrona, 1990; Sandler, Miller, Short, & Wolchik, 1989;...