Adolescence

A quarterly international journal covering all aspects of adolescence, including issues and topics in psychology, physiology, sociology, and education. For the academic audience.

Articles from Vol. 33, No. 132, Winter

A Computer-Based Violence Prevention Intervention for Young Adolescents: Pilot Study
Violence in the adolescent population is a serious public health problem (Hammond & Yung, 1993). Adolescents are at increasing risk for exposure to violence either as a victim, witness, or perpetrator (Gladstein, Rusonis, & Health, 1992). Homicide...
Adolescent Breakfast Skipping: An Australian Study
Breakfast is often referred to as the most important meal of the day. Evidence suggests that breakfast contributes to well-being in a number of areas. First, it is a central component of nutritional well-being, contributing to total daily energy and...
Adolescent Egocentrism and Cognitive Functioning during Late Adolescence
According to Elkind (1967), adolescent egocentrism, which includes a belief by teenagers that they are special and unique, accompanies the attainment of new mental abilities. Specifically, Elkind proposed that adolescents construct an "imaginary audience,"...
Adolescent Norms of for the MAACL-R6
Responding to the need for brief, reliable, valid, and readable self-report instruments for measuring mood in young adolescents and low-reading-level adults, the reliability and validity of a modified version of the Multiple Affect Adjective Check...
Alcohol Use and Academic Status among Mexican American and White Non-Hispanic Adolescents
Alcohol use is a major problem among American adolescents. In a study by Johnston, O'Malley, and Bachman (1993), 51% of high school seniors reported drinking alcohol in the last month and 28% reported drinking heavily (i.e., 5 or more drinks on one...
Calls to Teen Line: Representative Concerns of Adolescents
In a survey of teenagers, teachers, and parents, Weiler, Sliepcevich, and Sarvela (1994) found that the adults believed teenagers were more concerned about high-risk behaviors than the teenagers themselves reported being. Issues particularly noted...
Chronic Illness in Adolescence
Adolescence is a time of tremendous social, biological, psychological, and intellectual change. Coping with a chronic illness can add yet another dimension to adolescents' lives. Due to medical advances, more adolescents than ever before are leading...
Early Adolescents' Perceptions of Cigarette Smoking: A Cross-Sectional Survey in a Junior High School
Cigarette smoking among adolescents has been found to increase fivefold between junior and senior high school (Telch, Killen, McAlister, Perry, & Maccoby, 1982). Pressure from peers and the influence of the media are two important factors in the...
Gender and Age Differences in the Concerns of Adolescents in Northern Ireland
INTRODUCTION This study sought to determine the relationship of gender and age to adolescents' self-reported worries. A previous, exploratory, small-scale survey of adolescent concerns in Northern Ireland indicated that there were significant differences...
Hispanic Adolescent Delinquency and the Family: A Discussion of Sociocultural Influences
The evidence is clear and compelling that Hispanic youth are especially threatened by the rising tide of involvement in delinquent behavior which has so galvanized national and local attention. The high-risk status of Hispanic youth is exacerbated...
Is the Street Child Phenomenon Synonymous with Deviant Behavior?
INTRODUCTION Street children are subjected to physical assault, sexual abuse, harassment from the public, intimidation by gang members and criminals, and arrest by the police (Richter, 1988b). This victimization frequently repeats what has occurred...
Prioritizing Education about Condom Use among Sexually Active Adolescent Females
INTRODUCTION The most effective means of preventing sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) and pregnancy in sexually active adolescents is consistent use of a traditional male latex condom (Brown et al., 1992; DiClemente, 1990; Joffe, 1993), and it...
Psychological Characteristics of South African Street Children
INTRODUCTION Street children are present in every country and almost every city in the world. For some regions, it has been a familiar phenomenon for a long time, while for others it has emerged only in the last decade (Le Roux, 1987). Problems...
Public Perceptions of, and Reactions to, Street Children
Street children are part of the modern urban scene. Baizerman (1990) maintains that there are social and institutional factors that serve to sustain their presence. The issue of prevalence, too, is a crucial one. Community groups and researchers differ...
Rural and Urban Adolescents' Perceptions of Mental Health
Current trends in health care reform have emphasized access to health care for those in medically underserved areas (Streff, 1994). Often, these are rural environments. Thus, the health care provider who serves adolescents in rural areas needs to be...
Sexuality and Quality of Life among Young People
Data over the last thirty years clearly indicate that during the late 1960s, the 1970s, and up until the early 1980s there was a significant increase in the sexual experiences of adolescents and young adults, particularly females (Darling & Davidson,...
The Counseling Role of the Child and Youth Worker in a Treatment Classroom
THEORETICAL FOUNDATIONS Treatment classes (legislated in Section 27 of the Education Act; see Government of Ontario, 1991) provide for the special management of children and adolescents whose maladaptive behaviors cannot be controlled at home or...
The Identity Status of African Americans in Middle Adolescence: A Reexamination of Watson and Protinsky (1991)
Few studies have assessed the identity development of African American middle adolescents. Hauser (1972), using Marcia's (1966) Identity Status Interview, found that African American middle adolescents were overrepresented in the foreclosed identity...
The Relationship of Family Structure to Adolescent Drug Use, Peer Affiliation and Perception of Peer Acceptance of Drug Use
Alcohol and other drug use among adolescents has been the focus of numerous empirical investigations. To unravel the complex etiology of this phenomenon, several factors have been studied. Among these, family and peers have been identified as prominent...
Urban African American Adolescent Parents: Their Perceptions of Sex, Love, Intimacy, Pregnancy, and Parenting
One of the most serious problems in American society is adolescent pregnancy. In 1993, one million females under the age of 20 became pregnant; 43% are pregnant at least once by that age (Shapiro, 1993). Thus, many adolescents, who have barely left...
Volatile Solvent Use among Western Australian Adolescents
Volatile solvent use (VSU), also referred to as glue sniffing, inhalant abuse, or solvent abuse, has been defined as "the deliberate inhalation of a gas or fumes given off from a substance at room temperature for its intoxicating effect" (National...