Adolescence

A quarterly international journal covering all aspects of adolescence, including issues and topics in psychology, physiology, sociology, and education. For the academic audience.

Articles from Vol. 39, No. 155, Fall

Adolescents' Self-Efficacy to Communicate about Sex: Its Role in Condom Attitudes, Commitment, and Use
The 2001 National Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS) showed that nearly half of all high school students report a history of engaging in sexual intercourse (45.6%), with males reporting higher rates than females (48.5% and 42.9%, respectively) and African-American...
A Model for School Psychology Practice: Addressing the Needs of Students with Emotional and Behavioral Challenges through the Use of an In-School Support Room and Reality Therapy
INTRODUCTION Students identified as having an emotional disturbance present a significant challenge for school psychologists. This article describes an in-school treatment approach for school psychologists serving students with emotional disturbance...
Body-Image Evaluation and Body-Image Investment among Adolescents: A Test of Sociocultural and Social Comparison Theories
Body-image may be conceptualized as a multidimensional construct that represents how individuals "think, feel, and behave with regard to their own physical attributes" (Muth & Cash, 1997, p. 1438). Researchers have identified two conceptually distinct...
Eating Attitudes and Their Psychological Correlates among Turkish Adolescents
During adolescence, attitude toward personal appearance plays an important role in self-esteem. Many adolescents become preoccupied with their body weight and attempt to achieve the ideal physique because of social and cultural norms, reinforced by...
Ethnic Identity as a Predictor of Problem Behaviors among Korean American Adolescents
Youth violence, delinquency, and emotional problems such as depression and anxiety have increased during the past two decades (Snyder & Sickmund, 1999). The increase in both scope and intensity of adolescent problems has led to increased attention...
Evaluation of an Empowerment Program for Early Adolescent Girls
Adolescence, and certainly early adolescence, is a period of multiple, rapid, and profound changes and transitions. Over the past decade, there has been growing concern among researchers, clinicians, and policy makers about the overall health status...
Intergenerational Transmission of Prejudice, Sex Role Stereotyping, and Intolerance
Traditional research indicates that parents and families are the primary social influences that model and communicate values to children (Benson, Donahue, & Erickson, 1989; Steinberg, 2001). This belief is explicit in many researchers' theories...
Minority Adolescents and Substance Use Risk/protective Factors: A Focus on Inhalant Use
According to a 1998 study published bv the National Institute of Drug Abuse, not only had one in five teenagers in the United States used inhalants to get high, but their use in the late 1990s was almost as prevalent as marijuana use among eighth graders...
Parent-Adolescent Relations and Adolescent Functioning: Self-Esteem, Substance Abuse, and Delinquency
A substantial amount of research indicates that parents play an important role in the lives of children and adolescents (Henricson & Roker, 2000; Liddle, Rowe, Dakof, & Lyke, 1998; Maccoby, 1992; Smetana, 1999), although there have been claims...
Predicting Problem Behaviors with Multiple Expectancies: Expanding Expectancy-Value Theory
According to expectancy-value theory, individuals choose behaviors based on the outcomes they expect and the values they ascribe to those expected outcomes. Expectancies, or anticipations of likely consequences for a given action, result from individuals'...
Project Trust: Breaking Down Barriers between Middle School Children
The Final Report and Findings of the Safe School Initiative indicates that from 1993 to 1997, the "odds that a child in grades 9-12 would be threatened or injured with a weapon in school were 8 percent, or 1 in 13 or 14; the odds of getting into a...
The Effectiveness of Infant Simulators
Most training simulations sprang from theories that originated in psychology, sociology, or economics. Techniques vary from simple role-playing to elaborate computer models. Some simulations partially replace real-world events, while others create...
The Impact of Parental Multiple Sclerosis on the Adjustment of Children and Adolescents
The current study was designed to examine whether children and adolescents who have a parent with multiple sclerosis (MS) are at increased risk of psychopathology. It was also designed to evaluate the impact of financial stresses and emotional reactions...
The Relation of Age, Gender, Ethnicity, and Risk Behaviors to Self-Esteem among Students in Nonmainstream Schools
Self-esteem can be important in terms of how one thinks, feels, and responds to stressful life events (Overholser et al., 1995). Research has also shown a relation between low self-esteem and feelings of depression and hopelessness in adolescence....