Adolescence

A quarterly international journal covering all aspects of adolescence, including issues and topics in psychology, physiology, sociology, and education. For the academic audience.

Articles from Vol. 33, No. 131, Fall

Adolescent Attraction to Cults
Adolescence is the transitional period between the dependence of childhood and the assumption of the rights and responsibilities of adulthood. It is a time when young people attempt to understand who they are, what they can do, and why they are here....
Age and Gender Differences in Value Orientation among American Adolescents
Jensen, McGhie, and Jensen (1991) investigated whether men and women differ in what they view as important. They predicted that women would have a more caring value orientation. A questionnaire with 40 contrasting adjectives and phrases was developed...
Bulimic Adolescents Benefit from Massage Therapy
ABSTRACT Twenty-four female adolescent bulimic inpatients were randomly assigned to a massage therapy or a standard treatment (control) group. Results indicated that the massaged patients showed immediate reductions (both self-report and behavior...
Causes and Characteristics of the Street Child Phenomenon: A Global Perspective
The phenomenon of street children, an offspring of the modern urban environment, represents one of humanity's most complex and serious challenges. No country and virtually no city anywhere in the world today is without the presence of street children....
Causes and Characteristics of Tile Street Child Phenomenon: A Global Perspective
ABSTRACT The street child phenomenon is an alarming and escalating worldwide problem. Street children are maltreated, imprisoned and, in some countries, killed. Street children, as the offspring of complex contemporary urban environments, represent...
Completed Suicide among Adolescents with No Diagnosable Psychiatric Disorder
ABSTRACT The characteristics of male adolescent suicide victims with (n = 84) and without (n = 8) a diagnosable psychiatric disorder were compared. Using psychological autopsy methods--interviews with victims' family members and health care professionals,...
Correlations between BDI and CES-D in a Sample of Adolescent Mothers
Depression is common among adolescents, affecting between 7% and 33% depending on its definition, assessment, and severity (Petersen, Compas, Brooks-Gunn, Stemmler, Ey, & Grant, 1993). Radloff (1991) found a dramatic increase in depression between...
Correlations between the Bdi and Ces-D in a Sample of Adolescent Mothers
ABSTRACT Adolescent mothers were administered the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D), and the Diagnostic Interview Schedule for Children (DISC). They also were asked if they preferred the...
Fathers' Characteristics and Their Children's Scores on College Entrance Exams: A Comparison of Intact and Divorced Families
ABSTRACT Previous research shows that the educational performance of children may be impaired when their parents divorce. However, noncustodial fathers' postdivorce behavior, especially compliance with child support orders, can greatly offset educational...
Gender Differences in Adolescent Sexual Attitudes: The Influence of Individual and Family Factors
Research on adolescent sexuality often considers the long-term impact of teen pregnancy, noting that teenagers are ill prepared for parenting (Barret & Robinson, 1982; Cannon-Bonaventure & Kahn, 1979; De Lissovoy, 1973). For example, research...
Is Electroconvulsive Therapy Unsuitable for Children and Adolescents?
ABSTRACT Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) as a treatment option for adults with affective disorders has a long history. ECT with children and adolescents, however, has not been widely used, and no empirical studies or controlled evaluations have...
Jane Austen's Novels as a Guide to Social and Individual Responsibility for High School Students
In a world where social stability is increasingly rare, Jane Austen remains a refreshing voice against societal dissolution. Austen, however, has been criticized for upholding the mores of her day, which limited opportunities for women, accepted social...
Measuring the Mood of Seventh-Grade Students with the Maacl-R6
ABSTRACT Recently, the Multiple Affect Adjective Check List--Revised was modified to include only those items designated as at or below the sixth-grade reading level (MAACL-R6). The present study investigated the reliability and validity of the...
Measuring the Mood of Seventh-Grade Students with the MAACL-R6
During the past decade, there has been growing concern over the reading level of patient educational materials, research consent forms, and self-report instruments used to collect data. Considering that as much as 10% of the U.S. population is illiterate...
Milieu Deprivation and Its Implications for Education in the Republic of South Africa
INTRODUCTION Sociologists, criminologists, psychologists and educators have shown heightened interest in the influence of poverty on family life. Since families constitute the building blocks of society, no nation can afford the disintegration of...
Milieu Deprivation and Its Implications for Education in the Republic of South Africa
ABSTRACT Due to milieu deficiencies and psychosocial handicaps, some groups are caught in a spiral of poverty and experience serious obstruction to optimal self-actualization and to the achievement of a satisfactory quality of life. This article...
Predictors of Global Self-Worth and Academic Performance among Regular Education, Learning Disabled, and Continuation High School Students
The present trends associated with K-12 students' academic performance have led to intensified efforts to identify the factors associated with student achievement and their causal relationships. A major focus of such work has been the role of motivational...
Searching for Connection: A New Look at Teenaged Runaways
ABSTRACT This paper presents the results of a qualitative study of 26 runaways in a rural New England shelter. Runaway behavior was viewed from the perspective of the teenagers themselves. The findings challenge popular notions that runaways are...
Stability of Vocational Interests among High School Students
ABSTRACT The purpose of this study was to examine the stability of adolescents' career interests using the Strong-Campbell Interest Inventory (SCII). Students at a Midwestern high school were administered the SCII twice over a three-year period,...
The Application of Traditional Martial Arts Practice and Theory to the Treatment of Violent Adolescents
Single-parent households with fatherless children, gangs, and out-of-control inner-city students present psychotherapists with unique challenges. Violence and neglect have reached epidemic proportions, and children often grow up with egregious emotional...
The Effect of a Video Character's Smoking Status on Young Females' Perceptions of Social Characteristics
ABSTRACT Despite public warnings of the health risks associated with cigarette smoking, as well as advertising bans and educational programs in schools, the percentage of young females who smoke is on the rise. This study examined the effect of...
The Measurement of Height
Height appears to be an important physical attribute. In the social realm, for example, mate selection seems to rest on the male-taller principle (Beigel, 1954; Cameron, Oskamp, & Sparks, 1977; Gillis & Avis, 1980; Wilson, 1989), and being...
The Relationship of Family Structure and Conflict to Levels of Intimacy and Parental Attachment in College Students
ABSTRACT Randomly selected college juniors and seniors completed questionnaires concerning marital conflict, parental attachment, and attitudes about love and sex. Results indicated that intimacy was negatively correlated with parental conflict...
The Villain as Reference Idol: Selection Frequencies and Salient Attributes among New Zealand Teenagers
Merton (1957) once observed that "research and theory have tended to focus on reference groups to the relative neglect of reference individuals" (p. 302). Expanding on this point, Sherif (cited in Hyman, 1975) noted that there was considerable value...
Tile Measurement of Height
ABSTRACT Small differences in height seem to be related to large differences in life outcomes, necessitating the accurate measurement of this variable in studies of the impact of physical attributes. The present study investigated a procedure that...
Tile Villain as Reference Idol: Selection Frequencies and Salient Attributes among New Zealand Teenagers
ABSTRACT Teenagers from all 11 high schools in Dunedin, New Zealand, responded to a questionnaire about their villains (i.e., public figures, real or fictional, living or deceased, whom they strongly disliked). A total of 917 villains from all walks...
Tween Consumers: Catalog Clothing Purchase Behavior
ABSTRACT The purpose of this study was to compare the catalog shopping behavior of students in their tween years (i.e., between childhood and adolescence; ages 12-14) with that of older students (ages 15-18). Junior high and high school students...
Tween Consumes: Catalog Clothing Purchase Behavior
Children, preadolescents, and teens are the fastest growing market sectors in the United States. According to Teen Research Unlimited (1991), adolescents in the United States spent $82 billion on goods and services in 1991. The children's market for...