Adolescence

A quarterly international journal covering all aspects of adolescence, including issues and topics in psychology, physiology, sociology, and education. For the academic audience.

Articles from Vol. 30, No. 118, Summer

Accident or Suicide? Single-Vehicle Car Accidents and the Intent Hypothesis
INTRODUCTION The number of vehicular deaths recorded in the United States total 48,800, 46,620, 43,980, and 41,040 for 1989, 1990, 1991, and 1992, respectively (Monthly Vital Statistics Reports August 28, 1991; May 28, 1992; June 30, 1993). It is hypothesized...
Adolescent Female Offenders: Unique Considerations
Given the emergence of a psychology of women in the mainstream of research and practice, it is critical that correctional educational practices become responsive to adolescent females. While in the past, few research studies focused on the needs and...
A Model of Motivational Orientation for Youth Sport: Some Preliminary Work
During the past ten years considerable effort has been devoted to developing an understanding of children's experience in sport. The impetus behind this research focus appears to have been twofold. First, the tremendous number of children who participate...
A Multiple Case Study Comparison of Normal Private Preparatory School and Substance Abusing/mood Disordered Adolescents and Their Families
Historically, the nuclear family has been viewed as the central institution of human society with the major responsibility for socializing children. A child or adolescent's ability to learn socially and psychologically acceptable behavior depends largely...
Depression among Adolescents in Northern Ireland
The present research attempts to describe the nature, frequency, and pattern of self-reported depression among a sample of secondary school students living in Northern Ireland. The study focuses on adolescents in the community rather than on those who...
Factors Associated with Sexual Behavior among Adolescents: A Multivariate Analysis
INTRODUCTION The United States has the highest teenage pregnancy rate of any developed nation, with nearly one million teenage pregnancies each year (Jones et al., 1985). Adolescent childbearing has become a prominent social issue because of the broad...
Family Violence, Abuse, and Related Family Issues of Incarcerated Delinquents with Alcoholic Parents Compared to Those with Nonalcoholic Parents
Family-related variables consistently have been shown to be factors in the absence or presence of criminality. Travis Hirschi, the theorist most closely identified with Social Control or Bonding Theory, links delinquent behavior to the quality of the...
Football, Fast Cars, and Cheerleading: Adolescent Gender Norms, 1978-1989
During the past decade, there has been substantial interest in examining and explaining changes in gender-role attitudes and behaviors in the United States. This line of research has shown that gender-role attitudes have become markedly less traditional...
"I Am Neither General nor Diplomat": Reflections on the Persian Gulf War by Gifted Canadian Adolescents
INTRODUCTION Does a war ever end? When one considers the amount of attention given to the reams of post-war analysis, research, and ongoing debate, perhaps it is a reflection of the very nature of war itself that events, circumstances, and individual...
Is Bipolar Disorder the Most Common Diagnostic Entity in Hospitalized Adolescents and Children?
INTRODUCTION Several studies have brought attention to the fact that bipolar disorder is often unrecognized or misdiagnosed in children and adolescents as attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (A.D.H.D.), Conduct disorder, adolescent turmoil, and...
Is There a Need for Observationally Based Assessment of Affective Symptomatology in Child and Adolescent Psychiatry?
Research on affective disorders in childhood and adolescence has appeared with increasing frequency in the psychiatric and pediatric literature. The active pace and ferment of research on this topic highlights the importance of accurate and reliable...
Pre-School Responses to the 19th-Century Youth Crisis
The travails of 19th-century urban youth were a precondition to the invention of modern adolescence and the rise of the modern secondary school. These travails, already documented by this author in Adolescence (Nos. 89 and 92), led to a child-saving...
Psychosexual Characteristics of Male University Students in Brazil
INTRODUCTION Defining normal and abnormal development during the adolescent years is a very difficult task. Stereotypes and a general lack of knowledge about the peculiarities of this stage of development contribute to the difficulty. Few studies in...
Psychosocial Variables Associated with Teenage Pregnancy
Over one million adolescents between the ages of 15 and 19 become pregnant each year, a number that has remained relatively stable since 1973 (Henshaw, Kenney, Somberg, & Van Wort, 1989; Carrera & Dempsey, 1988). Research into the phenomenon...
Self-Esteem and Value of Health as Correlates of Adolescent Health Behavior
INTRODUCTION Much recent research in the health behavior field has adopted a psychosocial approach centering on personal variables. Significant work on the relationship between health behavior and personality factors has included studies of self-efficacy...
Sociology and Psychology
INTRODUCTION This paper is the second part of a review of the phenomenology of movie portrayals of juvenile delinquency, the first part having described the epidemiology and criminology of the content of such films (Snyder, 1995). The historical significance...
Stories and Solutions in Psychotherapy with Adolescents
INTRODUCTION Therapeutic work with adolescents is often seen as more challenging, difficult, and less fulfilling than work with adults or younger children. For example, Trepper (1991) described working with adolescents as an "adversarial sport" in which...
Symptom Clusters among Young Adolescents
INTRODUCTION Recurrent symptoms for which no organic etiology can be found are common among adolescents. Headache, chest and abdominal pain, and chronic fatigue are some of the more frequently reported functional or "psychosomatic" symptoms (Smith,...
Synchrony in Adolescence
Optimal development occurs when an individual interacts with a social environment that is responsive and adaptive to his or her changing needs. A good match is necessary between the developing adolescent's need for autonomy and the opportunities to meet...
The Influence of Victim's Attire on Adolescents' Judgments of Date Rape
Recent estimates on the incidence of rape committed by persons who know their victim are alarmingly high, particularly in the case of date rape among teens and young adults. In one report, Koss, Gidcyz, and Wizniewsky (1987) estimated that approximately...
Treasured Possessions and Their Meanings in Adolescent Males and Females
Research over the past 40 years has established that the attachments which infants and young children develop to certain soft, cuddly objects (e.g., blankets or teddy bears) serve important developmental functions. These objects are thought to symbolize...