Adolescence

A quarterly international journal covering all aspects of adolescence, including issues and topics in psychology, physiology, sociology, and education. For the academic audience.

Articles from Vol. 40, No. 157, Spring

Alcohol Use and Depression among African-American and Caucasian Adolescents
Adolescence is a time of enormous physical, emotional, social, and psychological transition. Adolescents face a series of important decisions involving family and peer relationships, sexual expression, vocational/educational development, and experimenting...
An Exploration of Taiwanese Adolescents' Impulsive Buying Tendency
INTRODUCTION Marketers have recognized the significance of impulsive buying. Retailers are continually trying to increase the number of impulsive purchases through product displays and store and package designs (Hoyer & MacInnis, 1997; Jones...
Attachment and Motivational Strategies in Adolescence: Exploring Links
INTRODUCTION Within the scope of motivational theory, psychological needs are fundamental for understanding human development. The needs for relatedness, for competence, and for autonomy are critical to understanding development and action, namely...
Early School Leaving in the Lower Vocational Track: Triangulation of Qualitative and Quantitative Data
Early school leaving is the result of a long and complex process. The dropout phenomenon can be approached in several ways. Empirical studies can be quantitative or qualitative in nature, and the sources of information can be the students themselves,...
Effect of Socioeconomic Status on General and At-Risk High School Boys' Willingness to Accept Same-Sex Peers with LD
Socioeconomic status is a powerful agent in creating the cultural environment in which individuals are reared. According to Gollnick and Chinn (1998), the cultural environment provides processes through which expectations are learned about such roles...
HIV/AIDS in South Africa: A Review of Sexual Behavior among Adolescents
In South Africa, HIV is spread mainly through sexual contact between men and women (Department of Education, 1999). An estimated 7 million South Africans are HIV-positive with the highest prevalence rates among young people, especially teenage girls...
Level of Functioning and Recidivism Risk among Adolescent Offenders
Developing effective interventions for youth involved in the juvenile justice system is a national priority. A basic principle of effective intervention is determining factors that are malleable and contribute to one's delinquency, and developing interventions...
Male Adolescents' Reasons for Participating in Physical Activity, Barriers to Participation, and Suggestions for Increasing Participation
Physical activity and fitness are generally recognized as contributing to enhanced physical and mental health as well as prevention of a number of diseases and other problems later in life (Blair et al., 1989; Haskell, Montoye, & Orenstein, 1985;...
Media Influences on Body Image and Disordered Eating among Indigenous Adolescent Australians
A substantial body of data indicates that the media provides strong messages regarding ideal body appearance for both adolescent boys and girls. In Western countries, the media consistently portrays the ideal body for girls as extremely slim (Thompson...
Secondary Prevention Interventions for Young Drug Users: A Systematic Review of the Evidence
INTRODUCTION Drugs are commonly used by young people (Weinberg, Rahdert, Colliver, & Glantz, 1998; Bauman & Philayrath, 1999). With the exception of alcohol and tobacco, the most commonly used drug internationally is cannabis (Kingery, Alford,...
Stress, Self-Esteem, and Suicidal Ideation in Late Adolescents
Adolescent suicide is a worldwide problem, but it is of particular concern in highly industrialized nations such as the United States (Conner, Duberstein, Conwell, Seidlitz, & Caine, 2001); Kurtz & Derevensky, 1993). The suicide rate in the...
The Influence of Violent Behavior and Victimization at School on Psychological Distress: The Role of Parents and Teachers
Since the 1980s, research analyzing behavioral problems at school among school-aged children and adolescents has been increasing. Most of the research focused on victimization problems has repeatedly shown that victimized students exhibit some psychosomatic...
The Relationship between Out-of-School Activities and Positive Youth Development: An Investigation of the Influences of Communities and Family
Despite growing evidence that participation in constructive leisure activities facilitates positive development, little developmental research has been conducted on constructive leisure compared to other contexts. Research on youth tends to fall into...
The Relationship between Social Anxiety and Social Support in Adolescents: A Test of Competing Causal Models
Social anxiety, particularly in children and adolescents, has received considerable attention over the years (see Chorpita & Barlow, 1998 and Patterson & Ritts, 1997 for reviews). Social anxiety is correlated with a number of other negative...