Houston Journal of International Law

This journal publishes articles in international and comparative law, including international business, finance, torts, crime and human rights.

Articles from Vol. 22, No. 2, Winter

Combating Gray Market Goods in a Global Market: Comparative Analysis of Intellectual Property Laws and Recommended Strategies
I. INTRODUCTION Gray goods, also called parallel imports, pose a significant threat to multinational companies (MNCs) that enter foreign markets.(1) Gray goods are genuine goods sold through unauthorized channels in direct competition with authorized...
Healing the Sacred Yoni in the Land of Isis: Female Genital Mutilation Is Banned (Again) in Egypt
I. INTRODUCTION Egypt is the second most populous African nation and the most populous Arab nation.(2) Egypt is a leader in Islamic jurisprudence,(3) and its citizenry is 90% Muslim.(4) Female circumcision (female genital mutilation or FGM) has...
How Do You Know You Are at War in the Information Age?
It is not at all clear at this time whether information-warfare measures taken by a potential adversary ... would be readily detectable. The question of "how do you know you are at war" may be difficult to resolve in view of the potential ambiguity...
Human Rights Purposes of the Violence against Women Act and International Law's Enhancement of Congressional Power
An important issue pending before the U.S. Supreme Court(1) is whether Congress has constitutionally based power to enact the Violence Against Women Act (VAWA).(2) Although some have focused on congressional power under the Commerce Clause,(3) treaty-based...
International Arbitration and Enforcement in U.S. Federal Courts
I. INTRODUCTION In the international arena, the advantage of arbitration over litigation as a method of dispute resolution is no longer subject to debate.(1) One reason for this trend is that private international arbitration agreements allow parties...
Recognizing Foreign Tax Judgments: An Argument for the Revocation of the Revenue Rule
I. INTRODUCTION Litigants who have obtained a judgment from a foreign court, for the most part, have little trouble convincing courts in the United States to recognize and enforce that judgment.(1) While the United States is not a member of an international...